Study sets matching "biology terms chapter 4 tissues anatomy physiology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology terms chapter 4 tissues anatomy physiology"

167 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 4 tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
Nervous tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs body cavities an…
Protects and supports the body and its organs various types o…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generationa…
Detects changes and variety of conditions inside and outside…
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs body cavities an…
Connective tissue
Protects and supports the body and its organs various types o…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Covering and Lining Epithelium
Grandular Epithelium
Roles of epithelial tissue
is a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a bod…
forms the outer layer of the skin; dips into & lines the open…
fashions the glands of the body
(1) protection from abrasion, (2) absorption, (3) filtration,…
Epithelial Tissue
is a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a bod…
Covering and Lining Epithelium
forms the outer layer of the skin; dips into & lines the open…
Tissues Anatomy and physiology chapter 4
embryonic stem cells
adult stem cells
tissue
epithelial tissue
An undifferentiated cell, taken from an embryo that has poten…
Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells, found throughout…
Group of fully specialized cells that perform similar functio…
Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines organs and c…
embryonic stem cells
An undifferentiated cell, taken from an embryo that has poten…
adult stem cells
Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells, found throughout…
87 terms
Chapter 4 Tissues Anatomy and Physiology
Tissue
Four Major tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
A group of similar cells that are specialized for particular…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
Covers body surfaces, lines body cavities, hollow organs and…
Protects and supports the body and its organs, binds organs t…
Tissue
A group of similar cells that are specialized for particular…
Four Major tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
adipose
antigen
areolar connective tissue
axon
specialized fat tissue that stores lipids
substance that when introduced to the body causes formation o…
a type of connective tissue consisting of fibers and a variet…
nerve cell process that transmits impulses AWAY from the cell…
adipose
specialized fat tissue that stores lipids
antigen
substance that when introduced to the body causes formation o…
124 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 4-Tissues
Tissues
histology
epithelial tissues
connective tissue
collections of cell and cell products that perform a relative…
study of tissues
covers exposed surfaces... lines internal passageways and chambe…
fills internal spaces... provides structural support... stores energy
Tissues
collections of cell and cell products that perform a relative…
histology
study of tissues
68 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy and Physiology (tissues)
Tissues
histology
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
differentiated; exist in cooperative communities; Most organs…
study of tissues
Covers and lines
Provides support
Tissues
differentiated; exist in cooperative communities; Most organs…
histology
study of tissues
59 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy and Physiology (tissues)
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
differentiated; exist in cooperative communities; Most organs…
Covers and lines
Provides support
Enables Movement
Tissues
differentiated; exist in cooperative communities; Most organs…
Epithelial Tissue
Covers and lines
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Apical Layer
Basal Layer
Basal Lamina
What is the role of the basal lamina?
Exterior layer of cells
Lower cells attached to connective tissue, faces the basement…
Thin supporting sheet, composed of glycoproteins and collagen…
To filter molecules coming into the epithelial tissue from co…
Apical Layer
Exterior layer of cells
Basal Layer
Lower cells attached to connective tissue, faces the basement…
Chapter 4 Anatomy and Physiology (tissues)
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
differentiated; exist in cooperative communities; Most organs…
Covers and lines
Provides support
Enables Movement
Tissues
differentiated; exist in cooperative communities; Most organs…
Epithelial Tissue
Covers and lines
117 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Tissue
4 general types of tissue
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Cells that are grouped together through their similar structu…
Epithelial, muscular, connective, nervous
Study of different tissues and their functions
Tissue with layer(s) of cells that create boundaries and form…
Tissue
Cells that are grouped together through their similar structu…
4 general types of tissue
Epithelial, muscular, connective, nervous
75 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Tissues
4 Primary tissue types
Histology
Artifacts
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a c…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Study of tissues
Minor distortions in tissues
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a c…
4 Primary tissue types
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
autopsy
biopsy
3 ways to categorize tissue
ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm
study of tissues in a human body to determine the COD
study of living tissue that is cut and sent for testing
1. structure... 2. function... 3. type of extracellular fluid
3 embryonic tissue layers
autopsy
study of tissues in a human body to determine the COD
biopsy
study of living tissue that is cut and sent for testing
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4:Tissues
covering lining and membranes
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous
-composed of at least two primary tissue types... -simple organs
-skin... -Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium (epidermis)…
-All called mucosae... -Lines body cavities opento the exterior(…
-also called serosae... -found in the closed ventral body cavity…
covering lining and membranes
-composed of at least two primary tissue types... -simple organs
Cutaneous Membrane
-skin... -Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium (epidermis)…
46 terms
Honors anatomy/physiology chapter 4 test, tissues
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified ciliated epithelium
one layer of flattened epithelial cells; diffuses, absorbs, a…
one layer of cube-shaped epithelial cells; covers and lines g…
one layer of rectangular-shaped epithelial cells; lines cavit…
one layer of ciliated epithelial cells that look like more th…
simple squamous epithelium
one layer of flattened epithelial cells; diffuses, absorbs, a…
simple cuboidal epithelium
one layer of cube-shaped epithelial cells; covers and lines g…
anatomy and physiology: tissue chapter 4
epithelial tissue
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
covering, lining, and glandular tissue of the body. its funct…
a single layer of squamous cells. ... lines all hollow circulato…
active in secretion and absorption... found in glands and in kid…
specialized for secretion and absorption... lines the digestive…
epithelial tissue
covering, lining, and glandular tissue of the body. its funct…
simple squamous epithelium
a single layer of squamous cells. ... lines all hollow circulato…
50 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY - Chapter 4 - TISSUES & MEMBRANES
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY... Chapter 4
CHONDROCYTE
COLLAGENOUS FIBERS
ELASTIC FIBERS
.........
Cartilage cell
Strong flexible connective tissue (CT) fibers that contain pr…
Yellow connective tissue (CT) that are not strong but can be…
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY... Chapter 4
.........
CHONDROCYTE
Cartilage cell
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Tissue
Histology
Intercellular junctions
Tight junctions
group of cells w/ common embryonic origin that work together…
branch of pathology, study of the microscopic anatomy of cell…
connect adjacent cells mechanically at the cell membranes or…
found where a leak-proof seal is needed between cells (keep m…
Tissue
group of cells w/ common embryonic origin that work together…
Histology
branch of pathology, study of the microscopic anatomy of cell…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4: Tissues
Connective, Muscle, Nervous, and Epith…
Simple Squamous
Simple Squamous
Stratified Squamous
What are the four primary types of tissue?
"One layer of flat, or scalelike cells that rest on a basemen…
This type of tissue would be found in the...... lining of the b…
"Many layers of cells where the cells near the basement membr…
Connective, Muscle, Nervous, and Epith…
What are the four primary types of tissue?
Simple Squamous
"One layer of flat, or scalelike cells that rest on a basemen…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4 (Tissues)
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
STRUCTURE: single layer of flat scale like cells... LOCATION: li…
STRUCTURE: single layer of cube-shaped cells (some have micro…
STRUCTURE: single layer of tall, narrow cells (some cilia and…
STRUCTURE: multiple layers of cubical cells, flat and scale l…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
STRUCTURE: single layer of flat scale like cells... LOCATION: li…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
STRUCTURE: single layer of cube-shaped cells (some have micro…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4: Tissues
Connective, Muscle, Nervous, and Epith…
Simple Squamous
Simple Squamous
Stratified Squamous
What are the four primary types of tissue?
"One layer of flat, or scalelike cells that rest on a basemen…
This type of tissue would be found in the...... lining of the b…
"Many layers of cells where the cells near the basement membr…
Connective, Muscle, Nervous, and Epith…
What are the four primary types of tissue?
Simple Squamous
"One layer of flat, or scalelike cells that rest on a basemen…
74 terms
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 4 Tissues
Epithelial tissues
Connective tissues
Muscular tissues
Nervous tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Protects and supports the body and organs. Holds organs toget…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generating…
Detects changes in internal and external environment, and res…
Epithelial tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Connective tissues
Protects and supports the body and organs. Holds organs toget…
13 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4 - Tissues
Blood
Bone (Osseous)
Edema
Endocrine glands
type of connective tissue, fluid within the blood vessels, co…
type of connective tissue, supports and protects, provides ca…
when a body region is inflamed, the areolar tissue in the are…
ductless glands, produce hormones, messenger chemicals that t…
Blood
type of connective tissue, fluid within the blood vessels, co…
Bone (Osseous)
type of connective tissue, supports and protects, provides ca…
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 4 (tissues)
Tissues
Histology
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelia
A collection of cells that perform specific functions
The study of tissues
Lines internal passages and chambers, forms glands, covers ex…
Layered cells that line internal and external surfaces of the…
Tissues
A collection of cells that perform specific functions
Histology
The study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4- Tissues
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective tissue
Areolar connective tissue modified to store nutrients; a conn…
White, semi opaque connective tissue
Mature cell of cartilage
Primary tissue; form and function vary extensively; functions…
Adipose Tissue
Areolar connective tissue modified to store nutrients; a conn…
Cartilage
White, semi opaque connective tissue
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4 - Tissues
Blood
Bone (Osseous)
Edema
Endocrine glands
type of connective tissue, fluid within the blood vessels, co…
type of connective tissue, supports and protects, provides ca…
when a body region is inflamed, the areolar tissue in the are…
ductless glands, produce hormones, messenger chemicals that t…
Blood
type of connective tissue, fluid within the blood vessels, co…
Bone (Osseous)
type of connective tissue, supports and protects, provides ca…
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Apical surface
Basal lamina (Basement Membrane)
Basal surface
Columnar cells
the plasma membrane that faces inward to the lumen
a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial ce…
the bottom edge of the cell or tissue adjacent to the basemen…
epithelial cells found in the inner lining of the intestine
Apical surface
the plasma membrane that faces inward to the lumen
Basal lamina (Basement Membrane)
a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial ce…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
cell specialization
tissue
histology
six functions of epithelium
...
...
...
...
cell specialization
...
tissue
...
140 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy & Physiology (tissues)
tissues
Histology
biopsy
endoderm
collection of specialized cells that are the extracellular su…
the microscopic study of tissues
process of removing tissues samples from patients surgically…
inner later, forms the lining of the digestive tract and its…
tissues
collection of specialized cells that are the extracellular su…
Histology
the microscopic study of tissues
74 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Tissues
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissue
a group of cells, usually with a common embryonic origin
the science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who examines cells and tissues to help other phys…
covers the body's surfaces; lines the body cavities, hollow o…
tissue
a group of cells, usually with a common embryonic origin
histology
the science that deals with the study of tissues
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Tissues
Functions of epithelial tissue
Transitional epithelium
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
physical protection, permeability, sensation, secretion
permits expansion and recoil
release secretion to interstitial fluid, hormones
release secretions to ducts to epithelial surface, sweat and…
Functions of epithelial tissue
physical protection, permeability, sensation, secretion
Transitional epithelium
permits expansion and recoil
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 4 (Tissues)
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue: General
Epithelium
Glandular epithelium
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a c…
...
A sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
fashions the glands of the body
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a c…
Epithelial Tissue: General
...
119 terms
Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 4: Tissues
What attaches muscles to bones?
The whole muscle is composed of muscle…
What is the connective tissue covering…
What is the connective tissue covering…
Tendons.
Epimysium.
Epimysium.
Perimysium.
What attaches muscles to bones?
Tendons.
The whole muscle is composed of muscle…
Epimysium.
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Dense regular connective
Adipose connective tissue
Dense irregular connective
Osseous tissue
Parallel bundles of collagenic fibers provide strength; found…
Stores fat
The skin dermis
Hardest tissue of our "skull cap"
Dense regular connective
Parallel bundles of collagenic fibers provide strength; found…
Adipose connective tissue
Stores fat
130 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Tissue
Histology
Differentiation
Totipotent
group of cells with similar structure that have a common func…
study of tissues
specialization of cells into differing cell and tissue types…
ability to become any cell
Tissue
group of cells with similar structure that have a common func…
Histology
study of tissues
Anatomy and Physiology-Chapter 4-Tissues
4 principal types of tissue
Function of epithelial tissue
Simple squamous
Simple cuboidal
Epithelial, connective, muscle, & nervous
• Covers & protects body surfaces in and out. ... • Moves subst…
Single layer, thin, flat, scale-like. Found in lining of bloo…
Cube shaped single layer, (carry out secretion & absorption f…
4 principal types of tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscle, & nervous
Function of epithelial tissue
• Covers & protects body surfaces in and out. ... • Moves subst…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Simple Epithelium
Stratified Epithelium
Composed of cells specialized to carry on a particular function
Tightly packed, effective barriers with little extracellular…
single layer of cells
several layers of cells
Tissue
Composed of cells specialized to carry on a particular function
Epithelial Tissue
Tightly packed, effective barriers with little extracellular…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4-Connective Tissues
Blasts
Cytes
Clasts
Collagen fibers
Suffix for connective tissue cells that create the extracellu…
Suffix for connective tissue cells that maintain the extracel…
Suffix for connective tissue cells that break down the extrac…
These protein fibers are the most common protein in the body…
Blasts
Suffix for connective tissue cells that create the extracellu…
Cytes
Suffix for connective tissue cells that maintain the extracel…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 (Tissues)
Tissues
Tissues are composed of...
What are the 4 basic types of tissues?
What is the Epithelial Tissue connecte…
A collection of cells with similar structure adapted for a sp…
cells with a particular shape, size, and arrangement
1. Epithelial... 2. Connective... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
Underlying tissue by basement membrane- polysaccharide fibers…
Tissues
A collection of cells with similar structure adapted for a sp…
Tissues are composed of...
cells with a particular shape, size, and arrangement
28 terms
chapter 4: Tissues Anatomy Physiology
Is endergonic, requiring more energy t…
the final fate of electrons in the ele…
Oxidation Reaction
Acetyl Coenzyme A
anabolism
hydrogen, water
results in loss of hydrogen atoms in most biologic systems
is formed through oxidation of pyruvic acid.... formation requir…
Is endergonic, requiring more energy t…
anabolism
the final fate of electrons in the ele…
hydrogen, water
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 4 Tissues
Epithelial tissues
Connective tissues
Muscular tissues
Nervous tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Protects and supports the body and organs. Holds organs toget…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generating…
Detects changes in internal and external environment, and res…
Epithelial tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Connective tissues
Protects and supports the body and organs. Holds organs toget…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Tissues
4 types of tissues
Tissue
Epithelial
Connective
Connective, Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle
Collection of similar cells and surrounding substances
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, Also forms glan…
protects and supports the body and its organs
4 types of tissues
Connective, Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle
Tissue
Collection of similar cells and surrounding substances
23 terms
Understanding Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Tissues
Adipose tissue
Areolar tissue
Chondrocytes
Columnar epithelium
Type of loose connective tissue dominated by fat cells
Type of loose connective issue that lies beneath almost all e…
Cartilage-forming cells
Epithelial tissue composed of cells having a tall columnar sh…
Adipose tissue
Type of loose connective tissue dominated by fat cells
Areolar tissue
Type of loose connective issue that lies beneath almost all e…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - chapter 4: classification of epithelial tissues
simple epithelium
stratified epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
squamous
consists of a single layer of cells, with each cell extending…
consists of more than one layer of cells, but only the basal…
special type of simple epithelium that appears to be stratifi…
flat, scalelike cells
simple epithelium
consists of a single layer of cells, with each cell extending…
stratified epithelium
consists of more than one layer of cells, but only the basal…
74 terms
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 4 Tissues
Epithelial tissues
Connective tissues
Muscular tissues
Nervous tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Protects and supports the body and organs. Holds organs toget…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generating…
Detects changes in internal and external environment, and res…
Epithelial tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Connective tissues
Protects and supports the body and organs. Holds organs toget…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - chapter 4: classification of epithelial tissues
simple epithelium
stratified epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
squamous
consists of a single layer of cells, with each cell extending…
consists of more than one layer of cells, but only the basal…
special type of simple epithelium that appears to be stratifi…
flat, scalelike cells
simple epithelium
consists of a single layer of cells, with each cell extending…
stratified epithelium
consists of more than one layer of cells, but only the basal…
45 terms
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 4 Tissues
Epithelial tissues
Tight junction
Gap junction
Apical Surface
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
A joining of proteins that fuse together the outer surfaces o…
plasma membranes of neighboring cells are not fused together,…
#4 the surface of an epithelial cell that faces the body surf…
Epithelial tissues
#5 Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, cavities, an…
Tight junction
A joining of proteins that fuse together the outer surfaces o…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar epithelium
cells packed tightly together-little intercellular space, ava…
single layer of flattened cells, lines the inside of blood ve…
single layer of cube shaped cells forms the walls of skin duc…
single layer of cylindrical cells lining the inside of the st…
Epithelial Tissue
cells packed tightly together-little intercellular space, ava…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
single layer of flattened cells, lines the inside of blood ve…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4 - Tissues
Blood
Bone (Osseous)
Edema
Endocrine glands
type of connective tissue, fluid within the blood vessels, co…
type of connective tissue, supports and protects, provides ca…
when a body region is inflamed, the areolar tissue in the are…
ductless glands, produce hormones, messenger chemicals that t…
Blood
type of connective tissue, fluid within the blood vessels, co…
Bone (Osseous)
type of connective tissue, supports and protects, provides ca…
58 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4: Tissues
diffusion (simple)
isotonic
hypotonic
hypertonic
no ATP; goes from area of high concentration to an area of lo…
H2O regulated
H2O in
H2O out
diffusion (simple)
no ATP; goes from area of high concentration to an area of lo…
isotonic
H2O regulated
1 of 10