Study sets matching "biology terms chapter 11"

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19 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Signal Transduction Pathway
Multicellular Communication
Local Regulators
Reception
-a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surfacce is…
-animals and plants cells have cell junctions that connect th…
messenger molecules used by animal cells to communicate short…
ligand, or a signal molecule, binds to a receptor protein (…
Signal Transduction Pathway
-a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surfacce is…
Multicellular Communication
-animals and plants cells have cell junctions that connect th…
22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
True-Breeding
Hybrid
Alleles
Segregation
Plants that, if allowed to self-pollinate, would produce offs…
Offspring produced from two parents with different traits
Different forms of the same gene
The separation of alleles in the formation of gametes
True-Breeding
Plants that, if allowed to self-pollinate, would produce offs…
Hybrid
Offspring produced from two parents with different traits
Biology- Chapter 11 terms
Gamete
Zygote
Diploid
Haploid
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
The cell that results from the fusion of gametes
A cell that contains two haploid sets of chromosomes
Describes a cell, nucleus, or organism that has only on set o…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
Zygote
The cell that results from the fusion of gametes
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11 Terms
allele
autosome
carrier
codominance
one of two alternate forms of a gene that can have the same l…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Heterozygous individual who has no apparent abnormality but c…
Inheritence pattern in which both alleles of a gene are equal…
allele
one of two alternate forms of a gene that can have the same l…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Chapter 11 biology terms
Gene Pool
Allele Frequency
Microevolution
Directional Selection
The combined alleles of all of the individuals in the populat…
A measure of how common a certain allele is in the population
The observable change in the allele frequencies of a population
A type of selection that favors phenotypes
Gene Pool
The combined alleles of all of the individuals in the populat…
Allele Frequency
A measure of how common a certain allele is in the population
Biology Chapter 11 terms
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Genes
The scientific study of heredity
During reproduction the male and female reproductive cells jo…
A specific characteristic ... Ex) seed color
The genetic factors that passed from parent to offspring
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
During reproduction the male and female reproductive cells jo…
59 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
**PROTIST
**PROTOZOAN
EYESPOT
CYST
A light-sensitive area of some organisms.
A structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
**PROTIST
**PROTOZOAN
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
person who is heterozygous for a recessive trait
a family's history that traces genetic traits
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
A condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expres…
carrier
person who is heterozygous for a recessive trait
pedigree
a family's history that traces genetic traits
17 terms
Practical Biology - Chapter 11 Terms
Vertebrate
Invertebrate
Organ System
Symmetry
An animal with a backbone
An animal without a backbone
A group of organs and tissues that work together to perform a…
A body plan that forms mirror images along a line
Vertebrate
An animal with a backbone
Invertebrate
An animal without a backbone
27 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
the scientific study of heredity, which is key to understandi…
the process in which, during sexual reproduction, male and fe…
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
genetics
the scientific study of heredity, which is key to understandi…
fertilization
the process in which, during sexual reproduction, male and fe…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
Biology Chapter 11 vocab
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restrictive enzyme
Vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
Any agent such as plasmid or virus that can incorporate forei…
Genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Recombinant DNA
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocabulary
integumentary
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
second layer of skin, which is the most complex layer
fatty layer of loose connective tissue that binds the skin to…
integumentary
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
epidermis
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
54 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review Terms
DNA
RNA
Double Helix
Human Genome Project
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is RNA. A DNA…
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is DNA. RNA co…
Two strands of DNA hydrogen-bonded with each other. In a DNA…
A 13-year international effort coordinated by the U.S. Depart…
DNA
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is RNA. A DNA…
RNA
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is DNA. RNA co…
47 terms
Biology Chapter 11
What is genetics?
What is a trait?
Who mas Gregor Mendel?
What were Mendel's original plants cal…
The scientific study of heredity.
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
A monk who lived in the 1800's who was a pioneer in the field…
P, which stands for parental.
What is genetics?
The scientific study of heredity.
What is a trait?
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
gene pool
allele frequency
normal distribution
microevolution
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
observable changes in the allele frequencies of a population…
gene pool
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
allele frequency
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
41 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 11
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
Biology 201 Chapter 11
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
3 overlapping functions of the Nervous…
What Neuroglia (glial cells)—supportin…
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
1. Sensory input - information gathered by sensory receptors…
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
Central nervous system (CNS)
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
53 terms
Biology Chapter 11
define genetics
define fertilization
what is the principle of dominance
define alleles
the scientific study of heredity
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
the principle of dominance states that some alleles are domin…
the different forms of a gene
define genetics
the scientific study of heredity
define fertilization
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
29 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 11 Terms
Signal transduction pathway
Cell signaling
Local regulators
Paracrine signaling
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
part of a complex system of communication that governs basic…
a secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
a type of local signaling where the target cell is close to t…
Signal transduction pathway
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
Cell signaling
part of a complex system of communication that governs basic…
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
Asexual reproduction
Cell cycle
Homologous chromosomes
Interphase
Reproductive mode of eukaryotes by which offspring arise from…
A series of events from the time a cell forms until its cytop…
Chromosomes with the same length, shape, and genes
In a eukaryotic cell cycle, the interval between mitotic divi…
Asexual reproduction
Reproductive mode of eukaryotes by which offspring arise from…
Cell cycle
A series of events from the time a cell forms until its cytop…
Biology Chapter 11
Carrier
What are the types of basic human inhe…
Pedigree
What are examples of complex inheritan…
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
Recessive genetic disorders and dominant genetic disorders
A diagram that traces the inheritance of a particular trait t…
Incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles, epistasi…
Carrier
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
What are the types of basic human inhe…
Recessive genetic disorders and dominant genetic disorders
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
Homologous
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
Term used to refer to chromosomes in which one set comes from…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
Process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Homologous
Term used to refer to chromosomes in which one set comes from…
Diploid
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
The scientific study of heredity
The process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
The process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 11 (Hower)
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
the scientific study of heredity
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
the process during which male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific characteristic such as seed color or plant height
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Trait
Gene
Allele
Dominant Allele
A specific characteristic
A unit of heredity that expresses a given trait
A variation of an expressed gene
An allele that is expressed whenever it occurs
Trait
A specific characteristic
Gene
A unit of heredity that expresses a given trait
22 terms
Biology chapter 11 terms
punnet square
phenotype
genotype
homozygous
writing and diagramming the pheno and genotypes of the parent…
the physical traits of the gene
the genetic make up of a gene
a cell with two of the same alleles: ex. TT
punnet square
writing and diagramming the pheno and genotypes of the parent…
phenotype
the physical traits of the gene
38 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Heredity
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Fertilization
Transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Science of heredity
Father of genetics
Process where male and female reproductive cells join
Heredity
Transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Genetics
Science of heredity
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
gene
allele
gamete
phenotype
The factors that are passed down from one parental generation…
Different forms of a gene.
egg or sperm
The physical traits (purple/white flowers)
gene
The factors that are passed down from one parental generation…
allele
Different forms of a gene.
27 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
Genetics
Fertilization
Principle of Dominance
Trait
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Mendel's second conclusion, which states that some alleles ar…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Biology Terms: Chapter 11
Gene pool
Allele frequency
Normal distribution
Microevolution
Combined alleles of all of the individuals in a population
Measure of how common a certain allele is in a population
Frequency is highest near the mean value and decreases toward…
Observable change in allele frequencies of population
Gene pool
Combined alleles of all of the individuals in a population
Allele frequency
Measure of how common a certain allele is in a population
29 terms
Biology - Chapter 11 - Terms
gene expression
genome
structural gene
operator
the activation or "turning on" of a gene that results in tran…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
genes that code for polypeptides
a DNA segment that serves as a kind of "switch" by controllin…
gene expression
the activation or "turning on" of a gene that results in tran…
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
20 terms
Chapter 11 Biology terms
Alb
Carcin
Di, dipl
Eous
White
Cancer
Two, double
Like, nature of
Alb
White
Carcin
Cancer
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
25 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Vocabulary Terms
sexual selection
Founder Effect
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Reproductive Isolation
Selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; tra…
Genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals…
Condition in which a population allele frequencies for a give…
Final stage in speciation, in which members of isolated popul…
sexual selection
Selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; tra…
Founder Effect
Genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Quest
heredity
genetics
traits
alleles
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
study of heredity
characteristics passed down from parents to offspring; ex - a…
genes governing the same trait; different forms a gene can ta…
heredity
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
study of heredity
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
What results from dosage compensation…
Is colorblindness more common with boy…
How is the sex of a human determined
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
SEx linked trait. X-linked..males have only one X chromosome…
The sex chromosomes ; XX= female XY =male What the male contr…
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
What results from dosage compensation…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
28 terms
Biology Chapter 11 with images
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
13 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Carrier
Pedigree
Incomplete Dominance
Codominance
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
A condition in which neither of two alleles of a gene is domi…
Carrier
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
Pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
NW Biology Chapter 11 Study Guide
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
tetrads move to equator (middle)
homologous pairs of chromosomes pull (apart)
chromosomes are (together) at poles; cytokinesis occurs
Prophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
Metaphase I
tetrads move to equator (middle)
40 terms
Chapter 11 Biology terms
Genetics
Heredity
Fertilization
Trait
Scientific study of heredity
Passing of traits from parents to their offspring
Process by which cells release energy if the absence of oxygen
Specific characteristics of an individual
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to their offspring
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
23 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
What are events that must occur before…
What are the three cellular division p…
What is the difference between chromos…
Interphase
1. Reproductive signal... 2. Replication... 3. Segregation... 4. Cytok…
1. Binary Fission (prokaryotes)... 2. Mitosis (eukaryotes)... 3. Me…
Chromatid is a newly replicated DNA, chromosome are two siste…
contains G1, S, and G2 phases
What are events that must occur before…
1. Reproductive signal... 2. Replication... 3. Segregation... 4. Cytok…
What are the three cellular division p…
1. Binary Fission (prokaryotes)... 2. Mitosis (eukaryotes)... 3. Me…
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