Study sets matching "biology reproduction"

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Study sets matching "biology reproduction"

Biology Reproduction
Mitosis
Meiosis
Ovary
Uterus
Cell division that creates clone cell.
Cell division that creates 4 daughter cells that are different
Stores eggs and lets them out each month... Source of female rep…
Where the baby grows and develops... Egg implanted in lining... Ute…
Mitosis
Cell division that creates clone cell.
Meiosis
Cell division that creates 4 daughter cells that are different
76 terms
Biology - Reproduction
diploid
haploid
G1, S, and G2
G1
cells have two copies of each chromosome
cells have one copy of each chromosome
interphase, when DNA is uncoiled in the form of chromatin
presynthetic gap; cells create organelles for energy and prot…
diploid
cells have two copies of each chromosome
haploid
cells have one copy of each chromosome
34 terms
Biology Unit: Reproduction
follicles
luteinizing hormone (LH)
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Estrogen
Cells that enclose immature egg cells, providing them with pr…
The "leave-home" hormone, which tells matured eggs to leave t…
The hormone that tells eggs and their follicles to mature. On…
A hormone released by follicle cells in females, which thicke…
follicles
Cells that enclose immature egg cells, providing them with pr…
luteinizing hormone (LH)
The "leave-home" hormone, which tells matured eggs to leave t…
42 terms
Biology Reproduction
Two types of Reproduction
Asexual
Sexual
Syngamy
Asexual & Sexual
offspring from a single parent
offspring result from gamete fusion
fusion of gametes - (Zygote chromosome number is twice the ga…
Two types of Reproduction
Asexual & Sexual
Asexual
offspring from a single parent
83 terms
Biology Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
How many types of Asexual reproduction…
1. BInary Fission
Binary Fission Picture
Only 1 parent, no variety
7
One cells splits into two cells, ex: single cell amoeba, bact…
Asexual reproduction
Only 1 parent, no variety
How many types of Asexual reproduction…
7
123 terms
Biology - Reproduction
All mammals have these characteristics
Reproduction of monotremes
oviparity
Metatherians (Marsupials)
milk-producing mammry glnds, three bonds in middle ear and on…
include duckbilled platypus and echidna (spiny anteater) - en…
development method of monotremes
include kolas and kanagaroos. The fetus (joey) undergoes some…
All mammals have these characteristics
milk-producing mammry glnds, three bonds in middle ear and on…
Reproduction of monotremes
include duckbilled platypus and echidna (spiny anteater) - en…
Biology: Reproduction
Autosomal Cell Chromosome Content
Germ Cell Chromosome Content
Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
Cdk-Cyclin Complex
2n
n
control cell cycle when activated by a specific cyclin
Phosphorylates Transcription factors that promote the transcr…
Autosomal Cell Chromosome Content
2n
Germ Cell Chromosome Content
n
16 terms
Biology: Reproduction
Ovaries
Egg Pathway
uterus
vaginal canal
The female gonads; two glands located on either side of the l…
From puberty to menopause; ... one egg per month dropped into p…
reproductive organ in which the fertilized oocyte is implante…
Connects with the uterus, this is the site of sperm depositio…
Ovaries
The female gonads; two glands located on either side of the l…
Egg Pathway
From puberty to menopause; ... one egg per month dropped into p…
91 terms
Reproduction Biology
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
internal fertilization
external fertilization
- requires 2 parents (meiosis)
- 1 parent (mitosis)
- union of egg and sperm inside the female's body ... ex. humans…
- union of egg and sperm outside of the female's body... ex. fis…
sexual reproduction
- requires 2 parents (meiosis)
asexual reproduction
- 1 parent (mitosis)
38 terms
Biology: Reproduction
Longest part of the cell cycle
Cells that do not divide spend all of…
During interphase, individual chromoso…
mitosis... G1 stage
Interphase
G0, cell is living and serving its function without any prepa…
chromatin, less condensed form... not visible by light microscopy
cells create organelles for energy and protein production: mi…
Longest part of the cell cycle
Interphase
Cells that do not divide spend all of…
G0, cell is living and serving its function without any prepa…
27 terms
Reproduction Biology
Which of the following statements best…
Which of the following statements rega…
Hermaphrodites are animals that
Reproductive systems with external fer…
It produces genetically uniform populations
Sexual reproduction generates greater genetic variation than…
Possess both male and female reproductive systems
Aquatic animals
Which of the following statements best…
It produces genetically uniform populations
Which of the following statements rega…
Sexual reproduction generates greater genetic variation than…
57 terms
biology reproduction
purpose of reproduction
asexual reproduction
asexual reproduction adavantages
asexual reproduction disadvantages
-survival of the species
-identical ... -one parent ... -no gamates
- do not have to look for mate ... -maintaining desired trait ... -…
- no variations... -disease
purpose of reproduction
-survival of the species
asexual reproduction
-identical ... -one parent ... -no gamates
IGCSE Biology - Plant reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel
the male reproductive organ of a plant
produces, stores and releases pollen
supports the anther and holds it in position
the female reproductive organ of a plant
Stamen
the male reproductive organ of a plant
Anther
produces, stores and releases pollen
13 terms
Biology Term 2 Reproduction
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
A genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
Replication
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Biology Reproduction
Mitosis Creates ____
Body Cells are ______
Parent and Daughter Cells have _number…
In Mitosis Chromosome Number ____
Body Cells
Somatic Cells
Same
Is conserved
Mitosis Creates ____
Body Cells
Body Cells are ______
Somatic Cells
44 terms
Biology 12 Reproduction System
testicles
scrotum
seminiferous tubules
spermatogenesis
The pair of male gonads
pair of testes lie outside the body in this pouch
location of sperm production
the process of creating sperm
testicles
The pair of male gonads
scrotum
pair of testes lie outside the body in this pouch
20 terms
Biology - Cell Reproduction
Binary fission
To create identical cells
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
Prophase
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
What is the goal of mitosis?
What are the phases of mitosis?
Chromosomes pack together. Nucleus begisn to break down.
Binary fission
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
To create identical cells
What is the goal of mitosis?
24 terms
Reproduction (BIOLOGY)
Testes
Seminiferous tubules
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Produce sperm/ Testosterone (produces male reproductive tissue)
Located in the testis, produce sperm
Sperm is matured and stored
Convey's Sperm
Testes
Produce sperm/ Testosterone (produces male reproductive tissue)
Seminiferous tubules
Located in the testis, produce sperm
AP Biology Reproduction Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Fission
Budding
Reproduction in which the egg is fertilized by sperm. This in…
Reproduction in which egg and sperm are not used. The offspri…
Asexual reproduction in which the parent organism separates i…
Asexual reproduction in which new individuals arise from outg…
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction in which the egg is fertilized by sperm. This in…
Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction in which egg and sperm are not used. The offspri…
Biology reproduction
Reproduction
Reproductive system
External fertilization
Internal fertilization
Biological processin which offspring is produced
A system of organs within an organism which work together for…
Joining of gametes outside the body
Joining of gametes inside the body
Reproduction
Biological processin which offspring is produced
Reproductive system
A system of organs within an organism which work together for…
17 terms
Biology: reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Pros and cons of sexual reproduction
Pros and cons of asexual reproduction
Genes from two parent organisms are combined to produce an or…
A single organism makes a copy of itself with exactly the sam…
Advantages- the species can survive a changing ... environment,…
Advantages- more efficient/quicker, doesn't require a second…
Sexual reproduction
Genes from two parent organisms are combined to produce an or…
Asexual reproduction
A single organism makes a copy of itself with exactly the sam…
Biology Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Internal vs External fertilization
Gonads
Male reproductive system
The fusion of two different haploid cells forming a zygote
Internal - most animals deposit sperm directly into the femal…
Pair of organs that produce gametes... -Male = testes... -Female =…
Purpose is to produce sperm to fertilize an egg and produce h…
Sexual reproduction
The fusion of two different haploid cells forming a zygote
Internal vs External fertilization
Internal - most animals deposit sperm directly into the femal…
biology reproduction
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
fertilization
haploid
reproduce without a partner (involves one parent). end result…
formation of a new individual from the union of 2 gametes (se…
two haploid cells fuse together and form a diploid cell
half the number of chromosomes
asexual reproduction
reproduce without a partner (involves one parent). end result…
sexual reproduction
formation of a new individual from the union of 2 gametes (se…
19 terms
Biology Reproduction
Stages of Fertilization
Male Hormones
Female Hormones
Urethra
Penetration, activation, nuclei fusion
Testosterone
estrogen and progesterone
Duct through which urine is discharged.
Stages of Fertilization
Penetration, activation, nuclei fusion
Male Hormones
Testosterone
21 terms
BIOLOGY - Reproduction
Asexual reproduction is reproduction w…
Sexual reproduction is reproduction th…
The cervix is the neck of the uterus
The oviduct is the tube that transport…
What is asexual reproduction?
What is sexual reproduction?
What is the cervix?
What is the oviduct?
Asexual reproduction is reproduction w…
What is asexual reproduction?
Sexual reproduction is reproduction th…
What is sexual reproduction?
Biology reproduction
Seminiferous tubules
Germiline epithelium
Sertoli cells
Leyding cells
Testis composed of them. Produce sperm.
Devide by mitosis producing spermatogonia
Nourish producing of spermatozoa
Produces testosterone (located in testes)
Seminiferous tubules
Testis composed of them. Produce sperm.
Germiline epithelium
Devide by mitosis producing spermatogonia
Reproduction (Biology)
Sexual Reproduction
Gamete
Zygote
Haploid
An exchange of genetic information between 2 individuals crea…
sex cell. Eggs & sperm. Haploid (1/2 # of total chromosomes)
1st cell of new individual. Created from the fusion of 2 game…
a cell with ½ the number of total chromosomes. Reproductive c…
Sexual Reproduction
An exchange of genetic information between 2 individuals crea…
Gamete
sex cell. Eggs & sperm. Haploid (1/2 # of total chromosomes)
18 terms
Biology - reproduction
Stamen
Pistil/carpal
Sepal
Stigma
Male reproductive organ which contains the anther and filament
Female reproductive organ contains stigma style and ovary
Encloses bud of flower
Sticky that collects pollen
Stamen
Male reproductive organ which contains the anther and filament
Pistil/carpal
Female reproductive organ contains stigma style and ovary
22 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant Reproduction
Anthers
Carpel
Cotyledon
Fertilisation
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
Food store for young plant after seed germination.
The fusion of the nuclei of the male and female gametes
Anthers
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
Carpel
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
53 terms
biology (reproduction)
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
internal fertilization
external fertilization
requires two parents (meiosis)
one parent (mitosis)
- union of egg and sperm inside female's body... - ex: chickens…
- union of egg and sperm outside the female's body... - ex: fish…
sexual reproduction
requires two parents (meiosis)
asexual reproduction
one parent (mitosis)
biology reproduction
embryonic development
1.fertilization of egg and sperm... 2.zyg…
gastrulation
ectoderm
influenced by genes and enzymes
...
forms 3 germ cells, differentiation of cells into tissue.
outer cell layer, forms nervous system, hair nails
embryonic development
influenced by genes and enzymes
1.fertilization of egg and sperm... 2.zyg…
...
21 terms
BIOLOGY | REPRODUCTION
Female Reproductive System
Male reproductive system
Outline the roles of hormones in the m…
List 3 roles of testosterone
FSH - stimulates the growth of the follicle and the productio…
1. Maintenance sexual drive... 2. Creating secondary sexual char…
Female Reproductive System
Male reproductive system
Reproduction(biology)
Diploid
Gamete
Haploid
Homologous Chromosomes
a cell that contains two haploid sets of chromosomes
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
describes a cell nucleus or organism that has only one set of…
chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes that have th…
Diploid
a cell that contains two haploid sets of chromosomes
Gamete
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
17 terms
Biology Reproduction
Interphase
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
chromosomes duplicate
the nuclear membrane dissolves, chromatin tightly coils up, h…
tetrads align at the cell equator.
homologous pairs separate and move toward opposite poles (sis…
Interphase
chromosomes duplicate
Prophase I
the nuclear membrane dissolves, chromatin tightly coils up, h…
Biology reproduction
Menstrual cycle
Development of a fetus
Female reproductive sysetm
Male reproductive system
Provides hormones to keep you healthy and prepares body for p…
8 weeks fertilisation is considered as a fetus ... 12 weeks feru…
Produce egg cells (formed on ovaries)
Produce sperm cells to release in a female to produce s baby
Menstrual cycle
Provides hormones to keep you healthy and prepares body for p…
Development of a fetus
8 weeks fertilisation is considered as a fetus ... 12 weeks feru…
Biology- Reproduction
Cell division stages
Meiosis I
Meiosis II
Stages of Early development
G1: cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm... S: DNA replic…
two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads during prophase I…
essentially identical to mitosis, but no replication... Meiosis…
Cleavage, implantation, gastrulation, neurulation
Cell division stages
G1: cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm... S: DNA replic…
Meiosis I
two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads during prophase I…
5 terms
Biology: Reproduction
Ovaries
Fallopian Tubes or "Oviducts"
Uterus
Cervix
Produce, store, and release hormones
Connects the ovaries to the uterus; egg travels through
Holds and nourishes the embryo/fetus/baby
Dilate/opens at childbirth; opening to the uterus
Ovaries
Produce, store, and release hormones
Fallopian Tubes or "Oviducts"
Connects the ovaries to the uterus; egg travels through
24 terms
Reproduction biology
Reproduction
Scrotum
Epididymis
Vas deferens
The process of producing offsprring which is a characteristic…
Contains testes; located behind the base of the penis; produc…
Coiled tube within the scortum; place in which sperm comeplet…
Duct that transports sperm from epididymis to exit the body
Reproduction
The process of producing offsprring which is a characteristic…
Scrotum
Contains testes; located behind the base of the penis; produc…
Biology Reproduction
Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Prokaryotes
All organisms, if the conditions are suitable, will reproduce…
Requires 2 organisms for egg and sperm to meet and produce of…
Requires only 1 organism and results in offspring being genet…
A single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus,…
Reproduction
All organisms, if the conditions are suitable, will reproduce…
Sexual Reproduction
Requires 2 organisms for egg and sperm to meet and produce of…
39 terms
Biology- Reproduction
male reproductive system
testosterone
female reproductive system
endometrium
pg. 202- please study this, can't do diagrams on here
causes development of male primary sexual characteristics (ge…
pg. 203- please study this, can't do diagrams on here
uterine lining... blood, nutrients
male reproductive system
pg. 202- please study this, can't do diagrams on here
testosterone
causes development of male primary sexual characteristics (ge…
52 terms
biology reproduction
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
advantage of sexual reproduction
Testes
2 parents required
1 parent required
greater genetic variation of the species
produces sperm and male hormones after puberty
sexual reproduction
2 parents required
asexual reproduction
1 parent required
Reproduction Biology
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Asexual Reproduction
Binary Fission
The third phase of mitosis, in which the sister chromatids ar…
Programmed cell death
A type of reproduction common in prokaryotes
A type of asexual reproduction in which the parent cell divid…
Anaphase
The third phase of mitosis, in which the sister chromatids ar…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death
47 terms
biology--reproduction
reproductive glands or ---- make ----
they also secrete ---- that produce ma…
sex hormones produces by an --- cause…
sex hormones also cause ---- to occur
gonads, gametes
sex hormones
embryo
puberty
reproductive glands or ---- make ----
gonads, gametes
they also secrete ---- that produce ma…
sex hormones
61 terms
Biology - Reproduction
Mitosis
Cell Basic Ideas
Spontaneous Generation
Francesco Redi
Cell Division
-All cells come from preexisting cells... -Cells are produced fo…
Old idea that cells arise randomly from non living matter
Tested Spontaneous Generation through using flies, meat and s…
Mitosis
Cell Division
Cell Basic Ideas
-All cells come from preexisting cells... -Cells are produced fo…
Biology Reproduction
ovum
once a month / approximately every 28…
oviduct
uterus
female sex cell found in the ovary and which contains a food…
How often is an ovum released from the ovary?
What do you call one of the tubes that leads from each ovary…
organ that holds the embryo while it develops into a baby
ovum
female sex cell found in the ovary and which contains a food…
once a month / approximately every 28…
How often is an ovum released from the ovary?
Biology- Reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Pollen
Male part
Produces pollen
Holds up anther
Male sperm
Stamen
Male part
Anther
Produces pollen
28 terms
Biology: Reproduction
Testis
Seminiferous Tubules
Epididymis
Vas Deferens
Site of sperm production
Parts inside the testes that make sperm
Place where sperm finish development and are stored
Tube to connect testes to the urethra
Testis
Site of sperm production
Seminiferous Tubules
Parts inside the testes that make sperm
71 terms
Biology Reproduction
Asexual
Sexual
Gametes
Sperm cells
Reproduction without gametes where offspring are identical (c…
Involves the fusion of the nuclei of haploid gametes to make…
Sex cells with the haploid number of chromosomes
The human male sex cell (gamete)
Asexual
Reproduction without gametes where offspring are identical (c…
Sexual
Involves the fusion of the nuclei of haploid gametes to make…
Biology: Reproduction
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
chromosome replication, growth
chromosomes condense, centrioles pair and form spindle, nucle…
chromosomes align and form metaphase plate
chromosomes split, so each chromatid has its own distinct cen…
Interphase
chromosome replication, growth
Prophase
chromosomes condense, centrioles pair and form spindle, nucle…
83 terms
Biology Reproduction
Diploid cells have
haploid cells have
Cell cycle has
G1, S, and G2 stages are called
two copies of each chromosome
one copy of each chromosome
5 stages
interphase
Diploid cells have
two copies of each chromosome
haploid cells have
one copy of each chromosome
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