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Study sets matching "biology protein synthesis"

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Study sets matching "biology protein synthesis"

19 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocab
Purpose of transcription
What is Translation
Where does transcription happen
Where does translation happen
Make RNA copies of individual genes
Process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins
In the nucleus
The cells cytoplasm (anywhere)
Purpose of transcription
Make RNA copies of individual genes
What is Translation
Process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins
13 terms
Protein Synthesis - Biology
What is attached to the tRNA?
Codon
Anticodon
What does transcription produce?
Amino Acid
mRNA
tRNA
mRNA
What is attached to the tRNA?
Amino Acid
Codon
mRNA
11 terms
Biology protein synthesis
What is a protein?
What bond holds amino acids together?
Which enzyme is used in transcription ?
What is mRNA?
A chain of amino acid
Peptide bonds
RNA polymerase
Carries message to ribosome
What is a protein?
A chain of amino acid
What bond holds amino acids together?
Peptide bonds
14 terms
Honors Biology Protein Synthesis
what is gene expression?
how is gene expression related to prot…
what is the function of each type of R…
transcription in eukaryotes?
the process by which a gene is tuened on and a protein is cre…
the process of gene expressions big protein synthesis
-mRNA: sequence of RNA nucleotides complementary to the DNA t…
-DNA is used as a template to make a complementary and antipa…
what is gene expression?
the process by which a gene is tuened on and a protein is cre…
how is gene expression related to prot…
the process of gene expressions big protein synthesis
7 terms
Protein Synthesis~Biology
What is the function of each type of R…
What happens during each process of pr…
Explain each type of gene mutations. G…
What are the base pairing rules of DNA…
mRNA... RNA nucleotides that are formed complementary to one str…
Transcription... The DNA code is transferred to mRNA in the nucl…
Mutation... Explanation... Example... Point Mutation or Substitution…
Nucleic Acid... Base Pairing Rules... DNA... Adenine and Thymine... Cyto…
What is the function of each type of R…
mRNA... RNA nucleotides that are formed complementary to one str…
What happens during each process of pr…
Transcription... The DNA code is transferred to mRNA in the nucl…
48 terms
Biology protein synthesis and meiosis
given the sequence of DNA, AACGTACGAAC…
the sequence of events in the process…
RNA differs from DNA in that the RNA:…
which of the following is NOT directly…
a
c
a
c
given the sequence of DNA, AACGTACGAAC…
a
the sequence of events in the process…
c
18 terms
Biology Review: Protein Synthesis
What are the 2 phases Protein synthesi…
What are the steps for Transcription?
What are the steps for Translation?
What is a peptide bond?
Transcription and Translation
1. Locate gene of interest and open it... 2. Begin copying one s…
1. mRNA attaches to the ribosome... 2. AUG (start codon) The fir…
It is a bond of amino acids to form a protein
What are the 2 phases Protein synthesi…
Transcription and Translation
What are the steps for Transcription?
1. Locate gene of interest and open it... 2. Begin copying one s…
29 terms
Advanced Biology protein synthesis
Monomer
Polymer
Gene
Messager RNA
A nucleotide that has a deoxyribose, phosphate, and base
Many monomers
Piece of DNA that codes for a specific protein
(mRNA) molecule that can leave the nucleus and take the DNA c…
Monomer
A nucleotide that has a deoxyribose, phosphate, and base
Polymer
Many monomers
14 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis
where does the DNA unwind during trans…
what is transcription?
what enzyme moves along the DNA strand…
what base does RNA have instead of thy…
where the gene is located
the process of changing DNA's information to RNA, and then RN…
RNA polymerase
uracil
where does the DNA unwind during trans…
where the gene is located
what is transcription?
the process of changing DNA's information to RNA, and then RN…
47 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis and Mendel
DNA and RNA belong to what macromolecu…
What is the monomer of nucleic acid an…
What is Chargaff's rule?
Specifically where is the genetic code…
DNA and RNA belong to nucleic acid
The monomer of nucleic acid is a nucleotide and the three par…
Chargaff's rule is that A always bonds with T and C always bo…
The genetic code is stored in the order of the bases
DNA and RNA belong to what macromolecu…
DNA and RNA belong to nucleic acid
What is the monomer of nucleic acid an…
The monomer of nucleic acid is a nucleotide and the three par…
26 terms
Biology: RNA and Protein Synthesis
where is RNA found?
what is RNA made up of?
what are the nitrogen bases in RNA?
what RNA gets code from the DNA and br…
cytoplasm and nucleus
nucleotides
cytosine, guanine, adenine, uracil
mRNA
where is RNA found?
cytoplasm and nucleus
what is RNA made up of?
nucleotides
25 terms
Biology-Protein Synthesis
A sequence of 3 bases in mRNA is a?
Genes carry the code to make what?
In RNA what base replaces thyamine?
Protein synthesis is what type of path…
Codon
Protein
Uracil
Anabolic
A sequence of 3 bases in mRNA is a?
Codon
Genes carry the code to make what?
Protein
38 terms
Biology DNA and protein synthesis
Explain why DNA replication is importa…
What is the role of DNA polymerase in…
What is the role of DNA helicase in re…
What is on the 31 end of DNA?
Equal and exact DNA
To add the nucleotides.
Unwinds helix
Hydroxyl
Explain why DNA replication is importa…
Equal and exact DNA
What is the role of DNA polymerase in…
To add the nucleotides.
Biology: Protein Synthesis and Biotechnology
Function of DNA
Function of RNA
DNA Nitrogen Bases
RNA Nitrogen Bases
Blueprint containing the direction necassary to construct oth…
Temporary copy of DNA that is used the destroyed
Thymine, Cytosine, Adenine, Guanine
Uracil, Cytosine, Adenine, Guanine
Function of DNA
Blueprint containing the direction necassary to construct oth…
Function of RNA
Temporary copy of DNA that is used the destroyed
15 terms
biology- dna and protein synthesis
explain the three major roles of DNA
how are nucleic acids, nucleotides, an…
what are the names of the four nitroge…
how does UV light relate to DNA
-storing genetic information (genetic material needed by ever…
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined together…
adenine(A) guanine(G) cytosine(C) and thymine(T)
the nitrogenous bases have a chem. structure that makes them…
explain the three major roles of DNA
-storing genetic information (genetic material needed by ever…
how are nucleic acids, nucleotides, an…
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined together…
11 terms
Biology (Mandziara) - RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribosomal RNA
single stranded molecule containing the sugar, ribose; it gui…
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the…
type of RNA that transports amino acids to the ribosome
type of RNA that associates with proteins to form ribosomes
RNA
single stranded molecule containing the sugar, ribose; it gui…
Messenger RNA
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the…
35 terms
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
Small subunits that compose DNA and RNA. ... A nucleotide consis…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
26 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis and Mutations
STUDY DIAGRAM ON NOTES
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
...
two main steps from gene to protein
-step 1 of protein synthesis... - DNA --> mRNA... -in nucleus... -copy
-enzyme... -unwinds gene section of DNA... - adds nucleotides to on…
STUDY DIAGRAM ON NOTES
...
Protein Synthesis
two main steps from gene to protein
30 terms
DNA and Protein Synthesis Biology
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
nucleotides
nucleotides
what does DNA stand for
what does RNA stand for
the basic building block of a DNA molecule is a ______
...
deoxyribonucleic acid
what does DNA stand for
ribonucleic acid
what does RNA stand for
54 terms
AP biology DNA and Protein Synthesis
*What is Transcription?
*What is Translation?
*What is the function of mRNA?
*What is the function of tRNA?
The process of making mRNA from DNA in the nucleus.
The process of using tRNA and mRNA to put together amino acid…
To bring the instructions to make a protein from the nucleus…
Molecule that brings amino acids to the ribosome during trans…
*What is Transcription?
The process of making mRNA from DNA in the nucleus.
*What is Translation?
The process of using tRNA and mRNA to put together amino acid…
Biology Vocabulary: Protein Synthesis
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
RNA
Process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in t…
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
Nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of gen…
Protein Synthesis
Process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in t…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
21 terms
biology - protein synthesis
conservative replication
semi conservative replication
dispersive replication
roles of DNA
double helix remains intact and a hole new helix is made
both strands in the helix act as a template to make new strands
two double helices contain parts from both helicases
Replication ... protein synthesis
conservative replication
double helix remains intact and a hole new helix is made
semi conservative replication
both strands in the helix act as a template to make new strands
15 terms
Biology: protein synthesis
Protein synthesis
Transcription
Translation
RNA
process by which individual amino acids are connected to each…
written or printed representation of something
the process of moving something from one place to another.
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
Protein synthesis
process by which individual amino acids are connected to each…
Transcription
written or printed representation of something
14 terms
Biology: 2A Protein Synthesis
Gene
Protein
Polypeptide
Trait
unit of hereditary information that holds the code for synthe…
macro molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nit…
long chain of amino acids that makes proteins
specific characteristics of an indivdual
Gene
unit of hereditary information that holds the code for synthe…
Protein
macro molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nit…
15 terms
BIOLOGY: protein synthesis
the first part of protein synthesis is
transcription takes place in the
the nucleus is where dna is decoded into
rna leaves the nucleus through a
transcription
nucleus
rna
nuclear pone
the first part of protein synthesis is
transcription
transcription takes place in the
nucleus
5 terms
biology, protein synthesis
Nucleotide
Nitrogen base
Transcription
Translation
1. sugar... 2. phosphate... 3. nitrogen base
adenine... uracil ... guanine A=U... cytosine C=G
1. DNA "unzips"... 2. New RNA attaches to one side only ... 3. The…
1. mRNA travels on a ribosome outside the nucleus ... 2. tRNA ca…
Nucleotide
1. sugar... 2. phosphate... 3. nitrogen base
Nitrogen base
adenine... uracil ... guanine A=U... cytosine C=G
50 terms
cell biology Protein synthesis
mitochondria ciliated or non ciliated
storage and release of calcium organel…
cleavage enzymes convert
fusion is stimulated by
ciliated
Mitochondria ... Endoplasmic Reticulum
cholesterol to pregnenolone
energy demand and stress
mitochondria ciliated or non ciliated
ciliated
storage and release of calcium organel…
Mitochondria ... Endoplasmic Reticulum
Biology Unit 3.2 Protein & Protein Synthesis
hemoglobin
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, ph…
amino acids
Biuret
example of protein found in blood
elements that make up proteins
subunit/monomer of proteins
indicator test for proteins
hemoglobin
example of protein found in blood
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, ph…
elements that make up proteins
36 terms
AP Biology: Protein Synthesis
Anticodon
A-site
Codon
Enhancer
Ensures correct position of AA on ribosome
Charged tRNA arrives with AA; anticodon confirms placement
Determine AA; determined by DNA sequence
Speed up transcription
Anticodon
Ensures correct position of AA on ribosome
A-site
Charged tRNA arrives with AA; anticodon confirms placement
12 terms
Protein Synthesis Biology
DNA- Deoxyribonucleic Acid (6)
Transcription (5)
Preparing mRNA (4)
Translation (7)
1) it is an organic polymer ... 2) Its monomer is DNA nucleotide…
1) The DNA unhelixes and unzips at hydrogen bonds 2-35 ... 2) Th…
1) mRNA detaches from the master strand at hydrogen bonds ... 2)…
1) tRNA- transfer ribonucleic acid- organic polymer, its mono…
DNA- Deoxyribonucleic Acid (6)
1) it is an organic polymer ... 2) Its monomer is DNA nucleotide…
Transcription (5)
1) The DNA unhelixes and unzips at hydrogen bonds 2-35 ... 2) Th…
46 terms
Biology Mutations and Protein Synthesis
What is true about DNA mutations?
During normal meiosis, homologous chro…
Body cell mutations cannot be passed o…
How do mutations lead to genetic varia…
Mutations can spontaneously occur during DNA replication.
chromosome nondisjunction
sex cells
by producing random changes in an organism's genetic code
What is true about DNA mutations?
Mutations can spontaneously occur during DNA replication.
During normal meiosis, homologous chro…
chromosome nondisjunction
17 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Replication
Replication
Replication
Replication
DNA is unzipped and the hydrogen bonds are broken
Free nucleotides pair up with their compliments
Sugars and Phosphate groups are bonded to form a new back bone
End result- two identical pieces of DNA (each is half origina…
Replication
DNA is unzipped and the hydrogen bonds are broken
Replication
Free nucleotides pair up with their compliments
11 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Terms
intron
replication
transcription
translation
a section of m-RNA that is removed before it leaves the nucleus
DNA replication
DNA ----> m-RNA
decoding of the m-RNA that results in a protein
intron
a section of m-RNA that is removed before it leaves the nucleus
replication
DNA replication
18 terms
Biology Protein synthesis
anticodon
codon
cytoplasm
DNA
complementary base pairs with the bases of the codon by formi…
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
protein of the cell outside of the nucleus
genetic code of life
anticodon
complementary base pairs with the bases of the codon by formi…
codon
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
11 terms
Biology Protein synthesis
Mutation
Virus
Lytic cycle
Lysogenic cycle
Any change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
an infectious particle consisting of a bit of nucleic acid wr…
lysis of the host cell and release of virus
viral DNA replication occurs without destroying the host cell
Mutation
Any change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA
Virus
an infectious particle consisting of a bit of nucleic acid wr…
15 terms
biology protein synthesis
how rna differs from dna
mrna
rrna
trna
uracil instead of thymine, ribose instead of deoxyribose, sin…
carries the info
helps make ribosomes
carries the amino acids
how rna differs from dna
uracil instead of thymine, ribose instead of deoxyribose, sin…
mrna
carries the info
63 terms
spring biology protein synthesis
nucleus
no
yes
tRNA
DNA is contained in the _________?
can DNA leave the nucleus?
can RNA leave the nucleus?
how is the "message" contained in DNA exported to outside the…
nucleus
DNA is contained in the _________?
no
can DNA leave the nucleus?
13 terms
BIOLOGY Vocab for Protein Synthesis
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
DNA
Makes copies of DNA
Reads mRNA and brings amino acids to ribosomes
Bonds amino acids to make a protein
Has the code for organisms genes
mRNA
Makes copies of DNA
tRNA
Reads mRNA and brings amino acids to ribosomes
16 terms
H. Biology - Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
Deoxyribose
Monomer of proteins
3 nitrogen bases on tRNA that complement the nitrogen bases o…
A group of 3 sequential nitrogen bases on an mRNA molecule
Sugar found in DNA
Amino Acid
Monomer of proteins
Anticodon
3 nitrogen bases on tRNA that complement the nitrogen bases o…
18 terms
Protein Synthesis BIOLOGY HONORS
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
complementary base pair
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
21 terms
biology protein synthesis
nucleotide
base pairings
double helix
DNA
made of sugar, phosphate, and base.
Thymine, Adenine, Guanine, and Cytosine. Can only be paired w…
structure that DNA is in, it's usually twisted
the genetic information of a person
nucleotide
made of sugar, phosphate, and base.
base pairings
Thymine, Adenine, Guanine, and Cytosine. Can only be paired w…
10 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Vaccine
Nucleotide
Bacteriophage
Deoxyribose
-A substance that is introduced into the body to produce immu…
-Consists of a phosphate group a sugar molecule and a nitroge…
-A virus that infects bacteria.
-A 5 carbon sugar.
Vaccine
-A substance that is introduced into the body to produce immu…
Nucleotide
-Consists of a phosphate group a sugar molecule and a nitroge…
15 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Transcription
Translation
Gene expression
mRNA
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
Is the process by which information from a gene is used in th…
An RNA molecule that carries the message of DNA to the cytopl…
Transcription
The process of converting DNA to mRNA.
Translation
The process of converting mRNA to an amino acid chain.
14 terms
Protein Synthesis (Biology)
"workers" that deliver amino acids
organelle that directs translation
its like a "name tag" for a tRNA
Holds the master code for building pro…
tRNA
ribosome
anticodon
DNA
"workers" that deliver amino acids
tRNA
organelle that directs translation
ribosome
21 terms
Honors Biology Protein Synthesis
Gene
Codon
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
a unit of heredity passed from parent to offspring, that code…
a sequence of three nucleotides that codes for the production…
RNA that gets genetic information from DNA to produce protein…
Transfers amino acids to ribosomes so they can be made into p…
Gene
a unit of heredity passed from parent to offspring, that code…
Codon
a sequence of three nucleotides that codes for the production…
23 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Golgi Apparatus
Nucleus
DNA
Vacuole
Processes, sorts & delivers proteins
Control center of the cell where DNA is found
Contains instructions for making proteins & guides all cell a…
Stores water & dissolved minerals
Golgi Apparatus
Processes, sorts & delivers proteins
Nucleus
Control center of the cell where DNA is found
21 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Gene
Codon
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Codon
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
28 terms
Protein Synthesis- Ryan Biology.
DNA
mRNA
tRNA
Peptide bond
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that…
Transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) is a type of RNA molecule th…
A peptide bond is a chemical bond formed between two molecule…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
mRNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that…
9 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
The first stage of protein synthesis - DNA copying
Hydrogen bonds break between bases of DNA, exposing the bases.
RNA nucleotide complimentary bases bond with respective base.…
mRNA separates from DNA strand and pass through gaps in nucle…
Transcription
The first stage of protein synthesis - DNA copying
Step 1
Hydrogen bonds break between bases of DNA, exposing the bases.
72 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis
gene
genotype
phenotype
30,000
A segment of DNA that encodes for a protein
genetic makeup
traits one can see, physical traits
Roughly, what is the amount of genes in a human's DNA?
gene
A segment of DNA that encodes for a protein
genotype
genetic makeup
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