Study sets matching "biology structure function"

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Study sets matching "biology structure function"

36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology Cellular Structure and Function
concentration gradient
passive transport
phagocytosis
pinocytosis
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell membrane engulfs larg…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell ingests extracellular…
concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
passive transport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
37 terms
Biology Membrane Structure and Function
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
28 terms
Biology: Structure and Function
Adenosine triphosphate
Amino acid sequence
Anticodon
Base pairing
-
...
...
...
Adenosine triphosphate
-
Amino acid sequence
...
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Structure and function of plasma membrane
Plasma Membrane Component:
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Integral proteins:
2)Peripheral proteins:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
Single pass or multiple pass... Full pass or partial pass... Alpha…
no membrane pass
Plasma Membrane Component:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Biology: Biomolecule Structure and Function
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
What is the formula for all three form…
What makes glucose, fructose, and gala…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
Monosaccharides are glucose, fructose, and galactose. C6H12O6…
The different molecular arrangement.
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
10 terms
Biology-Membrane Structure and Function
Phospholipid bilayer
Passive Transport
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
2 layers of phosphate group
Selectively permeable membrane that helps maintain homeostasi…
A difference in the concentration of a substance
Concentration of a substance is equal throughout the space
Phospholipid bilayer
2 layers of phosphate group
Passive Transport
Selectively permeable membrane that helps maintain homeostasi…
127 terms
Biology- Cells Structure and function
Animal Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Plant Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Smooth vs. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Prokaryotic
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Rough: Associated with ribosomes (manufactures proteins for t…
No nucleus
Animal Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Plant Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
69 terms
Biology: DNA: Structure and Function
DNA Molecule
RNA Molecule
DNA Strand
RNA Strand
(Deoxyrionucleic Acid) The genetic material that provides a b…
Consists of a single strand of nucleotides
Consists of two strand that are made up of nucleotides
A singular strand that is made of nucleotides
DNA Molecule
(Deoxyrionucleic Acid) The genetic material that provides a b…
RNA Molecule
Consists of a single strand of nucleotides
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
41 terms
Biology: DNA Structure and Function
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar
Ribose sugar
Phosphate group
a DNA monomer that is made up of Deoxyribose sugar, a phospha…
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of a DNA nucleotide.
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of an RNA nucleotide.
Part of the DNA and RNA nucleotide that never changes.
Nucleotide
a DNA monomer that is made up of Deoxyribose sugar, a phospha…
Deoxyribose sugar
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of a DNA nucleotide.
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
72 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
The FATHER OF THE MICROSCOPE. He looked at pond scum.
First person to study plant cells under microscope and conclu…
Robert Hooke
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
31 terms
Biology Exam Structure and Function
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Viruses
Plant Cell
Cells that do not contain nuclei
Cells that contain nuclei
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
1) have cell wall which is essential for protection of the ce…
Prokaryotes
Cells that do not contain nuclei
Eukaryotes
Cells that contain nuclei
Structure and Function - Biology
nucleic acids do what?
what are three parts of a nucleic acid?
what is DNA?
what is RNA?
store and transfer genetic information
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous Base
a nucleic acid; stores genetic information
a nucleic acid; stores and transfers information from DNA tha…
nucleic acids do what?
store and transfer genetic information
what are three parts of a nucleic acid?
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous Base
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Review
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
29 terms
DNA Structure and Function- Biology
adenine
guanine
thymine
cytosine
pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA
pairs with cytosine
pairs with adenine
pairs with guanine
adenine
pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA
guanine
pairs with cytosine
33 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
37 terms
Biology Membrane Structure and Function
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
43 terms
Biology cell structure and function
cell membrane
cytoplasm
chloroplast
nucleus
encloses cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
to suspend the organelles or transport
manufacture food in green plant cells
control center/ brain of cell, controls all cell activity
cell membrane
encloses cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
cytoplasm
to suspend the organelles or transport
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
Cell Biology - Structure & Function of Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Contains DNA - The control center/brain of the cell.
Surrounds the nucleus; controls what goes in and out of the n…
Cell Wall
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
selectively permeable
eukaryote
osmosis
organelle
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
selectively permeable
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
biology: cell structure & function
spontaneous generation
Louis Pasteur
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
ancient belief that some forms of life come from non-living m…
put broth in flask with long neck that was bent so air can en…
no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, mainly bacteria cel…
have a nucleus, have membrane-bound organelles, found in all…
spontaneous generation
ancient belief that some forms of life come from non-living m…
Louis Pasteur
put broth in flask with long neck that was bent so air can en…
43 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5 Membrane Structure and Function
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
antiporters
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
two or more different molecules or ions going opposite direct…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
uniporters
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
50 terms
Biology - Plant Structure & Function
cuticle
leaf
nonvascular plant
root
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flo…
the main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher…
plant that absorbs water and other substances directly throug…
a plant organ that absorbs water and minerals from the soil
cuticle
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flo…
leaf
the main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher…
8 terms
Biology Structure and Function
Nucleus and Function
Endomembrane and Function
Smooth ER and Function
Rough ER and Function
Enclosed by nuclear envelope-inner membrane-outer membrane-nu…
Sets up the internal membranes that makes up various organell…
Synthesis of Lipids(especially steroids/hormones detoxificati…
Transport protein and covered by ribosomes
Nucleus and Function
Enclosed by nuclear envelope-inner membrane-outer membrane-nu…
Endomembrane and Function
Sets up the internal membranes that makes up various organell…
35 terms
Biology: Cell Structure & Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
cells
Matthias Schleiden
used an early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of…
used a single lens microscope to observe pond water and other…
the basic units of life
concluded that all plants were made of cells
Robert Hooke
used an early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
used a single lens microscope to observe pond water and other…
Biology - Plant Structure & Function
cuticle
leaf
nonvascular plant
root
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flo…
the main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher…
plant that absorbs water and other substances directly throug…
a plant organ that absorbs water and minerals from the soil
cuticle
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flo…
leaf
the main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher…
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
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