Study sets matching "biology structure function"

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Study sets matching "biology structure function"

27 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Anatomy and physiology 1.1-2.0 - Joshua M.
Human anatomy
Anatomy comes from the greak word mean…
Gross anatomy
Micro- means
The scientific study of the body's strustures
To cut apart
The study. Of the larger structures of the body, those visibl…
Large
Human anatomy
The scientific study of the body's strustures
Anatomy comes from the greak word mean…
To cut apart
102 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Bio usa test prep cells vocab
MRNA
Nitrogen
Nitrogenous Base
Nucleic Acid
This is one form of RNA that serves as a template for protein…
An element that the main component of atmospheric air and pla…
This is the only part of a DNA/RNA nucleotide that changes. I…
This is a macromolecule that holds cell information in a code…
MRNA
This is one form of RNA that serves as a template for protein…
Nitrogen
An element that the main component of atmospheric air and pla…
12 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Year 2 Ecosystems
What is an ecosystem?
What are biotic factors?
What are abiotic factors?
What is a habitat?
All the organisms living in a community and all the abiotic a…
Living features of an ecosystem e.d predators
Non-living features of an ecosystem e.g temperature
Where an organism lives within a ecosystem
What is an ecosystem?
All the organisms living in a community and all the abiotic a…
What are biotic factors?
Living features of an ecosystem e.d predators
33 termscreated on January 16, 2017
MCAS review week 1
Biology
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Atom
The study of life
All the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
The maintenance of constant internal environment
The smallest unit of matter
Biology
The study of life
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
51 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Semester One Term Review
abiotic
activation energy
adaptation
anaerobic
Factors in an environment that are not living
The amount of energy required to undergo a chemical reaction
A change that makes an organism better suited for its environ…
Type of cellular respiration that does not require oxygen
abiotic
Factors in an environment that are not living
activation energy
The amount of energy required to undergo a chemical reaction
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
MedTerm Ch9 Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
Barium Enema
Barium Swallow
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancrea…
enema containing a substance that shows up clearly under x-ra…
X-ray examination of the esophagus after the patient has swal…
Computerized collection and translation of multiple x-rays in…
Radiographic examination through a fiber-optic endoscope of v…
Barium Enema
enema containing a substance that shows up clearly under x-ra…
Barium Swallow
X-ray examination of the esophagus after the patient has swal…
30 termscreated on January 16, 2017
AP Psychology Unit 1
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
20 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology 1 - UT High School - Unit 2
activation energy
catalyst
cell
enzymes
the amount of energy required to produce a chemical product (…
molecules that speed up chemical reactions (Unit 2, Lesson1)
the basic unit of life (Unit 2, Lesson 2)
a type of protein that lowers the activation energy of a reac…
activation energy
the amount of energy required to produce a chemical product (…
catalyst
molecules that speed up chemical reactions (Unit 2, Lesson1)
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 9 vocab
Anticodon
Codon
Exon
Intron
A three-nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complem…
A three-nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes and a…
Sequence of nucleotides on a gene that gets transcribed and t…
Segment of mRNA transcribed from eukaryotic DNA but removed b…
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complem…
Codon
A three-nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes and a…
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Vocabulary
Anticodon
Codon
Exon
Intron
A three-nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complem…
A three-nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes and a…
Sequence of nucleotide on a gene that gets transcribed and tr…
Segment of mRNA transcribed from eukaryotic DNA but removed b…
Anticodon
A three-nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complem…
Codon
A three-nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes and a…
613 termscreated on January 16, 2017
AP Psych Vocab
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
17 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Science
White blood cell
DNA
RNA
Proteins make up most structures and d…
Phagocyte
Instruction book for an organism
ribonuclease acid (comes in several forms)
...
White blood cell
Phagocyte
DNA
Instruction book for an organism
38 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Nutrition and Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Oxidation
Refers to all the chemical reactions in the body
The breakdown of organic molecules
The synthesis of new organic molecules
The loss of electrons
Metabolism
Refers to all the chemical reactions in the body
Catabolism
The breakdown of organic molecules
80 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 36 biology
Charateristics of arthropods
Phylum arthropods
3 layers of exoskeleton
How they diverse by subphyla
1. Jointed appendages ... 2. Exoskelton ... 3. Cephilization... 4. Ope…
Subphylum is trilobita, chelicerata, crustacea , myriapoda ,h…
Outer layer - ( protein and lipids) waxy... Middle layer- ( prot…
1. Difference in development ... 2. Type of appendags ( around t…
Charateristics of arthropods
1. Jointed appendages ... 2. Exoskelton ... 3. Cephilization... 4. Ope…
Phylum arthropods
Subphylum is trilobita, chelicerata, crustacea , myriapoda ,h…
6 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Female Reproductive System
Egg (Ova)
Ovaries
Fallopian Tubes
Uterus
Female sex cell
They hold the eggs,and produce estrogen and progesterone. The…
These tubes are extremely narrow and this is where fertilizat…
Also known as the womb, a very strong elastic muscle about th…
Egg (Ova)
Female sex cell
Ovaries
They hold the eggs,and produce estrogen and progesterone. The…
88 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Semester 1 Exam Review (only some) GHS 3
Qualitative
Quantitative
Inference
Scientific Method
observations based on qualities
observations based on quantities
Non-observed, Inferred
Scientific investagation involving observation and experiment…
Qualitative
observations based on qualities
Quantitative
observations based on quantities
12 termscreated on January 16, 2017
BSC2011-Biology 2 (2)
Adaptations
Heritable Variation
Overproduction
Natural Selection
Traits, or suites of traits that permit and organism to survi…
Organism show variation in traits that are inherited from the…
More offspring are produced that can be supported by the envi…
*Mechanism that shapes adaptation via differential reproducti…
Adaptations
Traits, or suites of traits that permit and organism to survi…
Heritable Variation
Organism show variation in traits that are inherited from the…
16 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Cell Organelle Functions
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Rigid outter layer of plant cells that provides structure and…
Selectively Permeable layer that surrounds the cytoplasm of a…
Gel-like substance everything floats in. Basic chemical chang…
Membrane bound organelle of eukaryotic cells which surrounds…
Cell Wall
Rigid outter layer of plant cells that provides structure and…
Cell Membrane
Selectively Permeable layer that surrounds the cytoplasm of a…
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 9-making proteins
Anticodon
Codon
Exon
Intron
A three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complim…
A three nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes an am…
Sequence of nucleotides on a gene that gets transcribed and t…
Segment of mRNA transcribed from eukaryotic DNA but roved bef…
Anticodon
A three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complim…
Codon
A three nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes an am…
40 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Cells
cell membrane
phospholipids
fluid mosaic model
cholesterol
a selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer that surrounds t…
a molecule (with a similar structure to fats) composed of a p…
the idea that the phospholipids and proteins within the membr…
a lipid with a characteristic 4 ring structure that stabilize…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable phospholipid bilayer that surrounds t…
phospholipids
a molecule (with a similar structure to fats) composed of a p…
20 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Liam- science chapter 3 cell division
Dna
During division what are the duplicate…
What are chromatids held together by?
How many chromosomes does a human have?
Chemical that contains info for an organism's growth and func…
Two structures called chromatids
Centromere
46 and this is always the same
Dna
Chemical that contains info for an organism's growth and func…
During division what are the duplicate…
Two structures called chromatids
29 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology vocabulary evolution &a natural selection
Species
Speciation
Evolution
Natural selection
Large common group of organisms
Formation of new species through evolution
Cumulative changes over time- generation to generation
Survival of the fittest, eliminate bad traits that are causin…
Species
Large common group of organisms
Speciation
Formation of new species through evolution
14 termscreated on January 16, 2017
3.1.1 DNA Structure and Function
Nitrogenous Bases
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Base pair
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine, and Uracil (in RNA)
Building block (monomer) of DNA. Compose of a sugar, a phosph…
The twisting shape of a DNA strand
A matches T and C matches up the G. These are examples of...
Nitrogenous Bases
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine, and Uracil (in RNA)
Nucleotide
Building block (monomer) of DNA. Compose of a sugar, a phosph…
29 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology - Ch 6: The Chemistry of Life Vocab
acid
atom
base
compound
any substance that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in water and has…
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
any substance that forms hydroxide ions (OH-) in water and ha…
substance composed of atoms of two or more different elements…
acid
any substance that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in water and has…
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
20 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chemistry of Life (Chapter 2)
What are the four groups of macromolec…
What are the elements present in Carbo…
What are the building blocks of Carboh…
What is the function of Carbohydrates…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
Breakdown of sugar supplies immediate energy to cells, excess…
What are the four groups of macromolec…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
What are the elements present in Carbo…
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
20 termscreated on January 16, 2017
DNA History, Structure, and Function
Hershey and Chase
Watson and Crick
Avery
Griffith
Used radioactive material to label DNA and protein; infected…
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
A scientist who tested the "transforming agent" that changes…
Studied the transforming factor, determined a chemical substa…
Hershey and Chase
Used radioactive material to label DNA and protein; infected…
Watson and Crick
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
16 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Psych - Modules 1-4
Contemporary
psychology
behavior
mental processes
present day
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
any action we can observe or record
internal subjective experiences we infer from behavior - sens…
Contemporary
present day
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
20 termscreated on January 16, 2017
A Level Biology - Biochemistry
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Water
Monosaccharide
a bond between oppositely charged ions involving the transfer…
a bond between non metal ions involving the sharing of electr…
a polar molecule found in all three states
a simple sugar, basic subunit of a carbohydrate
Ionic bond
a bond between oppositely charged ions involving the transfer…
Covalent bond
a bond between non metal ions involving the sharing of electr…
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Bio chapter 9 vocab
Anticodon
Codon
Exon
Intron
A three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complem…
A three nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNa that ... encodes an a…
Sequence of nucleotides on a gene that gets transcribed and t…
Segment of mRNA transcribed from eukaryotic DNA but removed b…
Anticodon
A three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complem…
Codon
A three nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNa that ... encodes an a…
45 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Big Idea 4 Week 2 Vocabulary
adhesion
purine
pyrimidine
phospholipid
the attraction between different kinds of molecules
one of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides, A…
One of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides, C…
a lipid made up of glycerol joined two fatty acids and a phos…
adhesion
the attraction between different kinds of molecules
purine
one of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides, A…
32 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophages
Nucleotide
Disease-causing strain of the bacterium
Type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to another…
Viruses that infect bacteria
Repeating subunits that consist of three parts: five-carbon s…
Virulent
Disease-causing strain of the bacterium
Transformation
Type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to another…
100 termscreated on January 16, 2017
AP Psych Unit 3: Biological Base's of Behavior
phrenology
location of functions
biological psychology
biopsychosocial systems
study of bumps on the skull
various brain regions having different functions
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
biological psychological and social systems working to form b…
phrenology
study of bumps on the skull
location of functions
various brain regions having different functions
81 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Realidades 3 Chapter 7 Vocab
El arqueólogo
la civilización
la escritura
la pirámide
archaeologist
civilization
writing
pyramid
El arqueólogo
archaeologist
la civilización
civilization
34 termscreated on January 16, 2017
AP Psychology History & Approaches
empiricism/empirical methods
structuralism
functionalism
behaviorism/behavioral perspective
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
A theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientifi…
empiricism/empirical methods
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
29 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Photosynthesis
Where in the chloroplast does the ligh…
What is the main function of the light…
What electrons are "excited" in the li…
What colors of visible light does chlo…
thylakoid membrane
capture & transfer energy
ATP & NADPH
mostly red & blue wavelengths
Where in the chloroplast does the ligh…
thylakoid membrane
What is the main function of the light…
capture & transfer energy
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Anatomy Chapter 1
Hippocrates
Herophilus
Who is knows as the "Father of Anatomy…
Leonardo Da Vinci
"Father of Medicine"
(300 BC) 1st scientist who was the first to publicly dissect…
Herophilus; he based his conclusions on human dissection
Considered one of the greatest anatomists
Hippocrates
"Father of Medicine"
Herophilus
(300 BC) 1st scientist who was the first to publicly dissect…
262 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm
Frontal Lobe function
Parietal Lobe function
Occipital Lobe function
Temporal Lobe function
Emotions, judgement, understanding, personality self awareness
Touch, pain & temp sensations from the opposite side of the b…
Visual perception, color recognition
Auditory perception, memory.
Frontal Lobe function
Emotions, judgement, understanding, personality self awareness
Parietal Lobe function
Touch, pain & temp sensations from the opposite side of the b…
120 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Neuroscience
List a structure that is part of the n…
nucleus or cell column
ganglion
two terms that refer to the grooves in…
cranial or spinal nerve
well-defined collection of nerve cells in the CNS
well-defined collection of nerve cells in the PNS
sulcus & fissure
List a structure that is part of the n…
cranial or spinal nerve
nucleus or cell column
well-defined collection of nerve cells in the CNS
64 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology midterms
Atom
Sodium Potassium Pump
Organelle
Golgi apparatus
Composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons
Decreases the concentration of sodium ions inside a cell
Only found in eukaryotic cells
Packaging and distribution center of a cell
Atom
Composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons
Sodium Potassium Pump
Decreases the concentration of sodium ions inside a cell
17 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Mid Term Study Questions
Describe the flow of energy among the…
Describe the flow of energy to the owl…
What organs and major accessory struct…
Discuss the functions of the following…
Energy flows from sun to autotrophs and autotrophs to heterot…
The insects would provide 10% (one tenth) of 1500 calories, o…
Mouth- makes food soft... stomach- turns food into chyme ... gallbl…
kidneys- filter blood, waste (nephrons)... Urinary Bladder- hold…
Describe the flow of energy among the…
Energy flows from sun to autotrophs and autotrophs to heterot…
Describe the flow of energy to the owl…
The insects would provide 10% (one tenth) of 1500 calories, o…
29 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Evolution of Populations
Temporal
Geographic/Ecological
Genetic Equilibrium
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Isolation when populations mate at different times of the yea…
Isolation that results from physical barriers preventing indi…
When the allele frequencies in a population are unchanging
Theory created by two scientists that measures genetic equili…
Temporal
Isolation when populations mate at different times of the yea…
Geographic/Ecological
Isolation that results from physical barriers preventing indi…
31 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology chapter 10
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
33 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Antibodies Quiz Bioscience
innate: present; reaction against fore…
innate: absent; response is immediate…
innate: limited; the same response is…
innate: limited; hence limited specifi…
Self/non-self discrimination
Lag Phase
Specificity
Diversity
innate: present; reaction against fore…
Self/non-self discrimination
innate: absent; response is immediate…
Lag Phase
13 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Male Reproductive System
Puberty
Male Reproductive System
Penis
Semen
The time in life when a boy or a girl becomes sexually mature.
These sexual organs are located on the outside of the body an…
A tube-like organ that functions in both sexual reproduction…
A mixture of sperm and glandular secretions, to leave the body.
Puberty
The time in life when a boy or a girl becomes sexually mature.
Male Reproductive System
These sexual organs are located on the outside of the body an…
14 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Neurobiology: Key Area 1 - Nervous System and Parts of the Brain
What makes up the Central Nervous Syst…
What makes up the Peripheral Nervous S…
What does the Nervous System analyse a…
What type of actions are mostly carrie…
Brain and Spinal Cord.
Nerves.
The Nervous System analyses sensory information from the body…
It contains sensory and motor neurones which control the volu…
What makes up the Central Nervous Syst…
Brain and Spinal Cord.
What makes up the Peripheral Nervous S…
Nerves.
246 termscreated on January 16, 2017
psych midterm
for behaviorists, psychological scienc…
the study of mental activity is linked…
the first psychological lab belonged t…
would scientists agree with Aristotle'…
observation
cognitive neuroscience
Wilhelm Wundt
yes
for behaviorists, psychological scienc…
observation
the study of mental activity is linked…
cognitive neuroscience
45 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Ch.11 Vocab ~ Laakso
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Fertilization
Traits
father of genetics... Australian monk
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual- varies
Gregor Mendel
father of genetics... Australian monk
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
7 termscreated on January 16, 2017
RNA Structure and Function
RNA
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
messenger RNA (mRNA)
*usually found as a single strand ... *Uses Uracil instead of Th…
takes amino acids to the ribosome
links amino acids together to make proteins
convey genetic information into proteins
RNA
*usually found as a single strand ... *Uses Uracil instead of Th…
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
takes amino acids to the ribosome
13 termscreated on January 16, 2017
A&P Unit 9: Nephron: Anatomy-part 6
what is the job of the Nephron?
how many Nephrons per kidney?
what is the Urination Draining Pathway?
what are the (2) Arterioles?
form urine
1 million
1. Papillary Ducts: extend through the renal pyramids... 2. Mino…
Afferent & Efferent
what is the job of the Nephron?
form urine
how many Nephrons per kidney?
1 million
59 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Female Reproduction
Cervix
Cervix
Uterine horn
Uterus
Has ring structures in it so sperm cannot come out
The narrow neck like passage forming the lower end of the ute…
The pint where the uterus and Fallopian tubes meet
The organ in the female where offspring gestate before birth
Cervix
Has ring structures in it so sperm cannot come out
Cervix
The narrow neck like passage forming the lower end of the ute…
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