Study sets matching "biology skeletal muscular system"

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Study sets matching "biology skeletal muscular system"

10 terms
Biology - Muscular / Skeletal System
Muscular / Skeletal System
Bones
Osteocytes
Periosteum
A system to allow your body some degree of mobility. Consists…
1.Support body and give it shape; 2.provide a frame to protec…
nonliving organic mineral matter and living cells. Found in b…
Tough membrane on the outside of the bone. It is the site of…
Muscular / Skeletal System
A system to allow your body some degree of mobility. Consists…
Bones
1.Support body and give it shape; 2.provide a frame to protec…
Biology skeletal muscular system
unicellular organisms
multicellular organisms
206
axial skeleton
have a cytoskeleton that provides structural support
have cytoskeletons within each cell, but a skeleton is needed…
how many bones are in the human body
supports central axis of the body ex skull vertebral column r…
unicellular organisms
have a cytoskeleton that provides structural support
multicellular organisms
have cytoskeletons within each cell, but a skeleton is needed…
7 terms
Biology Skeletal/ Muscular System
axial skeletal system
appendicular skeletal system
ball and socket
Condyloid
consists of skull, ribs, vertebrae column; protects central n…
hip, shoulder blade, arm and leg bones; locomotion
large amount of moveability ex: hip and shoulder
extension (move out), reflection (move in), aduct, abduct (si…
axial skeletal system
consists of skull, ribs, vertebrae column; protects central n…
appendicular skeletal system
hip, shoulder blade, arm and leg bones; locomotion
Biology Skeletal and Muscular System
Digestive System
Circulatory System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Breaks down food, absorbs nutrients and removes some waste
Transports oxygen, nutrients and waste; helps regulate body t…
Hormones - helps with homeostasis, growth and metabolism
Eliminates waste and helps with homeostasis
Digestive System
Breaks down food, absorbs nutrients and removes some waste
Circulatory System
Transports oxygen, nutrients and waste; helps regulate body t…
14 terms
Human Biology - Skeletal and Muscular System
muscular system
skeleton
cartilage
joints
all of the muscles of the body, especially those involved in…
stiff inner part of the skeletal system made of bones
hard, but flexible tissue that is part of the skeletal system
part of the body where two or more bones meet
muscular system
all of the muscles of the body, especially those involved in…
skeleton
stiff inner part of the skeletal system made of bones
20 terms
Biology Muscular & Skeletal System
Anatomy
Physiology
Epithelial
Connective
the structure of an organism
the study of the function of different structures within an o…
covers surfaces and lines internal organs
holds together and supports other tissues, cushions, insulate…
Anatomy
the structure of an organism
Physiology
the study of the function of different structures within an o…
Biology Skeletal & Muscular System
Spongy bone
Compact bone
Periosteum
Growth plate
The tiny steuctures of this kind of bone are arranged in a wa…
Dense kind of bone found under the periosteum, contains netwo…
Protective outer layer
Contains dividing cartilage cells that increase the size of a…
Spongy bone
The tiny steuctures of this kind of bone are arranged in a wa…
Compact bone
Dense kind of bone found under the periosteum, contains netwo…
Biology Skeletal/Muscular System
Endochondral
Intramembranous
Long
Short
Long bone
flat bone
Femur
Carpals/Tarsals
Endochondral
Long bone
Intramembranous
flat bone
80 terms
biology muscular and skeletal systems
4 body cavities
organ found in cranial cavity
organ found in spinal cavity
organ found in thoracic cavity
cranial, spinal, thoracic, abdominal
brain
spinal chord
heart
4 body cavities
cranial, spinal, thoracic, abdominal
organ found in cranial cavity
brain
27 terms
Skeletal and Muscular Systems Biology
Double Layered membrane that surrounds…
Cells found in bones.
Holes running through compact bone.
Area of one z line to the next.
Periosteum
Osteocytes
Haversion Canals
Sarcomere
Double Layered membrane that surrounds…
Periosteum
Cells found in bones.
Osteocytes
56 terms
Biology - Muscular and Skeletal Systems
endoskeleton
cartilage
chrondrocytes
bone
this serves as the framework within all vertebrate organisms…
this is a type of connective tissue that is softer and more f…
these are cells that are responsible for synthesizing cartilage
this is a specialized type of mineralized connective tissue t…
endoskeleton
this serves as the framework within all vertebrate organisms…
cartilage
this is a type of connective tissue that is softer and more f…
36 terms
Biology: Muscular and Skeletal Systems
actin
antagonistic muscles
appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
a major muscle protein whose interactions with myosin produce…
a pair of muscles, one of which contracts and in so doing ext…
the portion of the skeleton consisting of the bones of the ex…
the skeleton forming the body axis, including the skull, vert…
actin
a major muscle protein whose interactions with myosin produce…
antagonistic muscles
a pair of muscles, one of which contracts and in so doing ext…
17 terms
biology muscular and skeletal system
tendon
myofibrils
sarcomere
motor neurons
connect bones to muscles
muscle fibers are made up of smaller fibers called
the contractile apparatus of a muscle fiber; a muscle's fiber…
stimulate muscle fibers to contract and control muscle contra…
tendon
connect bones to muscles
myofibrils
muscle fibers are made up of smaller fibers called
16 terms
Biology Skeletal And Muscular System
Axial Skeleton
Apendicular Skeleton
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Skull backbone and ribs
Arms legs shoulders and pelvis
Hard outer layer of bone that contain blood vessels and nerves
Porous inner bone that contains red bone marrow in the spaces
Axial Skeleton
Skull backbone and ribs
Apendicular Skeleton
Arms legs shoulders and pelvis
22 terms
Biology: The Skeletal & Muscular System
Consists of:
Functions:
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Bones, connective tissue, cartilage, ligaments
Support body, protect internal organs, provide for movement,…
Skull, vertebral column, rib cage
Arms/legs, pelvis, shoulders
Consists of:
Bones, connective tissue, cartilage, ligaments
Functions:
Support body, protect internal organs, provide for movement,…
Biology: Skeletal and Muscular Systems
cranium
frontal
parietal
occipital
big part of the skull
front of skull
sides of skull
back of skull
cranium
big part of the skull
frontal
front of skull
Biology: Skeletal and Muscular Systems
Number of bones in the (adult) human b…
Number of muscles human body
Types of joints
Fixed Joint
206
640
Fixed, Hinge, Ball and Socket, Pivot, Saddle and Gliding
- has no movement... - Ex. connects plates of skull bones
Number of bones in the (adult) human b…
206
Number of muscles human body
640
97 terms
Biology Skeletal/Muscular System
What are the functions of the bone?
What is a compact bone?
What is another word for spongy bone?
What is a spongy bone?
support of tissue and muscles, protects internal organs, red…
is highly organized, has concentric ring structure
cancellous
contains numerous plates separated by unequal spaces
What are the functions of the bone?
support of tissue and muscles, protects internal organs, red…
What is a compact bone?
is highly organized, has concentric ring structure
18 terms
Biology-Skeletal and Muscular System
Periosteum
Haversian canals
Bone marrow
Cartilage
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
One of a network of tubes running through compact bone that c…
Soft tissue inside the cavities within bones
Strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer…
Periosteum
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Haversian canals
One of a network of tubes running through compact bone that c…
27 terms
Biology Skeletal/muscular system
Exoskeleton
Advantages of the Exoskeleton
Disadvantages of the exoskeleton
Endoskeleton(includes turtle)
-like armour... -protein and carbs called chitin... -tough structur…
-protects from predators and physical harm... -guards against wa…
-Heavy=small... -limited movement limited growth, only during mo…
-subdivided in parts=bones (specialized for certain functions…
Exoskeleton
-like armour... -protein and carbs called chitin... -tough structur…
Advantages of the Exoskeleton
-protects from predators and physical harm... -guards against wa…
22 terms
Biology: Muscular and Skeletal Systems
muscles
contractile cells
skeleton
skeletal muscle
tissues that exert a force by contracting
cells that muscles are made of, exert force
supportive framework for animals tat maintains the animal's s…
striated, under voluntary control usually, attached to bones
muscles
tissues that exert a force by contracting
contractile cells
cells that muscles are made of, exert force
60 terms
Biology Skeletal and Muscular Systems
Bone is made of...
Primary mineral stored within bones...
Bone marrow function is...
Movement in bones allows for ...
calcium salts and collagen
Calcium
To make blood cells
muscles to pull on bones
Bone is made of...
calcium salts and collagen
Primary mineral stored within bones...
Calcium
Biology skeletal + muscular systems
cell
system
nervous tissue
epithelial tissue
the basic unit of structure and function in living organisms…
name for a group of organs that work together to carry out a…
name for type of tissue that communicates information by cond…
name for tissue that covers surfaces
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living organisms…
system
name for a group of organs that work together to carry out a…
Biology-- Muscular and Skeletal Systems
cartilage
compact bone
spongy bone
osteoblasts
this is a type of connective tissue softer and more flexible…
dense bone that does not appear to have cavities when observe…
bone that is much less dense and consists of interconnecting…
a form of osteocytes that synthesize and secrete the organic…
cartilage
this is a type of connective tissue softer and more flexible…
compact bone
dense bone that does not appear to have cavities when observe…
31 terms
Biology - Muscular & Skeletal Systems
cytoskeleton
cytoskeleton (in a multicellular orgna…
skeleton
how many bones are in the adult human…
unicellular organisms have one for structural support
only found in the individual cells
provides support for the whole body
206
cytoskeleton
unicellular organisms have one for structural support
cytoskeleton (in a multicellular orgna…
only found in the individual cells
12 terms
Biology The Skeletal and Muscular System
3 Functions of the Skeleton
Joint
Purpose of a joint
3 types of joints
Support, movement, protection
Where two or more bones meet
Allows movement
Fused, ball and socket, hinged
3 Functions of the Skeleton
Support, movement, protection
Joint
Where two or more bones meet
25 terms
Biology Skeletal/Muscular System Vocab
point of origin
insertion
antagonistic pair
flexor
point where muscle attaches to the stationary bone
point where muscle attaches to the movable bone
pair of muscles where one contracts to bend at joint, other c…
muscle that bends a joint
point of origin
point where muscle attaches to the stationary bone
insertion
point where muscle attaches to the movable bone
33 terms
biology - skeletal and muscular systems
advanteges of locomotion
Food gathering (plants)
Locating a home (plants)
Escaping predation (plants)
Food gathering ... Locating a home... Escaping predation ... Finding a…
Photosynthesis
Transported by wind, humans, animals, water
Camouflage, toxins, thorns
advanteges of locomotion
Food gathering ... Locating a home... Escaping predation ... Finding a…
Food gathering (plants)
Photosynthesis
12 terms
Biology: The Skeletal and Muscular Systems
Functions of the human skeleton
Fixed/ fused joints
Types of freely moving joints
Ball and socket joints
- Support ... - Rigid base against which muscles can pull... - Prot…
- No movement allowed ... E.g. Bones in the skull
- Ball and socket ... - Hinge
- Allow movement in all directions ... E.g. Shoulder and hip
Functions of the human skeleton
- Support ... - Rigid base against which muscles can pull... - Prot…
Fixed/ fused joints
- No movement allowed ... E.g. Bones in the skull
37 terms
skeletal and muscular systems (biology)
muscles
what do muscles do?
functions of muscular system
types of muscles
organs that can contract.
When they contract they get shorter and fatter. if a muscle i…
produce movement; maintain posture; stabilize joints; help bl…
smooth muscles; skeleton muscles; cardiac muscles
muscles
organs that can contract.
what do muscles do?
When they contract they get shorter and fatter. if a muscle i…
Biology 1002- Muscular-Skeletal System
Three Types of Skeletons
Hydrostatic Skeleton
Exoskeleton
Endoskeleton
Hydrostatic, Exoskeleton, Endoskeleton
Combination of muscles and water based fluid, Hydrostatic pre…
External skeleton surrounding and protecting body
Internal skeleton, firmness given from minerals
Three Types of Skeletons
Hydrostatic, Exoskeleton, Endoskeleton
Hydrostatic Skeleton
Combination of muscles and water based fluid, Hydrostatic pre…
57 terms
Biology skeletal, muscular & integumentary system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
bone function
periosteum
skull, ribs, spine, sternum
arms, legs, scapula, clavicle, pelvis
framework that supports and protects the body... stores minerals…
membrane that contains a network of blood vessels and nerves
axial skeleton
skull, ribs, spine, sternum
appendicular skeleton
arms, legs, scapula, clavicle, pelvis
46 terms
Biology - Reproductive/Skeletal/Muscular System
fertilization
ovulation
menstrual cycle
ejaculation
when an egg is fertilized by sperm
process of releasing an egg from the ovary
28 day cycle where the female body prepares for ovulation and…
release of sperm
fertilization
when an egg is fertilized by sperm
ovulation
process of releasing an egg from the ovary
Advanced Biology - Muscular and Skeletal Muscular Systems
Click on "Flashcards" tab above. On th…
tendon
muscle fibers (cells)
fascicles
...
Fibrous bands of connective tissue that attach muscles to bon…
Long, cylindrical, multi-nucleated cells that are bundled tog…
A bundle of muscle fiber (cells) that make up the muscle.
Click on "Flashcards" tab above. On th…
...
tendon
Fibrous bands of connective tissue that attach muscles to bon…
10 terms
Biology Finals - Skeletal & Muscular System
206.
Skull; vertebrae column; ribcage.
Pelvis; shoulders; arms; legs.
Support, protection, provides movement…
How many bones are in the human body?
What parts make up the axil skeleton
What parts make up the appendicular skeleton
What are the 5 functions of the skeletal system?
206.
How many bones are in the human body?
Skull; vertebrae column; ribcage.
What parts make up the axil skeleton
10 terms
Biology- Skeletal and muscular systems
Where are blood cells made?
Which part of the skeleton protects th…
What mineral makes bone strong?
What are the two bones in the lower ar…
Bone Marrow
Rib cage
Calcium
Radius and ulna
Where are blood cells made?
Bone Marrow
Which part of the skeleton protects th…
Rib cage
Human Biology- Skeletal/Muscular Systems
are bones organs
jobs of bones
where does calcium go
cartilage
yes, because they have 2 or more types of organs
muscle attachment, protection & support, blood cell productio…
your brain, if you don't get enough can cause a multitude of…
dense connective tissues that protects the ends of your bones
are bones organs
yes, because they have 2 or more types of organs
jobs of bones
muscle attachment, protection & support, blood cell productio…
Biology - Skeletal, Muscular, and Nervous System
Levels of Organization
Tissue
Four Types of Tissues
Muscle Tissue
cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organism
Collection of cells, similar in structure, that work together…
Muscle, Nervous, Epithelial, and Connective
-skeletal, smooth, cardiac... -cells that can contract
Levels of Organization
cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organism
Tissue
Collection of cells, similar in structure, that work together…
Biology 183 The Muscular and Skeletal Systems
What are the three types of skeletal s…
What are the two kinds of muscles asso…
What is the function of the Hydrostati…
What is the function of Longitudinal M…
1. Hydrostatic skeletons... 2. Exoskeletons ... 3. Endoskeletons
1. Longitudinal Muscles... 2. Circular Muscles
- Plays an important role in locomotion
- Contracts when circular muscles relax
What are the three types of skeletal s…
1. Hydrostatic skeletons... 2. Exoskeletons ... 3. Endoskeletons
What are the two kinds of muscles asso…
1. Longitudinal Muscles... 2. Circular Muscles
Biology 46-skeletal/muscular systems
Joints
Fixed joint
Fixed joint
Hinge joint
What is the place where two bones meet?
Which kind of joint prohibits movement?
Which kind of joint is found in the skull?
Which joint provides back and forth motion?
Joints
What is the place where two bones meet?
Fixed joint
Which kind of joint prohibits movement?
72 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Muscular Skeletal System
skeleton
human skeleton consists of
bone
the human skeleton has ____ bones
provides body support and movement by working with muscles an…
bone, ligaments, and cartilage
material that provides framework for the body
206
skeleton
provides body support and movement by working with muscles an…
human skeleton consists of
bone, ligaments, and cartilage
67 terms
Biology Nervous System/Muscular/Skeletal
Nervous system
Neurons
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
The nervous system forms a communication and coordination net…
Nerve cells that carry electrical signals from one part of th…
The complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
Made up of mostly nerves that carry signals into and out of t…
Nervous system
The nervous system forms a communication and coordination net…
Neurons
Nerve cells that carry electrical signals from one part of th…
20 terms
Biology-skeletal, muscular and integumentary systems
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Femur
ulna
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Bones of the limbs including the shoulder and pelvic girdles,…
Bone of the upper leg
Inner and larger bone of the forearm, attached to the wrist a…
Axial skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Appendicular skeleton
Bones of the limbs including the shoulder and pelvic girdles,…
6 terms
Muscular System and Skeletal System
Bones
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal System
Muscle of the heart
Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the b…
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Bones
Skeletal System
Cardiac Muscle
Muscle of the heart
9 terms
SCIENCE BIOLOGY (the skeletal and muscular system)
The human skeleton
Functions of the skeleton
Types of joints
cartilage
support... provide a rigid base against which muscles can pull... P…
Fused:no movement allowed e.g. skull... Freely :ball and socket…
Freely moving joint often have a cartilage covering the end o…
The human skeleton
Functions of the skeleton
support... provide a rigid base against which muscles can pull... P…
Biology: The Human Skeletal and Muscular System
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Tendons
-Moves your bones... -Voluntary (you can control them)... -Has Stri…
-Muscle of the Heart... -Involuntary (you cannot control them)... -…
-Muscles of the esophagus, stomach, intestines, diaphragm, et…
-Attach Muscle to Bone... -Thick bands of tough inelastic fiboro…
Skeletal Muscle
-Moves your bones... -Voluntary (you can control them)... -Has Stri…
Cardiac Muscle
-Muscle of the Heart... -Involuntary (you cannot control them)... -…
52 terms
Biology skeletal, muscular, and integumentary system
Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Composed of cells that can contract
Type of muscle tissue that moves the bones in your trunk, lim…
Type of muscle tissue that handles body functions that up you…
Type of muscle tissue that is found in the heart and pumps bl…
Muscle tissue
Composed of cells that can contract
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle tissue that moves the bones in your trunk, lim…
Biology skeletal, muscular, and integumentary system
Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Composed of cells that can contract
Type of muscle tissue that moves the bones in your trunk, lim…
Type of muscle tissue that handles body functions that up you…
Type of muscle tissue that is found in the heart and pumps bl…
Muscle tissue
Composed of cells that can contract
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle tissue that moves the bones in your trunk, lim…
22 terms
Biology Unit: Muscular & Skeletal System Structures
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Actin
usually attached to bones; responsible for voluntary movement…
usually attached to organs (like stomach, blood vessels, and…
muscle only found in the heart
thin filament of protein found in muscles
Skeletal Muscle
usually attached to bones; responsible for voluntary movement…
Smooth Muscle
usually attached to organs (like stomach, blood vessels, and…
Biology skeletal, muscular, and integumentary system
Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Composed of cells that can contract
Type of muscle tissue that moves the bones in your trunk, lim…
Type of muscle tissue that handles body functions that up you…
Type of muscle tissue that is found in the heart and pumps bl…
Muscle tissue
Composed of cells that can contract
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle tissue that moves the bones in your trunk, lim…
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