Study sets matching "biology terms chapter 6"

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19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
44 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 6
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrate
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
chemical reaction in which the addition of a water molecule c…
organic macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
Macromolecules
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
Dehydration Synthesis
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
35 terms
chapter 6 biology terms
Somatic Cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
Cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
Chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic Cell
Cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
The building blocks of matter
The part of the atom where neutrons and protons are located
Positively charged particles (p^+)
Particles that have no charge (n^0)
Atoms
The building blocks of matter
Nucleus
The part of the atom where neutrons and protons are located
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
78 terms
Biology Chapter 6
ATP and NADPH
G3P
Light, H2O, NADP+, and and ADP
By using photosynthesis
What is created in the Light Reaction?
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
What comes in for the Light Reaction to work?
How does the autotroph eat?
ATP and NADPH
What is created in the Light Reaction?
G3P
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
64 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
GENOME
PARTHENOGENSIS
EUPLOIDY
POLYPLOID
A complete haploid set of chromosomes of an organism.
Reproduction in which organisms develop from unfertilized ova.
A chromosomal change that involves the addition or loss of en…
Any cell or organism that has multiple genomes.
GENOME
A complete haploid set of chromosomes of an organism.
PARTHENOGENSIS
Reproduction in which organisms develop from unfertilized ova.
chapter 6 terms biology
gamete
binary fission
gene
chromosome
an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm and egg
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
the DNA and proteins associated with the DNA
gamete
an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm and egg
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
19 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asecual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA become visible
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary Fission
A form of asecual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
Chapter 6 Biology terms.
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.
The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA becomes visi…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
26 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
totality of an organism's reations
a specific molecule is altered and catalyzed by a specific en…
a process that breaks things down and releases energy (cellul…
a process that builds more complicated molecules and uses ene…
metabolism
totality of an organism's reations
metabolic pathway
a specific molecule is altered and catalyzed by a specific en…
58 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
Biology Chapter 6 Vocab
Monoculture,
renewable rersource
Non-Renewable Resource
Sustainable development
Farming strategy of planting a single, highly productive crop…
Resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
Resource that cannot be replenished by a natural process with…
Strategy for using natural resources without depleting them a…
Monoculture,
Farming strategy of planting a single, highly productive crop…
renewable rersource
Resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
13 terms
Practical Biology - Chapter 6 Terms
Kingdom
Classification
Bacteria
Flagella
The most general of the seven levels of classification
A system of grouping things according to similarities
Simple, unicellular organisms that do not have nuclei (singul…
Long, thin, threadlike structures that are used for movement…
Kingdom
The most general of the seven levels of classification
Classification
A system of grouping things according to similarities
Biology Chapter 6 terms
gene
binary fission
gametes
spindles
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
a form of asexual reproduction in bacteria
an organism's reproductive cells such as sperm or egg cells
cell structures made of individual microtube fibers that are…
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in bacteria
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
67 terms
CCS Biology Chapter 6 & 7
circulatory system
digestive system
endocrine system
excretory system
carries materials to and from the cells
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
produces hormones which regulate certain activities of the body
rids the body of wastes
circulatory system
carries materials to and from the cells
digestive system
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
37 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 6
euploidy
chromosomal change
gene mutation
polyploid
a chromosome number that is an exact multiple of the haploid…
a genetic change which involves either the number of chromoso…
a genetic change which changes the sequence of bases in a gene
having three or more complete sets of chromosomes
euploidy
a chromosome number that is an exact multiple of the haploid…
chromosomal change
a genetic change which involves either the number of chromoso…
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 6 terms
Microtubules
Intermediate Filaments
Cell Junctions
centrosomes
As the main "building blocks" forming the cytoskeleton - the…
are important for maintaining the mechanical structure of cel…
are connecting points joining either cells to other cells, or…
Contain the centrioles, which are involved in the process of…
Microtubules
As the main "building blocks" forming the cytoskeleton - the…
Intermediate Filaments
are important for maintaining the mechanical structure of cel…
28 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 6 Terms
element
atom
nucleus
isotope
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Smallest particle of an element
Center of the atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
gametes
binary fission
gene
chromosomes
an organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
the DNA and proteins associated with the DNA
gametes
an organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
AGS Biology Chapter 6
Enzyme
Filter Feeding
Herbivore
Carnivore
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Enzyme
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
Filter Feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
16 terms
Biology Terms Chapter 6/9
Chlorophyll
Organic
Calvin Cycle
Stomata
green pigments found in the chloroplasts of algae and plants
relating to, of, or derived from living matte/ carbon contain…
cycle of enzyme-catalyzed dark reactions of photosynthesis th…
a tiny opening or pore that is used for gas exchange, found o…
Chlorophyll
green pigments found in the chloroplasts of algae and plants
Organic
relating to, of, or derived from living matte/ carbon contain…
Chapter 6 terms Biology
amphipathic
aquaporin
carrier protein
channel protein
Containing hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
A type of channel protein through which water can move by osm…
A membrane protein that facilitates diffusion of a small mole…
A protein that forms a pore in a cell membrane. The structure…
amphipathic
Containing hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
aquaporin
A type of channel protein through which water can move by osm…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Sustainable Development
Renewable Resource
Non-Renewable Resource
Monoculture
Strategy for using natural resources without depleting them a…
Resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
Resource that cannot be replenished by a natural process with…
Farming strategy of planting a single, highly productive crop…
Sustainable Development
Strategy for using natural resources without depleting them a…
Renewable Resource
Resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
Biology chapter 6 terms
Organelles
Scanning Electron microscope
Transmission electron microscope
Cytology
Membrane enclosed structures with eukaryotic cells
A microscope that uses electron beam to scan the surface of t…
A microscope that passes an electron beam through very thin s…
Study of cell structure
Organelles
Membrane enclosed structures with eukaryotic cells
Scanning Electron microscope
A microscope that uses electron beam to scan the surface of t…
53 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
region of the cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
contains genetic information
double membrane that contains pores
surrounds inner layer of the nuclear membrane & contains inte…
cytoplasm
region of the cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
nucleus
contains genetic information
47 terms
Biology Terms Chapter 6
Cell
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Cell theory
simplest smallest unit that can live
1665, used a crude microscope to examine cork and observed "l…
developed a better light microscope and observed "amimalcules…
all living things are composed of cells and that all cells co…
Cell
simplest smallest unit that can live
Robert Hooke
1665, used a crude microscope to examine cork and observed "l…
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Biology chapter 6 terms
Subsistence hunting
Agriculture
Green revolution
Monoculture
People who supplement their diet with the meat of wild animals
Practice of farming
Farming practice that increased yields of rice, wheat and oth…
Large fields to be cleared and planted with one crop
Subsistence hunting
People who supplement their diet with the meat of wild animals
Agriculture
Practice of farming
Biology Chapter 6
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
the building blocks of matter
located at the center of the atom, consists of protons and ne…
positively charged particle located in the center of an atom
negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus
atom
the building blocks of matter
nucleus
located at the center of the atom, consists of protons and ne…
Chapter 6 Review - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
particles that are the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
particles that have no charge in the nucleus of an atom
atom
particles that are the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
20 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
Gametes
Autosomes
Sex chromosomes
Meiosis
Sex cells/eggs, in the female, And spermatozoa/sperm cells in…
Chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
Chromosomes that directly control the development of sexual c…
A form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into h…
Gametes
Sex cells/eggs, in the female, And spermatozoa/sperm cells in…
Autosomes
Chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
photosynthesis
glucose
autotroph
heterotroph
the process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to pro…
type of sugar produced after photosynthesis
organisms that make their own food
organisms that obtain energy from foods they eat
photosynthesis
the process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to pro…
glucose
type of sugar produced after photosynthesis
15 terms
Biology chapter 6
element
atom
nucleus
isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
the center of an atom
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
31 terms
AP Biology Terms: Chapter 6
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
(LM) Most commonly used microscope in which light passes thro…
Ratio of an object's image size to its real size.
Measure of the clarity of the image. It is the minimum distan…
Accentuates difference in parts of the sample.
Light Microscope
(LM) Most commonly used microscope in which light passes thro…
Magnification
Ratio of an object's image size to its real size.
65 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
Light Microscope
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
Focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or onto its…
Useful for detailed study of the topography of a specimen. Th…
Light Microscope
Visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Organelles
Membrane-enclosed structures within eukaryotic cells.
Biology chapter 6 terms
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Thermodynamics
The capacity to bring about movement against an opposing force
Stored energy; a rock perched precariously at the top of a hi…
Energy in motion; As a rock tumbles down a hill; The charged…
The study of energy
Energy
The capacity to bring about movement against an opposing force
Potential energy
Stored energy; a rock perched precariously at the top of a hi…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
36 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Terms
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
somatic cell
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
gamete
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
biology chapter 6 terms
chromosomal change
gene mutation
euploidy
polyploid
genetic change involving either the number of chromosomes or…
change sequence of bases in genes
condition of having one or more complete sets of chromosomes…
three or more sets of chromosomes
chromosomal change
genetic change involving either the number of chromosomes or…
gene mutation
change sequence of bases in genes
31 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Terms
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building block
center of an
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus
particle without a charge in an atoms nucleus
atom
building block
nucleus
center of an
10 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Hetrotroph
Light reactions
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy in the…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
Light energy- Converted to chemical energy stored in ATP.
Autotroph
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Photosynthesis
Convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy in the…
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