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Study sets matching "biology terms cellular respiration"

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Study sets matching "biology terms cellular respiration"

13 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration terms
Cellular Respiration
Oxidation
Reduction
Inputs
Conversion of ADP into ATP in presence of O₂
lost electrons
gained electrons
Sugar and O₂
Cellular Respiration
Conversion of ADP into ATP in presence of O₂
Oxidation
lost electrons
100 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Terms
ATP
ADP
Oxygen, glucose
Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate
Adenosine Diphoshate
Organisms require_____and_____for cellular respiration.
What do the reactions of cellular respiration release?
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
ADP
Adenosine Diphoshate
32 terms
Biology Terms: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Glucose
Aerobic organisms
Anaerobic
The way cells break down sugars to make it easier to make ene…
Simple sugar that is a very important source of energy in an…
An organism that needs air/oxygen to metabolize glucose... (Aer.…
Doesn't require air/oxygen to grow, absence of air is usually…
Cellular Respiration
The way cells break down sugars to make it easier to make ene…
Glucose
Simple sugar that is a very important source of energy in an…
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
10 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Terms.
Atp
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Fermentation
Energy currency of life.
Relating to, involving, or requiring oxygen.
Relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen.
The chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or…
Atp
Energy currency of life.
Aerobic
Relating to, involving, or requiring oxygen.
9 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Terms
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Krebs cycle
Electron Transport
Provides energy for living organisms to perform functions to…
The breakdown of Glucose by Enzymes, releasing energy and Pyr…
Energy converted from a food or muscle cell.
A series of compounds that transfer electrons from one carrie…
Cellular Respiration
Provides energy for living organisms to perform functions to…
Glycolysis
The breakdown of Glucose by Enzymes, releasing energy and Pyr…
21 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Terms
cytoplasm
matrix
mitochondrial cristae
2
where glycolysis takes place
where the Krebs cycle occurs
where the electron transport chain takes place
net gain of ATP from glycolysis
cytoplasm
where glycolysis takes place
matrix
where the Krebs cycle occurs
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
12 terms
Biology Terms (Cellular Respiration)
glucose
glycolysis
TWO
cytoplasm
What molecule is broken down during respiration?
What is the 1st stage of respiration?
How many ATP are produced during the 1st stage of respiration?
In what part of the cell does the 1st stage of respiration ta…
glucose
What molecule is broken down during respiration?
glycolysis
What is the 1st stage of respiration?
39 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Terms
Name the source of energy for cells
Define calorie
How do your cells use energy?
Define cellular respiration
Glucose and other food compouds
The amount of energy it takes to raise 1 gram of water 1 degr…
To reproduce, manage metabolism, grow
The process that releases energy by breaking down molecules i…
Name the source of energy for cells
Glucose and other food compouds
Define calorie
The amount of energy it takes to raise 1 gram of water 1 degr…
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
10 terms
Biology terms- (Aerobic) Cellular Respiration
activation energy
Glycolosis
Formation of acetyl coenzyme A (CoA)
Krebs cycle
energy necessary to get a chemical process going
first stage in Cellular Respiration; 2 ATPs formed
second stage of Cellular Respiration; no ATPs formed
third stage of Cellular Resp.; 2 ATPs formed
activation energy
energy necessary to get a chemical process going
Glycolosis
first stage in Cellular Respiration; 2 ATPs formed
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
19 terms
Cellular Respiration Terms - AP Biology
redox reaction
oxidation
reduction
dehydrogenase
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a substance in…
the complete or partial addition of electrons to a substance…
an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of hydrogen from a subst…
redox reaction
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
oxidation
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a substance in…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
17 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
7 terms
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
49 terms
Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Terms
water
oxygen
sugar (glucose)
carbon dioxide
h2o
o2
c6h12o6
co2
water
h2o
oxygen
o2
39 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
24 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Terms
Oxidized
Reduced
Redox Reactions
NAD
Combined with or having undergone a chemical reaction with ox…
A species that undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
A chemical reaction in which one reactant becomes oxidized an…
(ninotinamide adenine dinucleotide) A compound found in all l…
Oxidized
Combined with or having undergone a chemical reaction with ox…
Reduced
A species that undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
19 terms
Cellular Respiration Terms - AP Biology
redox reaction
oxidation
reduction
dehydrogenase
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a substance in…
the complete or partial addition of electrons to a substance…
an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of hydrogen from a subst…
redox reaction
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
oxidation
the complete or partial loss of electrons from a substance in…
34 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
What are the building blocks of ATP?
What causes ATP to be an unstable mole…
Once ATP forms how long does it last?
What is the formula for the Hydrolysis…
Adenosine Triphosphate. (3 phosphate groups, ribose, and aden…
The negatively charged phosphate groups. the phosphate groups…
A short period of time.
ATP + Water -> ADP + PO4 + Energy
What are the building blocks of ATP?
Adenosine Triphosphate. (3 phosphate groups, ribose, and aden…
What causes ATP to be an unstable mole…
The negatively charged phosphate groups. the phosphate groups…
Biology Terms: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Photon
Carotenoid
The conversion of light energy into Chemical energy stored in…
The process in which cells make ATP by breaking down organic…
The unit of electromagnetic radiation
A light absorbing compound that functions as an accessory pig…
Photosynthesis
The conversion of light energy into Chemical energy stored in…
Cellular Respiration
The process in which cells make ATP by breaking down organic…
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
24 terms
biology terms - photosynthesis/cellular respiration
ATP
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
protein that stores and releases energy... Has a nitrogenous bas…
an organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead…
an organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorgan…
the process in which light energy is converted into chemical…
ATP
protein that stores and releases energy... Has a nitrogenous bas…
heterotroph
an organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead…
31 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary Terms
Glycolysis
One of the many simple sugars that can…
Products of Cell Respiration
Mitochondria is an organelle that can-
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
Glucose
H2O, CO2, and energy to charge up ADP into ATP
Carry out part of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
One of the many simple sugars that can…
Glucose
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
18 terms
BIOLOGY - PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELLULAR RESPIRATION TERMS
Pigment
Chloraphyll
Electron Carriers
ATP Synthase
Color from sunlight. Located in thylocoid.
Most common pigment in plants.
NAD+
What makes ATP
Pigment
Color from sunlight. Located in thylocoid.
Chloraphyll
Most common pigment in plants.
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration includes what two…
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
11 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Respiration
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
extraction of energy from organic mole…
carbohydrates or lipids and proteins
glucose
what is respiration on the gross level?
what is respiration on the cellular level?
what is the fuel for cellular respiration?
what form must carbohydrates be in order to enter the cell?
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
what is respiration on the gross level?
extraction of energy from organic mole…
what is respiration on the cellular level?
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
28 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
anaerobic
aerobic
chloroplast
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
13 terms
Cellular Respiration AP Biology
Glycolysis
Where Glycolysis occurs
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
In the cytosol
Cellular Respiration in the presence of oxygen
Cellular Respiration in the absence of oxygen
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Where Glycolysis occurs
In the cytosol
15 terms
Biology 5B Cellular Respiration
PYRUVIC ACID
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
GLYCOLYSIS
NADH
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
1ST STEP IN CELLULAR RESPIRATION... "SPLITTING GLUCOSE"
ELECTRON CARRIER MOLECULE MADE IN GLYCOLYSIS
PYRUVIC ACID
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
23 terms
Biology 101 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ATP Generation
Oxidation and Reduction reactions
Redox reactions
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
Electrons ARE chemical energy!... In Oxidation reactions, electr…
For every oxidation there must be a reduction: if something l…
Cellular Respiration
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
ATP Generation
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
17 terms
Biology (Webster): Cellular Respiration
NADH
Oxaloacetic acid
Krebs cycle
Aerobic respiration
Similar to NAD+, this molecule accepts electrons during the K…
A 4-cabon compound that combines with acetyl CoA to produce c…
A biochemical pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA, producing…
Process by which pyruvate is broken down and NADH is used to…
NADH
Similar to NAD+, this molecule accepts electrons during the K…
Oxaloacetic acid
A 4-cabon compound that combines with acetyl CoA to produce c…
21 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anerobic respiration
Glycolysis
A series of processes, including glycolysis, the Krebs cycle,…
Respiration that requires oxygen
Respiration that does not require oxygen
The anaerobic process that splits oxygen into two pyruvate mo…
Cellular Respiration
A series of processes, including glycolysis, the Krebs cycle,…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
15 terms
Biology Review Cellular Respiration
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
What is the currency for energy for al…
Write the general chemical formula for…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
ATP
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 ---- 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP... (glucose) (oxygen) (c…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
39 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
mitochondria
glucose
bonds of glucose are broken apart in c…
making ATP or given off as heat
Where does cellular respiration occur?
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
How does the cell get energy?
What is energy released from glucose used for?
mitochondria
Where does cellular respiration occur?
glucose
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
31 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
How much NET ATP is created during gly…
Define anaerobic and aerobic?
Cytoplasm
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
2
Aerobic requires oxygen to occur.... Anaerobic occurs without an…
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
Cytoplasm
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
Biology Basics: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Production of 38 ATP Molecules
3 Steps of Cellular Respiratoin
Glycolosis
Process of breaking down chemical nutrients into energy that…
Occurs for every molecule of glucose that is processed
1.Glycolosis 2.Krebs Cycle 3.Electron Transport Chain
1st step of cellular process... Anaerobic process.... Breaking down…
Cellular Respiration
Process of breaking down chemical nutrients into energy that…
Production of 38 ATP Molecules
Occurs for every molecule of glucose that is processed
12 terms
Biology: Ch 4 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration
ATP
ADP
Electron transport chain
ATP synthase
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
A series of proteins which function to transport a high energ…
An enzyme embedded in the inner membrane which uses the elect…
ATP
Primary energy molecule used for cellular processes.
ADP
Product released when ATP breaks down to release energy. A lo…
9 terms
SRHS Biology- Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
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