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Study sets matching "biology terms"

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Study sets matching "biology terms"

21 terms
Biology Terms
Biology
Unicellular
Multicellular
Metabolisim
The study of Life
Made of one cell
Made of many cells
All chemical reactions in a cell
Biology
The study of Life
Unicellular
Made of one cell
487 terms
Biology Terms
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
15 terms
Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
A microscopic single-celled organism. Does not have a nucleus…
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
a form of asexual reproduction. When it occurs, a cell divide…
a form of sexual reproduction. Just like mitosis, the cell go…
Prokaryote
A microscopic single-celled organism. Does not have a nucleus…
Eukaryote
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
9 terms
biology terms
extensor
flexor
antagonistic
ligament
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to extend
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to flex
muscles described as working in pairs, each member can only p…
a strong flexible strip of connective tissue that attaches bo…
extensor
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to extend
flexor
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to flex
28 terms
Biology Terms
animal cell
plant cell
organelles
DNA
animal cell
plant cell
19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
21 terms
Biology Terms
Biology
Unicellular
Multicellular
Metabolisim
The study of Life
Made of one cell
Made of many cells
All chemical reactions in a cell
Biology
The study of Life
Unicellular
Made of one cell
10 terms
Biology Terms
House
Blocks
Small
Building
a building for human habitation, especially one that is lived…
a large solid piece of hard material, especially rock, stone,…
of a size that is less than normal or usual
a structure with a roof and walls, such as a house, school, s…
House
a building for human habitation, especially one that is lived…
Blocks
a large solid piece of hard material, especially rock, stone,…
38 terms
Biology Terms
Abiotic
Biodiversity
Biome
Biotic
Non-living
The number of species within a specific habitat.
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Living
Abiotic
Non-living
Biodiversity
The number of species within a specific habitat.
43 terms
Biology terms
Phenotype
Crossing over
Haploid
Gametes
An organisms physical appearance or visible traits.
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Cell that has half the number of chromosomes as body cells
Cells involved in sexual reproduction; sperm and egg cells
Phenotype
An organisms physical appearance or visible traits.
Crossing over
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
17 terms
Biology Terms
mitochondria
chloroplast
vacuoles
lysosomes
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
An organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
Stores food, water, wastes, and other materials
Cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certa…
mitochondria
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
29 terms
biology terms
Science
data
quantitative data
qualitative data
using evidence to learn about the natural world; a body of kn…
the information gathered from observations
numbers
descriptive
Science
using evidence to learn about the natural world; a body of kn…
data
the information gathered from observations
52 terms
Biology terms
Adhesion
Cohesion
Capillary action
Surface tension
The force of attraction between water molecules and other mol…
Hold hydrogen bonds together in water.
The ability for water to flow in narrow spaces without the as…
The property of the surface of water to resist external force.
Adhesion
The force of attraction between water molecules and other mol…
Cohesion
Hold hydrogen bonds together in water.
22 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Terms
binomial nomenclature
class
classification
division
A scientific naming system where every organism has a unique…
In classification a group of similar orders
In biology, the ordering of organisms into categories, such a…
In taxonomy, a grouping of similar classes of plants (Used in…
binomial nomenclature
A scientific naming system where every organism has a unique…
class
In classification a group of similar orders
328 terms
IGCSE Biology key terms
What does an animal cell consist of?
What does a plant cell consist of?
What is their role of the nucleus?
What is the role of the cell membrane?
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, nucleus
Permanent vacuole, cell membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, ch…
Controls the activity of the cells
Selectively permeable membrane which controls the substances…
What does an animal cell consist of?
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, nucleus
What does a plant cell consist of?
Permanent vacuole, cell membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, ch…
BIOLOGY TERMS
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Lactic Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
Cellular Respiration ... with oxygen... C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O…
Fermentation; occurs when there's no oxygen; occurs entirely…
Heterotrophs-humans... Equation: pyruvic acid + NADH = lactic ac…
Autotrophs-plants... Equation: pyruvic acid + NADH = alcohol + C…
Aerobic respiration
Cellular Respiration ... with oxygen... C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O…
Anaerobic respiration
Fermentation; occurs when there's no oxygen; occurs entirely…
10 terms
Biology Terms
Homologous Structures
Analogous Structures
Evolution
Variation
an example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structu…
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
a change or difference in condition, amount, or level, typica…
Homologous Structures
an example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
Analogous Structures
similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structu…
15 terms
Biology terms
Asexual reproduction
Cell
Adaption
Prokaryotic cell
Production of offspring without the exchange of genetic mater…
The basic unit of structure and function of living things
Any structure behavior or process that helps an organism to r…
A type of cell that does not have a nucleus or membrane
Asexual reproduction
Production of offspring without the exchange of genetic mater…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function of living things
30 terms
Biology terms
Abiotic factor
Biodiversity
Biomass
Carnivore
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
A consumer that eats only animals.
Abiotic factor
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
Biology Terms
Mitosis
Gametes
Meiosis
Daughter Cells
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cel…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
22 terms
Biology Module 7 Terms
Genetics
Genetic factors
Environmental factors
Gene
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
The general guidelines of traits determined by a person's DNA.
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's…
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein o…
Genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
Genetic factors
The general guidelines of traits determined by a person's DNA.
11 terms
Biology Terms
Bones
Cast
Coprolite
Exoskeleton
Pieces of hard white tissues making up the skeleton for human…
A molded orthopedic appliance which may be composed of fiberg…
A piece of fossilized dung.
The external skeleton which supports and protects a vertebrat…
Bones
Pieces of hard white tissues making up the skeleton for human…
Cast
A molded orthopedic appliance which may be composed of fiberg…
20 terms
Biology Unit 1 Terms
Theory
Data
Hypothesis
Species
An explanation for a wide variety of observations
observations and measurements made during an experiment
It is an educated GUESS for an experiment
group of organisms similar to one another that they can breed…
Theory
An explanation for a wide variety of observations
Data
observations and measurements made during an experiment
37 terms
Biology terms
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
Community
Part of earth in which life exists including land, water, or…
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar…
collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Biosphere
Part of earth in which life exists including land, water, or…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar…
127 terms
biology terms
group of animals with real tissues
group of animals with no real tissues
outer cell or tissue layer that gives…
inner cell or tissue layer that lines…
Eumetazoa
Parazoa
ectoderm
endoderm
group of animals with real tissues
Eumetazoa
group of animals with no real tissues
Parazoa
30 terms
Biology (Terms)
Phospholipids form into...
Phospholipid bilayer
Shape and chemical diversity allow pro…
3D shape of protein
bilayers
Hydrophilic head ... Hydrophobic fatty acid tails ... Hydrophilic h…
to perform a lot of tasks
depends on the sequence of the amino acids
Phospholipids form into...
bilayers
Phospholipid bilayer
Hydrophilic head ... Hydrophobic fatty acid tails ... Hydrophilic h…
44 terms
Biology Terms
cellular organization
response to stimuli
growth and development
change through time
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. All life is ma…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. React to inter…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. Individual org…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. Species change…
cellular organization
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. All life is ma…
response to stimuli
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. React to inter…
12 terms
biology terms
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
vacuole
thin/flexible barrier around cells
works with nucleus
network of proteins helps with shape and movement
store materials for ex. water
cell membrane
thin/flexible barrier around cells
cytoplasm
works with nucleus
24 terms
Biology Terms
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Cellular Respiration
ADP
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and proc…
a nucleotide C10H15N5O10P2 composed of adenosine and two phos…
Photosynthesis
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Chlorophyll
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
52 terms
biology terms
3 levels of behavior found in animals
2 types of innate behavior
Anatomy
Physiology
innate, learned, intelligent
reflex, instinct
study of the shape and structure of an organism
study of the function of living organisms
3 levels of behavior found in animals
innate, learned, intelligent
2 types of innate behavior
reflex, instinct
31 terms
Biology Terms
Helix
Nitrogen base
Thymine
DNA polymerase
Its the shape of DNA
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
A compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
The building blocks of DNA.
Helix
Its the shape of DNA
Nitrogen base
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
66 terms
Biology Terms
Phospholipid Bilayer
Cholesterol
Membrane Transport Protein
Carbohydrate Tag
a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.…
C27H46O... Organic molecule... found in all cells of the body.
a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small mo…
Phospholipid Bilayer
a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.…
Cholesterol
C27H46O... Organic molecule... found in all cells of the body.
82 terms
Biology Terms
Cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Amino Acid
Peptide Bond
made mostly of water; holds small organic complexes and macro…
Serves as a barrier between the living cell and outside envir…
The monomer of polypeptides, composed of a central carbon ato…
A chemical bond between carbon and nitrogen that forms when t…
Cytoplasm
made mostly of water; holds small organic complexes and macro…
Plasma Membrane
Serves as a barrier between the living cell and outside envir…
120 terms
Biology Terms
absorption
active transport
allele
amino acid
Moved to the site of action - solubility, concentration, bloo…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
An alternative form of a gene
Building blocks for proteins.
absorption
Moved to the site of action - solubility, concentration, bloo…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
20 terms
Common Biology Terms
Decline
Increase
Approximate
Exceed
Become smaller
Become bigger, grow
Come close to, not exact
To go beyond, as in measure, quality, value, action, power, s…
Decline
Become smaller
Increase
Become bigger, grow
138 terms
Biology Terms
Biotic
Abiotic
Ecology
Biosphere
Living things
Non living things
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
contains combined areas of this planet in which all life incl…
Biotic
Living things
Abiotic
Non living things
52 terms
Biology terms
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
cytoplasm
thin,flexible barrier around the cell; regulates what goes in…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
captures the energy from sunlight and converts it to chemical…
material inside cell membrane-not including the nucleus
cell membrane
thin,flexible barrier around the cell; regulates what goes in…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
Biology Terms
Abiotic
Biodiversity
Biome
Biotic
Non-living
The number of species within a specific habitat.
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Living
Abiotic
Non-living
Biodiversity
The number of species within a specific habitat.
49 terms
Biology Terms
Abiotic Factor
Adaptation
Acquired Trait
Adaptive Radiation
A nonliving condition or thing that affects an ecosystem and…
A feature that allows an organism to better survive in its en…
A trait an organism acquires during its lifetime. Cannot be p…
When a species diversifies rapidly from and ancestral species
Abiotic Factor
A nonliving condition or thing that affects an ecosystem and…
Adaptation
A feature that allows an organism to better survive in its en…
97 terms
BIOLOGY B COMPLETE TERMS
respiratory system
circulatory system
lungs
alveoli
The body system that delivers oxygen to parts of the body and…
The body system that moves blood throughout the body. This sy…
The organ that takes in oxygen from the air.
air sacs in the lungs that give the lungs a huge surface area…
respiratory system
The body system that delivers oxygen to parts of the body and…
circulatory system
The body system that moves blood throughout the body. This sy…
12 terms
biology terms
Christopher Columbus
Valconun Balboa
Ferdinand Magellan
James Cook
in 1492 landed in the Bahamas first to reach the coast of the…
1513 discovers the pacific ocean
1519-1522 first to circumnavigate around the world
first to find a cure for scurvy
Christopher Columbus
in 1492 landed in the Bahamas first to reach the coast of the…
Valconun Balboa
1513 discovers the pacific ocean
98 terms
Biology terms
Structure
Function
Discovery
Theory
n.结构 v.构造
n.性能v.运行
发现,发明
理论,学说
Structure
n.结构 v.构造
Function
n.性能v.运行
20 terms
Biology Terms
cell
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
the basic unit of life
the main control center of the cell
protects the nucleus and keeps the special molecules in the n…
large structure in the nucleus that mainly makes RNA and ribo…
cell
the basic unit of life
nucleus
the main control center of the cell
57 terms
Biology Terms
cell membrane
osmosis
active transport
endocytosis
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Active transport process where a cell engulfs materials with…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
15 terms
Biology Terms
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Rigid outer layer surrounding the cell membrane
Holds the DNA codes for proteins
Site of cellular respiration
Site of protein synthesis
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer surrounding the cell membrane
Nucleus
Holds the DNA codes for proteins
12 terms
IB Biology Ecology Terms
ECOLOGY
HABITAT
SPECIES
POPULATION
The study of relationships between organisms and between orga…
The environment in which a species normally lives
A group of organisms with similar characteristics, which can…
A group of organisms of the same species, who live in the sam…
ECOLOGY
The study of relationships between organisms and between orga…
HABITAT
The environment in which a species normally lives
38 terms
Biology - Ecology Terms
symbiosis
commensalism
mutualism
parasitism
is close and often long-term interaction between two differen…
an association between two organisms in which one benefits an…
the doctrine that mutual dependence is necessary to social we…
is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where…
symbiosis
is close and often long-term interaction between two differen…
commensalism
an association between two organisms in which one benefits an…
15 terms
Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
A microscopic single-celled organism. A prokaryote does not h…
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
Mitosis is a form of asexual reproduction. When mitosis occur…
Meiosis is a form of sexual reproduction. Just like mitosis,…
Prokaryote
A microscopic single-celled organism. A prokaryote does not h…
Eukaryote
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
biology terms
mitochondira
Golgi body
Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
preforms cellular respiration
sorts, and packages protein.
synthesizes lipids, makes membranes.
chromosomes, responsible for making protein.
mitochondira
preforms cellular respiration
Golgi body
sorts, and packages protein.
108 terms
Biology Mid term exam
Monomer
Polymer
cellulose
organic compound
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
A large polysaccharide which makes up plant cell walls.
a compound that is derived from living things and contains ca…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
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