Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 flashcards"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 flashcards"

18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Flashcards
Crossing over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulti…
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
the action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, o…
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
Crossing over
the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulti…
Diploid
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Genetics
Gamete
Fertilization
Hybrid
science of heredity
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
organism heterozygous for a specific trait
Genetics
science of heredity
Gamete
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Biology Flashcards Chapter 10
chromosome
cell cycle
mitosis
centromere
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach.
chromosome
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell cycle
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
5 terms
Biology Vocabulary - Chapter 10
Ecosystem
Biomass
Watershed
Transpiration
An association of living organisms and their physical environ…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
An ecosystem where all water runoff drains into a single body…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of plants
Ecosystem
An association of living organisms and their physical environ…
Biomass
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Heredity
Genetics
Traits
Gametes
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
A branch of biology that studies heredity
Characteristics that are inherited
Also called sex cells
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
Genetics
A branch of biology that studies heredity
54 terms
Chapter 10 biology flashcards
molecular biology
bacteriophages
nucleotides
polynucleotide
The study of biological structures, functions, and heridity a…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of a five carbo…
A polymer made up of many nucleotide monomers bonded together
molecular biology
The study of biological structures, functions, and heridity a…
bacteriophages
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
28 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Process by which a cell divides into t…
Part of eukaryotic cell division durin…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell…
One of two identical "sister" parts of…
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into t…
cell division
Part of eukaryotic cell division durin…
mitosis
Biology Chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
65 terms
Chapter 10 AP Biology Flashcards
10.1 Photosynthesis converts light ene…
Autotrophic
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
...
self sustaining or self nourishing
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
10.1 Photosynthesis converts light ene…
...
Autotrophic
self sustaining or self nourishing
Biology 10 chapter 10 vocabulary
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
Why a cell divides rather than grows.
Importance of Surface Area in a cell
Importance of Volume in a cell
Surface Area Equation
1. When a cell becomes too big there could be a genetic overl…
Rate at which oxygen and water enter the cell and waste leave…
Rate at which food and oxygen are USED up and waste in PRODUC…
Length X Width X # of sides
Why a cell divides rather than grows.
1. When a cell becomes too big there could be a genetic overl…
Importance of Surface Area in a cell
Rate at which oxygen and water enter the cell and waste leave…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Flashcards
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells form two parents unite to…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Chapter 10 Vocabulary - Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
15 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Homologous chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
Diploid
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
Cell with half the number of chromosomes (1N)
Having two copies of each chromosome (2N)
Homologous chromosome
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
Gamete
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
allele
dominant
fertilization
gamete
an alternative form of a gene
the observed trait
a process in which the male gamete unites with the female gam…
male and female sex cells
allele
an alternative form of a gene
dominant
the observed trait
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
sexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
chromosomes (B-C10-1120)
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Chapter 10 Flashcards Biology
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The series of events that takes place in a cell leading to it…
A nuclear division resulting in the production of 2 somatic c…
Final phase of this a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
A single piece of coiled DNA and protein found in the nucleus…
Cell cycle
The series of events that takes place in a cell leading to it…
Mitosis
A nuclear division resulting in the production of 2 somatic c…
Biology Honors Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
gene
chromosome
chromatin
histone
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
Definition: the substance that composes eukaryotic chromosome…
Definition: a type of protein molecule found in the chromosom…
gene
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
chromosome
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
27 terms
Chapter 10 Flashcards - biology
The chromosome theory of inheritance s…
Each chromosome consists of a single l…
A gene is a small region of the
Humans have roughly 25,000 genes locat…
all genes are located on chromosomes
proteins
DNA molecule
23 pairs of chromosomes
The chromosome theory of inheritance s…
all genes are located on chromosomes
Each chromosome consists of a single l…
proteins
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
21 terms
Pearson biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Cell divides into two
First stage of division
Second stage of division
Replica of chromosome
Cell Division
Cell divides into two
Mitosis
First stage of division
Chapter 10 flashcards Biology
RNA
Uracil
Transcription
Translation
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
One of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
The portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
Uracil
One of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
21 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into new daughter cells.
The production of a genetically identical offspring from a si…
The fusion of special productive cells formed by each of two…
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into new daughter cells.
Asexual Reproduction
The production of a genetically identical offspring from a si…
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
evolution
species
fossil
catasrophism
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
A group of organisms so similar that they can reproduce.
traces of organisms that existed in the past
states that natural disasters such as floods and volcanic eru…
evolution
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
species
A group of organisms so similar that they can reproduce.
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Evolution
Species
Fossil
Catastrophism
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most…
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
Evolution
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
Species
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which a cell nucleus…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which a cell nucleus…
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
photosynthesis
2 stages of photosynthesis
light reactions
calvin cycle
conversion of light energy to chemical energy stored in the b…
light reactions and calvin cycle
uses light energy. takes place in thylakoid membranes. Where…
occurs in stroma. uses ATP and NADPH to incorporate CO2 into…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy to chemical energy stored in the b…
2 stages of photosynthesis
light reactions and calvin cycle
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Adaptation
Artificial Selection
Analogous structure
Biogeography
A inherited trait that allows an individual to survive and re…
Process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
Body parts that share a common function, but not structure
Study of the distribution of organisms around the world
Adaptation
A inherited trait that allows an individual to survive and re…
Artificial Selection
Process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
Biology Flashcards Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
The process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
cell division
The process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gregor Mendel
Heredity
trait
genetics
Austrian monk - first person to predict how traits are transf…
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
inherited characteristics
branch of biology that studies heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk - first person to predict how traits are transf…
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
18 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossils
Catastrophism
A change in a species over time
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
The view that most of earth's geological features are the res…
Evolution
A change in a species over time
Species
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
8 terms
Chapter 10 Biology vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
When a cell divides into two new daughter cells
When genetically identical offspring form from a single parent
Reproduction needs the fusion of two separate parent cells
A Genetic information bundle
Cell division
When a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
When genetically identical offspring form from a single parent
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division.
One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome.
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
28 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 (Hower)
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
24 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 10
Chromosome
Gene
Homologous chromosome
Gamete
Cellular structure that contains DNA
Functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
One of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that combined with…
Chromosome
Cellular structure that contains DNA
Gene
Functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell formed during meiosis (sperm or egg)
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
34 terms
Miller & Levine's Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
9 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Alleles
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
A trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the paren…
A trait that must be contributed by both parents in order to…
Having identical pairs of genes for any given of hereditary c…
Alleles
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
Dominant
A trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the paren…
21 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary: Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes…
the production of new living organisms by combining genetic i…
Genetic information that is bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Asexual Reproduction
offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes…
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