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Study sets matching "biology structure function"

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Study sets matching "biology structure function"

36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
88 terms
Biology Cellular Structure and Function
concentration gradient
passive transport
phagocytosis
pinocytosis
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell membrane engulfs larg…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell ingests extracellular…
concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
passive transport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
37 terms
Biology Membrane Structure and Function
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
36 terms
Biology: Structure and function of plasma membrane
Plasma Membrane Component:
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Integral proteins:
2)Peripheral proteins:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
Single pass or multiple pass... Full pass or partial pass... Alpha…
no membrane pass
Plasma Membrane Component:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
79 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
28 terms
Biology: Biomolecule Structure and Function
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
What is the formula for all three form…
What makes glucose, fructose, and gala…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
Monosaccharides are glucose, fructose, and galactose. C6H12O6…
The different molecular arrangement.
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
54 terms
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
41 terms
Biology: DNA Structure and Function
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar
Ribose sugar
Phosphate group
a DNA monomer that is made up of Deoxyribose sugar, a phospha…
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of a DNA nucleotide.
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of an RNA nucleotide.
Part of the DNA and RNA nucleotide that never changes.
Nucleotide
a DNA monomer that is made up of Deoxyribose sugar, a phospha…
Deoxyribose sugar
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of a DNA nucleotide.
58 terms
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
72 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
The FATHER OF THE MICROSCOPE. He looked at pond scum.
First person to study plant cells under microscope and conclu…
Robert Hooke
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
64 terms
Structure and Function - Biology
nucleic acids do what?
what are three parts of a nucleic acid?
what is DNA?
what is RNA?
store and transfer genetic information
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous Base
a nucleic acid; stores genetic information
a nucleic acid; stores and transfers information from DNA tha…
nucleic acids do what?
store and transfer genetic information
what are three parts of a nucleic acid?
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous Base
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 terms
Cell Biology - Structure & Function of Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Contains DNA - The control center/brain of the cell.
Surrounds the nucleus; controls what goes in and out of the n…
Cell Wall
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
37 terms
Cell Structure and Function Review for Biology
Telophase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Prophase
During this phase of mitosis, chromosomes begin to disperse i…
This process increases the number of cells, producing 2 ident…
This is the step in which the cytoplasm divides to form two s…
During this phase of mitosis, the chromosomes appear and the…
Telophase
During this phase of mitosis, chromosomes begin to disperse i…
Mitosis
This process increases the number of cells, producing 2 ident…
34 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cell Structure and Function
First studied cells
Cell theory
compound light microscope and an elect…
Eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things…
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2.…
Compound light microscope uses a series of glass lenses and v…
Contains a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by mem…
First studied cells
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things…
Cell theory
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2.…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
33 terms
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
15 terms
Cell Structure and Function Biology
cytoplasm
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
rough endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
System of internal membranes within the cytoplasm. Membranes…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 terms
Biology: membrane structure and function
Cell recognition protein
Receptor proteins
Channel protein
Enzymatic proteins
Carbohydrates sugar coat the cell. Similar to a human fingerp…
Bind to chemical messengers with specific shape. Immune syste…
Passage for insoluble molecules and ions to pass freely throu…
Catalysts that speed up or slow down chemical reactions. Carr…
Cell recognition protein
Carbohydrates sugar coat the cell. Similar to a human fingerp…
Receptor proteins
Bind to chemical messengers with specific shape. Immune syste…
9 terms
Biology - DNA Structure/Function
Miescher
Griffith
Oswald Avery
Hershey & Chase
-1868... -discovered DNA (first person on record)... -investigated…
-1928... -isolated two strains (types) of Streptococcus pneumoni…
-took S-cells and inserted DNA that destroyed the proteins th…
-created labeled bacteriophages (a virus that infects bacteri…
Miescher
-1868... -discovered DNA (first person on record)... -investigated…
Griffith
-1928... -isolated two strains (types) of Streptococcus pneumoni…
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
How was the discovery of the cell poss…
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Microscope
(1) used compound microscope... (2) called them cells because th…
invented the single-lens microscope
plants are made up of cells
How was the discovery of the cell poss…
Microscope
Robert Hooke
(1) used compound microscope... (2) called them cells because th…
52 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
chloroplast
lysosome
nuclear envelope
cell wall
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
protects DNA and nucleus from cytoplasm
in all and only plants cells, supports plant cells, outside c…
chloroplast
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
lysosome
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Biology)
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell wall
Nucleus
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Are found in many organisms, like plants, algae, fungi, etc.…
Controls most cell processes and contains the hereditary info…
Prokaryotes
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Eukaryotes
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
organelle
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
organelle "little organs"
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
states that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are pr…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that enclose DNA in nuclei --- has a nucleus and other m…
cell theory
states that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are pr…
organelle "little organs"
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
11 terms
biology:CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
cytoplasm
mitochondrion
smooth ER
rough ER
The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. I…
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They a…
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum, or smooth ER, is an organel…
The rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) performs several crucial…
cytoplasm
The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. I…
mitochondrion
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They a…
Biology Structure and Function of Cells
Purines
Pyrimidines
SDS-PAGE
Bradford Assay
Adenine & Guanine
Thymine & Cytosine
The process by which you organize proteins by size, which is…
The process by which you know the quantity of a present prote…
Purines
Adenine & Guanine
Pyrimidines
Thymine & Cytosine
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
9 terms
Biology: Enzyme Structure and Function
Enzymes change:
Enzymes do not change
enzymes are classified as
active site
1. decrease activation energy by lowering energy of transitio…
1. Keq, because lowers the activation energy for both forward…
catalysts... increase rate of rxn but are not used up during it
where enzyme-substrate interactions occur
Enzymes change:
1. decrease activation energy by lowering energy of transitio…
Enzymes do not change
1. Keq, because lowers the activation energy for both forward…
14 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
vesicle
nuclear envelope
plastids
chloroplasts
small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed b…
double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic mat…
any of a class of small organelles, such as chloroplasts, in…
large bean shaped organelle with two membranes; location for…
vesicle
small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed b…
nuclear envelope
double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic mat…
13 terms
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Four major groups of the function of o…
Nucleus
Unspecialised cell that does not contain membrane bound organ…
Specialised and well organised cell. Larger than prokaryotic…
Manufacture of chemicals + breakdown of materials + energy pr…
Contains chromosomes which consist of DNA and protein. Stores…
Prokaryotic Cells
Unspecialised cell that does not contain membrane bound organ…
Eukaryotic Cells
Specialised and well organised cell. Larger than prokaryotic…
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