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Study sets matching "biology quiz energy life"

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Study sets matching "biology quiz energy life"

36 terms
AP Biology Energy for Life
energy
first law of thermodynamics
second law of thermodynamics
Gibbs free energy
the ability to cause change; ability to do work
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converte…
any time energy is converted the entropy (disorder) of the un…
energy in a system that is available to do work
energy
the ability to cause change; ability to do work
first law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converte…
23 terms
Biology - Energy and Cycles of Life
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
aquifer
carbon cycle
Energy production that requires oxygen
Energy production that does not require oxygen
An underground formation that contains groundwater
Cyclic movement of carbon in different chemical forms from th…
aerobic respiration
Energy production that requires oxygen
anaerobic respiration
Energy production that does not require oxygen
18 terms
Biology Energy and Life
What is the overall reaction for photo…
How does the photosynthesis process co…
Where does energy for photosynthesis c…
What plant pigments are involved in ph…
It captures light energy and uses it to power chemical reacti…
Releases energy by breaking down carbohydrates
light, i.e. the sun
Chorophyll a and b. What about chloroplasts?
What is the overall reaction for photo…
It captures light energy and uses it to power chemical reacti…
How does the photosynthesis process co…
Releases energy by breaking down carbohydrates
49 terms
Biology: Energy of Life
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Thermodynamics
The ability to do work.
Stored energy; elastic energy in a stretched rubber band is a…
Action; an asteroid falling to earth.
The branch of physical science that deals with the relations…
Energy
The ability to do work.
Potential Energy
Stored energy; elastic energy in a stretched rubber band is a…
9 terms
Biology: Energy and Life
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
biochemical pathway
the ability to do work
energy of motion; energy being used (work being done)
stored energy
- an ordered series of enzyme-catalyzed reactions that forms…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
energy of motion; energy being used (work being done)
26 terms
Energy, Life and Photosynthesis - Biology
A molecule that stores more than 90 ti…
All organisms get the energy they need…
Where is ATP created
What is ATP made of
Glucose
Phosphates
The mitochondria
Ribose sugar, adenine, and 3 phosphate groups, it provides en…
A molecule that stores more than 90 ti…
Glucose
All organisms get the energy they need…
Phosphates
32 terms
Biology- Energy and Life
Everything needs ____
Cells use___ to store and release energy
ADP is like ___ but only has _ phospha…
ATP can __ and __ energy by breaking a…
Energy
ATP
ATP, 2
Store, release,reforming
Everything needs ____
Energy
Cells use___ to store and release energy
ATP
45 terms
Biology - energy and life
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
ATP
Nucleotide
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
An organism that obtains its energy from the food it consumes
Principle compounds used in storage and release of energy in…
ATP is an ______
Autotrophs
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
An organism that obtains its energy from the food it consumes
62 terms
Biology: Energy for Life
Photosynthesis Equation
Raw materials in Photosynthesis
Products of Photosynthesis
Structural Difference b/w ATP & ADP &…
CO2 + H2O --> C6H12O6 + O2
carbon dioxide & water (reactants)
glucose & oxygen
3 vs. 2 vs. 1 phosphate ... ATP contains more energy than ADP, d…
Photosynthesis Equation
CO2 + H2O --> C6H12O6 + O2
Raw materials in Photosynthesis
carbon dioxide & water (reactants)
72 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Energy and Life
What is the source of energy for the f…
In glycolysis, what substance is broke…
In glycolysis, what is the ratio of gl…
What substance is the end product in g…
Glucose
Glucose
1:2
Pyruvic Acid
What is the source of energy for the f…
Glucose
In glycolysis, what substance is broke…
Glucose
23 terms
Biology - Energy and Cycles of Life
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
aquifer
carbon cycle
Energy production that requires oxygen
Energy production that does not require oxygen
An underground formation that contains groundwater
Cyclic movement of carbon in different chemical forms from th…
aerobic respiration
Energy production that requires oxygen
anaerobic respiration
Energy production that does not require oxygen
100 terms
Biology: Energy for Life
Photosynthesis Equation
Raw materials in Photosynthesis
Products of Photosynthesis
Structural Difference b/w ATP & ADP &…
CO2 + H2O --> C6H12O6 + O2
carbon dioxide & water (reactants)
glucose & oxygen
3 vs. 2 vs. 1 phosphate ... ATP contains more energy than ADP, d…
Photosynthesis Equation
CO2 + H2O --> C6H12O6 + O2
Raw materials in Photosynthesis
carbon dioxide & water (reactants)
Biology Final Energy and Life
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis Definition
Organisms that make their own food.
Organisms that cannot use sunlight directly, and obtain energ…
Chemical compound that is used to store and release energy. C…
Plants use the energy from the sun to convert water and carbo…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food.
Heterotrophs
Organisms that cannot use sunlight directly, and obtain energ…
19 terms
Biology Energy & Life
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
Energy Forms
Whats The Difference Between Di & Tri…
Organisms that make their own food (Producer)
Obtain energy from food they consume (Consumer)
Light, Heat, Electricity
Di- Two Phosphates, Tri- Three Phosphates
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food (Producer)
Heterotroph
Obtain energy from food they consume (Consumer)
22 terms
Biology - Energy and Life
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
transformation
the ability to do work
the energy of motion
stored energy that can be used for motion
all the work carried out by living organisms involves the ___…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
30 terms
Biology Energy and Life
autotrophs
heterotrophs
ATP
photosynthesis
an organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemical…
an organism that obtains its energy from the food it consumes
a principle compound used in the storage and release of energ…
cell process in which plants harness solar energy and use it…
autotrophs
an organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemical…
heterotrophs
an organism that obtains its energy from the food it consumes
13 terms
Biology CK-12: Energy for Life
State why living things need energy.
Describe how autotrophs and heterotrop…
Compare and contrast glucose and ATP.
Outline how living things make and use…
Living things need energy to carry out all life processes. Th…
Autotrophs make their own food. Heterotrophs get food by eati…
Glucose and ATP are used for energy by nearly all living thin…
Many autotrophs make food through the process of photosynthes…
State why living things need energy.
Living things need energy to carry out all life processes. Th…
Describe how autotrophs and heterotrop…
Autotrophs make their own food. Heterotrophs get food by eati…
40 terms
BIOLOGY: Energy and Life
Energy; consists of 2states
Kinetic Energy
Potential energy
All work carried out by living organis…
the abilitiy to do work; Kinetic energy/ Potential energy
energy of motion
stored energy that can be used for motion
TRANSFORMATION of potential to kinetic energy
Energy; consists of 2states
the abilitiy to do work; Kinetic energy/ Potential energy
Kinetic Energy
energy of motion
36 terms
Biology: Energy, Life, & the Biosphere
abiotic factors
active site
ADP
ATP
referring to a physical or nonliving component of an ecosystem
the portion of an enzyme that attaches to the substrate throu…
adenosine diphosphate; the compound that remains when a phosp…
adenine triphosphate; a compound that has three phosphate gro…
abiotic factors
referring to a physical or nonliving component of an ecosystem
active site
the portion of an enzyme that attaches to the substrate throu…
48 terms
biology energy and life
energy
ATP
autotroph
heterotroph
the power to do things
helps a cell to create energy and is able to be recharged
organism that makes it's own food
organism that obtains food by eating other organsims
energy
the power to do things
ATP
helps a cell to create energy and is able to be recharged
27 terms
Biology - Energy and Life
Energy
All living things must obtain
Autotroph
Heterotroph
is never created or destroyed
and use energy
Makes own food. Plant. Producer
Consumes food for energy. Consumers
Energy
is never created or destroyed
All living things must obtain
and use energy
11 terms
Biology: Life and Energy
Earth's Energy Budget
Joule
Food Web
Autotrophs
The energy that life on earth needs to survive; most comes fr…
A unit of energy
Shows how energy move through an ecosystem
Organisms that can create their own food molecules
Earth's Energy Budget
The energy that life on earth needs to survive; most comes fr…
Joule
A unit of energy
10 terms
Biology: Energy for Life
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
organisms that make their own food.
Living things that cannot make their own food. Instead, they…
The process in which glucose is broken down and ATP is made.
Changes light energy into chemical energy and also releases o…
Autotroph
organisms that make their own food.
Heterotroph
Living things that cannot make their own food. Instead, they…
26 terms
Biology: Energy & Life
ATP
when it is broken down
when the chemical bond between the sec…
adding another P
Three triphosphate groups and a ribose sugar
When is ATP available to the cell?
How is ADP formed?
How can ADP become ATP again?
ATP
Three triphosphate groups and a ribose sugar
when it is broken down
When is ATP available to the cell?
102 terms
energy in life biology
in diffusion, a substance moves
ATP stands for ____ triphospahte
kinetic energy examples
In exergonic reactions 1
by passive transport up its concentration
adenosine
sound, light, the movement of molecules and rolling cart
large molecules are often broken into smaller molecules or at…
in diffusion, a substance moves
by passive transport up its concentration
ATP stands for ____ triphospahte
adenosine
Biology - Energy of Life - Chapter 4
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Entropy
the ability to do work, to move matter
Chemical energy (stored in bonds) Concentration gradient acro…
Light... Sound... Movement of atoms & molecules... Muscle contraction
Measure of the randomness, or disorder of the universe... Heat…
Energy
the ability to do work, to move matter
Potential Energy
Chemical energy (stored in bonds) Concentration gradient acro…
14 terms
Biology-Life's energy
ATP
Cell Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
a small molecule that is used for cellular energy; the cells…
...
where cells energy comes from; takes energy from the sun the…
organisms like plants that make their own food; producers
ATP
a small molecule that is used for cellular energy; the cells…
Cell Respiration
...
10 terms
Biology: energy for life
Autotroph
Heterotrophs
Cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph are organisms that make their own food
Heterotrophs Are organisms that make their own food
The process in which glucose is broken down and ATP is made i…
Most autotrophs use the energy in sunlight to make food in a…
Autotroph
Autotroph are organisms that make their own food
Heterotrophs
Heterotrophs Are organisms that make their own food
21 terms
Biology: Energy in life
C4 Plants
C3 Plants
CAM Plants
Photosynthesis
A type of plant that separates the light and dark reactions s…
A type of plant that closes its stomata on hot sunny days to…
A type of plant that does the light reaction during day and t…
6CO2+6H2O+Sun<C6H12O6+CO2... Opposite of Cellular Respiration.
C4 Plants
A type of plant that separates the light and dark reactions s…
C3 Plants
A type of plant that closes its stomata on hot sunny days to…
32 terms
Biology ch energy and life
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chemosynthesis
ATP consists of:
An organism that produces it's own nutrients from inorganic s…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by their othe…
The process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as…
1 Adenosine... 2 ribose... 3 (3) phosphate groups
Autotroph
An organism that produces it's own nutrients from inorganic s…
Heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by their othe…
15 terms
Biology: Energy and Life
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
heterotrophs
autotrophs
photosynthesis
a 5-carbon sugar called ribose and three phosphate groups/ st…
organisms that must ingest food to generate energy/ sometimes…
organisms that can generate energy internally using the energ…
process by which autotrophs create their own food internally…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
a 5-carbon sugar called ribose and three phosphate groups/ st…
heterotrophs
organisms that must ingest food to generate energy/ sometimes…
18 terms
Biology (Energy and Life)
Chemical Energy
Free Energy
Nutrients
Heterotrophs
Organisms that store energy in organic molecules from which t…
Energy that is released during chemical reaction.
Involves transport work in-order for complex molecules and ce…
Animals, fungi, insects, bacteria; etc that obtain nutrients…
Chemical Energy
Organisms that store energy in organic molecules from which t…
Free Energy
Energy that is released during chemical reaction.
25 terms
Biology: Matter and Energy for Life
Characteristics for living things
Abiogenesis
Biogenesis
Aristotle
1. needs food nutrients... 2. moves... 3. breathes/respires/photosy…
the theory that states that living things can come from livin…
the theory that states that living things come from other liv…
coined the term, and the theory, people believed it for 2000…
Characteristics for living things
1. needs food nutrients... 2. moves... 3. breathes/respires/photosy…
Abiogenesis
the theory that states that living things can come from livin…
27 terms
Energy and Life Biology and Photosynthesis
ATP
heterotrophs
autotrophs
photosynthsis
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
make their own food by sunlight
The process of a plant to make food in the leaf. Carbon dioxi…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
26 terms
Biology terms for energy in life
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
abiotic
ADP
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can change forms
systems lend to change in a way that increases the disorder,…
nonliving characteristics to an environment
adenosine diphosphate- an organic compound that is composed o…
1st law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can change forms
2nd law of thermodynamics
systems lend to change in a way that increases the disorder,…
19 terms
Energy and Life honors biology
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Chemical Energy
Atp and Adp
Organisms that make their own energy
Organisms that obtain energy from foods they consume by relea…
Energy comes in many forms
Chemical fuels that power activities of the cell
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own energy
Heterotrophs
Organisms that obtain energy from foods they consume by relea…
13 terms
Biology:Energy, Life, and the Biosphere
All organisms require a source of ____…
Characteristics of Organisms
Chemical Energy
Free Energy
-energy... -sunlight... -chemical
-Take in and convert materials and energy from environment, r…
Energy stored in organic molecules
Portion of chemical energy able to do work
All organisms require a source of ____…
-energy... -sunlight... -chemical
Characteristics of Organisms
-Take in and convert materials and energy from environment, r…
15 terms
Biology Energy of Life: QUIZ
energy can neither be
energy can be
when energy is converted to another fo…
a birch tree is an example of a
created or changed
changed
converted to an unusual type of energy
autotroph
energy can neither be
created or changed
energy can be
changed
22 terms
Biology: Energy and Life
What is adenosine triphosphate?
What is adenosine triphosphate compose…
When is ATP energy available to the ce…
What happens when the chemical bond be…
(ATP)- energy molecule
an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups attached an…
when it is broken down
energy is released
What is adenosine triphosphate?
(ATP)- energy molecule
What is adenosine triphosphate compose…
an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups attached an…
15 terms
The Energy of Life (AP BIOLOGY)
Metabolism
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathways
Kinetic energy
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. Manages the…
Leads to the release of energy by the breakdown of complex mo…
Consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Anything that is moving is said to possess _________
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. Manages the…
Catabolic pathway
Leads to the release of energy by the breakdown of complex mo…
Biology energy and life test
where the substrate attaches to the en…
ultimate source of energy for all ecos…
what do cells use to make reactions ha…
enzymes "grab" onto reactants and brin…
active site
sunlight
enzymes
together
where the substrate attaches to the en…
active site
ultimate source of energy for all ecos…
sunlight
19 terms
Biology Energy For Life
What are the 2 reactions of photosynth…
What are the three parts of ATP
Which 2 groups need energy to live. De…
What is the energy from sunlight
Light and Dark
Adenine, Rybose, 3 phosphates
Autotrophs and Heterotrophs
Photons
What are the 2 reactions of photosynth…
Light and Dark
What are the three parts of ATP
Adenine, Rybose, 3 phosphates
BIOLOGY REVIEW: Energy & Life
What does ATP stand for?
ATP
What is ATP made of?
How is energy stored in ATP released?
Adenosine Triphophosphate
an organic molecule that acts as the main energy source for c…
A nitrogenous base... A sugar... Three phosphate groups
by breaking phosphate-to-phosphate bonds and creating ADP or…
What does ATP stand for?
Adenosine Triphophosphate
ATP
an organic molecule that acts as the main energy source for c…
27 terms
Biology: Energy and Life
True or false: energy can be generally…
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Laws of thermodynamics
True
Stored for subsequent use to do work
Is in action are actively doing some kind of work as a result…
The association between he and all other energy forms the fou…
True or false: energy can be generally…
True
Potential energy
Stored for subsequent use to do work
11 terms
Biology (Energy and Life)
Metabolism
What are the two types of metabolism a…
Energy
What are the two types of energy?
Organisms Chemical Processes
1. Catabolic: Complex molecules are broken into simple molecu…
capacity to do work
Kinetic Energy: energy of motion... Potential Energy: stored ene…
Metabolism
Organisms Chemical Processes
What are the two types of metabolism a…
1. Catabolic: Complex molecules are broken into simple molecu…
45 terms
Biology- Energy of Life
What is the relationship between ATP &…
Electromagnetic spectrum
What reactions convert energy in cells?
What are 3 ways energy is used in cells?
ATP has 1 extra phosphate group which gives off energy where…
A continuum of all electromagnetic waves according to their f…
Photosynthesis
Growing & dividing, Removing waste and Making protein & Metab…
What is the relationship between ATP &…
ATP has 1 extra phosphate group which gives off energy where…
Electromagnetic spectrum
A continuum of all electromagnetic waves according to their f…
77 terms
Biology Cells and The Energy of Life
3 parts of the cell theory
3 Common Structural features of cells
4 Common Molecular features of cells
2 Common Functional features of cells
1. All living things will have at least one cell.... 2. Cells ar…
1. Plasma Membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Ribosomes
1. Proteins... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Lipids... 4. Nucleic Acids
1. Ability to survive on their own... 2. Ability to reproduce on…
3 parts of the cell theory
1. All living things will have at least one cell.... 2. Cells ar…
3 Common Structural features of cells
1. Plasma Membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Ribosomes
29 terms
Biology Ch 6 Energy and Life
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
An emergent property of life that arises from orderly interac…
Begins with a specific pathway begins with a specific molecul…
A degradative process in which some metabolic pathways releas…
Consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Metabolism
An emergent property of life that arises from orderly interac…
Metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific pathway begins with a specific molecul…
38 terms
The energy of life (Photosynthesis)-AP biology
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Chloroplasts
What is the structure of the chloropla…
"self-feeders" sustain them self's with out eating anything f…
Live on compunds produced by other organisms, known as consum…
Specific sites of photosynthesis in plant cells
An envelope of two membranes encloses the stroma, within the…
Autotrophs
"self-feeders" sustain them self's with out eating anything f…
Heterotrophs
Live on compunds produced by other organisms, known as consum…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Energy and Life
ATP
pigment
stroma
electron transport chain
Adenosine Triphosphate; an important compound that cells use…
light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the sun's e…
fluid portion of the chloroplast; outside of the thylakoids
series of electron carrier proteins that shuttle high-energy…
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate; an important compound that cells use…
pigment
light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the sun's e…
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