Study sets matching "biology vascular plants"

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Study sets matching "biology vascular plants"

102 terms
Biology Lab: Vascular Seed Plants
Seeds
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms
Heterosporous
-Protect and nurture the developing embryo... -an efficient meth…
have exposed ("naked") seeds
-have seeds enclosed in fruits... -double-fertilization results…
-produce microspores and megaspores... -permits the wind to tran…
Seeds
-Protect and nurture the developing embryo... -an efficient meth…
Gymnosperms
have exposed ("naked") seeds
Biology - Non vascular plants
What are examples of bryophytes ?
What are characteristics of bryophytes ?
What are Rhizoids ?
Why aren't rhizoids true roots, stems…
Mosses, liverworts, hornworts
- No true roots, stems or leaves ... - Small and simple ... - Need…
Root like structures that absorb water and nurtients
They lack vascular tissue
What are examples of bryophytes ?
Mosses, liverworts, hornworts
What are characteristics of bryophytes ?
- No true roots, stems or leaves ... - Small and simple ... - Need…
Biology - Vascular Plants
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Dermal Tissue
-anchor plants in ground ... -absorb water and dissolved nutrien…
-provide support system... -produce leaves/reproductive organs... -…
-maintain photosynthetic organs... -exchange gases with the air
protective outer covering of a plant that consists of a layer…
Roots
-anchor plants in ground ... -absorb water and dissolved nutrien…
Stems
-provide support system... -produce leaves/reproductive organs... -…
Biology Vascular Plants
What is vascular tissue?
What kind of cells did the first vascu…
Which of the following are true about…
What is the function of xylem?
Tissue that conducts and transports water and nutrients.
Tracheids
A, B, and C
To transport H2O
What is vascular tissue?
Tissue that conducts and transports water and nutrients.
What kind of cells did the first vascu…
Tracheids
56 terms
vascular plants (final biology)
The spore-bearing____ is diploid.
The gamete-producing _____ is haploid
Seedless vascular plants include the _…
Club mosses are found in
sporophyte
gametophyte
club mosses, horsetails, and ferns
temperate forests
The spore-bearing____ is diploid.
sporophyte
The gamete-producing _____ is haploid
gametophyte
Plant biology - seedless vascular plants
name the types of seedless vascular pl…
what are the characteristics of seedle…
name the 4 phyla of seedless vascular…
describe lycophyta
ferns, club mosses, whisk ferns, and horsetails
possess true vascular tissue, reproduce via spores (no seeds)…
lycophyta, psilophyta, sphenophyta, pterophyta
most ancient group, includes club mosses and relatives, have…
name the types of seedless vascular pl…
ferns, club mosses, whisk ferns, and horsetails
what are the characteristics of seedle…
possess true vascular tissue, reproduce via spores (no seeds)…
Biology - Seedless Vascular Plants
What are examples of seedless vascular…
Characteristics of seedless vascular p…
Do whisk ferns have stems, vascular ti…
What is the function of rhizoids in wh…
whisk ferns, club, mosses, horsetails and ferns
- reproduce by spores ... - Have vascular tissues, xylem and pho…
They have stems and vascular tissue , but not the tree roots…
They anchor the plant and absorb nutrients
What are examples of seedless vascular…
whisk ferns, club, mosses, horsetails and ferns
Characteristics of seedless vascular p…
- reproduce by spores ... - Have vascular tissues, xylem and pho…
47 terms
Biology: Nonvascular and Vascular plants
Thin coatings of ____ existed on land…
Closest relatives of land plants
Similar characteristics of land plants…
Distinctive traits shared between Char…
cyanobacteria, 1.2
Charophytes
1. Multicellular... 2. Eukaryotic... 3. Photosynthetic Autotrophs…
1. Rosette-shaped cellulose-synthesizing complexes... 2. Peroxis…
Thin coatings of ____ existed on land…
cyanobacteria, 1.2
Closest relatives of land plants
Charophytes
19 terms
biology - Vascular plants
what was the origin of vascular plants ?
Characteristic sof extant vascular pla…
Multicelluar roots and multicellular l…
Microphylls Vs megaphylls
Bryophytes where probably the earths only plants for the firs…
1. Vascular tissue ... Xylem ... - contains strengthening polymer…
Multicellular roots- absorb nutrients , provide an anchor ... Co…
Microphylls:single strand of vascular tissue , usually small…
what was the origin of vascular plants ?
Bryophytes where probably the earths only plants for the firs…
Characteristic sof extant vascular pla…
1. Vascular tissue ... Xylem ... - contains strengthening polymer…
8 terms
Vascular & Non-Vascular Plants
Vascular Plants
Vascular
Vascular
Vascular
*Have special tubes (tissue) that carries food & water throug…
Trees
Grass
Flowering plants
Vascular Plants
*Have special tubes (tissue) that carries food & water throug…
Vascular
Trees
Biology, Chapter 21.4, Vascular Seed Plants
cotyledon
cone
annual
biennial
structures that either store food or help absorb food tor the…
a structure that contains the male or female reproductive str…
a plant that completes its life span in one growing season or…
plant's life spans 2 years; first year is used to produce lea…
cotyledon
structures that either store food or help absorb food tor the…
cone
a structure that contains the male or female reproductive str…
Biology, Chapter 21.3, Seedless Vascular Plants
strobilus
epiphyte
rhizome
sporangium
a compact cluster of spore-bearing structures
a plant that lives anchored to an object or another plant
a thick underground stem, a food-storage organ
sac or case in which fungal spores are produced
strobilus
a compact cluster of spore-bearing structures
epiphyte
a plant that lives anchored to an object or another plant
Plant Biology: Vascular Systems
Requirements for land adaptation
Homosporous plants
Heterosporous plants
microspores
1. Dehydration prevention... 2. Efficient water/nutrient transfe…
produce gamete outside of spore wall (horsetails and some lyc…
produce gametes inside of spore wall (all seeded plants, some…
male gametophyte
Requirements for land adaptation
1. Dehydration prevention... 2. Efficient water/nutrient transfe…
Homosporous plants
produce gamete outside of spore wall (horsetails and some lyc…
83 terms
Biology: Vascular Plants Test
Vascular tissue
Epicotyl
Hypocotyl
Cotyledons
Conducting tissue, xylem and phloem
Apical meristem tissue above cotyledons in developing embryo
Developing stem below cotyledons in embryo
An embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, one or more of whic…
Vascular tissue
Conducting tissue, xylem and phloem
Epicotyl
Apical meristem tissue above cotyledons in developing embryo
Biology 1407 Lab 4 non Vascular plants and Seedless Vascular plants
Cellulose
Alterations of generations
Sporophyte
Sporangium
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
plant life cycle in which the plant alternates between haploi…
an organism that produces spores
spore capsule in which haploid spores are produced by meiosis
Cellulose
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
Alterations of generations
plant life cycle in which the plant alternates between haploi…
Biology 1020 - Non Vascular Plants
when was the earliest evidence of non-…
what is the phylum hepatophyta?
what is the phylum bryophyta
what is the phylum anthocerophyta
450 million years ago
liverworts
mosses
hornworts
when was the earliest evidence of non-…
450 million years ago
what is the phylum hepatophyta?
liverworts
12 terms
Biology- plant vascular system
Why cant multicellular plants transpor…
What allows substances to be transport…
Describe the xylem tube?
What is the role of the xylem?
They are too large. Small surface area to volume ratio
Vascular system
Long, hollow and narrow
To transport water and minerals
Why cant multicellular plants transpor…
They are too large. Small surface area to volume ratio
What allows substances to be transport…
Vascular system
18 terms
Biology -Vascular Seed Plants Quiz
enclosed in a fruit
angiosperms
seed coat
angiosperm seed
seeds of flowering plants
•flowering plants... •produce many seeds each year ... • broad, fl…
protect developing plant from drying out or freezing
develop inside a fruit
enclosed in a fruit
seeds of flowering plants
angiosperms
•flowering plants... •produce many seeds each year ... • broad, fl…
13 terms
Vascular Plants
palmate
pinnate
parallel
classify
A leaf vein pattern in which there are several veins that all…
A leaf vein pattern that looks like a feather.
A leaf vein pattern in which the veins are straight lines run…
to identify and organize according to similar properties or o…
palmate
A leaf vein pattern in which there are several veins that all…
pinnate
A leaf vein pattern that looks like a feather.
23 terms
Biology 1204 Seedless Vascular Plants
2 phylums of vascular plants
Lycophytes include
Pterophytes include
True or False: Seedless vascular plant…
Lycophyta, pterophyta
club moss
fern, whisk fern, horsetails
false
2 phylums of vascular plants
Lycophyta, pterophyta
Lycophytes include
club moss
30 terms
Vascular and Non-vascular plants
chlorophyll
chloroplast
cones
conifer
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
used by conifers for reproduction (to produce seeds)
evergreens with needle-like leaves that make cones to produce…
chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
chloroplast
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
24 terms
Biology 1204 Non-Vascular Plants
Problems of living on land
3 phyla of bryophyta
Poikilohydric
Would being poikilohydric make the pla…
Dessication, transfer of gametes without water, resource acqu…
Liverwort, mosses, hornworts
Low control of internal water content
No they're dessication-resistant
Problems of living on land
Dessication, transfer of gametes without water, resource acqu…
3 phyla of bryophyta
Liverwort, mosses, hornworts
9 terms
Vascular and non-vascular Plants
vascular plant
xylem
phloem
sap
a plant with an internal system of tubes for transporting nut…
the hollow cells of a plant that transport water and minerals…
the long cells through which nutrients, such as sugars, are d…
a sugar-rich liquid transported by phloem
vascular plant
a plant with an internal system of tubes for transporting nut…
xylem
the hollow cells of a plant that transport water and minerals…
Vascular and Non-vascular plants
chlorophyll
chloroplast
cones
conifer
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
used by conifers for reproduction (to produce seeds)
evergreens with needle-like leaves that make cones to produce…
chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
chloroplast
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
15 terms
Vascular Plants
Vascular plants have
Xylem (tissue) conducts water
Phloem conducts
Xylem vessels
xylem and phloem
from the roots to the leaves (adds support)
photosynthate (sugars, starches, whatever is made during phot…
hollow tubes which conduct water
Vascular plants have
xylem and phloem
Xylem (tissue) conducts water
from the roots to the leaves (adds support)
31 terms
Vascular and Non-vascular Plants
chlorophyll
chloroplast
cones
conifer
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
used by conifers for reproduction (to produce seeds)
evergreens with needle-like leaves that make cones to produce…
chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
chloroplast
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
62 terms
Vascular Plants
Actaea pachypoda
Actaea rubra
Allium tricoccum
Anemone acutiloba
White baneberry
Red baneberry
Wild Leek
Sharp lobed hepatica
Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry
Actaea rubra
Red baneberry
19 terms
Biology - Plant Vascular Systems Quiz
anther
stamen
filament
pistil
small structures where pollen is produced and prepared to be…
the collective term for all male reproductive organisms in a…
little stalks that support the anther
the collective term for all the female parts
anther
small structures where pollen is produced and prepared to be…
stamen
the collective term for all male reproductive organisms in a…
5 terms
Vascular plants
Vascular Tissue
Seedless plants
Seed plants
Gymnosperms
Xylem, Phloem (Xylem UP, Phloem DOWN)
No seeds, use SPORES to reproduce. Wind carries the spores. E…
Most common plants on Earth. A SEED is a plant EMBRYO. The se…
Non-flowering plant--NO flowers. Seeds are protected by a con…
Vascular Tissue
Xylem, Phloem (Xylem UP, Phloem DOWN)
Seedless plants
No seeds, use SPORES to reproduce. Wind carries the spores. E…
24 terms
Vascular Plants
Osmosis
Vascular plants
Xylem
Phloem
- early plants and mosses developed close to water and on dam…
- plants that have specialized tissues for conducting water a…
transports water and minerals from the roots to the plant's t…
Transports sugar to a plant's tissues. It also transports sol…
Osmosis
- early plants and mosses developed close to water and on dam…
Vascular plants
- plants that have specialized tissues for conducting water a…
22 terms
Vascular Plants
Seed Adaptations for Dispersal
3 Seed Viability Records
Arctic lupine
Dr. W. J. Beal
Wind wings--pine... Fruit on tree-- yew... Seeds on fruit in fruit…
1. Indian Lotus... 1400 years... 2. Judean Date Palm... --male plan…
seeds thought to be 10,000 years old but this was debunked, a…
Verbascum blattaria ... 120 year seed viability
Seed Adaptations for Dispersal
Wind wings--pine... Fruit on tree-- yew... Seeds on fruit in fruit…
3 Seed Viability Records
1. Indian Lotus... 1400 years... 2. Judean Date Palm... --male plan…
51 terms
Biology Lab #5- Kingdom plantae Pt.2 (Vascular plants)
Plant pollen (40x)
fern sperophytes (40x)
Lily Ovulory (100x)
Fern Sparangia (40x)
...
...
...
...
Plant pollen (40x)
...
fern sperophytes (40x)
...
23 terms
Vascular and Non-vascular plants
chloroplast
cones
conifer
cotyledon
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
used by conifers for reproduction (to produce seeds)
evergreens with needle-like leaves that make cones to produce…
stored food in a seed that become the first leaves
chloroplast
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
cones
used by conifers for reproduction (to produce seeds)
14 terms
Biology Lab #2: Seedless Vascular Plants
sporophyll
sporangium (sporangia)
rhizomes
sori (sorus)
leaf like structures of sporophyte that bear spores
form on sporophylls; where spores are produced by meiosis
underground stems that grow indefinitely on sporophytes
groups of sporangia
sporophyll
leaf like structures of sporophyte that bear spores
sporangium (sporangia)
form on sporophylls; where spores are produced by meiosis
Plants Non vascular / vascular
Characteristics of plants
Vascular system
Plants are classified into two main gr…
Vascular plants are divided into two g…
Producers... photosynthesize... Eukaryotic... Cells have a cell wall
has tubules to transport fluids/nutrients around the organism
vascular and non vascular
Angiosperms and Gymnosperms
Characteristics of plants
Producers... photosynthesize... Eukaryotic... Cells have a cell wall
Vascular system
has tubules to transport fluids/nutrients around the organism
vascular plants
gametophyte
sporophyte
vascular plants
spore plants
reduced haploid generation
dominant diploid generation with vascular tissue
consists of stems, roots, leaves, and sporangia
plants produce homospores
gametophyte
reduced haploid generation
sporophyte
dominant diploid generation with vascular tissue
vascular plants
vascular plants
seedless vascular pants
ferns <pteridophyta>
seed plants
large, lignin <stiffness>, strength, and sporophytic dominance
Ferns ( whisk, horsetail) , and club mosses <lycopodiophyta>
gametophyte is haploid and contains monoecious sex cells
from < fertilized ovule>, ... ovule is megasporangium cover by i…
vascular plants
large, lignin <stiffness>, strength, and sporophytic dominance
seedless vascular pants
Ferns ( whisk, horsetail) , and club mosses <lycopodiophyta>
biology 1 ch 13 vascular plants
parenchyma
parenchyma
palisade mesophyll and spongy mesophyll
collenchyma
cells that have a thin cell walls with a large central vacuol…
what is important in metabolic process pf plants and in stora…
parenchyma is divided into 2 layers called..?
are cells with thick cell walls and provide support as found…
parenchyma
cells that have a thin cell walls with a large central vacuol…
parenchyma
what is important in metabolic process pf plants and in stora…
Vascular and Non-vascular plants
chlorophyll
chloroplast
cones
flowers
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
used by conifers for reproduction (to produce seeds)
used by some plants for reproduction (to produce seeds)
chlorophyll
green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy for p…
chloroplast
structure in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
Vascular Plants (DIVE Biology Lesson 23)
Anthocerophyta
Hepatophyta
Bryophyta
Psilotophyta (Seedless; Vascular)
Hornworts
Liverworts
Mosses
Fern
Anthocerophyta
Hornworts
Hepatophyta
Liverworts
41 terms
Vascular Plants
Vascular plants
spores
undeveloped plant, stored food, protec…
angiosperms
plants with specialized tissue that forms vessels to carry wa…
...a single cell that can develop into a new plant that is ex…
3 parts to a seed
seed plants that produce flowers; seeds are protected by a fr…
Vascular plants
plants with specialized tissue that forms vessels to carry wa…
spores
...a single cell that can develop into a new plant that is ex…
Biology Test 3 (Seedless Vascular Plants)
Common in all phyla of vascular plants
Homosporous
Heterosporous
Microspores
-vascular tissues are present... -life cycle is based on sporic…
All spores are the same type and develop into gamteophytes th…
Two spore types are produced.
Smaller spores that develop into male gametophytes that make…
Common in all phyla of vascular plants
-vascular tissues are present... -life cycle is based on sporic…
Homosporous
All spores are the same type and develop into gamteophytes th…
27 terms
Vascular plants
gametophytes
sporophytes
vascular plants (Tracheophytes)
vascular plant and dominant sporophyte
a plant (or the haploid phase in its life cycle) that produce…
plant (or the diploid phase in its life cycle) that produces…
Any plant possessing vascular tissue (xylem and phloem), incl…
why dominant sporophyte? ... - diploid plants have better resili…
gametophytes
a plant (or the haploid phase in its life cycle) that produce…
sporophytes
plant (or the diploid phase in its life cycle) that produces…
47 terms
Biology 204L - Lab 5 - Vascular Plants
Questions (2-17)
Name four major apomorphies of the vas…
What is the formal name for the vascul…
What are the two specialized conductiv…
...
A. An independent, dominant sporophyte;... B. Vascular tissues,…
Tracheophyta.
1) Xylem: Water and mineral conductive (tracheary element cel…
Questions (2-17)
...
Name four major apomorphies of the vas…
A. An independent, dominant sporophyte;... B. Vascular tissues,…
6 terms
Vascular and Non-Vascular Plants Examples
Vascular
Nonvascular
Vascular
Vascular
Vessels and tubes
No vessels
Ferns
Trees
Vascular
Vessels and tubes
Nonvascular
No vessels
16 terms
Vascular Plants
gnetophyte
cycad
embryo
ginkgo
gymnosperms that live in hot deserts and tropical rain forests
palm-like plants of the tropic
contained in the seed of a vascular, seed bearing plant
a gymnosperm with fan shaped leaves
gnetophyte
gymnosperms that live in hot deserts and tropical rain forests
cycad
palm-like plants of the tropic
Vascular & Non-Vascular Plants
Bryophyta
Hepatophyta
Anthocerophyta
Lycophyta
true mosses
liverworts
hornworts
clubmosses
Bryophyta
true mosses
Hepatophyta
liverworts
14 terms
Vascular Plants
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
xylem
phloem
a plant that has specialized tissues that transport materials…
a low-growing plant that does NOThave tissues to transport ma…
The tube through which water moves in plants upward from the…
the vascular tissue in plants that transports sugars downward…
vascular plant
a plant that has specialized tissues that transport materials…
nonvascular plant
a low-growing plant that does NOThave tissues to transport ma…
17 terms
AP Biology Chapter 36 - Transport in Vascular Plants
Proton pump
Chemiosmosis
Osmosis
Water potential
Uses energy from ATP to pump H+ ions out of cells
Produces H+ gradient... Membrane potential... Energy from gradient…
PASSIVE Transport of water across cell membrane
Determines direction of movement... Water moves from high to low…
Proton pump
Uses energy from ATP to pump H+ ions out of cells
Chemiosmosis
Produces H+ gradient... Membrane potential... Energy from gradient…
9 terms
Vascular Plants
xylem
phloem
sap
palmate leaf
The hollow cells of a plant that transport water and minerals…
The long cells through which nutrients, such as sugars, are d…
A sugar-rich liquid transported by pholem
A leaf vine pattern in which there are several veins that all…
xylem
The hollow cells of a plant that transport water and minerals…
phloem
The long cells through which nutrients, such as sugars, are d…
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