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Study sets matching "biology terms structure function cells"

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Study sets matching "biology terms structure function cells"

36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
33 terms
biology terms cell structure + function
lysosomes
thylakoids
ATP
mitochondria
sac of digestive enzymes that breaks down food, unwanted cell…
membrane sacs inside chloroplasts that contain the enzymes fo…
molecule used by cells to store and transport energy
powerhouse of the cell with its own DNA that burns glucose an…
lysosomes
sac of digestive enzymes that breaks down food, unwanted cell…
thylakoids
membrane sacs inside chloroplasts that contain the enzymes fo…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
35 terms
Biology Cell Structure and function terms
Jansen
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Brown
Dutch; 1500; credited with the 1st microscope
British; 1600; coined term cell
Dutch; 1600; published illustrations of microscopic world
Scottish; 1800; coined term nucleus
Jansen
Dutch; 1500; credited with the 1st microscope
Hooke
British; 1600; coined term cell
36 terms
Biology- Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the structure which contains the cell's genetic material (DNA…
organism whose cells contain nuclei
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
79 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
40 terms
Biology Fall Mid Term Cell Structure and Function
cell
unified cell theory
prokaryote (prokaryotic cell)
common components of all cells
basic unit of all forms of life
all living things are composed of one or more cells, that the…
a unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus or membrane-bound…
1) a plasma membrane, an outer covering that separates the ce…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
unified cell theory
all living things are composed of one or more cells, that the…
25 terms
Honors Biology Fall Terms--Cell Structure and Function
cell
unified cell theory
prokaryote (prokaryotic cell)
common components of all cells
basic unit of all forms of life
all living things are composed of one or more cells, that the…
a unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus or membrane-bound…
1) a plasma membrane, an outer covering that separates the ce…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
unified cell theory
all living things are composed of one or more cells, that the…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
14 terms
Cell Structures and Functions ~ Biology Terms
Nucleolus
Golgi Body (apparatus)
Cell (plasma) membrane
Chloroplast
Creates ribosomes. Both plant and animal cells.
Works with the ER to package and transport proteins. Both pla…
Outer boundary of all cells. Both plant and animal cells.
Converts the sun's rays into energy for the plant. Plant cells.
Nucleolus
Creates ribosomes. Both plant and animal cells.
Golgi Body (apparatus)
Works with the ER to package and transport proteins. Both pla…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
54 terms
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
58 terms
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
16 terms
Cell Biology - Structure & Function of Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Contains DNA - The control center/brain of the cell.
Surrounds the nucleus; controls what goes in and out of the n…
Cell Wall
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
91 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Review
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
33 terms
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
33 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Cell Structure and Function (Terms)
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
basic unit of all life forms
fundamental concept of biology... 1. All living things are compo…
then/flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wha…
structure that contains the cell's genetic material in the fo…
Cell
basic unit of all life forms
Cell Theory
fundamental concept of biology... 1. All living things are compo…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
34 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cell Structure and Function
First studied cells
Cell theory
compound light microscope and an elect…
Eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things…
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2.…
Compound light microscope uses a series of glass lenses and v…
Contains a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by mem…
First studied cells
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things…
Cell theory
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2.…
37 terms
Cell Structure and Function Review for Biology
Telophase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Prophase
During this phase of mitosis, chromosomes begin to disperse i…
This process increases the number of cells, producing 2 ident…
This is the step in which the cytoplasm divides to form two s…
During this phase of mitosis, the chromosomes appear and the…
Telophase
During this phase of mitosis, chromosomes begin to disperse i…
Mitosis
This process increases the number of cells, producing 2 ident…
15 terms
Cell Structure and Function Biology
cytoplasm
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
rough endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
System of internal membranes within the cytoplasm. Membranes…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
28 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Prokaryotic Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Everything enclosed by the plasma membrane, except for the nu…
Bacterial cells are because they do NOT have a nucleus. The D…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Nucleus
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
How was the discovery of the cell poss…
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Microscope
(1) used compound microscope... (2) called them cells because th…
invented the single-lens microscope
plants are made up of cells
How was the discovery of the cell poss…
Microscope
Robert Hooke
(1) used compound microscope... (2) called them cells because th…
67 terms
Biology chapter 4 cell structure and function terms
Cell theory
Cell
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Has three essential parts: 1-All living organsisms are compos…
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of life.
Covers a cells surface and acts as a barrier between the insi…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
Cell theory
Has three essential parts: 1-All living organsisms are compos…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of life.
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
40 terms
biology: cell structure and functions
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
controls what enters and leaves the cell
selectively permeable
state the cell theory.
what are cell membranes made of?
what is the cell membrane's function?
what do we call membranes that allow certain molecules to pas…
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
state the cell theory.
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
what are cell membranes made of?
10 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Engulf
Expel
Diffusion
Selectively Permeable
to embrace; surround; take in by flowing over
To force out; eject
Movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Membranes that allow only certain substances to move through…
Engulf
to embrace; surround; take in by flowing over
Expel
To force out; eject
33 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
52 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
chloroplast
lysosome
nuclear envelope
cell wall
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
protects DNA and nucleus from cytoplasm
in all and only plants cells, supports plant cells, outside c…
chloroplast
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
lysosome
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
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