Study sets matching "biology protein synthesis"

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Study sets matching "biology protein synthesis"

Biology: Protein Synthesis and Biotechnology
Function of DNA
Function of RNA
DNA Nitrogen Bases
RNA Nitrogen Bases
Blueprint containing the direction necassary to construct oth…
Temporary copy of DNA that is used the destroyed
Thymine, Cytosine, Adenine, Guanine
Uracil, Cytosine, Adenine, Guanine
Function of DNA
Blueprint containing the direction necassary to construct oth…
Function of RNA
Temporary copy of DNA that is used the destroyed
Biology RNA and protein synthesis
how do we make proteins?
three types of RNA
mRNA
rRNA
transcription and translation
mRNA, rRNA, tRNA
messenger, found in cytoplasm and nucleus, used in transcript…
ribosomal, found in ribosome
how do we make proteins?
transcription and translation
three types of RNA
mRNA, rRNA, tRNA
biology protein synthesis test
nucleus
true
tRNA
transcription
in Eukaryotes, DNA is contained in the _______
T or F: DNA cannot leave the nucleus.
how is the "message" contained in DNA exported to outside the…
what is the name of the process during which RNA (all kinds)…
nucleus
in Eukaryotes, DNA is contained in the _______
true
T or F: DNA cannot leave the nucleus.
Biology: Protein Synthesis
DNA is made of ________________
Proteins are made of _________________
Define Protein Synthesis
What is the first step of Protein Synt…
Nucleotides
Amino Acids
The building of proteins from the gene code of DNA
Transcription
DNA is made of ________________
Nucleotides
Proteins are made of _________________
Amino Acids
Biology: Protein Synthesis
Label the DNA molecules
What is the shape of a DNA molecule?
What holds the two halves of the DNA m…
During DNA replication an enzyme reads…
double helix
hydrogen bonds
The Base-Pair Rule
Label the DNA molecules
What is the shape of a DNA molecule?
double helix
23 terms
Biology - RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA
Ribose
Uracil
Helicase
Ribonucleic acid
The sugar base to RNA
The nitrogenous base that replaces thymine in RNA
Enzyme in DNA replication that separates the strands
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
Ribose
The sugar base to RNA
Biology 9: Protein Synthesis
What is protein synthesis?
DNA bases
mRNA bases
tRNA bases
A creation of proteins (put amino acids together)... DNA -->RNA-…
A-->T... G-->C
A-->U... G-->C
A-->U... G-->C
What is protein synthesis?
A creation of proteins (put amino acids together)... DNA -->RNA-…
DNA bases
A-->T... G-->C
Biology Protein Synthesis and Mutations
STUDY DIAGRAM ON NOTES
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
...
two main steps from gene to protein
-step 1 of protein synthesis... - DNA --> mRNA... -in nucleus... -copy
-enzyme... -unwinds gene section of DNA... - adds nucleotides to on…
STUDY DIAGRAM ON NOTES
...
Protein Synthesis
two main steps from gene to protein
Biology-Protein Synthesis
Protein Synthesis
The DNA gives...
RNA is between what stages?
What are the 2 MAJOR STAGES?
DNA-Transcription-RNA-Translation-Protein
Gives instructions for making Specific Proteins
DNA & Protein Synthesis
Transcription & Translation
Protein Synthesis
DNA-Transcription-RNA-Translation-Protein
The DNA gives...
Gives instructions for making Specific Proteins
48 terms
Biology protein synthesis and meiosis
given the sequence of DNA, AACGTACGAAC…
the sequence of events in the process…
RNA differs from DNA in that the RNA:…
which of the following is NOT directly…
a
c
a
c
given the sequence of DNA, AACGTACGAAC…
a
the sequence of events in the process…
c
30 terms
DNA and Protein Synthesis Biology
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
nucleotides
nucleotides
what does DNA stand for
what does RNA stand for
the basic building block of a DNA molecule is a ______
...
deoxyribonucleic acid
what does DNA stand for
ribonucleic acid
what does RNA stand for
44 terms
Biology: DNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA contains the sugar
Found in both DNA and RNA
Which nucleotide indicates the nucleic…
Is RNA double or single stranded?
ribose
phosphate groups, guanine, and cytosine
Cytosine
RNA is usually single-stranded.
RNA contains the sugar
ribose
Found in both DNA and RNA
phosphate groups, guanine, and cytosine
11 terms
Biology (Mandziara) - RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribosomal RNA
single stranded molecule containing the sugar, ribose; it gui…
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the…
type of RNA that transports amino acids to the ribosome
type of RNA that associates with proteins to form ribosomes
RNA
single stranded molecule containing the sugar, ribose; it gui…
Messenger RNA
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the…
47 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis and Mendel
DNA and RNA belong to what macromolecu…
What is the monomer of nucleic acid an…
What is Chargaff's rule?
Specifically where is the genetic code…
DNA and RNA belong to nucleic acid
The monomer of nucleic acid is a nucleotide and the three par…
Chargaff's rule is that A always bonds with T and C always bo…
The genetic code is stored in the order of the bases
DNA and RNA belong to what macromolecu…
DNA and RNA belong to nucleic acid
What is the monomer of nucleic acid an…
The monomer of nucleic acid is a nucleotide and the three par…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 13 RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
a single-stranded RNA molecule that carries the instructions…
combines with proteins to form ribosomes, the structures that…
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
RNA
a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
messenger RNA
a single-stranded RNA molecule that carries the instructions…
43 terms
Biology RNA and Protein Synthesis
Can DNA leave the nucleus?
Where is DNA?
How does DNA get to other parts of the…
What proteins in DNA used to code for?
no
the nucleus
RNA copies the DNA and then goes to different parts of the cell
- Enzymes... - Carriers... - Hormones... - Structure
Can DNA leave the nucleus?
no
Where is DNA?
the nucleus
26 terms
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis
What does DNA stand for?
Where is DNA in eukaryotic cells?
Where is DNA in prokaryotic cells??
What is the monomer of DNA?
DeoxyRiboNucleicAcid
Nucleus
DNA floats freely in prokaryotes
Nucleic acid
What does DNA stand for?
DeoxyRiboNucleicAcid
Where is DNA in eukaryotic cells?
Nucleus
26 terms
Biology: RNA and Protein Synthesis
where is RNA found?
what is RNA made up of?
what are the nitrogen bases in RNA?
what RNA gets code from the DNA and br…
cytoplasm and nucleus
nucleotides
cytosine, guanine, adenine, uracil
mRNA
where is RNA found?
cytoplasm and nucleus
what is RNA made up of?
nucleotides
Biology DNA and Protein Synthesis
What does DNA stand for?
What are chromsomes composed of?
What is a segment of DNA that codes fo…
What are the parts of a nucleotide?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genes
Gene
Base, sugar, phosphate
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What are chromsomes composed of?
Genes
38 terms
Biology DNA and protein synthesis
Explain why DNA replication is importa…
What is the role of DNA polymerase in…
What is the role of DNA helicase in re…
What is on the 31 end of DNA?
Equal and exact DNA
To add the nucleotides.
Unwinds helix
Hydroxyl
Explain why DNA replication is importa…
Equal and exact DNA
What is the role of DNA polymerase in…
To add the nucleotides.
54 terms
AP biology DNA and Protein Synthesis
*What is Transcription?
*What is Translation?
*What is the function of mRNA?
*What is the function of tRNA?
The process of making mRNA from DNA in the nucleus.
The process of using tRNA and mRNA to put together amino acid…
To bring the instructions to make a protein from the nucleus…
Molecule that brings amino acids to the ribosome during trans…
*What is Transcription?
The process of making mRNA from DNA in the nucleus.
*What is Translation?
The process of using tRNA and mRNA to put together amino acid…
15 terms
biology- dna and protein synthesis
explain the three major roles of DNA
how are nucleic acids, nucleotides, an…
what are the names of the four nitroge…
how does UV light relate to DNA
-storing genetic information (genetic material needed by ever…
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined together…
adenine(A) guanine(G) cytosine(C) and thymine(T)
the nitrogenous bases have a chem. structure that makes them…
explain the three major roles of DNA
-storing genetic information (genetic material needed by ever…
how are nucleic acids, nucleotides, an…
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined together…
21 terms
Grade 12 Biology Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
A process in which DNA is used as a template to make compleme…
A process in which a ribosome makes amino acids in order to s…
End product of transcription. Translated by ribosomes into pr…
Form of RNA responsible for delivering amino acids to the rib…
Transcription
A process in which DNA is used as a template to make compleme…
Translation
A process in which a ribosome makes amino acids in order to s…
Biology Unit 3.2 Protein & Protein Synthesis
hemoglobin
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, ph…
amino acids
Biuret
example of protein found in blood
elements that make up proteins
subunit/monomer of proteins
indicator test for proteins
hemoglobin
example of protein found in blood
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, ph…
elements that make up proteins
41 terms
Biology: DNA and Protein Synthesis
What are three main differences betwee…
What does the circle, hexagon and lett…
Where is DNA found in eukaryotes? What…
What did Rosalind Franklin do to contr…
1. The sugar in DNA is deoxyribose and the sugar in RNA is ri…
In eukaryotes, DNA is found in the nucleus and in prokaryotes…
Rosalind Franklin used x-ray diffraction to discover the stru…
What are three main differences betwee…
1. The sugar in DNA is deoxyribose and the sugar in RNA is ri…
What does the circle, hexagon and lett…
9 terms
Biology Keystone Review "Protein Synthesis"
Transcription
Translation
Translocation
Chromosomal mutation
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RN…
Change to a chromosome in which a fragment of one chromosome…
A change in the chromosome structure, resulting in new gene c…
Transcription
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
Translation
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RN…
22 terms
Biology protein synthesis terms
amino acid
anticodon
central dogma
codon
building blocks of proteins
three bases on tRNA that are complementary to a codon on mRNA
the flow of information form DNA to RNA to proteins
each sequence of three bases standing for one of the 20 possi…
amino acid
building blocks of proteins
anticodon
three bases on tRNA that are complementary to a codon on mRNA
Biology - Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Central Dogma
Codon
Building block of proteins
Three consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary on mRNA
Describes the flow of information from DNA to RNA proteins
Each sequence of three bases standing for one of the 20 possi…
Amino Acid
Building block of proteins
Anticodon
Three consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary on mRNA
Biology - Protein Synthesis
Importance #1
Importance #2
Facts #1
Facts #2
Every inherited trait is controlled by one or more proteins
Each cell must produce different proteins, based on the funct…
The RNA copy of the protein genetic information encoded in DN…
Each mRNA encodes the information for a single protein and is…
Importance #1
Every inherited trait is controlled by one or more proteins
Importance #2
Each cell must produce different proteins, based on the funct…
41 terms
Biology DNA protein synthesis
DNA
Nucleic acid
Adenine
Guanine
Deoxyribonucleic acid-- composed of sugar, phosphate, and a b…
Organic acid present in living cells, especially DNA and RNA,…
A compound that is one of the four bases of nucleic acids. It…
A compound that is one of the four bases of nucleic acids, pa…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid-- composed of sugar, phosphate, and a b…
Nucleic acid
Organic acid present in living cells, especially DNA and RNA,…
21 terms
Biology X; Protein Synthesis
Cap and Tail
Codon
DNA
DNA Polymerase
on both ends of the RNA transcript, helps to protect the stra…
3 bases that are the instructions for the amino acid sequence…
deoxyribonucleic acid
unwinds and "Unzips" the DNA double helix
Cap and Tail
on both ends of the RNA transcript, helps to protect the stra…
Codon
3 bases that are the instructions for the amino acid sequence…
21 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Base Pairing
Anticodon
Codon
DNA polymerase
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a partic…
principle enzyme involved in DNA replication
Base Pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
12 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
tRNA
Ribosomes
Anticodon
DNA
Workers that deliver amino acids
Organelle that directs translation
Name tag for tRNA
Holds the master code for building proteins
tRNA
Workers that deliver amino acids
Ribosomes
Organelle that directs translation
14 terms
Biology - Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
mRNA
tRNA
the process of producing RNA from the DNA template
the process of converting the genetic code in an mRNA sequenc…
carries the information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of…
participates in the function of assembling proteins and are t…
Transcription
the process of producing RNA from the DNA template
Translation
the process of converting the genetic code in an mRNA sequenc…
15 terms
Biology protein synthesis
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
Codon
Brings code to the ribosome from DNA
Part of ribosome
Transports aminos to ribosome
Three nucleotide groups together
mRNA
Brings code to the ribosome from DNA
rRNA
Part of ribosome
13 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
Nucleus
Ribosome (cytoplasm)
What is the first step of protein synthesis?
What is the second step of protein synthesis
Where does the first step of protein synthesis occur?
Where does the second step of protein synthesis occur?
Transcription
What is the first step of protein synthesis?
Translation
What is the second step of protein synthesis
10 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
amino acids
process used by the body to make proteins
First Step of protein synthesis. It occurs in the nucleus. mR…
Second step of Protein synthesis. mRNA reads 3 bases at a tim…
building blocks for protein
Protein Synthesis
process used by the body to make proteins
Transcription
First Step of protein synthesis. It occurs in the nucleus. mR…
21 terms
biology - protein synthesis
conservative replication
semi conservative replication
dispersive replication
roles of DNA
double helix remains intact and a hole new helix is made
both strands in the helix act as a template to make new strands
two double helices contain parts from both helicases
Replication ... protein synthesis
conservative replication
double helix remains intact and a hole new helix is made
semi conservative replication
both strands in the helix act as a template to make new strands
Biology 12 - Protein Synthesis
Elongation
Initiation
termination
editing
Rna polymerase makes a complementary strand of mrna
rna polymerase attaches itself to the (tataa) promoter unwind…
rna polymerase reaches the termination sequence of the gene a…
spliceosomes consisting of snrps remove introns and splice to…
Elongation
Rna polymerase makes a complementary strand of mrna
Initiation
rna polymerase attaches itself to the (tataa) promoter unwind…
12 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Chargaff
Watson and Crick
Franklin
Nucleotides
Scientist who discovered the dna base pair rules
Scientists who constructed the double helix model
Scientist who used x-ray diffraction to understand dna
Structure of DNA made up of deoxyribose, a phosphate group, o…
Chargaff
Scientist who discovered the dna base pair rules
Watson and Crick
Scientists who constructed the double helix model
7 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis
gene expression
1)DNA in nucleus ... .....transcription..…
transcription
gene
what is protein synthesis?
order of synthesis locations/forms/processes:
making a copy of a gene
section of DNA - 1 protein
gene expression
what is protein synthesis?
1)DNA in nucleus ... .....transcription..…
order of synthesis locations/forms/processes:
23 terms
Biology- Protein Synthesis Vocab
Amino acid
Anti-codon
Central Dogma
Codon
building block of proteins
three consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary to a c…
describes the flow of information from DNA to RNA to proteins
each sequence of three bases standing for one of the 20 possi…
Amino acid
building block of proteins
Anti-codon
three consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary to a c…
23 terms
biology- protein synthesis
amino acid
anticodon
central dogma
codon
building block of proteins
three consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary to a c…
describes the flow of information from DNA to RNA to proteins
each sequence of three bases standing for one of the possible…
amino acid
building block of proteins
anticodon
three consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary to a c…
Biology~Protein synthesis
DNA
RNA
Double helix
Amino acid
blueprints for all proteins
group of compounds that build proteins
shape of a spiral staircase
building blocks of proteins
DNA
blueprints for all proteins
RNA
group of compounds that build proteins
Biology Protein Synthesis (RNA)
RNA-Structure
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Tail
Single stranded, ribose instead of deoxyribose, uracil instea…
Single, uncoiled strand, transmits information from DNA, serv…
Single strand folded back on itself, clover leaf with a tail,…
Carries around amino acid
RNA-Structure
Single stranded, ribose instead of deoxyribose, uracil instea…
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Single, uncoiled strand, transmits information from DNA, serv…
21 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis
Base pairing
replication
DNA polymerase
RNA
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
principal enzyme involved in DNA replication
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
Base pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
replication
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
10 terms
Biology protein synthesis
Transcription
Translation
mRNA
tRNA
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template
process by which the sequence of bases of an mRNA is converte…
type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during…
Transcription
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template
Translation
process by which the sequence of bases of an mRNA is converte…
17 terms
Biology: Protein Synthesis
Mutation
Point Mutation
Frameshift Mutation
Insertion
permanent alteration of a DNA strand
one (or a few) bases gets changed
The reading frame is shifted and the entire amino acid sequen…
an extra base is inserted
Mutation
permanent alteration of a DNA strand
Point Mutation
one (or a few) bases gets changed
6 terms
Biology Protein Synthesis
Point Mutation
Deletions
Insertions
Silent Mutation
A change in any single nucleotide of a DNA sequence
The loss of one or more nucleotides in the DNA sequence
The addition of one or more extra nucleotides in a DNA sequence
The mutation does not result in a change the amino acid seque…
Point Mutation
A change in any single nucleotide of a DNA sequence
Deletions
The loss of one or more nucleotides in the DNA sequence
AP Biology: Protein Synthesis
Proteins
mRNA (messenger RNA)
tRNA (transfer RNAs)
rRNA (ribosomal RNA)
DNA stores all of the information for these
A copy of the gene that will be sent of the nucleus
Translator RNA strands with amino acids on them
Made in the nucleolus and forms ribosomes which are the locat…
Proteins
DNA stores all of the information for these
mRNA (messenger RNA)
A copy of the gene that will be sent of the nucleus
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