Study sets matching "biology terms cells division"

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Study sets matching "biology terms cells division"

Biology Cell Division Terms
Cell cycle
G1
S
G2
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, & cell divisi…
aka Gap 1, which is the first stage of the Cell Cycle. This i…
aka Synthesis, when a cell makes a copy of its DNA. This is t…
aka Gap 2, the third stage of the Cell Cycle. This is when th…
Cell cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, & cell divisi…
G1
aka Gap 1, which is the first stage of the Cell Cycle. This i…
31 terms
Biology Cell Division Terms
Mitosis
Meiosis
Somatic Cell
Gamete
Duplication of 2 genetically identical cells (skin cells)
2 distinct daughter cells from a single parent cell (sperm/egg)
Body cells (diploid)
Sperm or egg (haploid)
Mitosis
Duplication of 2 genetically identical cells (skin cells)
Meiosis
2 distinct daughter cells from a single parent cell (sperm/egg)
Biology Cell Division Terms
Asexual Reproduction
Binary Fission
Sexual Reproduction
Gamete
Parent cell splits in 2-offspring are genetically identical
Example of asexual reproduction-(bacteria do this)
Offspring inherit some genetic information from each parent-i…
Egg and sperm
Asexual Reproduction
Parent cell splits in 2-offspring are genetically identical
Binary Fission
Example of asexual reproduction-(bacteria do this)
Cell Division (biology terms)
Centromere
Sex chromosomes
Parent cell
haploid
A region of the chromosome where the two sister chromatids ar…
A chromosome that determines sex
A cell that gives rise to daughter cells
having only one chromosomes of each homologous pair
Centromere
A region of the chromosome where the two sister chromatids ar…
Sex chromosomes
A chromosome that determines sex
Biology cell division terms
Genes
DNA
chromosomes
Chromatids
The basic physical and functional unit of heredity.
The hereditary material in humans and almost all other organi…
DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures.
One copy of a duplicated chromosomes
Genes
The basic physical and functional unit of heredity.
DNA
The hereditary material in humans and almost all other organi…
28 terms
Biology Cell Division terms.
Asexual Reproductin
Sexual reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosome
A type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
Sexual reproduction creates unique offspring with traits from…
A complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within t…
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nuc…
Asexual Reproductin
A type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single…
Sexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction creates unique offspring with traits from…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
9 terms
Cell Division Terms (BIOLOGY)
Cell is growing and making new organel…
DNA replication occurs making double D…
Cell is growing and starting division…
Chromosomes become visible
G1 PHASE
S PHASE
G2 PHASE
Prophase
Cell is growing and making new organel…
G1 PHASE
DNA replication occurs making double D…
S PHASE
Cell Division Biology Honors
G1
S phase
G2
Interphase
Growth phase
When DNA Replication occurs
The stage of interphase where the organelles divide
Cell growth
G1
Growth phase
S phase
When DNA Replication occurs
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
34 terms
RHS Biology - Cell Division
Surface Area
Volume
Cell Division
Cell Growth
the outside area of something (length x width) x 6 sides
the quantity of space occupied by a liquid, solid, or gas (le…
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
cell development and cell division
Surface Area
the outside area of something (length x width) x 6 sides
Volume
the quantity of space occupied by a liquid, solid, or gas (le…
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
When during the cell cycle is a cell's…
Which event occurs during interphase
volume increases faster than its surface area
only during cell division
S phase
The cell grows
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
only during cell division
12 terms
Biology Term 2 - Cell Division
kines
inter
pro
ana
to move
between
before
opposite
kines
to move
inter
between
biology final (cell division)
cell cycle
gap 1
synthesis
gap 2
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divisi…
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
DNA replication
additional growth and normal functions
cell cycle
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divisi…
gap 1
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
36 terms
Biology Terms for Cell Division Unit
The longest part of the cell cycle
The stage of the Cell Cycle immediatel…
The stage of the cell cycle that you f…
One of the many reasons for the format…
What is Interphase
What is G1
What is G0
What is inability to control the timing of the cell cycle?
The longest part of the cell cycle
What is Interphase
The stage of the Cell Cycle immediatel…
What is G1
Biology Terms: Cell Division- Mitosis
nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
chromosomes line up on equator
mitochondria and other organelles repl…
centrioles move to opposite ends of cell
telophase
metaphase
interphase (g1)
prophase
nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
telophase
chromosomes line up on equator
metaphase
Cell Division Terms (Honors Biology)
Anaphase
Asexual Reproduction
Centriole
Chromatid
The fourth stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
Move toward the poles during cell division.
A chromosome thing, sometimes there are sisters of them.
Anaphase
The fourth stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
Asexual Reproduction
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
Biology Terms for Cell Division Unit
The longest part of the cell cycle
The stage of the Cell Cycle immediatel…
The stage of the cell cycle that you f…
One of the many reasons for the format…
What is Interphase
What is G1
What is G0
What is inability to control the timing of the cell cycle?
The longest part of the cell cycle
What is Interphase
The stage of the Cell Cycle immediatel…
What is G1
Cell Division- Biology (Thessen)
Homologous chromosomes
G1 phase
G2 phase
S phase
chromosomes that contain the same genes.
When the cell grows and does its job.
When the cell grows and doubles its organelles in preparation…
When the cell replicates its DNA
Homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that contain the same genes.
G1 phase
When the cell grows and does its job.
29 terms
Biology - Cell Division
Cells are capable of what?
Cell create cells that are genetically…
When a cell become too large this is t…
Cell division occurs because cell volu…
division
similar
cell division
surface area
Cells are capable of what?
division
Cell create cells that are genetically…
similar
36 terms
Biology Cell Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromososme
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
form of reproduction in which cells of 2 parents unite to for…
threadlike structure of dna and protein that contain genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
LC Biology Cell Division
cell division
Reproduction
Mitosis and Meiosis
asexual reproduction
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
When a unicellular organism carries out mitosis , this result…
2 types of cell division
The production of genetically identical offspirng from a sing…
cell division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Reproduction
When a unicellular organism carries out mitosis , this result…
40 terms
Biology Unit 5 Cell Division
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. ... Final product is 2 ce…
1st phase... Chromatin coils making chromosomes visible... nuclear…
2nd phase ... Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned…
3rd phase... the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the…
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. ... Final product is 2 ce…
Prophase
1st phase... Chromatin coils making chromosomes visible... nuclear…
Biology 6A Cell Division
CHROMOSOME
MITOSIS
BINARY FISSION
CHROMATID
COMPACT STRUCTURES OF DNA AND PROTEINS
CELL DIVISION THAT CREATES TWO CELLS THAT ARE GENETICALLY IDE…
CELL DIVISION THAT OCCURS IN PROKARYOTES
HALF OF A CHROMOSOME
CHROMOSOME
COMPACT STRUCTURES OF DNA AND PROTEINS
MITOSIS
CELL DIVISION THAT CREATES TWO CELLS THAT ARE GENETICALLY IDE…
27 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Cell division
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Body cells
Cell cycle
Contains chromosomes
Made of DNA molecules... Carry a large number of genes
Chromosomes are normally found in pairs... Except in the gametes…
A series of stages where cells divide
Nucleus
Contains chromosomes
Chromosomes
Made of DNA molecules... Carry a large number of genes
23 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cell Division
Centriole
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
Centriole
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
Chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
50 terms
Academic Biology: Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
23 terms
Cell Growth and Division Biology Terms
Cell Cycle
Gap 1
Synthesis
Gap 2
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
DNA replication
additional growth and normal functions
Cell Cycle
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division
Gap 1
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
25 terms
Biology for cell division and cancer
crossing over
p53
chromatin
chromatid
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
when the cell is NOT dividing; looks like messy hair
each side of the chromosome (divides)
crossing over
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
p53
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
109 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
What is cell division
What are the two possible products of…
What is the purpose of creating geneti…
What is the purpose of creating geneti…
The process by which a cell divides to create daughter cells.
The process can produce either genetically unique cells, or g…
•So that offspring have a better chance of survival. ... •Variat…
In the event that a cell is damaged or dies, a new cell may t…
What is cell division
The process by which a cell divides to create daughter cells.
What are the two possible products of…
The process can produce either genetically unique cells, or g…
50 terms
Biology: Cell Division
What happens during cell cycle?
In what phase does cells spend most of…
What is Interphase?
During what phase the cell divides?
During a full cell cycle, a cell grows and serves its normal…
interphase
Interphase is the part of the cell cycle dedicated to working…
When it is time to divide, the cell does so through mitosis a…
What happens during cell cycle?
During a full cell cycle, a cell grows and serves its normal…
In what phase does cells spend most of…
interphase
36 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle and Division
Chromosome
Cyclin
Karyotype
Mitosis
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
14 terms
Cell division biology key terms
Autosome
Sex chromosome
Karyotype
Gamete
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism…
the number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the ce…
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
Autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Sex chromosome
a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism…
33 terms
Biology-Cell Division and More
Why do Cells Divide?
Prokaryotic cells
Binary fission
Prokaryotic cells
-Growth... -Replacing old or damaged cells ... -Healing
Without nucleus, single, circular chromosome
A form of asexual reproduction - form of cell division for pr…
Cell life cycle much shorter than eukaryotes - happens very f…
Why do Cells Divide?
-Growth... -Replacing old or damaged cells ... -Healing
Prokaryotic cells
Without nucleus, single, circular chromosome
51 terms
Biology, Cell Terms and Cell Division (Semester 2)
What happens in Interphase
What is Mitosis?
What happens in G1
What happens in S phase
The cell is doing it's job and then it prepares for mitosis b…
the division of cells
1st phase of interphase; the cell grows in size and synthesiz…
2rd phase of interphase; To produce two similar daughter cell…
What happens in Interphase
The cell is doing it's job and then it prepares for mitosis b…
What is Mitosis?
the division of cells
AS Biology Cell Division
Mitosis
Main stages of mitosis
Significance of mitosis
Mitosis in plants vs mitosis in animals
Mitosis occupies only a small percentage of the cell cycle an…
Interphase... - ATP production... - cell growth... - protein synthesis…
Growth of multicellular organisms - cells genetically identic…
Animals... - most cells can divide by mitosis... - cytokinesis begi…
Mitosis
Mitosis occupies only a small percentage of the cell cycle an…
Main stages of mitosis
Interphase... - ATP production... - cell growth... - protein synthesis…
46 terms
Applied Biology Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
32 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Division (Mitosis)
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles
Tissue
Organs
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
Many cells combine to make this structure. Ex. osteocytes mak…
Tissues that perform a specific function. Ex. Muscle tissue m…
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Cell Organelles
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
16 terms
EHS - Biology - Cell Division
chromosome
chromatin
chromatid
karyotype
strand of DNA tightly coiled up
uncoiled DNA strands
2 copies of the same chromosome connected
arrangement of all the chromosomes by size
chromosome
strand of DNA tightly coiled up
chromatin
uncoiled DNA strands
AP Biology Cell Division
binary fission
mitosis
meiosis
diploid number
prokaryotic cell division; asexual reproduction
eukaryotic cell division (results in diploid)
gamete making process (results in haploid)
2N (in humans 46 chromosomes)
binary fission
prokaryotic cell division; asexual reproduction
mitosis
eukaryotic cell division (results in diploid)
23 terms
biology unit 6- Cell Division (23 terms)
Crossing Over
Diploid
Egg
Meiosis
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
A cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice th…
Female sex cell (gamete)
Cell division that produces gametes.
Crossing Over
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Diploid
A cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice th…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
biology - cell division
gamete(s)
non-disjunction
s (phase)
G1
where must a mutated gene be present in order to be passed on…
a failure of chromosome pairs to separate properly during cel…
-the phase in the cell cycle when the DNA is replicated and m…
-the phase in the cell cycle when Growth of cytoplasm and org…
gamete(s)
where must a mutated gene be present in order to be passed on…
non-disjunction
a failure of chromosome pairs to separate properly during cel…
Cell Division vocab biology
Gamete
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatid
A haploid cell within females and males that can attach to ea…
Cells combined together to make heredity from both the parents.
A mix of nucleic acids and proteins that are within the nucle…
Both strands on the chromosome.
Gamete
A haploid cell within females and males that can attach to ea…
Gene
Cells combined together to make heredity from both the parents.
66 terms
Academic Biology: Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
191 terms
Biology Cell Division
why do cells divide, why cant they jus…
DNA overload
why is the ratio of SA to V an issue?
DNA Overload: when a cell needs a prot…
1. DNA overload... 2. ratio of surface area to volume
the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
if the cell grows too large, it will be unable to move enough…
RNA (copies of genes), nucleus, ribosomes
why do cells divide, why cant they jus…
1. DNA overload... 2. ratio of surface area to volume
DNA overload
the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
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