How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology terms chapter 6"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology terms chapter 6"

19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
44 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 6
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrate
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
chemical reaction in which the addition of a water molecule c…
organic macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
Macromolecules
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
Dehydration Synthesis
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
78 terms
Biology Chapter 6
ATP and NADPH
G3P
Light, H2O, NADP+, and and ADP
By using photosynthesis
What is created in the Light Reaction?
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
What comes in for the Light Reaction to work?
How does the autotroph eat?
ATP and NADPH
What is created in the Light Reaction?
G3P
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
27 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
The building blocks of matter
The part of the atom where neutrons and protons are located
Positively charged particles (p^+)
Particles that have no charge (n^0)
Atoms
The building blocks of matter
Nucleus
The part of the atom where neutrons and protons are located
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
29 terms
Biology Chapter 6
filter feeding
herbivore
carnivore
secrete
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Form and release, or give off.
filter feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
herbivore
An animal that eats plants.
67 terms
CCS Biology Chapter 6 & 7
circulatory system
digestive system
endocrine system
excretory system
carries materials to and from the cells
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
produces hormones which regulate certain activities of the body
rids the body of wastes
circulatory system
carries materials to and from the cells
digestive system
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
27 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
64 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
GENOME
PARTHENOGENSIS
EUPLOIDY
POLYPLOID
A complete haploid set of chromosomes of an organism.
Reproduction in which organisms develop from unfertilized ova.
A chromosomal change that involves the addition or loss of en…
Any cell or organism that has multiple genomes.
GENOME
A complete haploid set of chromosomes of an organism.
PARTHENOGENSIS
Reproduction in which organisms develop from unfertilized ova.
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
19 terms
Chapter 6 Biology terms.
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.
The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA becomes visi…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
19 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asecual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA become visible
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary Fission
A form of asecual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
26 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
totality of an organism's reations
a specific molecule is altered and catalyzed by a specific en…
a process that breaks things down and releases energy (cellul…
a process that builds more complicated molecules and uses ene…
metabolism
totality of an organism's reations
metabolic pathway
a specific molecule is altered and catalyzed by a specific en…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
13 terms
Practical Biology - Chapter 6 Terms
Kingdom
Classification
Bacteria
Flagella
The most general of the seven levels of classification
A system of grouping things according to similarities
Simple, unicellular organisms that do not have nuclei (singul…
Long, thin, threadlike structures that are used for movement…
Kingdom
The most general of the seven levels of classification
Classification
A system of grouping things according to similarities
chapter 6 terms biology
gamete
binary fission
gene
chromosome
an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm and egg
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
the DNA and proteins associated with the DNA
gamete
an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm and egg
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
67 terms
Chapter 6 Review - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
particles that are the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
particles that have no charge in the nucleus of an atom
atom
particles that are the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
30 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 6
Enzyme
Filter Feeding
Herbivore
Carnivore
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Enzyme
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
Filter Feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
21 terms
Biology chapter 6-2
signs of physical changes
signs of a chemical reaction
atoms
proton +... neutron (neutral)... electron -
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
building blocks of matter
the three particles of an atom and their charges
signs of physical changes
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
signs of a chemical reaction
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
15 terms
Biology chapter 6
element
atom
nucleus
isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
the center of an atom
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
61 terms
Chapter 6 Biology - Terms
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Chemical energy
moving matter against opposing force
motion
stored
organic molecules (carbs, proteins, fats)
Energy
moving matter against opposing force
Kinetic energy
motion
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 6 terms
gene
binary fission
gametes
spindles
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
a form of asexual reproduction in bacteria
an organism's reproductive cells such as sperm or egg cells
cell structures made of individual microtube fibers that are…
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in bacteria
19 terms
Biology - Chapter 6 Terms
Biochemical pathway
Photons
Electron carriers
Electron transport chain (ETC)
a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one re…
a tiny particle of light or electromagnetic radiation
molecules that are capable of accepting electrons from one mo…
a series of molecules that transfer electrons from one molecu…
Biochemical pathway
a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one re…
Photons
a tiny particle of light or electromagnetic radiation
54 terms
Chapter 6 Terms AP Biology
nucleolus
thylakoid
middle lamella
ribosome
located in the nucleus, makes, synthesizes, and partially ass…
a flattened, membranous sac inside a chloroplast, often exist…
In plants, a thin layer of adhesive extracellular material, p…
complexes made of ribosomal RNA and protein, are the cellular…
nucleolus
located in the nucleus, makes, synthesizes, and partially ass…
thylakoid
a flattened, membranous sac inside a chloroplast, often exist…
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
58 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
28 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 6 Terms
element
atom
nucleus
isotope
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Smallest particle of an element
Center of the atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
16 terms
Biology Terms Chapter 6/9
Chlorophyll
Organic
Calvin Cycle
Stomata
green pigments found in the chloroplasts of algae and plants
relating to, of, or derived from living matte/ carbon contain…
cycle of enzyme-catalyzed dark reactions of photosynthesis th…
a tiny opening or pore that is used for gas exchange, found o…
Chlorophyll
green pigments found in the chloroplasts of algae and plants
Organic
relating to, of, or derived from living matte/ carbon contain…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 6
monoculture
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
desertification
Farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
A resource that cannot be replaced as quickly as it is used
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily…
monoculture
Farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
renewable resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
54 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
26 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 Humans in the Biosphere
subsistence hunting
green revolution
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
hunting to acquire basic necessities for survival
introduction of intensive farming practices that lead to a su…
resource that can regenerate quickly by natural means
resource that is not quickly replenished by natural processes
subsistence hunting
hunting to acquire basic necessities for survival
green revolution
introduction of intensive farming practices that lead to a su…
18 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 6.3 & 6.4: Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Amino acid
Base
Buffer
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in…
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
Substance that releases hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved i…
Mixture that can react with an acid or a base to maintain the…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in…
Amino acid
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 6
acid
activation energy
amino acid
base
substance that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water…
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
building block of proteins
substance that releases hydroxide ions when dissolved in wate…
acid
substance that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water…
activation energy
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles neutro…
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus
particle without charge in a nucleus
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles neutro…
nucleus
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons
8 terms
Biology chapter 6.2
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
process in which atoms or groups of atoms in substances are r…
the starting substances in a chemical reaction ( on the left…
the substances formed during the reaction (on the right side…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
chemical reaction
process in which atoms or groups of atoms in substances are r…
reactants
the starting substances in a chemical reaction ( on the left…
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel (w/ images)
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
119 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
What is smallest unit of matter?
3 parts of an atom
examples of elements
How many known elements are there?
atom
proton, neutron, electron
hydrogen (H), carbon (C), oxygen (O), calcium (Ca), Nitrogen…
100
What is smallest unit of matter?
atom
3 parts of an atom
proton, neutron, electron
35 terms
chapter 6 biology terms
Somatic Cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
Cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
Chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic Cell
Cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
31 terms
AP Biology Terms: Chapter 6
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
(LM) Most commonly used microscope in which light passes thro…
Ratio of an object's image size to its real size.
Measure of the clarity of the image. It is the minimum distan…
Accentuates difference in parts of the sample.
Light Microscope
(LM) Most commonly used microscope in which light passes thro…
Magnification
Ratio of an object's image size to its real size.
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
1 of 10