Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 flashcards"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 flashcards"

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Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
Why a cell divides rather than grows.
Importance of Surface Area in a cell
Importance of Volume in a cell
Surface Area Equation
1. When a cell becomes too big there could be a genetic overl…
Rate at which oxygen and water enter the cell and waste leave…
Rate at which food and oxygen are USED up and waste in PRODUC…
Length X Width X # of sides
Why a cell divides rather than grows.
1. When a cell becomes too big there could be a genetic overl…
Importance of Surface Area in a cell
Rate at which oxygen and water enter the cell and waste leave…
Chapter 10 Flashcards Biology
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The series of events that takes place in a cell leading to it…
A nuclear division resulting in the production of 2 somatic c…
Final phase of this a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
A single piece of coiled DNA and protein found in the nucleus…
Cell cycle
The series of events that takes place in a cell leading to it…
Mitosis
A nuclear division resulting in the production of 2 somatic c…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Flashcards
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells form two parents unite to…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Flashcards
Crossing over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulti…
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
the action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, o…
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
Crossing over
the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes, resulti…
Diploid
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Genetics
Gamete
Fertilization
Hybrid
science of heredity
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
organism heterozygous for a specific trait
Genetics
science of heredity
Gamete
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10
infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
An illness that can pass from person to person.
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
A germ.
A type of germ that is not living.
infectious disease
An illness that can pass from person to person.
plague
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
Biology 10 chapter 10 vocabulary
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
sexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
chromosomes (B-C10-1120)
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
65 terms
Chapter 10 AP Biology Flashcards
10.1 Photosynthesis converts light ene…
Autotrophic
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
...
self sustaining or self nourishing
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
10.1 Photosynthesis converts light ene…
...
Autotrophic
self sustaining or self nourishing
Biology Honors Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Biology Chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
15 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Homologous chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
Diploid
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
Cell with half the number of chromosomes (1N)
Having two copies of each chromosome (2N)
Homologous chromosome
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
Gamete
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
allele
dominant
fertilization
gamete
an alternative form of a gene
the observed trait
a process in which the male gamete unites with the female gam…
male and female sex cells
allele
an alternative form of a gene
dominant
the observed trait
Chapter 10 Vocabulary - Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Biology Flashcards Chapter 10
chromosome
cell cycle
mitosis
centromere
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach.
chromosome
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell cycle
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Heredity
Genetics
Traits
Gametes
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
A branch of biology that studies heredity
Characteristics that are inherited
Also called sex cells
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
Genetics
A branch of biology that studies heredity
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
54 terms
Chapter 10 biology flashcards
molecular biology
bacteriophages
nucleotides
polynucleotide
The study of biological structures, functions, and heridity a…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of a five carbo…
A polymer made up of many nucleotide monomers bonded together
molecular biology
The study of biological structures, functions, and heridity a…
bacteriophages
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Process by which a cell divides into t…
Part of eukaryotic cell division durin…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell…
One of two identical "sister" parts of…
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into t…
cell division
Part of eukaryotic cell division durin…
mitosis
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
gene
chromosome
chromatin
histone
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
Definition: the substance that composes eukaryotic chromosome…
Definition: a type of protein molecule found in the chromosom…
gene
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
chromosome
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
28 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 (Hower)
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
28 terms
biology chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information bundle into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
21 terms
Pearson biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
16 terms
Chapter 10 (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gene
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gregor Mendel
Heredity
trait
genetics
Austrian monk - first person to predict how traits are transf…
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
inherited characteristics
branch of biology that studies heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk - first person to predict how traits are transf…
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
16 terms
Miller & levine Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
type of reproduction in which the cells from two parents unit…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
18 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossils
Catastrophism
A change in a species over time
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
The view that most of earth's geological features are the res…
Evolution
A change in a species over time
Species
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
27 terms
Chapter 10 Flashcards - biology
The chromosome theory of inheritance s…
Each chromosome consists of a single l…
A gene is a small region of the
Humans have roughly 25,000 genes locat…
all genes are located on chromosomes
proteins
DNA molecule
23 pairs of chromosomes
The chromosome theory of inheritance s…
all genes are located on chromosomes
Each chromosome consists of a single l…
proteins
38 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10 review
cell division (10.1) 243
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
Equation to determine ratio of volume…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
length x width x height... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 1cm = 1cm3 (1…
cell division (10.1) 243
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Its volume
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Virology
Two parts that compose a virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
The study of viruses
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects a bacterial cell
Virology
The study of viruses
Two parts that compose a virus
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Cell Division
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Chromosome
A cell dividing into two daughter cells
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction with genetic inform…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Genetic information bundled up only packages of DNA
Cell Division
A cell dividing into two daughter cells
Sexual Reproduction
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction with genetic inform…
8 terms
Chapter 10 Biology vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
When a cell divides into two new daughter cells
When genetically identical offspring form from a single parent
Reproduction needs the fusion of two separate parent cells
A Genetic information bundle
Cell division
When a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
When genetically identical offspring form from a single parent
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Sexual Reproduction and Genetics
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Cell divides into two
First stage of division
Second stage of division
Replica of chromosome
Cell Division
Cell divides into two
Mitosis
First stage of division
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
21 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into new daughter cells.
The production of a genetically identical offspring from a si…
The fusion of special productive cells formed by each of two…
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into new daughter cells.
Asexual Reproduction
The production of a genetically identical offspring from a si…
Chapter 10 Biology Flashcards
evolution
species
fossil
catasrophism
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
A group of organisms so similar that they can reproduce.
traces of organisms that existed in the past
states that natural disasters such as floods and volcanic eru…
evolution
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
species
A group of organisms so similar that they can reproduce.
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which a cell nucleus…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which a cell nucleus…
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