Study sets matching "biology terms"

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Study sets matching "biology terms"

21 terms
Biology Terms
Biology
Unicellular
Multicellular
Metabolisim
The study of Life
Made of one cell
Made of many cells
All chemical reactions in a cell
Biology
The study of Life
Unicellular
Made of one cell
Biology Terms
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
Macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon,…
carbohydrate
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
487 terms
Biology Terms
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
15 terms
Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
A microscopic single-celled organism. Does not have a nucleus…
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
a form of asexual reproduction. When it occurs, a cell divide…
a form of sexual reproduction. Just like mitosis, the cell go…
Prokaryote
A microscopic single-celled organism. Does not have a nucleus…
Eukaryote
An organism with cells that have DNA as their genetic materia…
36 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
What is being tested in an experiment.
The group that doesn't have the independent variable applied…
The group that is affected by the independent variable.
Dependent Variable
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
Independent Variable
What is being tested in an experiment.
52 terms
biology terms
3 levels of behavior found in animals
2 types of innate behavior
Anatomy
Physiology
innate, learned, intelligent
reflex, instinct
study of the shape and structure of an organism
study of the function of living organisms
3 levels of behavior found in animals
innate, learned, intelligent
2 types of innate behavior
reflex, instinct
88 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Eye piece or ocular
Nose piece
Fine adjustment knob
Coarse adjustment knob
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
Allows you to focus or fine tune the image.
Allows you to move the upper portion of the microscope up and…
Eye piece or ocular
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
Nose piece
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
Biology Terms
abiotic
accurate
acetyl CoA
acid
Nonliving.
Describes how close a measurement comes to the true value.
A molecule made from pyruvate that is used in the Krebs cycle.
A compound that transfers hydrogen ions to water.
abiotic
Nonliving.
accurate
Describes how close a measurement comes to the true value.
29 terms
biology terms
Science
data
quantitative data
qualitative data
using evidence to learn about the natural world; a body of kn…
the information gathered from observations
numbers
descriptive
Science
using evidence to learn about the natural world; a body of kn…
data
the information gathered from observations
52 terms
Biology terms
Adhesion
Cohesion
Capillary action
Surface tension
The force of attraction between water molecules and other mol…
Hold hydrogen bonds together in water.
The ability for water to flow in narrow spaces without the as…
The property of the surface of water to resist external force.
Adhesion
The force of attraction between water molecules and other mol…
Cohesion
Hold hydrogen bonds together in water.
5 terms
Biology Terms
cell
biology
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
study of life
thin barrier around a cell
Center of a cell
cell
basic unit of life
biology
study of life
Biology Terms
Abiotic
Biodiversity
Biome
Biotic
Non-living
The number of species within a specific habitat.
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Living
Abiotic
Non-living
Biodiversity
The number of species within a specific habitat.
Biology terms
Biology
Organism
organization
development
the science of life; examines how living things interact, how…
anything that has one or once has all the characteristics of…
orderly structure shown by living things
changes an organism undergoes in its lifetime before reaching…
Biology
the science of life; examines how living things interact, how…
Organism
anything that has one or once has all the characteristics of…
17 terms
Biology Terms
mitochondria
chloroplast
vacuoles
lysosomes
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
An organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
Stores food, water, wastes, and other materials
Cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certa…
mitochondria
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
BIOLOGY TERMS
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Lactic Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
Cellular Respiration ... with oxygen... C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O…
Fermentation; occurs when there's no oxygen; occurs entirely…
Heterotrophs-humans... Equation: pyruvic acid + NADH = lactic ac…
Autotrophs-plants... Equation: pyruvic acid + NADH = alcohol + C…
Aerobic respiration
Cellular Respiration ... with oxygen... C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O…
Anaerobic respiration
Fermentation; occurs when there's no oxygen; occurs entirely…
11 terms
Biology Terms
Bones
Cast
Coprolite
Exoskeleton
Pieces of hard white tissues making up the skeleton for human…
A molded orthopedic appliance which may be composed of fiberg…
A piece of fossilized dung.
The external skeleton which supports and protects a vertebrat…
Bones
Pieces of hard white tissues making up the skeleton for human…
Cast
A molded orthopedic appliance which may be composed of fiberg…
10 terms
Biology Terms
Homologous Structures
Analogous Structures
Evolution
Variation
an example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structu…
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
a change or difference in condition, amount, or level, typica…
Homologous Structures
an example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
Analogous Structures
similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structu…
Biology terms
Abiotic factor
Biodiversity
Biomass
Carnivore
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
A consumer that eats only animals.
Abiotic factor
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Terms
binomial nomenclature
class
classification
division
A scientific naming system where every organism has a unique…
In classification a group of similar orders
In biology, the ordering of organisms into categories, such a…
In taxonomy, a grouping of similar classes of plants (Used in…
binomial nomenclature
A scientific naming system where every organism has a unique…
class
In classification a group of similar orders
biology terms
carbohydrates
lipid
proteins
nucleic acid
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
AKA fats, important to organisms for energy when carbohydrate…
...
...
carbohydrates
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
lipid
AKA fats, important to organisms for energy when carbohydrate…
Biology terms
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
Community
Part of earth in which life exists including land, water, or…
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar…
collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Biosphere
Part of earth in which life exists including land, water, or…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar…
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
LIPID
protein
polymer
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Carbohydrate
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
LIPID
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Biology (Terms)
Phospholipids form into...
Phospholipid bilayer
Shape and chemical diversity allow pro…
3D shape of protein
bilayers
Hydrophilic head ... Hydrophobic fatty acid tails ... Hydrophilic h…
to perform a lot of tasks
depends on the sequence of the amino acids
Phospholipids form into...
bilayers
Phospholipid bilayer
Hydrophilic head ... Hydrophobic fatty acid tails ... Hydrophilic h…
Biology Terms
lipids
proteins
carbohydrates
nucleic acids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Molecules made by connecting amino acids via peptide bonds. P…
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
lipids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
proteins
Molecules made by connecting amino acids via peptide bonds. P…
6 terms
Biology Terms
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Fatty acids
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
DNA and RNA
carbohydrate
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
lipid
Fatty acids
biology terms
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
vacuole
thin/flexible barrier around cells
works with nucleus
network of proteins helps with shape and movement
store materials for ex. water
cell membrane
thin/flexible barrier around cells
cytoplasm
works with nucleus
6 terms
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
monomer
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Carbohydrate
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
biology terms
carbohydrates
lipid
protein
nucleic acids
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
carbohydrates
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Biology terms
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Fats and oils used for long term energy.
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon,…
Carbohydrates
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Lipids
Fats and oils used for long term energy.
Biology Terms
Polymer
Monomer
Nucleic Acid
Protein
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucl…
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Biology Terms
Mitosis
Gametes
Meiosis
Daughter Cells
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cel…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
95 terms
Biology terms
Sequence the Hierarchy of Life
List the 7 properties of life
The maintaining of internal body tempe…
These provide/create food for an ecosy…
Biosphere... Ecosystem... Community... Population... Organism... Organ Syste…
Order... Reproduction... Growth & Development... Energy Processing... Res…
Homeostasis
Producer
Sequence the Hierarchy of Life
Biosphere... Ecosystem... Community... Population... Organism... Organ Syste…
List the 7 properties of life
Order... Reproduction... Growth & Development... Energy Processing... Res…
31 terms
Biology Terms
Helix
Nitrogen base
Thymine
DNA polymerase
Its the shape of DNA
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
A compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
The building blocks of DNA.
Helix
Its the shape of DNA
Nitrogen base
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
biology terms
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Cuvier
Hutton
The scala naturae
○ Discovered the classification of all life... ○ Latin and unive…
○ Discovered that old strata contain fossils that are differe…
○ Earths geological features arose by gradual geological mech…
Aristotle
The scala naturae
Linnaeus
○ Discovered the classification of all life... ○ Latin and unive…
Biology Mid-Term
Peer review
Homeostasis
Biology
Experiment
A process by which the procedures and results of an experimen…
Regulation of an organism's internal conditions to maintain l…
A branch of science that involves the study of living things
A scientific explanation of known facts arrived at through re…
Peer review
A process by which the procedures and results of an experimen…
Homeostasis
Regulation of an organism's internal conditions to maintain l…
biology terms
hypothesis
steps of scientific method
observation
inference
educated guess
1) Problem... 2) Hypothesis... 3) Experiment/Procedure... 4) Data... 5) C…
measures the amount of an object
explanations/ interpretations of what you are observing
hypothesis
educated guess
steps of scientific method
1) Problem... 2) Hypothesis... 3) Experiment/Procedure... 4) Data... 5) C…
52 terms
Biology terms
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
cytoplasm
thin,flexible barrier around the cell; regulates what goes in…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
captures the energy from sunlight and converts it to chemical…
material inside cell membrane-not including the nucleus
cell membrane
thin,flexible barrier around the cell; regulates what goes in…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
36 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
What is being tested in an experiment.
The group that doesn't have the independent variable applied…
The group that is affected by the independent variable.
Dependent Variable
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
Independent Variable
What is being tested in an experiment.
Biology Terms
cellular organization
response to stimuli
growth and development
change through time
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. All life is ma…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. React to inter…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. Individual org…
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. Species change…
cellular organization
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. All life is ma…
response to stimuli
one of the 7 characteristics of living things. React to inter…
Biology MCAS terms
activation energy
active transport
adaptation
allele frequency
energy needed to start a reaction
movement of molecules through protein channels in the membran…
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
how often a form of a gene appears in a gene pool
activation energy
energy needed to start a reaction
active transport
movement of molecules through protein channels in the membran…
33 terms
Biology Terms
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Hydrogen Bond
Polar Bond
a bond formed by sharing a pair of electrons by two atoms
a bond formed by the transfer of electrons by two atoms
a bond in which a hydrogen atom with a covalent link with an…
a type of covalent bond when electrons are shared unequally.…
Covalent Bond
a bond formed by sharing a pair of electrons by two atoms
Ionic Bond
a bond formed by the transfer of electrons by two atoms
110 terms
Biology Mid-Term
organic
inorganic
disaccaride
monimer
must have carbon - living thing
does not have carbon - non -living
a sugar with monosacarides
molecule can be bonded with other... identical molecules to form…
organic
must have carbon - living thing
inorganic
does not have carbon - non -living
Biology Terms
Polymer
Monomer
Nucleaic Acid
Lipid
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A very large organic compound made up of carbon oxygen hydrog…
AKA fats, important to organisms for energy when carbohydrate…
Polymer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
73 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Characteristics of Life
Cell Theory
Biology
Scientific Method
Ability to adapt... Reproduce... Metabolism
• All living things are made up of cells... • Cells are the basi…
study of all living organisms
systematic testing of a falsifiable hypothesis... 1. Observation…
Characteristics of Life
Ability to adapt... Reproduce... Metabolism
Cell Theory
• All living things are made up of cells... • Cells are the basi…
88 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Eye piece or ocular
Nose piece
Fine adjustment knob
Coarse adjustment knob
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
Allows you to focus or fine tune the image.
Allows you to move the upper portion of the microscope up and…
Eye piece or ocular
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
Nose piece
holds the tree objective lenses. It rotates around in a circl…
36 terms
Mid-Term Biology Review
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Experimental Group
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
What is being tested in an experiment.
The group that doesn't have the independent variable applied…
The group that is affected by the independent variable.
Dependent Variable
The result of the independent variable being applied to somet…
Independent Variable
What is being tested in an experiment.
Biology Terms
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
A polymer (polynucleotide) consisting of many nucleotide mono…
Carbohydrate
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
127 terms
biology terms
group of animals with real tissues
group of animals with no real tissues
outer cell or tissue layer that gives…
inner cell or tissue layer that lines…
Eumetazoa
Parazoa
ectoderm
endoderm
group of animals with real tissues
Eumetazoa
group of animals with no real tissues
Parazoa
57 terms
Biology Terms
cell membrane
osmosis
active transport
endocytosis
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Active transport process where a cell engulfs materials with…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
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