Study sets matching "biology prentice hall"

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Study sets matching "biology prentice hall"

32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
22 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chap 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
46 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
12 terms
Meiosis (Prentice Hall Biology)
Interphase 1:
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1:
Metaphase 1:
Anaphase 1:
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
spindle fibers attach to the chromosomes.
The fibers pull the homologous chromosomes toward opposite en…
Interphase 1:
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1:
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Genetics
Alleles
Cloning
codominance
gene therapy
forms of genes that determine traits
taking a gene and duplicating it
when 2 traits are expressed at the same time
when an absent or faulty gene is replaced with a working one
Alleles
forms of genes that determine traits
Cloning
taking a gene and duplicating it
42 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 9 Vocab
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
process in which one molecule of gluco…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaki…
calorie
gycolysis
Calorie
cellular respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
calorie
process in which one molecule of gluco…
gycolysis
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 7 Vocab
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 8 Vocab
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
10 terms
Biome Characteristics - Prentice Hall Biology
Tropical Rain Forest
Tropical Dry Forest
Tropical Savanna
Desert
Hot and wet year-round; home to more species than in any othe…
Warm year-round; wet and dry seasons; tall deciduous trees, t…
Warm temperatures; frequent fires; tall perennial grasses, he…
Variable temperatures; low annual precipitation; cacti and ot…
Tropical Rain Forest
Hot and wet year-round; home to more species than in any othe…
Tropical Dry Forest
Warm year-round; wet and dry seasons; tall deciduous trees, t…
27 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 12 Vocab
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic units of all forms of life
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
a thin flexible barrier around the cell, it provides support…
a strong around the cell membrane in plant cells
Cell
basic units of all forms of life
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD⁺ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 6
agriculture
monoculture
green revolution
renewable resource
the practice of farming
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
resource that can regenerate quickly and that is replaceable
agriculture
the practice of farming
monoculture
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of an area
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 1
Metric system.
Microscope
Compound light microscope
Electron microscope
decimal system of measurements whose units are based on a cer…
device that produce magnified images of structures that are t…
magnifies about 1000 times, allows light to pass through the…
use beams of electrons to produce images, 1000 more detailed…
Metric system.
decimal system of measurements whose units are based on a cer…
Microscope
device that produce magnified images of structures that are t…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 1
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell…
evidence; information gathered from observations
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell…
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 10
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40
immunity
inflammatory response
fever
interferon
ability of the body to resist a specific pathogen
nonspecific defense reaction to tissue damage caused by injur…
elevated body temperature that occurs in response to infection
one of a group of proteins that help cells resist viral infec…
immunity
ability of the body to resist a specific pathogen
inflammatory response
nonspecific defense reaction to tissue damage caused by injur…
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
28 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
32 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
weather
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
34 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis requires what 3 reactan…
Photosynthesis does not require?
All of the energy for mast ecosystems…
Mushrooms are Heterotrophs or Autotrop…
Water, Sunlight, and Carbon Dioxide
Sugar
The Sun
Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis requires what 3 reactan…
Water, Sunlight, and Carbon Dioxide
Photosynthesis does not require?
Sugar
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 1
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell…
evidence; information gathered from observations
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 14
karyotype
sex chromosome
autosome
pedigree
photograph of chromosomes grouped in order in pairs
one of two chromosomes that determine an individual's sex; fe…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
chart that shows the relationships within a family
karyotype
photograph of chromosomes grouped in order in pairs
sex chromosome
one of two chromosomes that determine an individual's sex; fe…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40
Disease
Pathogen
Germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Disease-causing agent, such as bacterium or fungus
Idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms, o…
Series of guidelines used to identify the microorganism that…
Disease
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Pathogen
Disease-causing agent, such as bacterium or fungus
Chapter 11 Prentice Hall Biology
meiosis
homologous
crossing-over
genetics
process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
process where homologous chromosomes exchange portions of the…
scientific study of heredity
meiosis
process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
homologous
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 9
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 16
gene pool
relative frequency
single-gene trait
polygenic trait
combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
trait controlled by a single gene that has two alleles
trait controlled by two or more genes
gene pool
combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
relative frequency
number of times an allele occurs in a gene pool compared with…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 18
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
group of closely related species, and the first part of the s…
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 19
prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillum
unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
rod-shaped prokaryote
spherical prokaryote
spiral or corkscrew-shaped prokaryote
prokaryote
unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
bacillus
rod-shaped prokaryote
Prentice Hall Biology - Terms
Observation
Data
Inference
Hypothesis
the process of gathering information about events or processe…
the information gathered from the observation
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience
a proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations
Observation
the process of gathering information about events or processe…
Data
the information gathered from the observation
19 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 17
paleontologist
fossil record
extinct
relative dating
scientist who studies fossils
information about past life, including the structure of organ…
term used to refer to a species that has died out
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
fossil record
information about past life, including the structure of organ…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 15
evolution
theory
fossil
artificial selection
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
evolution
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
theory
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observa…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Biomes
Tropical Rain Forest
Tropical Dry Forest
Savanna
Desert
Hot & wet year round, broad leaved evergreen trees, very high…
Warm with seasonal precipitation, trees form a dense canopy,…
Warm with seasonal precipitation, tall grasses w/ some shrubs…
Very low precipitation year round, with wide swings of temper…
Tropical Rain Forest
Hot & wet year round, broad leaved evergreen trees, very high…
Tropical Dry Forest
Warm with seasonal precipitation, trees form a dense canopy,…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
weather
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of an area
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
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