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22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
19 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Signal Transduction Pathway
Multicellular Communication
Local Regulators
Reception
-a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surfacce is…
-animals and plants cells have cell junctions that connect th…
messenger molecules used by animal cells to communicate short…
ligand, or a signal molecule, binds to a receptor protein (…
Signal Transduction Pathway
-a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surfacce is…
Multicellular Communication
-animals and plants cells have cell junctions that connect th…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
True-Breeding
Hybrid
Alleles
Segregation
Plants that, if allowed to self-pollinate, would produce offs…
Offspring produced from two parents with different traits
Different forms of the same gene
The separation of alleles in the formation of gametes
True-Breeding
Plants that, if allowed to self-pollinate, would produce offs…
Hybrid
Offspring produced from two parents with different traits
11 terms
Biology- Chapter 11 terms
Gamete
Zygote
Diploid
Haploid
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
The cell that results from the fusion of gametes
A cell that contains two haploid sets of chromosomes
Describes a cell, nucleus, or organism that has only on set o…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
Zygote
The cell that results from the fusion of gametes
40 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
12 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocab
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restrictive enzyme
Vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
Any agent such as plasmid or virus that can incorporate forei…
Genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Recombinant DNA
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocabulary
integumentary
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
second layer of skin, which is the most complex layer
fatty layer of loose connective tissue that binds the skin to…
integumentary
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
epidermis
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11 Terms
allele
autosome
carrier
codominance
one of two alternate forms of a gene that can have the same l…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Heterozygous individual who has no apparent abnormality but c…
Inheritence pattern in which both alleles of a gene are equal…
allele
one of two alternate forms of a gene that can have the same l…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
12 terms
Chapter 11 biology terms
Gene Pool
Allele Frequency
Microevolution
Directional Selection
The combined alleles of all of the individuals in the populat…
A measure of how common a certain allele is in the population
The observable change in the allele frequencies of a population
A type of selection that favors phenotypes
Gene Pool
The combined alleles of all of the individuals in the populat…
Allele Frequency
A measure of how common a certain allele is in the population
38 terms
Harwood AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
local regulators
cell junctions
cell-cell recognition
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
a secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
allows molecules to pass readily between adjacent cells witho…
two cells in an animal may communicate by interaction between…
signal transduction pathway
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
local regulators
a secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
41 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 11
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
Biology Chapter 11 terms
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Genes
The scientific study of heredity
During reproduction the male and female reproductive cells jo…
A specific characteristic ... Ex) seed color
The genetic factors that passed from parent to offspring
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
During reproduction the male and female reproductive cells jo…
59 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
**PROTIST
**PROTOZOAN
EYESPOT
CYST
A light-sensitive area of some organisms.
A structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
**PROTIST
**PROTOZOAN
16 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
17 terms
Practical Biology - Chapter 11 Terms
Vertebrate
Invertebrate
Organ System
Symmetry
An animal with a backbone
An animal without a backbone
A group of organs and tissues that work together to perform a…
A body plan that forms mirror images along a line
Vertebrate
An animal with a backbone
Invertebrate
An animal without a backbone
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
27 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
the scientific study of heredity, which is key to understandi…
the process in which, during sexual reproduction, male and fe…
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
genetics
the scientific study of heredity, which is key to understandi…
fertilization
the process in which, during sexual reproduction, male and fe…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
53 terms
Biology Chapter 11
define genetics
define fertilization
what is the principle of dominance
define alleles
the scientific study of heredity
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
the principle of dominance states that some alleles are domin…
the different forms of a gene
define genetics
the scientific study of heredity
define fertilization
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
54 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review Terms
DNA
RNA
Double Helix
Human Genome Project
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is RNA. A DNA…
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is DNA. RNA co…
Two strands of DNA hydrogen-bonded with each other. In a DNA…
A 13-year international effort coordinated by the U.S. Depart…
DNA
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is RNA. A DNA…
RNA
One of two classes of nucleic acids; the other is DNA. RNA co…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 11 (Hower)
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Quest
heredity
genetics
traits
alleles
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
study of heredity
characteristics passed down from parents to offspring; ex - a…
genes governing the same trait; different forms a gene can ta…
heredity
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
study of heredity
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
What results from dosage compensation…
Is colorblindness more common with boy…
How is the sex of a human determined
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
SEx linked trait. X-linked..males have only one X chromosome…
The sex chromosomes ; XX= female XY =male What the male contr…
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
What results from dosage compensation…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11
heredity
genetics
self-pollination
p generation
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
The study of heredity.
The movement of pollen from the male sex organs to the female…
The pure plants that Mendel produced by self-pollination.
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
genetics
The study of heredity.
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
17 terms
NW Biology Chapter 11 Study Guide
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
tetrads move to equator (middle)
homologous pairs of chromosomes pull (apart)
chromosomes are (together) at poles; cytokinesis occurs
Prophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
Metaphase I
tetrads move to equator (middle)
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 11 with images
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
29 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 11 Terms
Signal transduction pathway
Cell signaling
Local regulators
Paracrine signaling
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
part of a complex system of communication that governs basic…
a secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
a type of local signaling where the target cell is close to t…
Signal transduction pathway
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
Cell signaling
part of a complex system of communication that governs basic…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
27 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics N. Walker
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Gene
Scientific study of heredity.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristics of an individual.
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity.
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
hormones
ligand
protein kinase
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
A molecule that specifically binds to another molecule, often…
The enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from ATP to protein.
signal transduction pathway
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
hormones
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
24 terms
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
gene pool
allele frequency
normal distribution
microevolution
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
observable changes in the allele frequencies of a population…
gene pool
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
allele frequency
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
the scientific study of heredity
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
the process during which male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific characteristic such as seed color or plant height
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
24 terms
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
12 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 11.2
excretion
ureters
urinary bladder
urethra
Process by which metabolic wastes are eliminated from the body
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
saclike organ in which urine is stored before being excreted
Duct through which urine is discharged.
excretion
Process by which metabolic wastes are eliminated from the body
ureters
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
23 terms
Genetics: WHS Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
gene
the scientific study of heredity
the process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
the process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
25 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Vocabulary Terms
sexual selection
Founder Effect
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Reproductive Isolation
Selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; tra…
Genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals…
Condition in which a population allele frequencies for a give…
Final stage in speciation, in which members of isolated popul…
sexual selection
Selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; tra…
Founder Effect
Genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals…
11 terms
Biology - Endocrine System Chapter 11
aldosterone
cortisol
epinephrine
melatonin
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
A hormone produced and secreted by the adrenal medulla that p…
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces slee…
aldosterone
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
cortisol
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join.
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
13 terms
Biology chapter 11 terms
Phenotype
Genotype
Dominant
Characters
Physical appearance of an organism
Genetic makeup for an organism
Mask recessive traits when both are present
Attributes for which heritable differences are known
Phenotype
Physical appearance of an organism
Genotype
Genetic makeup for an organism
20 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
The scientific study of heredity
The process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
The process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
7 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
Homologous
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
Term used to refer to chromosomes in which one set comes from…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
Process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Homologous
Term used to refer to chromosomes in which one set comes from…
Diploid
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
57 terms
Biology 201 Chapter 11
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
3 overlapping functions of the Nervous…
What Neuroglia (glial cells)—supportin…
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
1. Sensory input - information gathered by sensory receptors…
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
Central nervous system (CNS)
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Terms
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity.
The process in which male and female reproductive cells join…
A specific characteristic of an individual.
Offspring of crosses with parents with different traits.
Genetics
The study of heredity.
Fertilization
The process in which male and female reproductive cells join…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
incomplete dominance
codominance
multiple alleles
sex-linked trait
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
three or more alleles of the same gene that code for a single…
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
incomplete dominance
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
codominance
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
14 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Trait
Gene
Allele
Dominant Allele
A specific characteristic
A unit of heredity that expresses a given trait
A variation of an expressed gene
An allele that is expressed whenever it occurs
Trait
A specific characteristic
Gene
A unit of heredity that expresses a given trait
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