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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 flashcards"

18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
32 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
Why a cell divides rather than grows.
Importance of Surface Area in a cell
Importance of Volume in a cell
Surface Area Equation
1. When a cell becomes too big there could be a genetic overl…
Rate at which oxygen and water enter the cell and waste leave…
Rate at which food and oxygen are USED up and waste in PRODUC…
Length X Width X # of sides
Why a cell divides rather than grows.
1. When a cell becomes too big there could be a genetic overl…
Importance of Surface Area in a cell
Rate at which oxygen and water enter the cell and waste leave…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Flashcards
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells form two parents unite to…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Flashcards
Crossing over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulti…
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
the action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, o…
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
Crossing over
the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulti…
Diploid
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Genetics
Gamete
Fertilization
Hybrid
science of heredity
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
organism heterozygous for a specific trait
Genetics
science of heredity
Gamete
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
16 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10
infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
An illness that can pass from person to person.
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
A germ.
A type of germ that is not living.
infectious disease
An illness that can pass from person to person.
plague
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
65 terms
Chapter 10 AP Biology Flashcards
10.1 Photosynthesis converts light ene…
Autotrophic
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
...
self sustaining or self nourishing
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
10.1 Photosynthesis converts light ene…
...
Autotrophic
self sustaining or self nourishing
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Virology
Two parts that compose a virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
The study of viruses
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects a bacterial cell
Virology
The study of viruses
Two parts that compose a virus
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
15 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Homologous chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
Diploid
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
Cell with half the number of chromosomes (1N)
Having two copies of each chromosome (2N)
Homologous chromosome
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
Gamete
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
31 terms
Biology 10 chapter 10 vocabulary
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
21 terms
Pearson biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
8 terms
Biology Flashcards Chapter 10
chromosome
cell cycle
mitosis
centromere
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach.
chromosome
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell cycle
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Heredity
Genetics
Traits
Gametes
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
A branch of biology that studies heredity
Characteristics that are inherited
Also called sex cells
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
Genetics
A branch of biology that studies heredity
20 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
A process when two cells from different parents join together…
A threadlike structure that contains the genetic info that is…
Cell division
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
54 terms
Chapter 10 biology flashcards
molecular biology
bacteriophages
nucleotides
polynucleotide
The study of biological structures, functions, and heridity a…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of a five carbo…
A polymer made up of many nucleotide monomers bonded together
molecular biology
The study of biological structures, functions, and heridity a…
bacteriophages
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
15 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
gene
chromosome
chromatin
histone
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
Definition: the substance that composes eukaryotic chromosome…
Definition: a type of protein molecule found in the chromosom…
gene
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
chromosome
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Process by which a cell divides into t…
Part of eukaryotic cell division durin…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell…
One of two identical "sister" parts of…
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into t…
cell division
Part of eukaryotic cell division durin…
mitosis
29 terms
Chapter 10 molecular biology
Linus Pauling
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
DNA
Semiconservative model.
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
-Adenine-Thymine... Guanine-Cytosine... Why? because of Chargaff's…
After DNA replication there are two identical strands, each m…
Linus Pauling
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
16 terms
Chapter 10 (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gene
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
28 terms
biology chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information bundle into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
16 terms
Miller & levine Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
type of reproduction in which the cells from two parents unit…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
surface area
volume
sa/v ratio
why are cells so small
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
the space inside a cell, includes cytoplasm + organelles
indicates the relative amount of plasma membrane available to…
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
why are cells so small
surface area
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
8 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
18 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossils
Catastrophism
A change in a species over time
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
The view that most of earth's geological features are the res…
Evolution
A change in a species over time
Species
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
27 terms
Chapter 10 Flashcards - biology
The chromosome theory of inheritance s…
Each chromosome consists of a single l…
A gene is a small region of the
Humans have roughly 25,000 genes locat…
all genes are located on chromosomes
proteins
DNA molecule
23 pairs of chromosomes
The chromosome theory of inheritance s…
all genes are located on chromosomes
Each chromosome consists of a single l…
proteins
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Sexual Reproduction and Genetics
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
27 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
allele
dominant
fertilization
gamete
an alternative form of a gene
the observed trait
a process in which the male gamete unites with the female gam…
male and female sex cells
allele
an alternative form of a gene
dominant
the observed trait
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Cell divides into two
First stage of division
Second stage of division
Replica of chromosome
Cell Division
Cell divides into two
Mitosis
First stage of division
28 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
ribonucleic acid
uracil
transcription
translation
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in RNA.
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
ribonucleic acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
uracil
Nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in RNA.
21 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into new daughter cells.
The production of a genetically identical offspring from a si…
The fusion of special productive cells formed by each of two…
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into new daughter cells.
Asexual Reproduction
The production of a genetically identical offspring from a si…
18 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
evolution
species
fossil
catasrophism
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
A group of organisms so similar that they can reproduce.
traces of organisms that existed in the past
states that natural disasters such as floods and volcanic eru…
evolution
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
species
A group of organisms so similar that they can reproduce.
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Evolution
Species
Fossil
Catastrophism
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
Evolution
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
Species
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
photosynthesis
autotrophs
photoautotrophs
heterotrophs
conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is stored…
self feeders, sustain themselves without eating anything deri…
organisms that use light as a source of energy to synthesize…
obtain their organic material by the second major mode of nut…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is stored…
autotrophs
self feeders, sustain themselves without eating anything deri…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which a cell nucleus…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which a cell nucleus…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
photosynthesis
2 stages of photosynthesis
light reactions
calvin cycle
conversion of light energy to chemical energy stored in the b…
light reactions and calvin cycle
uses light energy. takes place in thylakoid membranes. Where…
occurs in stroma. uses ATP and NADPH to incorporate CO2 into…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy to chemical energy stored in the b…
2 stages of photosynthesis
light reactions and calvin cycle
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Adaptation
Artificial Selection
Analogous structure
Biogeography
A inherited trait that allows an individual to survive and re…
Process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
Body parts that share a common function, but not structure
Study of the distribution of organisms around the world
Adaptation
A inherited trait that allows an individual to survive and re…
Artificial Selection
Process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
Biology Flashcards Chapter 10
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
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