Study sets matching "biology synthesis acid protein"

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Study sets matching "biology synthesis acid protein"

18 terms
Biology Unit 10 - Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis
DNA
nucleotide
nitrogen base
Watson & Crick
a nucleic acid - deoxyribonucleic acid
monomer of DNA, made up of: 1 nitrogen base, 1 phosphate and…
rungs of the DNA double helix ladder - ex. adenine, thymine,…
scientists credited with discovering DOUBLE HELIX structure o…
DNA
a nucleic acid - deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
monomer of DNA, made up of: 1 nitrogen base, 1 phosphate and…
Biology: Nucleic Acid & Protein Synthesis
Scientists who used mice in his experi…
They determined that the transforming…
They determined that DNA carried the g…
Examined x-ray patters that showed the…
Griffith
Avery, McCarty, and MacLeod
Hershey and Chase
Rosalind Franklin
Scientists who used mice in his experi…
Griffith
They determined that the transforming…
Avery, McCarty, and MacLeod
49 terms
Biology Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
adenine
amino acid
anticodon
Chargaff's Rules
one of the four nitrogen bases in a nucleotide. represented b…
protein monomer. create proteins. represented by codons. can…
group of 3 bases on tRNA that are complementary to a codon on…
percent of guanine = percent of cytosine in DNA... percent of ad…
adenine
one of the four nitrogen bases in a nucleotide. represented b…
amino acid
protein monomer. create proteins. represented by codons. can…
97 terms
Biology Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis
A long molecule in the shape of a doub…
The type of molecule that makes up DNA…
The two scientists who discover the st…
A single strand of DNA tightly coiled…
DNA
Nucleotide
Crick and Watson
Chromosome
A long molecule in the shape of a doub…
DNA
The type of molecule that makes up DNA…
Nucleotide
49 terms
Biology: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Function of Nucleic Acids
large complex molecules composed of C, O, H, N, P
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Store and transmit the genetic information that is responsibl…
Nucleic Acids
large complex molecules composed of C, O, H, N, P
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Biology- Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
what are the three components of the D…
what are the four types of nitrogen ba…
how did the x-ray diffraction help Wat…
how can chargaff's rules lead to mutat…
a phosphate group, a deoxyribose sugar, and a nitrogen base
adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
the pattern indicated that the structure of DNA was a double…
...
what are the three components of the D…
a phosphate group, a deoxyribose sugar, and a nitrogen base
what are the four types of nitrogen ba…
adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
22 terms
Biology Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Nucleotide
Pyrimidine
Purine
DNA
Three molecules bonded together to form a monomer
Name given to a category of nitrogen containing "base" molecu…
Name given to a category of nitrogen containing "base" molecu…
Type of Nucleic acid molecule composed of two chains of nucle…
Nucleotide
Three molecules bonded together to form a monomer
Pyrimidine
Name given to a category of nitrogen containing "base" molecu…
Biology Chapter 10: Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
To store and transmit the genetic info…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
A sugar molecule called deoxyribose, a…
Purines and Pyrimidines
The primary function of DNA in organisms
An organic compound, that is made up of repeating sub-units c…
3 parts to a DNA nucleotide
The 4 nitrogen containing bases are placed into two groups:
To store and transmit the genetic info…
The primary function of DNA in organisms
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
An organic compound, that is made up of repeating sub-units c…
Biology nucleic acid, protein synthesis and mutations
James Watson and Francis Crick
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
Griffith's experiments
Avery's experiments
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
Wanted to explore difference between different types of pneum…
Killed bacteria the same way griffith's did, and the purified…
James Watson and Francis Crick
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
Biology Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Purine
Pyrimidine
Complementary Base Pairs
Nitrogen-containing base
-Bases that have 2 ring Carbon and Nitrogen atoms... -Adenine &…
-Bases that have 1 ring of Carbon and Nitrogen atoms... -Thymine…
-Cytosine pairs with Guanine... -Adenine pairs with Thymine... -Con…
-Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, & Cytosine
Purine
-Bases that have 2 ring Carbon and Nitrogen atoms... -Adenine &…
Pyrimidine
-Bases that have 1 ring of Carbon and Nitrogen atoms... -Thymine…
50 terms
Biology Nucleic Acids Protein Synthesis
A DNA nucleotide has three parts what…
what are the 4 DNA bases
Purines
Pyrimidines
Deoxyribose, Phosphate group, and nitrogen base
Adenine, Gaunine, Cytosine, and Thymine
bases that have two rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms ... Ex. A…
bases with only one ring of carbon and nitrogen... Ex. Cytosine…
A DNA nucleotide has three parts what…
Deoxyribose, Phosphate group, and nitrogen base
what are the 4 DNA bases
Adenine, Gaunine, Cytosine, and Thymine
51 terms
Biology nucleic acid, protein synthesis and mutations
James Watson and Francis Crick
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
Griffith's experiments
Avery's experiments
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
Wanted to explore difference between different types of pneum…
Killed bacteria the same way griffith's did, and the purified…
James Watson and Francis Crick
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
26 terms
Biology - Chapter 7 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
DNA molecule
nucleotide
protein sysnthesis
replication
double stranded helix that is found in all cells and carries…
made of sugar, phosphates, and nitrogenous bases
takes place in all cells
the process by which cells make more DNA
DNA molecule
double stranded helix that is found in all cells and carries…
nucleotide
made of sugar, phosphates, and nitrogenous bases
51 terms
Biology nucleic acid, protein synthesis and mutations
James Watson and Francis Crick
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
Griffith's experiments
Avery's experiments
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
Wanted to explore difference between different types of pneum…
Killed bacteria the same way griffith's did, and the purified…
James Watson and Francis Crick
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
51 terms
Biology nucleic acid, protein synthesis and mutations
James Watson and Francis Crick
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
Griffith's experiments
Avery's experiments
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
Wanted to explore difference between different types of pneum…
Killed bacteria the same way griffith's did, and the purified…
James Watson and Francis Crick
•Teamed up with each other at cambridge University ... •Put toge…
Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin
•DNA X-ray diffraction photographs produced by these two at K…
18 terms
Biology Test-Nucleic Acid, Protein Synthesis, & Biotechnology
DNA structure
Purines
Pyrimidines
Covalent Phosphodiester Bonds
Double Helix ... Counterclockwise twist ... Phosphate & Deoxyribose…
Adenine and Guanine
Thymine/U and Cytosine
Are between phosphate and sugar molecules
DNA structure
Double Helix ... Counterclockwise twist ... Phosphate & Deoxyribose…
Purines
Adenine and Guanine
42 terms
Biology nucleic acids and protein synthesis unit
Storing (information), Copying (inform…
Nucleic acid
Phosphate, Deoxyribose sugar, nitrogen…
Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, Guanine
What are the three functions of DNA?
DNA and RNA belong to what class of biological macromolecules?
What are the three components of a nucleotide of DNA?
What are the four nitrogenous bases in DNA?
Storing (information), Copying (inform…
What are the three functions of DNA?
Nucleic acid
DNA and RNA belong to what class of biological macromolecules?
Biology Final- Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
during transcription
what anticodon pairs with the codon AUG
The molecule that carries information…
How many types of nucleic acids are th…
RNA is produced
UAC
mRNA
2. DNA and RNA
during transcription
RNA is produced
what anticodon pairs with the codon AUG
UAC
67 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
What was originally thought to carry g…
Why could proteins not carry genetic i…
Who is Fred Griffith?
What causes the sickness in mice in Gr…
Proteins
Proteins are sensitive to temperature, and if they were heate…
In 1928, he attempted to figure out a cure for pneumonia with…
- Virulent... - Non-Virulent
What was originally thought to carry g…
Proteins
Why could proteins not carry genetic i…
Proteins are sensitive to temperature, and if they were heate…
68 terms
Biology: Chapter 10: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotides
DNA
Watson, Crick
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
Primary function: stores and transmits the genetic informatio…
___________ and __________ won the nobel prize in medicine in…
nucleotide
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
nucleotides
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
19 terms
biology chapter 10 nucleic acid and protein synthesis
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
primary function of DNA
nucleotides
3 parts of a DNA nucleotide
the genetic source of diversity among cells
store and transmit the genetic information that tells cells w…
repeating subunits that make up DNA
sugar: deoxyribose ... phosphate group made of: phosphorus and o…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the genetic source of diversity among cells
primary function of DNA
store and transmit the genetic information that tells cells w…
Biology nucleic acids and protein synthesis unit
Storing (information), Copying (inform…
Nucleic acid
Phosphate, Deoxyribose sugar, nitrogen…
Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, Guanine
What are the three functions of DNA?
DNA and RNA belong to what class of biological macromolecules?
What are the three components of a nucleotide of DNA?
What are the four nitrogenous bases in DNA?
Storing (information), Copying (inform…
What are the three functions of DNA?
Nucleic acid
DNA and RNA belong to what class of biological macromolecules?
25 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Genetic Code
Transformation
DNA
Nucleotide
Manner in which cells store the program that they pass from o…
Process by which genetic material absorbed from the environme…
Nucleic acid that stores and transmits genetic information fr…
Unit of a nucleic acid that is made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a…
Genetic Code
Manner in which cells store the program that they pass from o…
Transformation
Process by which genetic material absorbed from the environme…
40 terms
Biology: Nucleic Acids/ Protein Synthesis/ DNA Technology
deoxyribose
codon
nucleotide
ribosomes
sugar in DNA
a combination of three mRNA nucleotides
subunit of DNA
attaches to AUG (start codon) on mRNA
deoxyribose
sugar in DNA
codon
a combination of three mRNA nucleotides
80 terms
Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis - RMS Biology
Adenine (A)
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Cell Cycle
One of the nitrogen bases found in DNA and RNA. It is a purin…
The monomers of proteins, used to build polypeptide chains. T…
A sequence of 3 nucleotides on tRNA that corresponds to a giv…
The process of cell division, including interphase (G1, S Pha…
Adenine (A)
One of the nitrogen bases found in DNA and RNA. It is a purin…
Amino Acid
The monomers of proteins, used to build polypeptide chains. T…
17 terms
Biology HSA Review: Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis
Amino acid
Base
Chromosome
Codon
Monomer of protein
A unit of DNA (Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine)
Threadlike structure carrying genetic information (genes)
Sequence of three nucleotides that form DNA or RNA
Amino acid
Monomer of protein
Base
A unit of DNA (Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine)
15 terms
Biology HSA Review (Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis)
Amino Acids
Cloning
DNA
Double Helix
Building blocks of proteins
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
`... A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
Amino Acids
Building blocks of proteins
Cloning
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
52 terms
Biology Unit 2B Nucelic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Adenine
Amino acid
Anticodon
Chromatin
A compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
Molecule that makes up proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen…
A set of three nucleotides that is complementary to an mRNA c…
Loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during…
Adenine
A compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
Amino acid
Molecule that makes up proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen…
68 terms
Biology: Chapter 10: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotides
DNA
Watson, Crick
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
Primary function: stores and transmits the genetic informatio…
___________ and __________ won the nobel prize in medicine in…
nucleotide
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
nucleotides
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
22 terms
Biology Unit 2 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Nucleotide
Pyrimidine
Purines
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Monomers of both DNA and RNA molecules. Each monomer is compo…
The name given to a category of nitrogen-containing base mole…
The name given to a category of nitrogen-containing base mole…
A type of nucleic acid molecule composed of two chains of nuc…
Nucleotide
Monomers of both DNA and RNA molecules. Each monomer is compo…
Pyrimidine
The name given to a category of nitrogen-containing base mole…
54 terms
A Level Biology - Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
nucleic acids
DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid)
RNA (ribonucleic acid)
nucleotide
The 'information molecules' of cells, including DNA and RNA
A nucleic acid present in the nucleus of cells which contains…
A nucleic acid present in the ribosome of cells and which is…
The monomer of DNA and RNA. Contains a pentose sugar bonded t…
nucleic acids
The 'information molecules' of cells, including DNA and RNA
DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid)
A nucleic acid present in the nucleus of cells which contains…
16 terms
biology chapter 10- nucleic acids and protein synthesis
double helix
nucleotide
purines
complementary base pairs
Two nucleic chains that wrap around each other to form a doub…
monomer of DNA & RNA phosphate of a nitrogen base, a sugar an…
bases that have two rings of carbon and nitrogen (cytosine &…
DNA nucleotides which normally pair in combinations
double helix
Two nucleic chains that wrap around each other to form a doub…
nucleotide
monomer of DNA & RNA phosphate of a nitrogen base, a sugar an…
16 terms
Biology- Ch. 8 Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis
The primary function of DNA in cells i…
The two strands of DNA molecules are h…
What is the correct complementary sequ…
Ribose is a type of
Store information that tells the cells which proteins to make
Hydrogen bonds
AGTTCG
Sugar
The primary function of DNA in cells i…
Store information that tells the cells which proteins to make
The two strands of DNA molecules are h…
Hydrogen bonds
Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
genetic code
Large, complex organic molecules composed of C, O, H, N, P.
DNA stands for _______________.
RNA stands for _______________.
DNA carries the _______ ____.
nucleic acids
Large, complex organic molecules composed of C, O, H, N, P.
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA stands for _______________.
Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Transcribed into RNA
Translation
Contains adenine-uracil pairs
Process by which the genetic code of DNA is copied into a str…
An expressed gene is one that does what?
Process of decoding MRNA into a polypeptide chain is know as…
Example that doesn't describe the structure of DNA
Transcription
Process by which the genetic code of DNA is copied into a str…
Transcribed into RNA
An expressed gene is one that does what?
7 terms
Biology I Scientists Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis
Friedrich Miescher
Fredrick Griffith
Alfred Hershey & Martha Chase
Erwin Chargaff
-discovered that nucleus of cells contained protein and "some…
- Used R strained and S strained bacteria experiment ... - Trans…
- Used viruses to determine what was genetic material ... - Radi…
Chargaff's rule- ... A=T; C=G
Friedrich Miescher
-discovered that nucleus of cells contained protein and "some…
Fredrick Griffith
- Used R strained and S strained bacteria experiment ... - Trans…
39 terms
AP Biology Protein Synthesis
Transcription
RNA Structure
Types of RNA
Template Strand
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
• mRNA... • tRNA ... • rRNA... • siRNA
Transcribed DNA strand; the strand of DNA that is temporarily…
Transcription
Process that converts DNA Nucleic Acid language into RNA Nucl…
RNA Structure
• Ribose sugar.... • Nitrogen bases: Uracil, Adenine, Cytosine,…
Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis-Biology Chapter 5
Extract
Transforming Principle
Bacterial Transformation
1871
the solution of chemicals removed from a cell
the chemical in the extract causing the transformation
the change in an inherited trait
DNA is dicovered
Extract
the solution of chemicals removed from a cell
Transforming Principle
the chemical in the extract causing the transformation
15 terms
Biology Vocab HSA - Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis
Amino Acids
Cloning
DNA
Double Helix
A compound of a class of simple organic compounds that contai…
The process of creating multiple genetically identical cells,…
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the informa…
The spiral-staircase structure characteristic of a DNA molecule
Amino Acids
A compound of a class of simple organic compounds that contai…
Cloning
The process of creating multiple genetically identical cells,…
49 terms
Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis Study Guide - Biology
Functions of DNA
Nucleotides
Deoxyribose
Covalent Bonds
storing information... copying information ... transmitting informa…
building blocks (monomers) of DNA that contain: phosphate gro…
5 carbon sugar
hold the sugar of one nucleotide to the ... phosphate group of a…
Functions of DNA
storing information... copying information ... transmitting informa…
Nucleotides
building blocks (monomers) of DNA that contain: phosphate gro…
26 terms
Biology I Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Transformation
Nucleotides
Nitrogen base
Self-Replicating, Double Stranded material that makes up half…
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Long strands of repeating subunits inside DNA
A carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of ni…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Self-Replicating, Double Stranded material that makes up half…
Transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
32 terms
Biology, Chapter 10, Nucleic Acids And Protein Synthesis
Adenine
Anticodon
Base-Pairing Rule
Codon
A nitrogen-containing base that is a component of a nucleotide
A region of tRNA consisting of three bases complementary to t…
The rule stating that in DNA, cytosine pairs with guanine and…
A group of the sequential nitrogen bases of an mRNA molecule.
Adenine
A nitrogen-containing base that is a component of a nucleotide
Anticodon
A region of tRNA consisting of three bases complementary to t…
15 terms
Biology- Unit 10 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Ribosome
Codon
Translation
Nucleotide
Where proteins are assembled; mRNA migrates here to perform t…
each triplet code in the mRNA that specifies a particular ami…
The process by which the information in an mRNA molecule is u…
these repeating units make up DNA
Ribosome
Where proteins are assembled; mRNA migrates here to perform t…
Codon
each triplet code in the mRNA that specifies a particular ami…
17 terms
Protein Synthesis (Biology)
Transcription
Translation
Codon
Anti-codon
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
Sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Transcription
Process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a com…
Translation
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
53 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
DNA
DNA
nucleotides
deoxyribase, phosphate group, hydrogen…
hereditary information that is stored in the nucleus
-it is ultimately the genetic source of diversity... -used to st…
repeating subunits which DNA is made up of
3 parts that make up a nucleotide
DNA
hereditary information that is stored in the nucleus
DNA
-it is ultimately the genetic source of diversity... -used to st…
9 terms
Biology Finals (Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis)
What elements do proteins contain?
Building blocks of proteins
Nucleic Acids are made of?
Structure of a Nucleic Acid includes?
Carbon, Hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sometimes sulfur
Amino acids
Cardon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and phosphorus
Sugar... Nitrogen Base... Phosphate Group
What elements do proteins contain?
Carbon, Hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sometimes sulfur
Building blocks of proteins
Amino acids
36 terms
Biology nucleic acids and protein synthesis test
codons are matches with anti codons
the original DNA is copied
the nitrogen base uricil is involved
DNA polymerase constructs a DNA strand
translation
replication
transcription and translation
replication
codons are matches with anti codons
translation
the original DNA is copied
replication
48 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
what does DNA stand for?
DNA is made up of repeating subunits c…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
DNA is made up of two nucleotides that…
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotides
5-sided sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate group, nitrogen base
double helix
what does DNA stand for?
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA is made up of repeating subunits c…
nucleotides
20 terms
Biology: nucleic acids and protein synthesis test notecards
What 3 things make up a nucleotide?
Transformation
What is a bacteriophage made up of?
What pattern did Rosalind Franklin see…
1. A 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose)... 2. A phosphate group... 3. A n…
When a strain of bacteria had been transformed into another
A DNA core and a protein coat
She saw that the center strands of DNA are twisted and the la…
What 3 things make up a nucleotide?
1. A 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose)... 2. A phosphate group... 3. A n…
Transformation
When a strain of bacteria had been transformed into another
Honors Biology:Nucleic Acids&Protein Synthesis
Nucleic Acids
There are two types of these.
What is the acronym for deoxyribonucle…
What three components are in a nucleot…
Material of Heredity, found in the nucleus, directs the activ…
nucleic acids
DNA
5-carbon sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous bases
Nucleic Acids
Material of Heredity, found in the nucleus, directs the activ…
There are two types of these.
nucleic acids
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