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Study sets matching "biology structure function"

30 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Genetics
Hereditary
Trait
Pollination
the science of heredity and mechanism by which traits are pas…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined variant of a characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and mechanism by which traits are pas…
Hereditary
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
6 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell biology 3
Structure of nucleic acid
Structure of proteins
8 major functions of proteins
Complementarity
Polymers of nucleotides linked in a chain by phosphodiester b…
A chain of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds
Catalysts, structure, transport, movement, regulation, storag…
DNA strands are antiparallel to each other. The bases align s…
Structure of nucleic acid
Polymers of nucleotides linked in a chain by phosphodiester b…
Structure of proteins
A chain of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds
32 terms
created on December 8, 2016
Chapter 26 Vocabulary
active transport
adaptations
aerobic cellular respiration
anaerobic
a type of transport that moves molecules from a lower concent…
any phenotypic change in behavior, structure, or reproduction…
a metabolic reaction that takes place in the mitochondria tha…
environment containing no free oxygen
active transport
a type of transport that moves molecules from a lower concent…
adaptations
any phenotypic change in behavior, structure, or reproduction…
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Cell divison
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Process by which a cell divides into tel new daugter cells
Threadlike structure that carries genetic information
The material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell divison
Process by which a cell divides into tel new daugter cells
Chromosomes
Threadlike structure that carries genetic information
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Edexcel IGCSE Biology - Blood
Blood
Plasma
Red blood cells
White blood cells
Fluid composed of red and white blood cells, plasma and plate…
Carries blood cells, dissolved nutrients, hormones, carbon di…
Highly specialised cells made in the bone marrow that transpo…
Main function is to protect the body against invasion by path…
Blood
Fluid composed of red and white blood cells, plasma and plate…
Plasma
Carries blood cells, dissolved nutrients, hormones, carbon di…
271 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Health Assessment Exam 3
Musculoskeletal Components
Function
Bone Structure
Joints
Function;... Bone structure;... Joint structure;... Muscles
Support;... Movement;... Protection (vital organs);... Production (hem…
the union where two or more bones join
Musculoskeletal Components
Function;... Bone structure;... Joint structure;... Muscles
Function
Support;... Movement;... Protection (vital organs);... Production (hem…
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
HU-100 Ch 11 ECCN
Strategy control
Quid pro quo
Hostile work environment
General systems theory
Assessing info and options to increase ones understanding of…
Requests for sexual favors as a condition of getting or keepi…
Intimidating/offensive workplace created by unwelcome and ina…
Organizations are a system composed of many subsystems, but e…
Strategy control
Assessing info and options to increase ones understanding of…
Quid pro quo
Requests for sexual favors as a condition of getting or keepi…
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Edexcel IGCSE Biology - Blood
Blood
Plasma
Red blood cells
White blood cells
Fluid composed of red and white blood cells, plasma and plate…
Carries blood cells, dissolved nutrients, hormones, carbon di…
Highly specialised cells made in the bone marrow that transpo…
Main function is to protect the body against invasion by path…
Blood
Fluid composed of red and white blood cells, plasma and plate…
Plasma
Carries blood cells, dissolved nutrients, hormones, carbon di…
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
LabMan PrelimTerms
System
Primary tasks
Hierarchy of systems
Open systems
A self-contained collection of interacting and interdependent…
Define duties that are necessary because of the nature of the…
The process whereby a self-contained subsystems developed wit…
Systems that interact with their environment by both receivin…
System
A self-contained collection of interacting and interdependent…
Primary tasks
Define duties that are necessary because of the nature of the…
57 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Yates Final
A. Depth of water... B. Distance from sho…
-Brown lizards living in the grassy ar…
-There is not enough energy available…
-Eating more beef
In lakes and pond communities of plants, algae, and animals a…
A population of lizards live on a farm.... On the farm is a gree…
The top level of a food chain is the 4th level. Why is there…
Which of the following actions increase your carbon footprint…
A. Depth of water... B. Distance from sho…
In lakes and pond communities of plants, algae, and animals a…
-Brown lizards living in the grassy ar…
A population of lizards live on a farm.... On the farm is a gree…
186 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Edexcel IGCSE Biology Definitions
Nutrition
Respire
Excretion
Response
Provide living organisms with energy and raw material for gro…
Living organisms release energy from their food.
The removal of waste products such as carbon dioxide and urin…
Nerve coordination and reaction to stimuli.
Nutrition
Provide living organisms with energy and raw material for gro…
Respire
Living organisms release energy from their food.
27 termscreated on December 8, 2016
NASM Chapter 4 Group 1
Nervous system
CNS
PNS
Motor control
communication system of the body (controls everything)
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
how the CNS integrates internal and external sensory info w/…
Nervous system
communication system of the body (controls everything)
CNS
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
98 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Campbell Biology; Tenth Edition; Chapter 8; An Introduction to Metabolism Sullivan edit
Activation Energy
Active Site
Adenosine Triphosphate
Allosteric Regulation
the amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
the specific region of an enzyme that binds the substrate and…
see ATP
the binding of a regulatory molecule to a protein at one site…
Activation Energy
the amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active Site
the specific region of an enzyme that binds the substrate and…
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Ch 10 biology
Chromosome
Chromatid
Cell cycle
Interphase
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Chromosome
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Chromatid
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Organelles Vocabulary
cell wall
vacuoles
Golgi Apparatus
Ribosomes
Structure/Function
Stores material within the cell
Sends the proteins where they are needed; Packages proteins f…
The sites of protein synthesis (where proteins are created)
cell wall
Structure/Function
vacuoles
Stores material within the cell
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Levels of protein structure
What is the primary structure?
A change in the sequence of the amino…
What are the 2 types of secondary stru…
What elements do the hydrogen bonds of…
The sequence of amino acids bonded in a polypeptide chain hel…
That the whole structure of the protein is changed and theref…
Beta-pleated sheet and alpha helix.
-NH groups and -CO groups.
What is the primary structure?
The sequence of amino acids bonded in a polypeptide chain hel…
A change in the sequence of the amino…
That the whole structure of the protein is changed and theref…
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 1: Organic Compounds - Alkanes (EICC.edu)
organic compound
hybrid orbital
isomerism
structural isomers
a compound that contains the element carbon
an orbital produced from the combination of two or more noneq…
property in which two or more compounds have the same molecul…
compounds that have the same molecular formula but in which t…
organic compound
a compound that contains the element carbon
hybrid orbital
an orbital produced from the combination of two or more noneq…
78 termscreated on December 8, 2016
chapter 10/11 vocab
prefix myo
prefix mys
prefix sarco
prefix peri
muscle
muscle
flesh
surrounding
prefix myo
muscle
prefix mys
muscle
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Marx-the German ideology part 2
what is the colloquial meaning of ideo…
what does Marx mean by ideology
Marx: ideology justifies
Base
o Personal philosophy... o The way you see the world ... o A set of…
o Also a system of ideas or beliefs ... o Ideology hides the ess…
the appearance of society, doesn't provide insight into reali…
mode of production, division of labor, property relations
what is the colloquial meaning of ideo…
o Personal philosophy... o The way you see the world ... o A set of…
what does Marx mean by ideology
o Also a system of ideas or beliefs ... o Ideology hides the ess…
17 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell organelles
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotes
Plant cells
Animal cells
Bacteria - no nucleus, no true organelles
Animal, plant, fungi, have nucleus + organelle
Rigid cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole (eukaryotic)
Lysosomes, centrioles (eukaryotic)
Prokaryotic
Bacteria - no nucleus, no true organelles
Eukaryotes
Animal, plant, fungi, have nucleus + organelle
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology chapter 7
Robert Hooke
Schleiden
Schwann
Virchow
Looked at cork under microscope, named chambers cells
All plants are made of cells
All living things are made of cells
Improved microscope, first to see living animal cells
Robert Hooke
Looked at cork under microscope, named chambers cells
Schleiden
All plants are made of cells
84 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biochem Final Quiz! 🎉
What is added to the end of mRNA to pr…
mRNA is a direct copy of which strand…
Name of site that recruits RNAP
What is structural significance of the…
Poly-A Tail
Coding strand
Promoter ('ardly know her)
Has two spots, which both interact with the sigma subunit
What is added to the end of mRNA to pr…
Poly-A Tail
mRNA is a direct copy of which strand…
Coding strand
42 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychological Science Chapter 8
cognition
thinking
analogical representations
symbolic representations
the mental activity that includes thinking and the understand…
the mental manipulation of respresentations of knowledge abou…
mental representations that have some of the physical charact…
abstract mental representations that do not correspond to the…
cognition
the mental activity that includes thinking and the understand…
thinking
the mental manipulation of respresentations of knowledge abou…
26 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Computer Programming 4&5 Review
Timer Interval
Canvas
Procedures / Subroutines
X- and Y- Coordinates
the specific delay in repeats in a timer
UI drawing utility that creates a space for other drawing items
A procedure is an independent code module that fulfills some…
X is horizontal (left & right) and Y is vertical (up & down)
Timer Interval
the specific delay in repeats in a timer
Canvas
UI drawing utility that creates a space for other drawing items
27 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio Unit Five
how is cell size related to cell divis…
describe chromosomes
describe centrioles
describe centromeres
when cells become to large they begin cell division
genetic information (DNA) bundled into packages
organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pair…
the point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindl…
how is cell size related to cell divis…
when cells become to large they begin cell division
describe chromosomes
genetic information (DNA) bundled into packages
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
smallest unit that performs all processes necessary for life
phospholipid layer that covers cell's surface. Acts as barrie…
small bodies in cell's cytoplasm that have specialized functi…
organelle that contains DNA and controls functioning of the c…
cell
smallest unit that performs all processes necessary for life
cell membrane
phospholipid layer that covers cell's surface. Acts as barrie…
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology: Unit 1 Target 3
Organ system
Organ
Tissue
Cell
Groups of specialized parts that work together to carry out a…
A collection of tissues that work together to carry out a spe…
A collection of specialized cells and cell products that work…
The smaller unit that can perform all of the processes in life
Organ system
Groups of specialized parts that work together to carry out a…
Organ
A collection of tissues that work together to carry out a spe…
167 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Plant Anatomy Final
Primary Root Functions
Root Water Functions
Organ Systems
Root Zones
1) anchors the plant in place ... 2) absorbs water and minerals…
1) absorbs water... 2) controls its flow ... 3) distributes it to t…
Divided into Zones... 2 Root Systems: Tap root and fibrous roots
1) root cap... 2) Region of Cell division ... 3) region of elongati…
Primary Root Functions
1) anchors the plant in place ... 2) absorbs water and minerals…
Root Water Functions
1) absorbs water... 2) controls its flow ... 3) distributes it to t…
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell biology 2
Functions of the biological membrane
Lipid Bilayer composition
Hydrophobic tails
Functional classes of membrane proteins
Selective permeability to control what enters and exits the c…
Hydrophilic head- allows the membrane to interact with water…
Do not interact with water... They contribute to the fluidity of…
Enzymes, transporters, anchors and receptors
Functions of the biological membrane
Selective permeability to control what enters and exits the c…
Lipid Bilayer composition
Hydrophilic head- allows the membrane to interact with water…
26 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 4: Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
Behavior Genetics
Chromosome
DNA
Genes
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a…
Behavior Genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
Chromosome
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain genes.
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Proteins
Protein
Polymer
Monomer
Amino Acid
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Building blocks of protein
Protein
An organic compound that is made of one or more amino acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology - Unit 4 Vocabulary
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
electron transport chain
process in which organisms convert energy in the presence of…
process in which organisms convert energy for their use in th…
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
a series of molecules, found in the inner membranes of mitoch…
aerobic respiration
process in which organisms convert energy in the presence of…
anaerobic respiration
process in which organisms convert energy for their use in th…
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 8: Joints
Functional... Structural
Functional
Structural
Amount of Movement
Two types of joints.... 1.... 2.
Type of joint based on the amount of movement.
Type of joint bases on the type of material and presence or a…
Functional joints are based on the ____________.
Functional... Structural
Two types of joints.... 1.... 2.
Functional
Type of joint based on the amount of movement.
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology chapter 2 semester 1
What 3 subatomic particles make up ato…
How can you determine the number of pr…
What subatomic particle is found in di…
What property is different between iso…
Electron, neutron, and proton
...
...
...
What 3 subatomic particles make up ato…
Electron, neutron, and proton
How can you determine the number of pr…
...
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Organelle- Structure and Function Chart
Cytosketon
Nucleus
Smooth E.R.
Rough E.R.
Provides structure, support and assists in movement. They are…
Contains all of the cells genetic info. Controls all of the a…
A membranous network of tubes and sacs without ribosomes. It…
It produces proteins. It has a rough appearance because it ha…
Cytosketon
Provides structure, support and assists in movement. They are…
Nucleus
Contains all of the cells genetic info. Controls all of the a…
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
[Honors] Biology: Chapter 12 DNA Structure, Replication, and Protein Synthesis
What make up DNA?
What is a nucleotide?
What are the 4 nitrogenous bases?
Which nitrogenous bases are the purine…
nucleotide
Deoxyribose (5 carbon sugar), Phosphate group, Nitrogenous base
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
adenine and guanine
What make up DNA?
nucleotide
What is a nucleotide?
Deoxyribose (5 carbon sugar), Phosphate group, Nitrogenous base
51 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology DNA Test
key experiment rules
proteins and nucleic acids
bacteriophages
ACGT
1. designed to answer a question.... 2. a definite purpose.... 3. c…
1. two molecules that were candidates for the "transforming p…
1. protein coat that surrounds DNA and are viruses that attac…
four bases of DNA
key experiment rules
1. designed to answer a question.... 2. a definite purpose.... 3. c…
proteins and nucleic acids
1. two molecules that were candidates for the "transforming p…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology
Homeostasis
Characteristics of life
Adaption
Scientific method
The tendency towards a relativley stable equilibrium between…
Responsiveness to the environment, growth and change, ability…
A trait with a current functional role;adapt to the world aro…
A method of produce that has characterized natural science
Homeostasis
The tendency towards a relativley stable equilibrium between…
Characteristics of life
Responsiveness to the environment, growth and change, ability…
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Traits and reproduction
Structure
Trait
Protein molicule
Variation
The way something is shaped or contructed.
A specific characteristic of an individual organism.
A type of large molecule that performs important functions in…
Any difference in traits between organisms.
Structure
The way something is shaped or contructed.
Trait
A specific characteristic of an individual organism.
55 termscreated on December 8, 2016
AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary (The Cell)
Light Microscope (LM)
Organelles
Electron Microscope (EM)
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
a microscope where visible light is passed through the specim…
membrane-enclosed compartments (subcellular structures)
a microscope where a beam of electrons is focused through the…
a microscope which excites electrons on the surface of the ce…
Light Microscope (LM)
a microscope where visible light is passed through the specim…
Organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments (subcellular structures)
281 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychology Final
psychology
psychiatry
Wilhelm Wundt
structuralism
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatme…
considered "the world's first psychologist"; founded the fiel…
an early approach to psychology that tried to identify the ba…
psychology
the scientific study of mental processes and behavior
psychiatry
a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatme…
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology performance exam
Qualitative
Quantitative
Function of a revolving nose piece
Function of a diaphragm
Characteristics
Numbers
Changes magnification
Changes the light
Qualitative
Characteristics
Quantitative
Numbers
42 termscreated on December 8, 2016
HEALTH SCIENCE URINARY STUDY GUIDE
The basic structural and functional un…
The urinary bladder is located in the…
The tubes connecting the kidneys and b…
The cluster of capillaries that the Bo…
Nephron
Pelvic
Ureters
Glomerulus
The basic structural and functional un…
Nephron
The urinary bladder is located in the…
Pelvic
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cells
Hooke
Cell Theory
Microscope
Magnification
-first person to see cells (1665)... -looked at cork from a tree
-1838... -lowest level of structure... -performs all characteristic…
-window to the world of cells... -light microscope: visible ligh…
ratio of objects image to real size
Hooke
-first person to see cells (1665)... -looked at cork from a tree
Cell Theory
-1838... -lowest level of structure... -performs all characteristic…
33 termscreated on December 8, 2016
The Urinary System
paired kidneys
paired ureters
one urinary bladder
one urethra
do the major work...among other functions, the kidneys produc…
transport urine from kidneys to the urinary bladder
stores urine
leads from the bladder to the exterior of the body
paired kidneys
do the major work...among other functions, the kidneys produc…
paired ureters
transport urine from kidneys to the urinary bladder
21 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Protists : a lot
Eukaryotic def.
Autotroph def.
Algae def.
Hyphae def.
Membrane bound nucleus
Make own food
Plant like protist
Gives shape, everything
Eukaryotic def.
Membrane bound nucleus
Autotroph def.
Make own food
121 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 121 Midterm 1
Darwin's Theory of Common Descent
Darwin's Voyage of Discovery
5 theories of Darwinism
Perpetual change
-all animals are descended from a common ancestor... -very stron…
-noted that although Galapagos Islands and Cape Verdes Island…
1)perpetual change... 2)common descent... 3)multiplication of speci…
-life has an ongoing history of change with hereditary contin…
Darwin's Theory of Common Descent
-all animals are descended from a common ancestor... -very stron…
Darwin's Voyage of Discovery
-noted that although Galapagos Islands and Cape Verdes Island…
9 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 1 Definitions
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Psychoanalysis
Science that deals with behavior and thinking of organisms
Studied structure of consciousness
Study focusing on how the mind functions to help us adapt to…
Behavior influenced by feelings and wishes buried deep inside…
Psychology
Science that deals with behavior and thinking of organisms
Structuralism
Studied structure of consciousness
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology EOC
active site
Enzyme function
Denature
Lipds
where the enzyme binds to the substrate
Build up or break down molecules
change the structure of the enzyme- can't function anymore
fats, phospholipids... Made up of fatty acids
active site
where the enzyme binds to the substrate
Enzyme function
Build up or break down molecules
55 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Micro CH16
Antigens are
Adaptive immunity is sometimes also ca…
Which of the following produces an exo…
Which of the following statements abou…
specific molecules, or parts of molecules, that the body reco…
To become activated, lymphocytes require exposure to the anti…
a bacterium outside a cell
B and T lymphocytes can be differentiated under the microscope.
Antigens are
specific molecules, or parts of molecules, that the body reco…
Adaptive immunity is sometimes also ca…
To become activated, lymphocytes require exposure to the anti…
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