Study sets matching "biology terms"

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Study sets matching "biology terms"

21 terms
Biology Terms
Biology
Unicellular
Multicellular
Metabolisim
The study of Life
Made of one cell
Made of many cells
All chemical reactions in a cell
Biology
The study of Life
Unicellular
Made of one cell
487 terms
Biology Terms
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
36 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
What is being tested in an experiment.
The group that doesn't have the independent variable applied…
The group that is affected by the independent variable.
Dependent Variable
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
Independent Variable
What is being tested in an experiment.
15 terms
Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
A microscopic single-celled organism. Does not have a nucleus…
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
a form of asexual reproduction. When it occurs, a cell divide…
a form of sexual reproduction. Just like mitosis, the cell go…
Prokaryote
A microscopic single-celled organism. Does not have a nucleus…
Eukaryote
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
88 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Eye piece or ocular
Nose piece
Fine adjustment knob
Coarse adjustment knob
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
Allows you to focus or fine tune the image.
Allows you to move the upper portion of the microscope up and…
Eye piece or ocular
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
Nose piece
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
Biology Terms
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
Macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon,…
carbohydrate
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
9 terms
biology terms
extensor
flexor
antagonistic
ligament
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to extend
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to flex
muscles described as working in pairs, each member can only p…
a strong flexible strip of connective tissue that attaches bo…
extensor
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to extend
flexor
muscle that on contraction causes a joint to flex
Biology Terms
animal cell
plant cell
organelles
DNA
animal cell
plant cell
52 terms
biology terms
3 levels of behavior found in animals
2 types of innate behavior
Anatomy
Physiology
innate, learned, intelligent
reflex, instinct
study of the shape and structure of an organism
study of the function of living organisms
3 levels of behavior found in animals
innate, learned, intelligent
2 types of innate behavior
reflex, instinct
19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
Biology Terms
Biology
Unicellular
Multicellular
Metabolisim
The study of Life
Made of one cell
Made of many cells
All chemical reactions in a cell
Biology
The study of Life
Unicellular
Made of one cell
10 terms
Biology Terms
House
Blocks
Small
Building
a building for human habitation, especially one that is lived…
a large solid piece of hard material, especially rock, stone,…
of a size that is less than normal or usual
a structure with a roof and walls, such as a house, school, s…
House
a building for human habitation, especially one that is lived…
Blocks
a large solid piece of hard material, especially rock, stone,…
5 terms
Biology Terms
cell
biology
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
study of life
thin barrier around a cell
Center of a cell
cell
basic unit of life
biology
study of life
Biology Terms
Abiotic
Biodiversity
Biome
Biotic
Non-living
The number of species within a specific habitat.
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Living
Abiotic
Non-living
Biodiversity
The number of species within a specific habitat.
Biology Terms
abiotic
accurate
acetyl CoA
acid
Nonliving.
Describes how close a measurement comes to the true value.
A molecule made from pyruvate that is used in the Krebs cycle.
A compound that transfers hydrogen ions to water.
abiotic
Nonliving.
accurate
Describes how close a measurement comes to the true value.
29 terms
biology terms
Science
data
quantitative data
qualitative data
using evidence to learn about the natural world; a body of kn…
the information gathered from observations
numbers
descriptive
Science
using evidence to learn about the natural world; a body of kn…
data
the information gathered from observations
17 terms
Biology Terms
mitochondria
chloroplast
vacuoles
lysosomes
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
An organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
Stores food, water, wastes, and other materials
Cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certa…
mitochondria
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
52 terms
Biology terms
Adhesion
Cohesion
Capillary action
Surface tension
The force of attraction between water molecules and other mol…
Hold hydrogen bonds together in water.
The ability for water to flow in narrow spaces without the as…
The property of the surface of water to resist external force.
Adhesion
The force of attraction between water molecules and other mol…
Cohesion
Hold hydrogen bonds together in water.
22 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Terms
binomial nomenclature
class
classification
division
A scientific naming system where every organism has a unique…
In classification a group of similar orders
In biology, the ordering of organisms into categories, such a…
In taxonomy, a grouping of similar classes of plants (Used in…
binomial nomenclature
A scientific naming system where every organism has a unique…
class
In classification a group of similar orders
36 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
What is being tested in an experiment.
The group that doesn't have the independent variable applied…
The group that is affected by the independent variable.
Dependent Variable
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
Independent Variable
What is being tested in an experiment.
Biology MCAS terms
activation energy
active transport
adaptation
allele frequency
energy needed to start a reaction
movement of molecules through protein channels in the membran…
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
how often a form of a gene appears in a gene pool
activation energy
energy needed to start a reaction
active transport
movement of molecules through protein channels in the membran…
328 terms
IGCSE Biology key terms
What does an animal cell consist of?
What does a plant cell consist of?
What is their role of the nucleus?
What is the role of the cell membrane?
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, nucleus
Permanent vacuole, cell membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, ch…
Controls the activity of the cells
Selectively permeable membrane which controls the substances…
What does an animal cell consist of?
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, nucleus
What does a plant cell consist of?
Permanent vacuole, cell membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, ch…
73 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Characteristics of Life
Cell Theory
Biology
Scientific Method
Ability to adapt... Reproduce... Metabolism
• All living things are made up of cells... • Cells are the basi…
study of all living organisms
systematic testing of a falsifiable hypothesis... 1. Observation…
Characteristics of Life
Ability to adapt... Reproduce... Metabolism
Cell Theory
• All living things are made up of cells... • Cells are the basi…
BIOLOGY TERMS
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Lactic Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
Cellular Respiration ... with oxygen... C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O…
Fermentation; occurs when there's no oxygen; occurs entirely…
Heterotrophs-humans... Equation: pyruvic acid + NADH = lactic ac…
Autotrophs-plants... Equation: pyruvic acid + NADH = alcohol + C…
Aerobic respiration
Cellular Respiration ... with oxygen... C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O…
Anaerobic respiration
Fermentation; occurs when there's no oxygen; occurs entirely…
10 terms
Biology Terms
Homologous Structures
Analogous Structures
Evolution
Variation
an example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structu…
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
a change or difference in condition, amount, or level, typica…
Homologous Structures
an example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
Analogous Structures
similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structu…
6 terms
Biology Terms
Biosphere
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Any place on the planet where life exists.
Made up of biomes.
Variety of species.
More near the equator.
Biosphere
Any place on the planet where life exists.
Biosphere
Made up of biomes.
Biology terms
Abiotic factor
Biodiversity
Biomass
Carnivore
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
A consumer that eats only animals.
Abiotic factor
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
biology terms
carbohydrates
lipid
proteins
nucleic acid
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
AKA fats, important to organisms for energy when carbohydrate…
...
...
carbohydrates
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
lipid
AKA fats, important to organisms for energy when carbohydrate…
13 terms
Biology Term 2 Reproduction
Replication
Fertilization
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
A genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
Replication
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Biology Terms
Ecology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Energy Pyramid
The study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
Series of steps used to solve a problem using deductive reaso…
Educated guess, if/then statement
Shows transfer/loss of energy in an ecosystem, that only 10%…
Ecology
The study of interactions between organisms and their environ…
Scientific Method
Series of steps used to solve a problem using deductive reaso…
Biology Terms
Mitosis
Gametes
Meiosis
Daughter Cells
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cel…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
6 terms
Biology Terms
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Fatty acids
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
DNA and RNA
carbohydrate
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
lipid
Fatty acids
Biology terms
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Fats and oils used for long term energy.
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon,…
Carbohydrates
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Lipids
Fats and oils used for long term energy.
biology terms
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Cuvier
Hutton
The scala naturae
○ Discovered the classification of all life... ○ Latin and unive…
○ Discovered that old strata contain fossils that are differe…
○ Earths geological features arose by gradual geological mech…
Aristotle
The scala naturae
Linnaeus
○ Discovered the classification of all life... ○ Latin and unive…
11 terms
Biology Terms
Bones
Cast
Coprolite
Exoskeleton
Pieces of hard white tissues making up the skeleton for human…
A molded orthopedic appliance which may be composed of fiberg…
A piece of fossilized dung.
The external skeleton which supports and protects a vertebrat…
Bones
Pieces of hard white tissues making up the skeleton for human…
Cast
A molded orthopedic appliance which may be composed of fiberg…
22 terms
Biology Module 7 Terms
Genetics
Genetic factors
Environmental factors
Gene
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
The general guidelines of traits determined by a person's DNA.
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's…
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein o…
Genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
Genetic factors
The general guidelines of traits determined by a person's DNA.
Biology Terms
cellular organization
response to stimuli
growth and development
change through time
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. All life is ma…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. React to inter…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. Individual org…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. Species change…
cellular organization
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. All life is ma…
response to stimuli
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. React to inter…
Biology terms
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
Community
Part of earth in which life exists including land, water, or…
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar…
collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Biosphere
Part of earth in which life exists including land, water, or…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar…
Biology Terms
Polymer
Monomer
Nucleaic Acid
Lipid
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A very large organic compound made up of carbon oxygen hydrog…
AKA fats, important to organisms for energy when carbohydrate…
Polymer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
6 terms
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
monomer
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Carbohydrate
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
LIPID
protein
polymer
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Carbohydrate
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
LIPID
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
A polymer (polynucleotide) consisting of many nucleotide mono…
Carbohydrate
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Biology Terms
Polymer
Monomer
Nucleic Acid
Protein
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucl…
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
127 terms
biology terms
group of animals with real tissues
group of animals with no real tissues
outer cell or tissue layer that gives…
inner cell or tissue layer that lines…
Eumetazoa
Parazoa
ectoderm
endoderm
group of animals with real tissues
Eumetazoa
group of animals with no real tissues
Parazoa
24 terms
Biology Terms
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Cellular Respiration
ADP
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and proc…
a nucleotide C10H15N5O10P2 composed of adenosine and two phos…
Photosynthesis
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Chlorophyll
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon and hy…
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
A biological macromolecule (DNA or RNA) composed of the eleme…
Carbohydrate
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
Lipid
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon and hy…
Biology Terms
lipids
proteins
carbohydrates
nucleic acids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Molecules made by connecting amino acids via peptide bonds. P…
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
lipids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
proteins
Molecules made by connecting amino acids via peptide bonds. P…
Biology (Terms)
Phospholipids form into...
Phospholipid bilayer
Shape and chemical diversity allow pro…
3D shape of protein
bilayers
Hydrophilic head ... Hydrophobic fatty acid tails ... Hydrophilic h…
to perform a lot of tasks
depends on the sequence of the amino acids
Phospholipids form into...
bilayers
Phospholipid bilayer
Hydrophilic head ... Hydrophobic fatty acid tails ... Hydrophilic h…
biology terms
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
vacuole
thin/flexible barrier around cells
works with nucleus
network of proteins helps with shape and movement
store materials for ex. water
cell membrane
thin/flexible barrier around cells
cytoplasm
works with nucleus
biology terms
carbohydrates
lipid
protein
nucleic acids
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
carbohydrates
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
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