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Study sets matching "biology system digestive excretory"

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Study sets matching "biology system digestive excretory"

64 terms
Biology Digestive and Excretory System
Main organs in digestive system?
Skin excretory system function
Lungs excretory system function
Liver excretory system function
rectum, anus, large intestine, kidneys, lungs, skin
removes water and salt through sweat
removes carbon dioxide through exhalation
converts toxic byproducts of protein breakdown into urea
Main organs in digestive system?
rectum, anus, large intestine, kidneys, lungs, skin
Skin excretory system function
removes water and salt through sweat
54 terms
Biology: Digestive and Excretory Systems
Gastrointestinal tract (alimentary can…
Organs of the gastrointestinal tract (…
Structure, location and function of th…
Structure, location and function of th…
The passageway of food from the mouth to the anus
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
Teeth, tongue, lips; on face; breathing, eating
Tube; throat; tube for food
Gastrointestinal tract (alimentary can…
The passageway of food from the mouth to the anus
Organs of the gastrointestinal tract (…
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
64 terms
Biology Digestive and Excretory System
Main organs in digestive system?
Skin excretory system function
Lungs excretory system function
Liver excretory systemfunction
rectum, anus, large intestine, kidneys, lungs, skin
removes water and salt through sweat
removes carbon dioxide through exhalation
converts toxic byproducts of protein breakdown into urea
Main organs in digestive system?
rectum, anus, large intestine, kidneys, lungs, skin
Skin excretory system function
removes water and salt through sweat
38 terms
Biology - Digestive and Excretory Systems
alpha amylase
peristalis
regions of stomach
sphincter
break down starch in mouth
contraction of smooth muscle that creates a wave motion
fundus, body, pylorus
group of muscles usually contracted so no opening
alpha amylase
break down starch in mouth
peristalis
contraction of smooth muscle that creates a wave motion
Biology Digestive & Excretory System
Main functions of the digestive system
Two types of digestion
Mechanical
Chemical
Digestion... Absorption
Mechanical... Chemical
1. Physically breaking food into smaller pieces... 2. Chewing, g…
1. Chemically changes food into simpler (soluble) substances…
Main functions of the digestive system
Digestion... Absorption
Two types of digestion
Mechanical... Chemical
Biology: The Digestive/Excretory Systems
Water
Carbohydrate
Protein
Fat
An essential nutrient used in digestion for chemical reactions.
Essential nutrients used as the main source of energy for the…
Essential nutrients that repairs cells, makes up enzymes and…
Essential nutrients that are important for storage and fell m…
Water
An essential nutrient used in digestion for chemical reactions.
Carbohydrate
Essential nutrients used as the main source of energy for the…
33 terms
Digestive and Excretory system Biology
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical Digestion
Enzymes
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into small part…
when food is physically broken into smaller pieces.
when chemical reactions break down pieces of food into smalle…
proteins that help break down larger molecules into smaller m…
Digestion
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into small part…
Mechanical digestion
when food is physically broken into smaller pieces.
104 terms
biology digestive system and excretory
what is substance required by the body…
LIST THE 6 BASIC NUTRIENTS!!!!
how is the energy available in food me…
the greater the number of calories in…
nutrient
carbohydrates ... proteins... lipids... vitamins... minerals... water
kilocalories or calories
energy
what is substance required by the body…
nutrient
LIST THE 6 BASIC NUTRIENTS!!!!
carbohydrates ... proteins... lipids... vitamins... minerals... water
11 terms
Biology - Excretory and Digestive systems
Liver
Urea
Colon
Skin
Excrets waste by chemical modification into bile... Mostly deals…
Made by the liver. Carries excess nitrogen from protein break…
Large intrstine. Reabsorbes water and ions from feces
Produces sweat which contains water, ions, and urea.
Liver
Excrets waste by chemical modification into bile... Mostly deals…
Urea
Made by the liver. Carries excess nitrogen from protein break…
18 terms
Biology - Digestive and Excretory Systems
Nutrients
Calorie
Vitamins
Minerals
Vital component of foods that provides energy and materials f…
Unit used to measure the energy content of food - 1 Calorie e…
Fat-soluble or water-soluble organic compound needed in very…
Inorganic compound such as calcium that is used as a building…
Nutrients
Vital component of foods that provides energy and materials f…
Calorie
Unit used to measure the energy content of food - 1 Calorie e…
25 terms
Biology Digestive and Excretory Systems
Digestive System
Digestive Path
Mouth's Function
Saliva
Breaks down (digests) food into molecules the body can use fo…
1. Mouth... 2. Esophagus... 3. Stomach... 4. Small Intestines ... 5. Colo…
-Mechanically breaks down food into smaller pieces by chewing…
Amylase, an Enzyme, breaks down big carbs into little usable…
Digestive System
Breaks down (digests) food into molecules the body can use fo…
Digestive Path
1. Mouth... 2. Esophagus... 3. Stomach... 4. Small Intestines ... 5. Colo…
42 terms
Biology : Digestive and Excretory Systems
What are the functions of the digestiv…
What are the four ways food is process…
What happens when food molecules are d…
What is the 1st step of digestion?
Coverts food into small molecules that can be used by the cel…
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
The molecules contain chemical energy that is related when th…
getting food in your mouth: ingestion is the process of putti…
What are the functions of the digestiv…
Coverts food into small molecules that can be used by the cel…
What are the four ways food is process…
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
21 terms
Practical Biology- Digestive and Excretory System
epiglottis
small intestine
large intestine
colon
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventin…
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption…
The last section of the digestive system, where water is reab…
The large intestine, also called the colon or the large bowel…
epiglottis
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventin…
small intestine
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption…
27 terms
Practical Biology- Digestive and Excretory System
epiglottis
peristaltic contraction
intestinal villi
emulsification
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventin…
Type of contraction that moves contents along the length of t…
fingerlike projections of the small intestine . Villi increas…
Process by which bile salts break down the lipid dropulets in…
epiglottis
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventin…
peristaltic contraction
Type of contraction that moves contents along the length of t…
21 terms
Practical Biology- Digestive and Excretory System
epiglottis
small intestine
large intestine
colon
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventin…
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption…
The last section of the digestive system, where water is reab…
The large intestine, also called the colon or the large bowel…
epiglottis
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventin…
small intestine
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption…
31 terms
Biology Digestive/Excretory System Terms
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Gastrovascular cavity
Digestive tract
Break down of food inside specialized cells that pass nutrien…
Break down of food outside cells in a digestive system and th…
A single opening through which organisms ingest food and expe…
Two opening tube where food digests
Intracellular digestion
Break down of food inside specialized cells that pass nutrien…
Extracellular digestion
Break down of food outside cells in a digestive system and th…
47 terms
Biology: Digestive and Excretory System Quiz
Organization
Muscle Tissue
Connective Tissue
Nerve Tissue
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Organisms
Can contract and shorten for movement
Provides support and connects all parts of the body
Carries messages back and forth from body to brain and spinal…
Organization
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Organisms
Muscle Tissue
Can contract and shorten for movement
48 terms
Biology 2 - Digestive and Excretory Systems
order of digestive tract
ingestion
a-amylase
peristalsis
mouth --> esophagus --> stomach --> small intestine --> large…
process of taking food in through mouth
enzyme in saliva that initiates chemical breakdown of food; b…
contraction of smooth muscle in digestive tract, creates wave…
order of digestive tract
mouth --> esophagus --> stomach --> small intestine --> large…
ingestion
process of taking food in through mouth
23 terms
Biology Immune, Digestive, and Excretory System
What is the function of the immune sys…
What is the function of the digestive…
What is the function of the excretory…
What other body systems does the immun…
Protects the body from harmful invaders and pathogens
Breaks down food molecules and absorbs nutrients
Removes waste from the body
Integumentary, circulatory, excretory
What is the function of the immune sys…
Protects the body from harmful invaders and pathogens
What is the function of the digestive…
Breaks down food molecules and absorbs nutrients
52 terms
Biology II: Digestive and Excretory System
Main components of digestive tract
ingestion
α-amylase
peristalsis
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
first step of digestion
digestion initiation enzyme
contraction of the smooth muscle in the digestive tract creat…
Main components of digestive tract
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
ingestion
first step of digestion
65 terms
EK Biology - Digestive and Excretory System
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
begins to break down food into smaller pieces through mechani…
muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach
An organ of the digestive system that stores food and perform…
organ that completes the chemical digestion of food and absor…
Mouth
begins to break down food into smaller pieces through mechani…
Esophagus
muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach
69 terms
MCAT Biology: digestive and excretory systems
Excretion
Liver
Urea
Large intestine
disposal of waste products. "The excretory system" usually re…
responsible for excreting many wastes by chemically modifying…
synthesized in the liver and released in the bloodstream. Imp…
reabsorbs water and ions (sodium, calcium) from feces. Proces…
Excretion
disposal of waste products. "The excretory system" usually re…
Liver
responsible for excreting many wastes by chemically modifying…
45 terms
Advanced Biology Digestive and Excretory System
6 types of nutrients
simple carbs
complex carbs
saturated fat
water... carbs... proteins... fats... minerals... vitamins
fruits... sugar cane
grains... vegetables
solid at room temp... from animal products
6 types of nutrients
water... carbs... proteins... fats... minerals... vitamins
simple carbs
fruits... sugar cane
22 terms
Biology Ch. 30 Digestive System and Excretory System Vocabulary
Nutrients
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
A chemical found in food that helps keep an organism alive an…
A group of nutrients that provides energy, sugars, and starch…
A group of nutrients that provides energy and building blocks…
A group of nutrients that provides energy and building blocks…
Nutrients
A chemical found in food that helps keep an organism alive an…
Carbohydrates
A group of nutrients that provides energy, sugars, and starch…
22 terms
Berry Biology - Digestive and Excretory Systems
Amylase
Esophagus
Peristalsis
Stomach
Enzyme in saliva that breaks down the chemical bonds in starc…
Food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
Rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through the…
Large muscular sac that continues the mechanical and chemical…
Amylase
Enzyme in saliva that breaks down the chemical bonds in starc…
Esophagus
Food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
11 terms
Biology 30S Digestion & Excretory System
Primary Metabolic Wastes
Major Excretory Organs
Maintaining Homeostasis
Two Main Roles of the Kidneys
Carbon Dioxide, Water, Ammonia, and Mineral Salts
Kidneys, Lungs, Skin, Liver, and Intestine
If the kidneys fail, the other organs cannot compensate to ma…
Excretion of nitrogenous and other wastes, and maintaining ho…
Primary Metabolic Wastes
Carbon Dioxide, Water, Ammonia, and Mineral Salts
Major Excretory Organs
Kidneys, Lungs, Skin, Liver, and Intestine
16 terms
Biology Digestive and Excretory Systems Quiz
Digestive System
Digestive System Steps
Ingestion
The Mouth
Functions: Converts food into simpler molecules that can be a…
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, Elimination
The process of putting food in your mouth
- Mechanical Digestion - physical breakdown by teeth... - Chemic…
Digestive System
Functions: Converts food into simpler molecules that can be a…
Digestive System Steps
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, Elimination
17 terms
MCAT Biology - Excretory and Digestive Systems
aldosterone
ADH
calcitonin
parathyroid hormone
steroid hormone made by the adrenal cortex to signal the kidn…
peptide hormone made by the posterior pituitary in response t…
peptide hormone made by C cells in the thyroid gland when ser…
peptide hormone made by the parathyroid in response to low se…
aldosterone
steroid hormone made by the adrenal cortex to signal the kidn…
ADH
peptide hormone made by the posterior pituitary in response t…
24 terms
Biology- Final (Digestive and Excretory Systems)
Vitamin K
Stomach
Bolus
Villi
vitamin produced by bacteria in large intestine
in this muscular pouch, food is mixed with gastric juices
tongue forms this out of food before swallowing
finger like projection that help increase surface area
Vitamin K
vitamin produced by bacteria in large intestine
Stomach
in this muscular pouch, food is mixed with gastric juices
60 terms
Biology Quiz: Digestive System, Excretory System, Circulatory System
Excretion
Kidneys
Malpighian tubules
Flame cells
The elimination of metabolic wastes from the body is called
Mammals use ______ to make urine.
Insects and arachnids use ______ to make uric acid.
Planarian use ______ for excretion.
Excretion
The elimination of metabolic wastes from the body is called
Kidneys
Mammals use ______ to make urine.
14 terms
Biology Digestion and Excretory System Test
Stores a substance called bile, which…
Digestion begins where?
____ used to cut, tear, and grind food…
Villi
Gallbladder
Mouth
Teeth
Minute projection extending from the walls of the small intes…
Stores a substance called bile, which…
Gallbladder
Digestion begins where?
Mouth
36 terms
Biology 3- Excretory and Digestive Systems
Digestive System Functions
Mouth (Note: components listed in orde…
Salivary Glands
What happens next?
Break down food we eat in order to facilitate the absorption…
Serves as an intake point for food & begins processes of phys…
Create saliva, which aids in chemical digestion and makes foo…
Food forms a bolus in the mouth & passes by the pharynx and t…
Digestive System Functions
Break down food we eat in order to facilitate the absorption…
Mouth (Note: components listed in orde…
Serves as an intake point for food & begins processes of phys…
36 terms
Biology Reproductive, Digestive, and Excretory Systems
Vas deferens
Testis
Seminiferous tubules
Epididymis
A tube where sperm are moved into. This extends upward from t…
The primary male reproductive organ which descend from the ab…
Within testis are clusters of hundreds of tiny tubules where…
After sperm are produced in the seminiferous tubules, sperm a…
Vas deferens
A tube where sperm are moved into. This extends upward from t…
Testis
The primary male reproductive organ which descend from the ab…
13 terms
AP Biology: Digestive and Excretory Systems
Digestion
Intracellular Digestion-Sponges
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal: Step 1 (15 sec-1 min)
-Breakdown food and extract nutrients... --Ingestion... --Digestion…
1) Endocytosis... -Pinocytosis... *ligands-dissolved solutes... -Phago…
-Breakdown of food outside of cell... -Gastrovascular Cavity (GV…
-Oral cavity-Pharynx-Esophagus... -Initiate food processing... -Mou…
Digestion
-Breakdown food and extract nutrients... --Ingestion... --Digestion…
Intracellular Digestion-Sponges
1) Endocytosis... -Pinocytosis... *ligands-dissolved solutes... -Phago…
67 terms
WHS Biology Chapter 30 - Digestive and Excretory Systems
Section
How is the body organized? (Question)
Tissues
Organs
30.1
Cells... Tissues... Organs... Organ Systems
Groups of specialized cells with a shared function (Forms to…
Groups of specialized tissues with a shared function (Forms t…
Section
30.1
How is the body organized? (Question)
Cells... Tissues... Organs... Organ Systems
37 terms
Digestive and excretory system
the mouth
teeth
amylase enzyme
mucus
mechanical and chemical digestion
breaks up food (mechanical digestion)
digests starch (chemical digestion) found in saliva and made…
prodcued in mouth, protects the soft lining of the digestive…
the mouth
mechanical and chemical digestion
teeth
breaks up food (mechanical digestion)
24 terms
Biology digestion and excretory system test
What is digestion and examples?
Esophagus
Peristalsis
Pepsin
The physical and chemical breakdown of large food molecules i…
Muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach
Wave of muscular contraptions in the smooth muscle of the dig…
An enzyme that digests protein
What is digestion and examples?
The physical and chemical breakdown of large food molecules i…
Esophagus
Muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach
33 terms
Biology Test Digestion & Excretory Systems
Define Digestion
What are the 2 types of digestion?
Define Chemical digestion
Define Mechanical Digestion
The breakdown f food into simpler molecules that can be absor…
Mechanical and Chemical
Breaking down the nutrients into useable molecules.
Food is physically broken into smaller pieces.
Define Digestion
The breakdown f food into simpler molecules that can be absor…
What are the 2 types of digestion?
Mechanical and Chemical
20 terms
Digestive System and Excretory System Vocabulary
Nutrients
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
A chemical found in food that helps keep an organism alive an…
A group of nutrients that provides energy, sugars, and starch…
A group of nutrients that provides energy and building blocks…
A group of nutrients that provides energy and building blocks…
Nutrients
A chemical found in food that helps keep an organism alive an…
Carbohydrates
A group of nutrients that provides energy, sugars, and starch…
268 terms
Biology Test: Digestive and Excretory System(s)
what adaptations/processes allow human…
organ system
form
function
the digestive system, absorption, and digestion
in complex multi-cellular organisms, systems are a series of…
shape/physical traits
The kind of action or activity specific to a thing or person.
what adaptations/processes allow human…
the digestive system, absorption, and digestion
organ system
in complex multi-cellular organisms, systems are a series of…
24 terms
Biology Unit: (Digestive & Excretory Systems) Organs
Salivary glands
Esophagus
Stomach
Liver
glands which produce saliva, a liquid containing enzymes that…
"flattened tube" that carries food from the mouth to the stom…
muscular, hollow organ which continues digestion by secreting…
multifunctional organ which cleans the blood and makes essent…
Salivary glands
glands which produce saliva, a liquid containing enzymes that…
Esophagus
"flattened tube" that carries food from the mouth to the stom…
41 terms
Biology Lecture 8-Excretory and Digestive Systems
What is the function of the kidney?
What makes up the excretory system?
What are the roles of the excretory sy…
Illustrate the anatomy of the excretor…
To purify the blood and to excrete wastes.
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
To remove nitrogenous wastes, regulation of blood pressure, b…
What is the function of the kidney?
To purify the blood and to excrete wastes.
What makes up the excretory system?
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
26 terms
Biology - Ch. 38 - Digestive and Excretory Systems
Calorie
carbohydrate
fat
protein
...
...
...
...
Calorie
...
carbohydrate
...
11 terms
Digestive and Excretory System Organs
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small intestine
Mechanically and chemically breaks down food. Where digestion…
The muscular tube that connects the mouth and the stomach
Chemically digests food using acid
Absorbs nutrients from the digested food
Mouth
Mechanically and chemically breaks down food. Where digestion…
Esophagus
The muscular tube that connects the mouth and the stomach
17 terms
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM/ EXCRETORY SYSTEM
ANUS
STOMACH
SMALL INTESTINE
SALIVA
ANO
ESTÓMAGO
INTESTINO DELGADO... intestino delgado
SALIVA
ANUS
ANO
STOMACH
ESTÓMAGO
46 terms
Digestive and Excretory System
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Nervous Tissue
Muscle tissue
The tissue that lines the inside and outside surfaces of your…
The type of tissue that provides support for the body and con…
Sends nerve messages all over the body.
Responsible for voluntary and involuntary movement.
Epithelial tissue
The tissue that lines the inside and outside surfaces of your…
Connective tissue
The type of tissue that provides support for the body and con…
71 terms
DAT Biology - Excretory System and Digestive System
Excretory system
Osmoregulation
Hyposmotic
Hyperosmotic
- maintain homeostasis in organisms by regulating water balan…
- the absorption and excretion of water and dissolved substan…
- environment is less salty than surrounding water... - water is…
- saltier than the surrounding water... - water constantly diffu…
Excretory system
- maintain homeostasis in organisms by regulating water balan…
Osmoregulation
- the absorption and excretion of water and dissolved substan…
102 terms
Biology and Biochemistry Chapter 11 The Excretory and Digestive Systems
Urea is synthesized by
Urea chemical equation
Bilirubin processing
Ions resorbed by the colon
the liver
NH3 (ammonia) → CO(NH2)2
bilirubin + glucuronate → bilirubin glucuronate
sodium and calcium
Urea is synthesized by
the liver
Urea chemical equation
NH3 (ammonia) → CO(NH2)2
19 terms
Biology Chapter 18: Digestive and excretory system
process of breaking down food into mol…
process of removing metabolic waste
mechanical and chemical digestion
muscular tube that connects pharynx wi…
digestion
excretion
mouth
esophagus
process of breaking down food into mol…
digestion
process of removing metabolic waste
excretion
47 terms
MCAT Systems Biology: The Digestive and Excretory Systems
the order through which food passes th…
enzyme contained in saliva that helps…
a contraction of the smooth muscle in…
major parts of stomach (3)
mouth... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large intestine... anus
a-amylase
peristalsis
fundus... body... pylorus
the order through which food passes th…
mouth... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large intestine... anus
enzyme contained in saliva that helps…
a-amylase
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