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Study sets matching "biology prentice hall"

32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
22 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chap 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
46 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic units of all forms of life
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
a thin flexible barrier around the cell, it provides support…
a strong around the cell membrane in plant cells
Cell
basic units of all forms of life
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
12 terms
Meiosis (Prentice Hall Biology)
Interphase 1:
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1:
Metaphase 1:
Anaphase 1:
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
spindle fibers attach to the chromosomes.
The fibers pull the homologous chromosomes toward opposite en…
Interphase 1:
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1:
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
27 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 12 Vocab
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 7 Vocab
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
42 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 9 Vocab
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
process in which one molecule of gluco…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaki…
calorie
gycolysis
Calorie
cellular respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
calorie
process in which one molecule of gluco…
gycolysis
30 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 8 Vocab
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
10 terms
Biome Characteristics - Prentice Hall Biology
Tropical Rain Forest
Tropical Dry Forest
Tropical Savanna
Desert
Hot and wet year-round; home to more species than in any othe…
Warm year-round; wet and dry seasons; tall deciduous trees, t…
Warm temperatures; frequent fires; tall perennial grasses, he…
Variable temperatures; low annual precipitation; cacti and ot…
Tropical Rain Forest
Hot and wet year-round; home to more species than in any othe…
Tropical Dry Forest
Warm year-round; wet and dry seasons; tall deciduous trees, t…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic units of all forms of life
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
a thin flexible barrier around the cell, it provides support…
a strong around the cell membrane in plant cells
Cell
basic units of all forms of life
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 1
Metric system.
Microscope
Compound light microscope
Electron microscope
decimal system of measurements whose units are based on a cer…
device that produce magnified images of structures that are t…
magnifies about 1000 times, allows light to pass through the…
use beams of electrons to produce images, 1000 more detailed…
Metric system.
decimal system of measurements whose units are based on a cer…
Microscope
device that produce magnified images of structures that are t…
42 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of an area
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 1
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell…
evidence; information gathered from observations
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 10
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
24 terms
Prentice Hall Biology - Genetics
Alleles
Cloning
codominance
gene therapy
forms of genes that determine traits
taking a gene and duplicating it
when 2 traits are expressed at the same time
when an absent or faulty gene is replaced with a working one
Alleles
forms of genes that determine traits
Cloning
taking a gene and duplicating it
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 36
femur
humerus
ribs
cranium
femur
humerus
28 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
20 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Ex:…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule Ex: Glucose
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Ex:…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
weather
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 6
agriculture
monoculture
green revolution
renewable resource
the practice of farming
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
resource that can regenerate quickly and that is replaceable
agriculture
the practice of farming
monoculture
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
13 terms
chapter 8 Biology Prentice Hall
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
The molecule that stores energy that can be used by the cell
The biochemical process by which green plants and some bacter…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
34 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis requires what 3 reactan…
Photosynthesis does not require?
All of the energy for mast ecosystems…
Mushrooms are Heterotrophs or Autotrop…
Water, Sunlight, and Carbon Dioxide
Sugar
The Sun
Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis requires what 3 reactan…
Water, Sunlight, and Carbon Dioxide
Photosynthesis does not require?
Sugar
93 terms
Unit 10 Prentice Hall Biology
Nervous System
Cardiovascular System
Respiratory System
Immune System/ Lymphatic System
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon d…
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchang…
A system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid t…
Nervous System
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Cardiovascular System
Blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon d…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11 Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
42 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Section 3
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Lipid bilayer
Concentration
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
the mass of solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/vol…
Cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 11
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40
Disease
Pathogen
Germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Disease-causing agent, such as bacterium or fungus
Idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms, o…
Series of guidelines used to identify the microorganism that…
Disease
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Pathogen
Disease-causing agent, such as bacterium or fungus
37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic units of all forms of life
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
a thin flexible barrier around the cell, it provides support…
a strong around the cell membrane in plant cells
Cell
basic units of all forms of life
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
18 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Organelles
nucleus
organelles
cytoplasm
nuclear envelope
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
nucleus
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
organelles
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
41 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 37 Vocab
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
9 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD⁺ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
50 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12
what did Oswald Avery's experiments sh…
bacteriophage
How did the Hershey-Avery experiment c…
what are the three critical things tha…
The nucleic acid DNA stores and transmits genetic information.
virus that eats other bacteria cells
Traces of phosphorus marker were found inside the bacteria wh…
1. carry information from one generation to the next... 2. put t…
what did Oswald Avery's experiments sh…
The nucleic acid DNA stores and transmits genetic information.
bacteriophage
virus that eats other bacteria cells
30 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
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