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Study sets matching "biology system"

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Study sets matching "biology system"

11 terms
Female reproductive system (biology)
Ovaries
Ovum
Follicles
Fallopian tubes
Produce ovum, contain oocytes (immature ova) from birth
Mature egg
2000,000 egg sacs in each ovary, each containing an immature…
Tube leading from each ovary to the uterus
Ovaries
Produce ovum, contain oocytes (immature ova) from birth
Ovum
Mature egg
16 terms
Comp Biology Digestive System
Digestive System
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
A muscular sac that stores food, break it up by churning, and…
Digestive organ with a HUGE surface area where digestion of c…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
esophagus
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
74 terms
Biology Circulatory System Review
Circulatory
Pulmonary
Systemic
Coronary
The name for the organ system that transports blood, gasses f…
The circulation of blood and fluids that between the heart an…
The circulation of blood and fluids that between the the body…
The ciruclation of blood and fluids through the coronary arte…
Circulatory
The name for the organ system that transports blood, gasses f…
Pulmonary
The circulation of blood and fluids that between the heart an…
24 terms
Human Biology: Respiratory System
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
structure which contains the vocal cords.
Allows air to pass to and from lungs. Composed of ... C-shaped r…
nasal cavity
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
pharynx
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
25 terms
Immune System - AP Biology
First Line of Defense
Second Line of Defense
Inflammatory Response
Histamines
Nonspecific barrier to keep out pathogens... ex: skin, stomach…
Nonspecific defense and inflammatory response initiated by ch…
Vasodilation, phagocytosis, and increase in body temperature
chemical signals that trigger vasodilation, increasing blood…
First Line of Defense
Nonspecific barrier to keep out pathogens... ex: skin, stomach…
Second Line of Defense
Nonspecific defense and inflammatory response initiated by ch…
44 terms
AP Biology Digestive System
oral cavity
amylase
lysozyme
bolus
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
digests starch
antibacterial action
chewed food with saliva
oral cavity
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
amylase
digests starch
44 terms
Biology 12 Reproduction System
testicles
scrotum
seminiferous tubules
spermatogenesis
The pair of male gonads
pair of testes lie outside the body in this pouch
location of sperm production
the process of creating sperm
testicles
The pair of male gonads
scrotum
pair of testes lie outside the body in this pouch
28 terms
Biology Respiratory System Review
pulmonary ventilation
alveoli
external exchange of gases
hemoglobin
exchange of air between the atmosphere and alveoli
tiny air sacs in the lungs that exchange gases within the lun…
carbon dioxide will diffuse out of blood during the phase of...
most oxygen in the blood is carried bound to _____________
pulmonary ventilation
exchange of air between the atmosphere and alveoli
alveoli
tiny air sacs in the lungs that exchange gases within the lun…
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
22 terms
Biology Systems
Reproduction
Sperm
Scrotum
Semen
Reproduction is an important life function necessary for surv…
Produced in the testes
Located outside the body cavity because sperm production is o…
A liquid that serves as a transfer medium for sperm and is an…
Reproduction
Reproduction is an important life function necessary for surv…
Sperm
Produced in the testes
13 terms
Human Biology - Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous sytem
brain
cerebrum
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
important organ that has three parts with different functions…
part of the brain that controls your thoughts and voluntary a…
nervous system
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
central nervous sytem
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
16 terms
Human Biology - Endocrine System
endocrine system
glands
hormones
pituitary gland
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
chemical messengers that are produced by glands
gland that makes substances that control other glands and aff…
endocrine system
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
glands
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
9 terms
Human Biology - Respiratory System
respiratory system
nostrils
mouth
nasal passages
system that gets rid of the carbon dioxide waste and also tak…
slits in your nose that allows air to enter your body
opening on your face where you take in food as well as air
channel of airflow through the nose
respiratory system
system that gets rid of the carbon dioxide waste and also tak…
nostrils
slits in your nose that allows air to enter your body
26 terms
Biology 2 - Skeletal System
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
shaft of a long bone
ends of a long bone
Cell that creates bone tissue
Cell that dissolves bone tissue
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
ends of a long bone
10 terms
Human Biology - Circulatory System
circulatory system
blood
red blood cells
white blood cells
system that transports needed substances throughout our bodie…
tissue made up of cells and cell parts carried in a liquid
type of cell that specializes in carrying oxygen and carbon d…
type of cell that helps you fight disease
circulatory system
system that transports needed substances throughout our bodie…
blood
tissue made up of cells and cell parts carried in a liquid
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
10 terms
Biology - Muscular / Skeletal System
Muscular / Skeletal System
Bones
Osteocytes
Periosteum
A system to allow your body some degree of mobility. Consists…
1.Support body and give it shape; 2.provide a frame to protec…
nonliving organic mineral matter and living cells. Found in b…
Tough membrane on the outside of the bone. It is the site of…
Muscular / Skeletal System
A system to allow your body some degree of mobility. Consists…
Bones
1.Support body and give it shape; 2.provide a frame to protec…
40 terms
Biology 7: Cardiovascular System
Ventricles
Atrioventricular valves
Valves seperating RV from Pulmonary ci…
Aortic Valve
ventriles are far more muscular than atria, allowing for powe…
LAB RAT... Left Atrium=Bicuspid valve... Right Atrium= Tricuspid…
Pulmonary Valve
seperates Left ventricle from aorta
Ventricles
ventriles are far more muscular than atria, allowing for powe…
Atrioventricular valves
LAB RAT... Left Atrium=Bicuspid valve... Right Atrium= Tricuspid…
25 terms
Immune System - AP Biology
First Line of Defense
Second Line of Defense
Inflammatory Response
Histamines
Nonspecific barrier to keep out pathogens... ex: skin, stomach…
Nonspecific defense and inflammatory response initiated by ch…
Vasodilation, phagocytosis, and increase in body temperature
chemical signals that trigger vasodilation, increasing blood…
First Line of Defense
Nonspecific barrier to keep out pathogens... ex: skin, stomach…
Second Line of Defense
Nonspecific defense and inflammatory response initiated by ch…
19 terms
Biology 6: The respiratory system
Larynx
Pathway of air
Alveoli
Visceral and parietal plurae
contains vocal cords
Pharynx->Larynx->trachea->bronchi->bronchioles->alveoli
coated with surfactant (lowers surface tension)
plurae form a closed sac against which the lung expands... visc…
Larynx
contains vocal cords
Pathway of air
Pharynx->Larynx->trachea->bronchi->bronchioles->alveoli
33 terms
Biology: Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
3 parts of the cardiovascular system
Blood
Blood vessels
the system that transports materials (O2, glucose, etc.) arou…
heart, blood, and blood vessels
moves around your body, delivers nutrients and collects wastes
"pipes" which carries the blood ... **arteries, veins, capillar…
Cardiovascular System
the system that transports materials (O2, glucose, etc.) arou…
3 parts of the cardiovascular system
heart, blood, and blood vessels
15 terms
Honors Biology Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
diabetes
Homeostasis
Insulin
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
The body's ability to maintained balance in the nervous syste…
hormone secreted by the pancreas; lowers blood glucose levels.
Adrenal gland
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
diabetes
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
13 terms
Biology 11: The Musculoskeletal System
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Types of muscle summary
Voluntary movement... Arranged into sarcomeres consisting of ac…
Involuntary... Myogenic activity
Involuntary... Appears striated... Cardiac cells connected via in…
Skeletal muscle
Voluntary movement... Arranged into sarcomeres consisting of ac…
Smooth muscle
Involuntary... Myogenic activity
38 terms
Biology 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Alimentary Canal
Enteric nervous system
Peristalsis
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
collection of neurons that govern the GI system... Innvervates…
rhythmic contraction of small muscle in the alimentary canal…
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
Alimentary Canal
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
11 terms
Biology 10A body systems
Digestive system
Nervous system
Skeletal system
Endocrine system
this body system converts foods into simpler molecules that c…
this body system recognizes and coordinates the body's respon…
this body system protects and supports internal organs. New b…
this body system controls growth, development, and metabolism…
Digestive system
this body system converts foods into simpler molecules that c…
Nervous system
this body system recognizes and coordinates the body's respon…
25 terms
JC Biology Digestive System
Digestion
Enzyme
Teeth
enzymes
Breakdown of food into smaller digestible particles
Biological catalyst which speeds up the digestion of food
Physical digestion begins with these
Chemical digestion begins with these
Digestion
Breakdown of food into smaller digestible particles
Enzyme
Biological catalyst which speeds up the digestion of food
22 terms
TCC - Biology Respiratory System
respiratory system
lungs
nasal cavity
pharynx
system responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon…
two spongy organs that are large & sac-like in the thoracic c…
the cavity behind the nose and above the roof of the mouth -…
passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx
respiratory system
system responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon…
lungs
two spongy organs that are large & sac-like in the thoracic c…
10 terms
Respiratory System S3 Biology
Carbon dioxide
Respiratory and cardiovascular systems
Respiratory system
The lungs
is a waste product produced during cellular respiration
work together to bring in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide
includes the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lun…
3 right lobes & 2 left lobes
Carbon dioxide
is a waste product produced during cellular respiration
Respiratory and cardiovascular systems
work together to bring in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide
20 terms
AP Biology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Tropic hormones
Pheromones
Nitric Oxide
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
Hormones released by one animal that affect other animals
Hormone found in vertebrates ... Gas released by one cell and re…
Endocrine System
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Tropic hormones
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
19 terms
Biology Unit: Circulatory System
Artery/arteriole
Vein/venule
Capillary
Valve
...
...
...
...
Artery/arteriole
...
Vein/venule
...
41 terms
AP Biology: digestive system
gastrovascular cavity
glucose
glycerol and fatty acids
nucleotides
In most animals, food is fist digested in what, before being…
Starch is broken down into what during digestion?
What are fats broken down into during digestion?
What are nucleic acids broken down into during digestion?
gastrovascular cavity
In most animals, food is fist digested in what, before being…
glucose
Starch is broken down into what during digestion?
65 terms
Nervous System/ AP Biology
Neuron
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerve
A nerve cell; the fundamental unit of the nervous system, hav…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
one or more bundles of neurons that connect the brain and the…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the fundamental unit of the nervous system, hav…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
the brain and spinal cord
48 terms
Biology 20: Respiratory System
Nasal cavity
Pharynx
Cilia
Mucous
A space where air can enter the respiratory tract; warms and…
An air filled chamber at the back of the mouth that is shared…
Tiny hair-like structures that sweep away foreign debris.
A protective, lubricating substance.
Nasal cavity
A space where air can enter the respiratory tract; warms and…
Pharynx
An air filled chamber at the back of the mouth that is shared…
12 terms
Biology 20: Respiratory System
Nasal Passage.
Pharynx.
Epiglottis.
Larynx.
-Warm, moisten and clean incoming air.... -Lined with cilia to c…
Throat.... -Passage way for food, water and air.
-Flap of cartilage that covers the trachea.... -Prevents food an…
-Made from cartilage and contains vocal cords.... -This is where…
Nasal Passage.
-Warm, moisten and clean incoming air.... -Lined with cilia to c…
Pharynx.
Throat.... -Passage way for food, water and air.
65 terms
Biology 20: Digestive System
Salivary Glands
Bolus
Peristalsis
Enzyme
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
The rhythmic muscular contractions that move food throughout…
A protein that performs reactions throughout the body
Salivary Glands
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
Bolus
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
Respiratory System: General Biology
Respiration
Cellular Respiration
External Respiration
Internal Respiration
gas exchange
the breakdown of food molecules to produce ATP in cells. This…
the exchange of gases (O2 and CO2) between AIR and the BLOOD
the exchange of gases (O2 and CO2) between BLOOD and TISSUE F…
Respiration
gas exchange
Cellular Respiration
the breakdown of food molecules to produce ATP in cells. This…
55 terms
Biology 20: Circulatory System
Artery
Pulse
Autonomic nervous system
Vasoconstriction
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
Part of the nervous system that regulates the diameter of the…
Blood vessel narrows, less blood can flow to tissues.
Artery
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
Pulse
A change in the diameter of the arteries due to an increase i…
54 terms
Biology - Cardiovascular System
cardiovascular system
heart
atria
tricuspid valve
consists of a muscular four-chambered heart, blood vessels, a…
composed of cardiac muscle and supports two different circula…
separated from the ventricles by the atrioventricular valves
valve between right atria and ventricle
cardiovascular system
consists of a muscular four-chambered heart, blood vessels, a…
heart
composed of cardiac muscle and supports two different circula…
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
8 terms
Biology- Skeletal System
Joint
Hinge
Ball and Socket
Marrow
Place where two or more bones meet
Joints which are found in the Knee and elbow
Joints which are found in the hip and shoulder
The part of the bone where blood cells are made
Joint
Place where two or more bones meet
Hinge
Joints which are found in the Knee and elbow
30 terms
Immune System - AP Biology
Inflammatory Response
Histamines
Phagocytes
Chemokines
Vasodilation, phagocytosis, and increase in body temperature
chemical signals that trigger vasodilation, increasing blood…
White blood cells that engulf invading pathogens ... e.g., neut…
chemical signals secreted by blood vessel cells that attract…
Inflammatory Response
Vasodilation, phagocytosis, and increase in body temperature
Histamines
chemical signals that trigger vasodilation, increasing blood…
23 terms
Biology - Circulatory System
Blood
Septum
Atrium
Ventricle
Liquid medium that transports oxygen and nutrients to all par…
This divides the heart into the right and left sides
The upper chamber of the heart
The lower chamber of the heart
Blood
Liquid medium that transports oxygen and nutrients to all par…
Septum
This divides the heart into the right and left sides
Human Biology- The Nervous System
Neurons
Nerves
Neuroglia
CNS
Transmit nerve impulses
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
Found in brain to carry out a variety of functions to aid and…
Made up of brain and spinal cord (thinking)
Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses
Nerves
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
43 terms
AP Biology: Nervous System
neuron
nerve
dendrites
axon
nerve cells
bundle of neurons
receive chemical signals and converts to electrical single
one end has receptor, other has axon terminals
neuron
nerve cells
nerve
bundle of neurons
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
14 terms
IGCSE Biology - Nervous system
Neurone
Synapse
Receptor
Sensory neurone
A specialised nerve cell
A junction between 2 neurones
Specialised cells that detect stimuli
This carries the nerve impulse from the receptor to the centr…
Neurone
A specialised nerve cell
Synapse
A junction between 2 neurones
65 terms
Biology systems
-specialized cells that help you gathe…
-make up the nervous system
Neurons consist of how many regions an…
- receive signals called impulses from…
Neurons
Neurons
consists of three main regions - dendrites, a cell body, and…
Dentrites
-specialized cells that help you gathe…
Neurons
-make up the nervous system
Neurons
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