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Study sets matching "biology system disorders digestive"

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Study sets matching "biology system disorders digestive"

15 terms
BIOLOGY 8: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS
Constipation
UnderNutrition
Bulimia
Gallstones
occurs when the peristalsis moves the stool in the colon too…
A condition associated with the insufficient supply of protei…
Episodes of secretive excessive eating followed by self-induc…
Crystals formed from too much cholesterol, bile salts, and ca…
Constipation
occurs when the peristalsis moves the stool in the colon too…
UnderNutrition
A condition associated with the insufficient supply of protei…
40 terms
biology: Eating disorders and the digestive system
how many cells need energy to perform…
where do cells get their energy?
ATP is made during what?
where do the raw materials needed for…
all
ATP
cellular respiration
the food we eat and the air we breathe
how many cells need energy to perform…
all
where do cells get their energy?
ATP
47 terms
Contemporary Issues in Biology: Eating Disorders and the Digestive System
The major functions of the digestive s…
Cellular respiration
The goal of cellular respiration
Where does cellular respiration begin?
Taking organic food molecules into the body... Mechanically bre…
the process by which energy of sugar (glucose) is converted i…
to transfer the energy from one glucose molecule to smaller u…
the cytoplasm
The major functions of the digestive s…
Taking organic food molecules into the body... Mechanically bre…
Cellular respiration
the process by which energy of sugar (glucose) is converted i…
17 terms
Digestive System Diseases and Disorders
appendicitis
ascites
cirrhosis
cholelithiasis
inflammation of the appendix, cause unknown
general term used to describe the abnormal accumulation of fl…
group of chronic diseases that involve scarring of liver tissue
presence of stones in the gallbladder
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix, cause unknown
ascites
general term used to describe the abnormal accumulation of fl…
21 terms
Digestive System: Digestive Disorders
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatitis A, B, and C
Lactose Intolerance
Constipation and Dirrhea
Organ(s) Affected: Large intestines... Disruption:... Abnormality:
Organ(s) Affected: Liver... Disruption:... Abnormality:
Organ(s) Affected: N/A... Disruption:... Abnormality:
Organ(s) Affected: Large intestines... Disruption:... Abnormality:
Colorectal Cancer
Organ(s) Affected: Large intestines... Disruption:... Abnormality:
Hepatitis A, B, and C
Organ(s) Affected: Liver... Disruption:... Abnormality:
23 terms
Disorders of the Digestive System
anorexia
appendicitis
ascites
borborygmus
loss of appetite
inflammation of the appendix
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
rumbling or gurgling noises caused by passage of gas through…
anorexia
loss of appetite
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
32 terms
Digestive System diseases & disorders
Achlorhydria
Adhesions
Asymptomatic
Colorectal
absence of hydrochloric acid
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
not displaying symptoms
pertaining to both the colon and rectum
Achlorhydria
absence of hydrochloric acid
Adhesions
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
21 terms
Digestive System Disorders
Appendicitis
Barrett's Esophagus
Celiac's Disease
Colon Cancer
Infection of the appendix and cecum of the large intestine; s…
Condition caused by chronic acid reflux (GERD) in which the l…
Condition that affects the villi of the small intestine; it i…
Cancer of the large intestine
Appendicitis
Infection of the appendix and cecum of the large intestine; s…
Barrett's Esophagus
Condition caused by chronic acid reflux (GERD) in which the l…
16 terms
Comp Biology Digestive System
Digestive System
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
A muscular sac that stores food, break it up by churning, and…
Digestive organ with a HUGE surface area where digestion of c…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
esophagus
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
51 terms
The Digestive System - Common Disorders
anorexia
appendicitis
ascites
bruxism
loss of appetite
inflammation of the appendix
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
involuntary grinding of the teeth that usually occurs during…
anorexia
loss of appetite
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
118 terms
Digestive System Disorders
Salivary Amylase
Trypsin
Intestinal Peptidase
Intestinal Lactase
Splits starch and glycogen into disaccharides (Parotid Gland)
Splits protein into peptides (Pancreas)
Converts peptides into amino acids (Intestinal Mucosa)
Converts disaccharides into monosaccharides (Intestinal Mucosa)
Salivary Amylase
Splits starch and glycogen into disaccharides (Parotid Gland)
Trypsin
Splits protein into peptides (Pancreas)
44 terms
AP Biology Digestive System
oral cavity
amylase
lysozyme
bolus
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
digests starch
antibacterial action
chewed food with saliva
oral cavity
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
amylase
digests starch
16 terms
Digestive System: Disorders of the Digestive System
Diarrhea
Constipation
Flatulence
Lactose intolerance
excess liquid in feces
large intestine absorbs too much water
gas in large intestine
body does not secrete lactase
Diarrhea
excess liquid in feces
Constipation
large intestine absorbs too much water
20 terms
Digestive System, Digestive/Dietary Disorders
liver
pancreas
gallbladder
small intestine
makes bile, stores energy, breaks down drugs
makes insulin and digestive enzymes
stores bile
most chemical digestion takes place here
liver
makes bile, stores energy, breaks down drugs
pancreas
makes insulin and digestive enzymes
74 terms
Gastrointestinal (Digestive) System Disorders
Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate
Dental Caries
Plaque
incomplete fusion of lip
incomplete fusion of mouth (palate)
gradual demineralization of enamel and underlying dentin by b…
film of sugar, bacteria, and other mouth debris, adheres to t…
Cleft Lip
incomplete fusion of lip
Cleft Palate
incomplete fusion of mouth (palate)
25 terms
Digestive System diseases & disorders
Achlorhydria
Asymptomatic
Colorectal
Defecate
absence of hydrochloric acid
not displaying symptoms
pertaining to both the colon and rectum
to have a bowel movement
Achlorhydria
absence of hydrochloric acid
Asymptomatic
not displaying symptoms
33 terms
Digestive System Disorders
Diarrhea
Contipation
Candidiasis
Herpetic Stomatitis
Excessive, frequent, loose, watery stool; with or without nau…
Bowel movement frequency less then normal; small, hard, stools
Opportunistic infection by a yeast microorganism in oral cavity
Associated with herpes labialis (cold sores or fever blisters…
Diarrhea
Excessive, frequent, loose, watery stool; with or without nau…
Contipation
Bowel movement frequency less then normal; small, hard, stools
10 terms
Micro. Digestive system disorders
Dental plaque
Staphylococcal enterotonicosis
Shigellosis
Typhoid fever
Agent: Streptococcus mutans... Diagnosis: Endogenous... Transmissio…
Agent: Staph. aureus... Diagnosis: Phage typing- nausea, diarrhe…
Agent: Shigella spp.... Diagnosis: Isolate on selective media- T…
Agent: Salamonella typi... Diagnosis:Isolate on selective media;…
Dental plaque
Agent: Streptococcus mutans... Diagnosis: Endogenous... Transmissio…
Staphylococcal enterotonicosis
Agent: Staph. aureus... Diagnosis: Phage typing- nausea, diarrhe…
215 terms
Digestive System Disorders
The digestive system has 2 main functi…
The_____ is muscular expanding sac & i…
WHAT DOES THE STOMACH DO? (3)
____ is a "METABOLLIC FACTORY"
1. Processes ingested food & fluids breaking them into basic…
stomach
Digests proteins using enzyme pepsin... Makes intrinsic factor…
Liver
The digestive system has 2 main functi…
1. Processes ingested food & fluids breaking them into basic…
The_____ is muscular expanding sac & i…
stomach
59 terms
Digestive System Disorders
Ascites
Gastroenteritis
Cholelithiasis
Bilirubin
Accumulation of fluid in abdominal cavity
Inflammation of stomach & intestine
The condition of having stones in gallbladder
A pigment released in the break down of hemoglobin from RBCs
Ascites
Accumulation of fluid in abdominal cavity
Gastroenteritis
Inflammation of stomach & intestine
21 terms
Disorders of the Digestive System
Dental caries (tooth decay)
Periodontal disease
Gingivitis
Mumps
Bacterial acids demineralize enamel and dentin producing cavi…
Inflammation and degeneration of gingivae, alveolar bone, per…
Red, sore, swollen, bleeding gums. Reversible if you remove t…
Viral infection of parotid salivary glands that produces infl…
Dental caries (tooth decay)
Bacterial acids demineralize enamel and dentin producing cavi…
Periodontal disease
Inflammation and degeneration of gingivae, alveolar bone, per…
51 terms
Digestive System Disorders
leukoplakia
squamous cell cancer
dental caries (cavities)
gingivitis
white precancerous patches (DMT)
of the mouth most common form of cancer
largely prevented by fluoridation and dental hygiene. Adults…
inflammation or infection of the gums (DMT)
leukoplakia
white precancerous patches (DMT)
squamous cell cancer
of the mouth most common form of cancer
Digestive system disorders
anorexia
nausea
vomiting
aspiration
loss of appetite
unpleasant, subjective sensation caused distention irritation…
forceful expulsion of chyme from the stomach and sometimes in…
Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs
anorexia
loss of appetite
nausea
unpleasant, subjective sensation caused distention irritation…
17 terms
disease and disorders: digestive system
GERD
cirrhosis
cholelithiasis
colitis
gastroesophageal reflux disease, stomach acid or bile irritat…
chronic liver damage from a variety of causes (hepatitis, alc…
a hardened deposit of digestive fluid within the fluid in the…
an inflammatory of the inner lining of the colon, causes: cro…
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease, stomach acid or bile irritat…
cirrhosis
chronic liver damage from a variety of causes (hepatitis, alc…
14 terms
Disorders of the Digestive System
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)…
Diarrhea or Dysentery
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis A
stomach acid makes way back up esophagus and causes discomfort
Failure to reabsorb water in the large intestine, which leads…
is spread by contact with an infected person's blood, semen,…
caused by eating food or water infected with a virus called H…
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)…
stomach acid makes way back up esophagus and causes discomfort
Diarrhea or Dysentery
Failure to reabsorb water in the large intestine, which leads…
10 terms
Digestive System Disorders
appendicitis
colon cancer
heartburn
hemorrhoids
microorganisms infect the appendix
uncontrolled cell division that leads to a cancerous tumor
acid from the stomach irritates the esophagus
veins in the anus or rectum swell due to constipation, pregna…
appendicitis
microorganisms infect the appendix
colon cancer
uncontrolled cell division that leads to a cancerous tumor
98 terms
Digestive System Disorders
REVIEW OF DIGESTIVE SYSTEM... *[GI TRAC…
Anatomy
Esophagus
Stomach
...
Upper GI tract... -Mouth... -Esophagus... -Stomach... Lower GI tract
Muscular tube... -10 in long... -Has skeletal muscle cells and sm…
Muscular sac... Restricted w/ sphincters... -Lower esophageal…
REVIEW OF DIGESTIVE SYSTEM... *[GI TRAC…
...
Anatomy
Upper GI tract... -Mouth... -Esophagus... -Stomach... Lower GI tract
5 terms
HPA Digestive System Disorders
lactose intolorance
ulcers
peritonitis
mumps
LOCATION: small intestine... CAUSE: absorptive cells of the smal…
LOCATION: stomach mucosa... CAUSE: excessive intake of non-stero…
LOCATION: peritoneum... CAUSE: alimentary canal is breached, all…
LOCATION: nasal passages/pharynx/salivary gland/(testes in so…
lactose intolorance
LOCATION: small intestine... CAUSE: absorptive cells of the smal…
ulcers
LOCATION: stomach mucosa... CAUSE: excessive intake of non-stero…
14 terms
Digestive System/Digestion Disorders Vocab
Amylase
Peristalsis
Pepsin
Villi
an enzyme found in food that breaks down starch
the movement of food through the digestive system; food is pu…
breaks down proteins into shorter polypeptide chains
finger-like projections covering the interior of the small in…
Amylase
an enzyme found in food that breaks down starch
Peristalsis
the movement of food through the digestive system; food is pu…
Contemporary Issues of Social Biology: Eating Disorders and Digestive System
Function of a cell
What are primary sources of energy to…
Major Functions of the Digestive system
What occurs during Cellular Respiration?
to produce proteins and energy in form of ATP
Sugar and fats
taking organic food molecules into the body, mechanically bre…
The energy of sugar (glucose) is converted to the energy of A…
Function of a cell
to produce proteins and energy in form of ATP
What are primary sources of energy to…
Sugar and fats
10 terms
disorders of digestive system
gastritis
Helicobacter pylori
GERD
gallstones
inflammation of the stomach can lead to a peptic ulcer as pep…
most ulcers are caused by this acid-resistant bacteria
Reflux normally prevented by lower esophageal sphincter... Compl…
hard masses in either the gallbladder or bile ducts... composed…
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach can lead to a peptic ulcer as pep…
Helicobacter pylori
most ulcers are caused by this acid-resistant bacteria
25 terms
JC Biology Digestive System
Digestion
Enzyme
Teeth
enzymes
Breakdown of food into smaller digestible particles
Biological catalyst which speeds up the digestion of food
Physical digestion begins with these
Chemical digestion begins with these
Digestion
Breakdown of food into smaller digestible particles
Enzyme
Biological catalyst which speeds up the digestion of food
125 terms
Disorders: Digestive system
Achalasia
Abdominoplasty
Anorexia Nervosa
Anoplasty
decreased mobility of the lower 2/3s of the esophagus with lo…
Plastic surgery of the abdomen
loss of appetite and emaciation accompanied by an extreme and…
Surgical repair of the anus
Achalasia
decreased mobility of the lower 2/3s of the esophagus with lo…
Abdominoplasty
Plastic surgery of the abdomen
38 terms
Biology 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Alimentary Canal
Enteric nervous system
Peristalsis
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
collection of neurons that govern the GI system... Innvervates…
rhythmic contraction of small muscle in the alimentary canal…
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
Alimentary Canal
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
100 terms
Digestive system disorders patho
Stomatitis
often a symptom of a
Stomatitis two types:
Stomatitis Etiology -
-inflammation of oral mucosa
systemic disease
-Acute herpetic (cold sore)... -Aphthous(small ulcers on a mucu…
-AHS - herpes simplex type 1... -Aphthous - unknown
Stomatitis
-inflammation of oral mucosa
often a symptom of a
systemic disease
31 terms
Gould: Digestive system disorders
anorexia
nausea
vomiting
aspiration
loss of appetite
unpleasant, subjective sensation caused distention irritation…
forceful expulsion of chyme from the stomach and sometimes in…
Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs
anorexia
loss of appetite
nausea
unpleasant, subjective sensation caused distention irritation…
118 terms
Digestive System Diseases and Disorders
Stomatitis
What causes Stomatitis?
What are the red flag symptoms of Stom…
What's the Diagnostic Procedure for St…
inflammation of the oral mucosa Herpatic, Aphithous
Herpetic- contagious HSV-1... Aphthous- lack of B12, stress fati…
Hepatic: sudden onset, pain difficulty, eating and swallowing
History and Physical Exam
Stomatitis
inflammation of the oral mucosa Herpatic, Aphithous
What causes Stomatitis?
Herpetic- contagious HSV-1... Aphthous- lack of B12, stress fati…
20 terms
digestive system diseases/disorders
Celiac Disease
Causes of Celiac disease
Symptoms of Celiac
Treatments of Celiac
Caused when the body has a reaction to Gluten
Genetics - runs in families
Diarrhea... Feeling tired
Gluten free diet
Celiac Disease
Caused when the body has a reaction to Gluten
Causes of Celiac disease
Genetics - runs in families
9 terms
Digestive System Disorders
Tapeworms
Constipation
Appendicitis
Diarrhea
A group of parasitic worms that live in the intestinal tracts…
Hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminate; often a re…
Inflammation of the appendix
A condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels fre…
Tapeworms
A group of parasitic worms that live in the intestinal tracts…
Constipation
Hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminate; often a re…
22 terms
Disorders of the Digestive System
Stomatitis
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Hiatal Hernia
Heartburn
- inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth cavity
- affects the sphincter muscle connecting the esophagus with…
- rupture that occurs when the stomach protrudes above the di…
- acid indigestion results from backflow of highly acidic sto…
Stomatitis
- inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth cavity
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
- affects the sphincter muscle connecting the esophagus with…
24 terms
Chapter 18- Digestive System Disorders
Stomatitis
Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease
GERD
Hiatal Hernia
an inflammation of the soft tissue of the mouth cavity
GERD
disorder that affects the sphincter muscle connecting the eso…
occurs when the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm thru th…
Stomatitis
an inflammation of the soft tissue of the mouth cavity
Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease
GERD
18 terms
Digestive System Diseases and Disorders
Aphthous ulcers
Cleft lip and cleft palate
Herpes labialis
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
small ulcers are usually found on the inside of the lips and…
congenital abnormality that develops while the child = in the…
typically called cold sores or fever blisters.
(GERD) occurs when acid flows backwards. Up from the stomach…
Aphthous ulcers
small ulcers are usually found on the inside of the lips and…
Cleft lip and cleft palate
congenital abnormality that develops while the child = in the…
9 terms
Digestive System Disorders
Obesity
Acid Reflux (heartburn; Gastro-Esophag…
Ulcer
Lactose Intolerance
What Happens: "Fat" is based on adipose cells; body also stor…
What Happens: ... Prevention/Treatment:
What Happens: ... Prevention/Treatment:
What Happens: ... Prevention/Treatment:
Obesity
What Happens: "Fat" is based on adipose cells; body also stor…
Acid Reflux (heartburn; Gastro-Esophag…
What Happens: ... Prevention/Treatment:
41 terms
AP Biology: digestive system
gastrovascular cavity
glucose
glycerol and fatty acids
nucleotides
In most animals, food is fist digested in what, before being…
Starch is broken down into what during digestion?
What are fats broken down into during digestion?
What are nucleic acids broken down into during digestion?
gastrovascular cavity
In most animals, food is fist digested in what, before being…
glucose
Starch is broken down into what during digestion?
114 terms
Pathophysiology - digestive system disorders
Stomatitis
Stomatitis: two common forms
Acute herpetic
Aphthous
-inflammation of oral mucosa... -often symptoms of a systemic di…
-acute herpetic... -aphthous
cold sore
small ulcers on a mucus membrane of the mouth; canker sore
Stomatitis
-inflammation of oral mucosa... -often symptoms of a systemic di…
Stomatitis: two common forms
-acute herpetic... -aphthous
23 terms
Gastrointestinal/Digestive System Disorders
Anorexia
Ascites
Bloat
Cirrhosis
...
...
...
...
Anorexia
...
Ascites
...
253 terms
Chapter 17 Digestive System Disorders
Digestive System
Digestive System Processes Ingested Fo…
Digestive System Absorbs Necessary Com…
Gut Wall
Processes ingested food and fluids... Absorbs necessary components
--Breaks them down into their units... --Controlled by enzymes
Membrane transport mechanisms... Mostly in small intestine
Mucosa... Submucosa ... Circular smooth muscle layer... Longitudinal s…
Digestive System
Processes ingested food and fluids... Absorbs necessary components
Digestive System Processes Ingested Fo…
--Breaks them down into their units... --Controlled by enzymes
19 terms
Disorders of the Digestive System
Dental caries (tooth decay)
Periodontal disease
Mumps
Gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD)
bacterial acid demineralize enamel and dentin and produce cav…
variety of conditions characterized by inflammation and degen…
viral infection of parotid salivary glands that produces infl…
lower esophageal sphincter fails to close completely and stom…
Dental caries (tooth decay)
bacterial acid demineralize enamel and dentin and produce cav…
Periodontal disease
variety of conditions characterized by inflammation and degen…
65 terms
Biology 20: Digestive System
Salivary Glands
Bolus
Peristalsis
Enzyme
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
The rhythmic muscular contractions that move food throughout…
A protein that performs reactions throughout the body
Salivary Glands
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
Bolus
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
41 terms
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS
Occur when bacteria produce acids that…
This disorder begins when bacteria, su…
Describes many conditions characterize…
Initial symptoms include gingivitis an…
Dental Caries (tooth decay)
Dental Caries (tooth decay)
Periodontal Disease
Periodontal Disease
Occur when bacteria produce acids that…
Dental Caries (tooth decay)
This disorder begins when bacteria, su…
Dental Caries (tooth decay)
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