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Study sets matching "biology system human digestive"

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Study sets matching "biology system human digestive"

41 terms
Human Biology: Digestive System
Functions of Digestive System
Structures of Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Accessory organs
digestion and absorption of nutrients
Alimentary Canal & Accessory Organs
muscular tube from mouth to anus... Mouth>pharynx>esophagus>stom…
teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
Functions of Digestive System
digestion and absorption of nutrients
Structures of Digestive System
Alimentary Canal & Accessory Organs
45 terms
Human Biology - Digestive System
Chemical Digestion
Digestive System
Gastrointestinal Tract
Mechanical Digestion
A process which involves... the chemical breakdown of... food by en…
Ingests and digests food,... absorbs nutrient... molecules, and eli…
A long muscular tube... running from the mouth to... the anus throu…
A process which involves... the physical breakdown of... food in th…
Chemical Digestion
A process which involves... the chemical breakdown of... food by en…
Digestive System
Ingests and digests food,... absorbs nutrient... molecules, and eli…
87 terms
Human Biology Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Lumen
Mucosa
Peristalsis
Tube that begins at mouth and ends with anus and digestion
separate interior volume of biological structure
tissue membrane lines alimentary canal along with other non-s…
involuntary contractions found in wall of alimentary canal se…
Alimentary Canal
Tube that begins at mouth and ends with anus and digestion
Lumen
separate interior volume of biological structure
14 terms
Human Biology: Digestive System Test
This is the most critical organ for di…
What is true about the length of time…
What is true about bile?
Amylase, lipase, three proteases are a…
The small intestine
In the stomach: 3-6 hours. Small intestine: 12-24 hours. Larg…
Important in fat digestion as it emulsifies fats so that lipa…
Pancreas
This is the most critical organ for di…
The small intestine
What is true about the length of time…
In the stomach: 3-6 hours. Small intestine: 12-24 hours. Larg…
32 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Digestive system
Alimentary canal
Accessory organs
Functions (IAMCME)
The system which breaks down big molecules into small enough…
A continuous tube running from the mouth to the anus providin…
Liver, gall bladder, pancreas and salivary glands.
Ingestion, absorption, mechanical, chemical, movement, elimin…
Digestive system
The system which breaks down big molecules into small enough…
Alimentary canal
A continuous tube running from the mouth to the anus providin…
44 terms
Biology- Human Digestive System
Heterotrophs
Ingestion
Digestion
Intracellular
obtain their nutrients from the environment ... ex: bacteria, fu…
taking in food
conversion of large, insoluble molecules to smaller soluble m…
food particles are first enclosed in vacuoles inside the wher…
Heterotrophs
obtain their nutrients from the environment ... ex: bacteria, fu…
Ingestion
taking in food
39 terms
Human Biology - The Digestive System
Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Ingestion
Extracts nutrients from food and absorbs them into the body f…
Continuous tube that runs from the mouth to the anus
Breaking down of carbohydrates, proteins and lipid molecules…
Intake of food
Digestive System
Extracts nutrients from food and absorbs them into the body f…
Alimentary Canal
Continuous tube that runs from the mouth to the anus
86 terms
Human Biology-Digestive System
tearing
ripping
grinding
Salivary glands
Incisor function
Canine function
Molar/Pre-Molar function
salivary amylase (enzyme that breaks down starch into sugar).…
tearing
Incisor function
ripping
Canine function
26 terms
Biology: Human digestive system
Oral cavity
Salivary glands
Salivary amylase
Bolus
obtains and processes food
secrete saliva
digests starch; component of saliva
food which has been processed my mouth
Oral cavity
obtains and processes food
Salivary glands
secrete saliva
23 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
What is digestion?
What are the two digestive processes?
What are the mechanical processes in t…
What are the chemical processes in the…
The breaking down of the nutrients we eat into simpler organi…
Mechanical and chemical
Chewing (mastication)... bolus formation... swallowing
Salivary amylase breaks down carbohydrates
What is digestion?
The breaking down of the nutrients we eat into simpler organi…
What are the two digestive processes?
Mechanical and chemical
18 terms
Human Biology: The Digestive system
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Oesophagus(Gullet)
Stomach
Begins preparation of food for digestion
Glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion
The food chute down to the Stomach
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
Mouth
Begins preparation of food for digestion
Salivary Glands
Glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion
13 terms
The Human Digestive System-Biology review
mouth
pharynx
esophagus
stomach
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "A" poi…
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "B" poi…
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
This picture shows which part of the digestive system?
mouth
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "A" poi…
pharynx
In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "B" poi…
25 terms
Biology Human Digestive system
Digestion
Digestive system
Sphincters
Mouth
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
A muscle, help regulate movement from one area to another
Begins preparation of food for digestion
Digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Digestive system
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
30 terms
Biology-Human Digestive System
oral cavity
salivary glands
epiglottis
esophagus
where mechanical digestion begins,
delivers saliva (which begins chemical digestion) through duc…
door-like flap of cartilage; directs the closing of the trachea
muscular tube that conveys food from the pharynx to the stomach
oral cavity
where mechanical digestion begins,
salivary glands
delivers saliva (which begins chemical digestion) through duc…
59 terms
Biology - Human Digestive System
alimentary canal or gastrointestinal t…
oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stoma…
accessory organs - salivary glands, li…
salivary glands
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
digestive path in humans
not part of the digestive tube, attached to digestive tube by…
Glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion
alimentary canal or gastrointestinal t…
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stoma…
digestive path in humans
21 terms
Human biology digestive system
teeth
salivary glands
epiglottis
pharynx
mechanical breakdown of food
secrete saliva, coats food and contains a digestive enzyme
(flap) protects from choking
where food and air cross
teeth
mechanical breakdown of food
salivary glands
secrete saliva, coats food and contains a digestive enzyme
16 terms
Human Biology Digestive System
Path of digestive system
The digestive tract
Mucosa
Submucosa
Mouth- pahrynx- esophagus- stomach- small intestine- large in…
Tubular, 4 layer, central opening called the lumen
Innermost covered with columnar epithelium
Connective tissue, nerves, blood, and lymph vessels
Path of digestive system
Mouth- pahrynx- esophagus- stomach- small intestine- large in…
The digestive tract
Tubular, 4 layer, central opening called the lumen
10 terms
biology human digestive system
large intestine
small intestines
small intestine
stomach
most water absorption occurs in this organ
most absorption of digestion end products into the bloodstrea…
after a persons stomach was surgically removed, the chemical…
the chemical digestion of protein usually begins in this organ
large intestine
most water absorption occurs in this organ
small intestines
most absorption of digestion end products into the bloodstrea…
57 terms
Biology Human Digestive System
nutrients
absorption
digestion
proteins
Process by which organisms get food and break it down into nu…
Nutrients are taken up through the cell membranes
Process where food molecules are broken down
amino acids - 4 calories per gram
nutrients
Process by which organisms get food and break it down into nu…
absorption
Nutrients are taken up through the cell membranes
17 terms
Human Biology - Digestive System
Digestion
Mechanical
Chemical
Mouth - Chemical
the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids into prod…
Physical breakup of food into smaller particles
Chemical break down of complex molecules into their simpler f…
Saliva is secreted by the salivary glands containing mucous (…
Digestion
the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids into prod…
Mechanical
Physical breakup of food into smaller particles
18 terms
Human Biology: Digestive System
Ingestion
Secretion
Digestion
Absorption
in take of food
Production and release from a cell of a physiologically subst…
Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food to simple molecules
Intake of fluids or other substances by cells of skin or muco…
Ingestion
in take of food
Secretion
Production and release from a cell of a physiologically subst…
57 terms
Biology Human Digestive System
Human digestive system
starts with the mouth
body plan
purpose of the tract
alimentary canal or gastro intestinal tract
ends with the anus
tube within a tube (30 feet long)
to make food small enough to diffuse out of the tract into th…
Human digestive system
alimentary canal or gastro intestinal tract
starts with the mouth
ends with the anus
26 terms
Biology (The Human Digestive System)
Autotrophs:
Heterotrophs:
Peristalsis:
Ingestion:
Make their own food through photosynthesis (i.e. plants)
Unable able to make their own food.
Constriction and relaxation of the muscles in the alimentary…
Taking food into the mouth.
Autotrophs:
Make their own food through photosynthesis (i.e. plants)
Heterotrophs:
Unable able to make their own food.
65 terms
Human Biology, Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
digestion process
ingestion
digestion
a continuous hollow tube extending from the mouth to the anus…
ingestion, digestion, movement (mixing), absorption, eliminat…
the taking down of food or liquid into the body via the mouth
breaking down of large nutrient molecules int smaller molecul…
gastrointestinal tract
a continuous hollow tube extending from the mouth to the anus…
digestion process
ingestion, digestion, movement (mixing), absorption, eliminat…
21 terms
Biology Human Digestive System
Mouth
salivary amylase
Esophagus... (also know as gullet/food tu…
Perastalisis
mechanical digestion by teeth and chemical digestion by saliv…
breaks down starch into maltose ... (polysaccharide to a disacch…
No digestion only peristalsis
action of food being pushed down to your stomach
Mouth
mechanical digestion by teeth and chemical digestion by saliv…
salivary amylase
breaks down starch into maltose ... (polysaccharide to a disacch…
biology- human digestive system
preparation for food digestion takes p…
we have ___ sets of teeth
through crushing and grinding, they in…
manipulates food and holds it between…
mouth
two
2 sets of teeth
tongue
preparation for food digestion takes p…
mouth
we have ___ sets of teeth
two
14 terms
Human Biology Digestive System
Which organ of the digestive system pr…
This organ secretes juices, like bile,…
Rhythmic muscle contractions that help…
The long, narrow tube that connects th…
large intestine
liver
peristalsis
esophagus
Which organ of the digestive system pr…
large intestine
This organ secretes juices, like bile,…
liver
10 terms
Human Biology and Health - The Digestive System
Functions of the Digestive System
Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
1. Breaks down food into molecules the body can use... 2. Gives…
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
Start of digestion where food is broken down mechanically by…
Food moves from the mouth to the esophagus. Food stays in the…
Functions of the Digestive System
1. Breaks down food into molecules the body can use... 2. Gives…
Digestion
The process by which the body breaks down food into small nut…
42 terms
Human Biology- Digestive System
What is the function of pepsin in the…
What structure in the oral cavity dire…
Which of the following represent to co…
Most absorption takes place in which p…
Partially breaks down proteins
Uvula
Bile travels from the hepatocytes, to hepatic ductules, to th…
Jejunum
What is the function of pepsin in the…
Partially breaks down proteins
What structure in the oral cavity dire…
Uvula
25 terms
Biology - human digestion system
True or false: Feces is formed once al…
What role does osmosis play in the lar…
If I were to fart, what microorganisms…
True or False: The ileum, part of the…
true
The absorbed water goes into the bloodstream
E. coli
true
True or false: Feces is formed once al…
true
What role does osmosis play in the lar…
The absorbed water goes into the bloodstream
45 terms
Biology: Digestive System (In Humans)
The Alimentary Canal
The Accessory Organs
Ingestion
Propulsion
The organs or structures that food actually travels through.…
These organs participate in digestion by producing chemical a…
intake of food into the mouth
Movement of food along the alimentary canal
The Alimentary Canal
The organs or structures that food actually travels through.…
The Accessory Organs
These organs participate in digestion by producing chemical a…
20 terms
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 15: The Digestive System
peristaltic wave
macerated
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
Rhythmic muscular contractions of a tube that force contents…
Soaked until soft and separated into constituent parts.
The physical crushing, chopping, and cutting of food.
The breaking down of food using enzymes that alter the chemic…
peristaltic wave
Rhythmic muscular contractions of a tube that force contents…
macerated
Soaked until soft and separated into constituent parts.
198 terms
Human Biology: Digestive System and Nutrition
gastrointestinal tract
What are the walls of the gastrointest…
where do we absorb nutrients?
What is the main function of the large…
aka alimentary tract; a continuous hollow tube extending from…
the oral cavity, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, small…
the small intestine
reclamation of water (getting water back from material before…
gastrointestinal tract
aka alimentary tract; a continuous hollow tube extending from…
What are the walls of the gastrointest…
the oral cavity, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, small…
24 terms
Biology Human Digestive System Vocab
Digestion
Digestive system
Sphincters
Mouth
Process of changing food into useable forms
The organs and glands in the body that are responsible for di…
a ring of muscle surrounding and serving to guard or close an…
Where the digestion begins with the teeth tearing up the food…
Digestion
Process of changing food into useable forms
Digestive system
The organs and glands in the body that are responsible for di…
95 terms
Human Biology 2 Digestive System
main nutrient requirement cells and or…
glucose food type obtained
amino acids food type obtained
glycerol and fatty acids food type obt…
carbohydrates (organic), lipids(organic), proteins(organic),…
carbohydrates- grains, potatoes, milk, fruit
protiens- milk, beans, meat, eggs
lipids- fats and oils
main nutrient requirement cells and or…
carbohydrates (organic), lipids(organic), proteins(organic),…
glucose food type obtained
carbohydrates- grains, potatoes, milk, fruit
27 terms
Honors Biology: Human Digestive System
Digestions is...
Lipids monomer are...
Proteins monomer are...
Carbohydrates monomer are...
Hydrolysis of organic molecules.
Fatty Acids.
Amino Acids.
Monosaccharides.
Digestions is...
Hydrolysis of organic molecules.
Lipids monomer are...
Fatty Acids.
51 terms
Biology Human body - Digestive System
Which structures are considered as acc…
Which accessory organ of the digestive…
What do you mean by mechanical digesti…
What are the functions of the digestiv…
The liver, Gallbladder, salivary glands, and the Pancreas are…
The liver will process and store nutrients as well as produci…
The process of mechanical digestion includes physically makin…
The functions of the digestive system are ingestion, digestio…
Which structures are considered as acc…
The liver, Gallbladder, salivary glands, and the Pancreas are…
Which accessory organ of the digestive…
The liver will process and store nutrients as well as produci…
9 terms
Honors Biology-the human digestive system
Mouth (oral cavity)
Esophagus
Epiglottis
Stomach
*ingestion of food... *physical digestion... *beginning of carbohyd…
*tube off the pharynx that contracts (called peristalsis) to…
*flap to cover trachea or airway
*breaks down food into a paste-like consistency... *contains hyd…
Mouth (oral cavity)
*ingestion of food... *physical digestion... *beginning of carbohyd…
Esophagus
*tube off the pharynx that contracts (called peristalsis) to…
32 terms
Human Biology: The Digestive System & Nutrition
Anorexia Nervosa
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Bile
Bulimia Nervosa
eating disorder characterized by abnormally low body weight a…
rate at which energy is expended (heat produced) by the rate…
greenish-yellow or brownish fluid that is secreted by the liv…
eating disorder involving episodes of binging and purging
Anorexia Nervosa
eating disorder characterized by abnormally low body weight a…
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
rate at which energy is expended (heat produced) by the rate…
5 terms
Human Biology Digestive System (2)
mouth
Tongue
Pharynx
Esophagus
contains accessory organs such as teeth, tongue, and salivary…
grips food, moves it around, and helps push it towards the es…
passes chewed food from mouth to esophagus
carries swallowed masses of chewed food along its length
mouth
contains accessory organs such as teeth, tongue, and salivary…
Tongue
grips food, moves it around, and helps push it towards the es…
31 terms
Human Biology 102: The Digestive System
Aided by several accessory glands and…
Palate
Functions of the Mouth
Bolis
- salivary glands... - pancreas... - liver... - gallbladder
- roof of the mouth... - 2 parts: hard and soft palate... - hard pa…
- begins mechanical digestion ... - begins chemical digestion (o…
when food goes into the mouth and then leaves the mouth it be…
Aided by several accessory glands and…
- salivary glands... - pancreas... - liver... - gallbladder
Palate
- roof of the mouth... - 2 parts: hard and soft palate... - hard pa…
22 terms
Human Biology Ch15 Digestive System
Know the differences between Ingestion…
Know the differences between Chemical…
Know the different parts of the G.I. T…
Know what the accessory organs in the…
Ingestion - bring nutrients into the body... Absorption - absor…
Mechanical: physical breakdown of food into. Smaller particle…
...
...
Know the differences between Ingestion…
Ingestion - bring nutrients into the body... Absorption - absor…
Know the differences between Chemical…
Mechanical: physical breakdown of food into. Smaller particle…
31 terms
Human Biology 102: The Digestive System
Aided by several accessory glands and…
Palate
Functions of the Mouth
Bolis
- salivary glands... - pancreas... - liver... - gallbladder
- roof of the mouth... - 2 parts: hard and soft palate... - hard pa…
- begins mechanical digestion ... - begins chemical digestion (o…
when food goes into the mouth and then leaves the mouth it be…
Aided by several accessory glands and…
- salivary glands... - pancreas... - liver... - gallbladder
Palate
- roof of the mouth... - 2 parts: hard and soft palate... - hard pa…
8 terms
Human Biology year 11 Digestive System
Digestion
Chemical digestion
Mechanical digestion
Alimentary canal
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of food to smaller mole…
The chemical breakdown of food to smaller molecules.Example;…
The mechanical breakdown of food into smaller particles. Exam…
The continuous tube that runs from the mouth to the anus.
Digestion
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of food to smaller mole…
Chemical digestion
The chemical breakdown of food to smaller molecules.Example;…
SAT II BIOLOGY - Human Physiology - Digestive System
digestion
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion
ingestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
The joining of food vacuoles and lysosomes to allow chemical…
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell
Intake of food
digestion
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
intracellular digestion
The joining of food vacuoles and lysosomes to allow chemical…
12 terms
Wk 20: Biology Human Digestive System
Mouth
Salivary gland
Esophagus
Stomach
The upper opening where food is broken down, mixed with saliv…
Cells that release watery, slimy saliva into the mouth while…
Tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach.
Using muscular contractions and stomach acids, this hollow mu…
Mouth
The upper opening where food is broken down, mixed with saliv…
Salivary gland
Cells that release watery, slimy saliva into the mouth while…
28 terms
Biology Facts Practice 12: The Human Digestive System
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu a…
Incisor
Canine
Premolar
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu and read through the car…
Chisel shaped. Used for biting off pieces of food.
Also called "cuspid". Used for holding and tearing food.
Also called "bicuspid". Used for grinding food.
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu a…
Click "Both Sides" in the right menu and read through the car…
Incisor
Chisel shaped. Used for biting off pieces of food.
56 terms
Unit 3-- Digestive System Human Biology Vocab
Simple carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates
Fiber
Proteins
sugar... provide short term energy
starches
cellulose
-builds cells... -important to muscle cells
Simple carbohydrates
sugar... provide short term energy
Complex carbohydrates
starches
55 terms
Unit 3-- Digestive System Human Biology Vocab
Simple carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates
Fiber
Proteins
sugar
starches
cellulose
-builds cells... -important to muscle cells
Simple carbohydrates
sugar
Complex carbohydrates
starches
55 terms
Unit 3-- Digestive System Human Biology Vocab
Simple carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates
Fiber
Proteins
sugar
starches
cellulose
-builds cells... -important to muscle cells
Simple carbohydrates
sugar
Complex carbohydrates
starches
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