Study sets matching "biology s2"

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Study sets matching "biology s2"

Biology Evolution S2
Law of Superposition
Relative Dates
Fossil Record
Radiometric Dating
Older layers predate new layers
Older that this, younger than this
Shows progression of species, change in environment, (selecti…
Measuring radioactivity of rocks, fossils, to find exact date
Law of Superposition
Older layers predate new layers
Relative Dates
Older that this, younger than this
125 terms
Final S2 | Biology
Recombinant DNA
Transgenic organism
Vaccine
Use of Transgenic organisms
DNA that has been formed artificially by combining constitute…
An organism that contains a gene from another organism, typic…
this inserts a small, inactive virus into one's body in order…
•Pig for Hemoglobin/insulin
Recombinant DNA
DNA that has been formed artificially by combining constitute…
Transgenic organism
An organism that contains a gene from another organism, typic…
Biology S2: Pedigrees: 7
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
23 terms
Kendall's Biology 2
mutation
point mutation
frameshift mutations
polyploidy
changes in the genetic material
gene mutations involving changes in one or a few nucleotides
mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic messa…
condition in which an organism has an extra set of chromosomes
mutation
changes in the genetic material
point mutation
gene mutations involving changes in one or a few nucleotides
35 terms
Biology Midterms S.2
what is an atom called when it has los…
nitrogenous base + sugar + phosphate g…
the elements or compounds that come ou…
the substance formed when covalent bon…
ions
nucleic acid
product
molecule
what is an atom called when it has los…
ions
nitrogenous base + sugar + phosphate g…
nucleic acid
Biology S2: Extending Mendelian Genetics: 7
Carrier
Sex-linked gene
X chromosome inactivation
Incomplete dominance
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
A gene located on a sex chromosome
Process that occurs in female mammals in which one of the X c…
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
Carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
Sex-linked gene
A gene located on a sex chromosome
103 terms
Biology Exam S2
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Gamete
Zygote
Having the same alleles
Having two different alleles
A sex cell with one pair of unmatched chromosomes
The result of merging a sperm and an egg
Homozygous
Having the same alleles
Heterozygous
Having two different alleles
183 terms
Biology S2 Final
Charles Darwin observed the finches an…
which type of evidence best supports D…
who influenced Darwin stating that if…
who influenced Darwin stating that evo…
common ancestors
(fossils/) vestigial bones
Thomas Malthus
John Baptiste Lamarck
Charles Darwin observed the finches an…
common ancestors
which type of evidence best supports D…
(fossils/) vestigial bones
61 terms
Biology S2M2
Hormones
Pancreas Hormones
Adrenal Glands
Gonads ( Sex Glands)`
...
Insulin- lowers blood sugar level... Glucagon- raises blood suga…
Adrenal Medulla-Epinephrine and norepinephrine (Raises or low…
Androgens-Promotes sperm formation... Estrogens- Promotes uterin…
Hormones
...
Pancreas Hormones
Insulin- lowers blood sugar level... Glucagon- raises blood suga…
24 terms
Emily's Biology 2
C3 Cycle
C4 Pathway
Carbon Fixation
Carotenoids
cyclic series of reactions whereby carbon dioxide is fixed in…
series of reactions in certain plants that fixed carbon dioxi…
initial steps in the C3 cycle, in which carbon dioxide reacts…
red, orange, and yellow pigment, found in chloroplasts, that…
C3 Cycle
cyclic series of reactions whereby carbon dioxide is fixed in…
C4 Pathway
series of reactions in certain plants that fixed carbon dioxi…
Biology S2
a trait controlled by 2 or more genes
a cell that contains a single set of c…
a cell that contains both sets of chro…
traits that mask recessive traits when…
polygenic
haploid
diploid
dominant
a trait controlled by 2 or more genes
polygenic
a cell that contains a single set of c…
haploid
P&S Biology 2
arche-
arthr-
aureo-
auto-
ancient, primitive
joint
golden
self
arche-
ancient, primitive
arthr-
joint
10 terms
BIOLOGY P-S 2
Bi
Bio
Blast
Carcin
Two
Life
Embryo
Cancer
Bi
Two
Bio
Life
77 terms
Biology S2
Transcription
Transcription factors
RNA polymerase
Spliceosomes
A section of DNA is copied into RNA
Start off transcription. Look for specific grooves to fit int…
Used during transcription. Matches RNA nucleotides with the c…
Used in transcription. Cut out the introns and bind the exons…
Transcription
A section of DNA is copied into RNA
Transcription factors
Start off transcription. Look for specific grooves to fit int…
76 terms
Finals Review Biology (S2)
Bacteria
Transpiration
biosphere, biome, ecosystem, community…
Ch. 3 Nitrogen Fixation is primarily carried out by... A) Humans…
Ch. 3 Carbon cycles through the biosphere in all the followin…
Levels of organization (Big to Small)
Bacteria
Ch. 3 Nitrogen Fixation is primarily carried out by... A) Humans…
Transpiration
Ch. 3 Carbon cycles through the biosphere in all the followin…
Biology Finals S2
genetic testing
mutation
point mutation
nonsense mutation
examining your DNA for alterations
changes in base sequences of DNA that can alter functions of…
(substitution) 1 nucleotide in the sequence is changes
1 nucleotide changed, premature "stop" codon
genetic testing
examining your DNA for alterations
mutation
changes in base sequences of DNA that can alter functions of…
22 terms
Biology S2
codon
transcription
DNA polymerase
Thymine and Guanine
The _ is a set of three base-pairs that provides instructions…
The process by which a DNA's nucleotide sequence is copied to…
This is the enzyme that "proofreads" DNA during replication t…
Which of the following is not correct?
codon
The _ is a set of three base-pairs that provides instructions…
transcription
The process by which a DNA's nucleotide sequence is copied to…
29 terms
Biology Vocab (S2)
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Hybridization
gene
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Having two identical alleles for a trait
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
Heterozygous
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Homozygous
Having two identical alleles for a trait
11 terms
Biology s2 #2
seedbanks
biotechnology
plasmid
vector
places where wide varieties of plant offspring are stored.
the use of living things to benefit humans
a circular piece of DNA found in bacteria
anything capable of carrying genetic material
seedbanks
places where wide varieties of plant offspring are stored.
biotechnology
the use of living things to benefit humans
S&P #2 Biology
end-; ent
enter
-eous
epi-
Within, in
Intestines
Nature of, like
On, above
end-; ent
Within, in
enter
Intestines
7 terms
Biology P/S #2
autos
bene
bentho
bi
self
well, good
depth, bottom
two
autos
self
bene
well, good
41 terms
Biology S2: Evolution
Evolution
Evolution applies to
Evolution applies to
Evolution applies to
Genetic changes in a species over time; all changes that tran…
Medicine
Agriculture
Biotechnology
Evolution
Genetic changes in a species over time; all changes that tran…
Evolution applies to
Medicine
Biology P/S #2
ameb
ana
angio
anti
change/alteration
up
vessel
against/opposed to
ameb
change/alteration
ana
up
S2 Biology Reproduction
oviduct
ovary
uterus
vagina
allows transport of egg towards uterus. Where fertilization t…
eggs are stored and released from here once a month
the fetus becomes attached to the uterus wall and develops here
where sperm are deposited by the penis
oviduct
allows transport of egg towards uterus. Where fertilization t…
ovary
eggs are stored and released from here once a month
S11.2 Biology
Codominance
Incomplete dominance
Multiple Allele
Polygenic trait
Both traits show as a result of crossing.
Blending of two contrasting traits in as result of crossing.
Three or more alleles on chromosome.
Trait controlled by 2 or more genes may (phenotype)
Codominance
Both traits show as a result of crossing.
Incomplete dominance
Blending of two contrasting traits in as result of crossing.
Biology Vocab 2's
Arthr-
-ase
-asis
Auto-
Joint
Enzyme
State of, Condition
Self
Arthr-
Joint
-ase
Enzyme
Biology Exam S2
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Gamete
Zygote
Having two different alleles
Having the same alleles
A sex cell with one pair of unmatched chromosomes
The result of merging a sperm and an egg
Heterozygous
Having two different alleles
Homozygous
Having the same alleles
28 terms
Mrs. Carson's Biology #2
Gamete
vestigial structure
evolution
Darwin
eggs and sperm
structures no longer used in organism... tailbone
change over time
Father of Evolution- Galapagos Islands
Gamete
eggs and sperm
vestigial structure
structures no longer used in organism... tailbone
234 terms
BIOLOGY S2 STUDY GUIDE
recessive allele
dominant allele
allele
Gregor Mendel
an organism with "this" for a particular trait will show that…
an organism with at least one of "this" for a particular trai…
one of a number of different forms of a gene
father of genetics
recessive allele
an organism with "this" for a particular trait will show that…
dominant allele
an organism with at least one of "this" for a particular trai…
Biology S2 Populations
population
demographics
population density
population distribution
this is all the members of a species within an area defined b…
these are statistics that describe population size, age struc…
this is the number of individuals per unit of area
this refers to how individuals in a population are spaced out…
population
this is all the members of a species within an area defined b…
demographics
these are statistics that describe population size, age struc…
Biology S2 Final
anterior
posterior
dorsal
ventral
toward the head
toward the tail
toward the back
toward the belly
anterior
toward the head
posterior
toward the tail
173 terms
Biology S2 Final
Benign
malignant
transcription
translation
inactive or not spreading
spreading/active
dna to mrna
mrna to trna; transfer amino acids to proteins
Benign
inactive or not spreading
malignant
spreading/active
37 terms
S2 Biology
Somatic cell
Gametes
Homologous chromosomes
Autosomes
also called body cells, make up most of body organs and tissu…
Sex cells- ova or eggs or sperm
two chromosomes- one from mom and one from dad- that have the…
chromosome pairs 1 through 22
Somatic cell
also called body cells, make up most of body organs and tissu…
Gametes
Sex cells- ova or eggs or sperm
226 terms
Biology Review S2
What is a stop codon?
What is true about introns and DNA?
What is found in both DNA and RNA?
What is a mutation that involves one o…
A codon that signals the end of a growing polypeptide
They are edited out of eukaryotic mRNA?
Phosphate groups, guanine and cytosine
Point mutation
What is a stop codon?
A codon that signals the end of a growing polypeptide
What is true about introns and DNA?
They are edited out of eukaryotic mRNA?
Biology S2 Exam
thicker
diaphragm
pharynx
larynx
The walls of arteries are _______ than the walls of veins.
Air flows into the lungs with the contraction of the ______.
What serves as a passageway for both air and food?
Where are the vocal cords located?
thicker
The walls of arteries are _______ than the walls of veins.
diaphragm
Air flows into the lungs with the contraction of the ______.
74 terms
Biology Midterm S2
Where do plants get the energy for pho…
White light
Wavelengths
Ultraviolet
Sunlight
Made up of many different colors. Each wavelength is a specif…
-A wavelength is the distance from peak to peak of a wave... -th…
wavelengths shorter than blue (not visible)
Where do plants get the energy for pho…
Sunlight
White light
Made up of many different colors. Each wavelength is a specif…
102 terms
Biology Honors S2 Final
Limnology
Green Lake Project
Lotic
Lentic
The study of inland aquatic ecosystems
A study conducted by our class on the limnology of Green Lake
Water is flowing (ex. River)
Water is standing (ex. Lake)
Limnology
The study of inland aquatic ecosystems
Green Lake Project
A study conducted by our class on the limnology of Green Lake
49 terms
Biology Final-S2
dermis
epidermis, dermis
Keratin makes the skin waterproof
the person bleeds... the blood clots... a sc…
A tissue is observed to contain nerve cells, muscle fibers an…
which lists the layers of skin from out to inner?
Which of the following describes the role of keratin in the e…
Which is the correct sequence of events that occur when a per…
dermis
A tissue is observed to contain nerve cells, muscle fibers an…
epidermis, dermis
which lists the layers of skin from out to inner?
128 terms
Biology Final S2
Planarians have a branched digestive t…
Most flatworms are not parasitic
Tapeworms absorb food from their host'…
Humans can avoid trichinosis by wearin…
False
False
True
False
Planarians have a branched digestive t…
False
Most flatworms are not parasitic
False
85 terms
Biology - FINAL - S2
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Define genetics
Alleles
DNA
Born 1822 in Austria... Bred & studied pea plants
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
...
...
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Born 1822 in Austria... Bred & studied pea plants
Define genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
29 terms
Biology S2: Ecosystem Interaction
Factors that affect carrying capacity…
Factors affecting biodiversity and pop…
Niche
Community interaction
Amount of resources available, level of competition, limiting…
Limiting factors, amount of resources available, carrying cap…
Range of physical and biological conditions in which an organ…
No two species can have same niche in same habitat
Factors that affect carrying capacity…
Amount of resources available, level of competition, limiting…
Factors affecting biodiversity and pop…
Limiting factors, amount of resources available, carrying cap…
86 terms
BIOLOGY FINAL S2
struggle for food and space, escaping…
in the current system of classificatio…
darwin was a naturalist abroad the HMS…
because of fossil records, whales are…
true
false
true
true
struggle for food and space, escaping…
true
in the current system of classificatio…
false
Biology S2 Final
Base Substitutions/Point Mutations
Frameshift Mutations (Base Deletion/in…
DNA
Shape of DNA
One base is switched for another during DNA replication... -nucl…
When one or more nucleotides are removed or added during DNA…
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid... genetic material for life~pa…
double helix/twisted ladder
Base Substitutions/Point Mutations
One base is switched for another during DNA replication... -nucl…
Frameshift Mutations (Base Deletion/in…
When one or more nucleotides are removed or added during DNA…
184 terms
Biology S2 Study Guide
condensation (dehydration synthesis)
hydrolysis
polar
nonpolar
build polymers from monomers of simple sugars, fatty acids, a…
release monomers by breaking apart polymers (uses water)
charged ends (hydrophilic)
not charged (hydrophobic)
condensation (dehydration synthesis)
build polymers from monomers of simple sugars, fatty acids, a…
hydrolysis
release monomers by breaking apart polymers (uses water)
Biology Finals S2
genetic testing
mutation
point mutation
nonsense mutation
examining your DNA for alterations
changes in base sequences of DNA that can alter functions of…
(substitution) 1 nucleotide in the sequence is changes
1 nucleotide changed, premature "stop" codon
genetic testing
examining your DNA for alterations
mutation
changes in base sequences of DNA that can alter functions of…
Biology S2 Exam
Compare the digestive tract of an eart…
Describe the water vascular system of…
Compare the anatomy of the two arthrop…
What is an open circulatory system? Li…
The digestive system of an earthworm consists of a mouth, pha…
The water vascular system is a series of hollow tubes that ca…
Grasshoppers and crayfish share many similarities in their an…
In an open circulatory system, there is a heart that pumps bl…
Compare the digestive tract of an eart…
The digestive system of an earthworm consists of a mouth, pha…
Describe the water vascular system of…
The water vascular system is a series of hollow tubes that ca…
29 terms
Biology s2 finals
Evolution
Variation
Adaptation
Natural selection
Organisms change over long period of times
Differences in an organism
The prosess of an organism changing to fit its environment
Key mechanism in evolution... Where heritable traits become eith…
Evolution
Organisms change over long period of times
Variation
Differences in an organism
21 terms
Biology S2 Finals
Thermoregulation
Glucoregulation
Osmoregulation
Homeostasis
Maintaining body temperature
maintaining glucose levels
Control of water balance
Process by maintaing stable environment
Thermoregulation
Maintaining body temperature
Glucoregulation
maintaining glucose levels
42 terms
Biology S2 Final
Biogenesis
Recognize an incompletely dominant trait
Phenotype
Genotype
Production of new living organisms or organelles. Living thin…
Both phenotypes show blended
Physical appearance of allel
The genetic makeup of a living thing
Biogenesis
Production of new living organisms or organelles. Living thin…
Recognize an incompletely dominant trait
Both phenotypes show blended
Biology S2 vocabulary
Diploid
Chromosomes
gene
genotype
term used to refer to cell contains two steps of homologous c…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
genetic makeup of an organism
Diploid
term used to refer to cell contains two steps of homologous c…
Chromosomes
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
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