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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 made proteins are"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10 made proteins are"

19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Terms: Chapter 10 "How Proteins Are Made"
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Uracil
Transcription
Translation
A nucleic acid or molecule made of nucleotides linked together
A nitrogen base that replaces Thymine and is part of RNA.
The process where instructions for making a protein are trans…
The process where cells use two different types of RNA to rea…
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
A nucleic acid or molecule made of nucleotides linked together
Uracil
A nitrogen base that replaces Thymine and is part of RNA.
16 terms
Biology chapter 10 how proteins are made
Ribonucleic
Polymerase
Messenger
Gene
Like DNA, _________ acid (RNA) is a molecule made of nucleoti…
RNA __________ is an enzyme involved in transcription.
The type of RNA that carries the instructions for making a pr…
The entire process by which proteins are made is called _____…
Ribonucleic
Like DNA, _________ acid (RNA) is a molecule made of nucleoti…
Polymerase
RNA __________ is an enzyme involved in transcription.
35 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 10 How Proteins Are Made
RNA
transcription
translation
expression
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
The process by which a gene coded in formation is converted i…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
transcription
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
43 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 10 How Proteins Are Made
RNA
transcription
translation
expression
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
The process by which a gene coded in formation is converted i…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
transcription
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
28 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 10 How Proteins Are Made
Ribonucleic acid(RNA)
transcription
translation
Gene expression
A natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
The process by which a gene coded in formation is converted i…
Ribonucleic acid(RNA)
A natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
19 terms
Chapter 10: How Proteins Are Made
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
translation
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RN…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
uracil
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
Holt Biology Chapter 10 How Proteins Are Made
RNA
transcription
translation
expression
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
The process by which a gene coded in formation is converted i…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
transcription
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
43 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 10 How Proteins Are Made
RNA
transcription
translation
expression
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
The process by which a gene coded in formation is converted i…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, a natural polymer that is present in all li…
transcription
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
23 terms
Chapter 10: How Proteins Are Made
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
translation
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RN…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
uracil
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
32 terms
Gianelli - Chapter 10 "How Proteins are Made"
When, during translation, does the ami…
Each nucleotide triplet in mRNA that s…
This is a group of genes that code for…
What happens during transcription?
When the tRNA anticodon binds to the mRNA codon
Codon
Operon
RNA is produced
When, during translation, does the ami…
When the tRNA anticodon binds to the mRNA codon
Each nucleotide triplet in mRNA that s…
Codon
19 terms
chapter 10 (How are Proteins made)
Ribonucleic acid ( RNA )
transcription
translation
gene expression
is a nucleic acid; a molecule made of nucleotides linked toge…
The instruction for making a protien are transferred from gen…
Cells then use two different types of RNA to read the instruc…
the entire process by which proteins are made based on the in…
Ribonucleic acid ( RNA )
is a nucleic acid; a molecule made of nucleotides linked toge…
transcription
The instruction for making a protien are transferred from gen…
19 terms
Chapter 10 - How Proteins Are Made
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Uracil
Transcription
Translation
A natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
One of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
The portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
A natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
Uracil
One of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
19 terms
Chapter 10: How Proteins Are Made
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
translation
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RN…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
uracil
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
19 terms
Chapter 10 - How Proteins Are Made
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Uracil
Transcription
Translation
is a nucleic acid- a molecule made of nucleotides linked toge…
abbreviated as U- is complementary to adenine whenever RNA ba…
The process where instructions for making a protein are trans…
The process where cells use two different types of RNA to rea…
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
is a nucleic acid- a molecule made of nucleotides linked toge…
Uracil
abbreviated as U- is complementary to adenine whenever RNA ba…
19 terms
Chapter 10: How Proteins Are Made
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
translation
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RN…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
uracil
a nitrogen-containing base found in RNA (but not in DNA),... The…
20 terms
Chapter 10: How Proteins are Made
Ribonecleic Acid (RNA)
Uracil
Anticodon
Operon
A nucleic acid a molecule made of nucleotides linked together.
One of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
A three nucleotide sequence on s tRNA that is complementary t…
A unit of gene regulation and transcription in bacterial DNA…
Ribonecleic Acid (RNA)
A nucleic acid a molecule made of nucleotides linked together.
Uracil
One of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
21 terms
Chapter 10: How Proteins Are Made
Difference between DNA and RNA
Process/Steps of Transcription
Process of Translation
Point Mutation
1. DNA is a double strand as RNA is a single strand... 2. DNA ha…
1. RNA polymerase binds to gene promoter... 2. Two DNA strands u…
1. The ribosomal submits, the mRNA, and the tRNA caring methi…
A mutation in which only 1 nucleotide or nitrogenous base in…
Difference between DNA and RNA
1. DNA is a double strand as RNA is a single strand... 2. DNA ha…
Process/Steps of Transcription
1. RNA polymerase binds to gene promoter... 2. Two DNA strands u…
Biology Ch.10- How Proteins are Made
RNA
How is RNA different from DNA?
Transcription
Translation
A nucleic acid (nucleotides linked together)
Single stranded, contains a five carbon sugar ribose, and pla…
The making of an RNA molecule from a gene in the DNA
The making of a protein from an RNA molecule
RNA
A nucleic acid (nucleotides linked together)
How is RNA different from DNA?
Single stranded, contains a five carbon sugar ribose, and pla…
12 terms
Bio final (chapter 10 how proteins are made) June 2015
RNA ribonucleic acid (vs. DNA)
transcription
translation
RNA polymerase
1) single strand of nucleotides (instead of two strands)... 2) f…
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
links and adds complementary RNA nucleotides during transcrip…
RNA ribonucleic acid (vs. DNA)
1) single strand of nucleotides (instead of two strands)... 2) f…
transcription
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 17- How proteins are made
Transcription
Translation
Beadle and Tatum
RNA
makes a copy of the gene (mRNA)
reads mRNA and puts proper amino acids in order
1 gene- 1 polypeptide (bread mold)
ribose, made up of single stranded nucleotides
Transcription
makes a copy of the gene (mRNA)
Translation
reads mRNA and puts proper amino acids in order
11 terms
Biology 10 (How Proteins Are Made)
nucleus
ribosomes
polypeptide
rough ER
recipes
work table/kitchen
polymer+amino acid chain
builds/folds the protein
nucleus
recipes
ribosomes
work table/kitchen
23 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary (Miller and Levine Biology) (made by Julianna Evans)
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Deoxyribose
nitrogen containing base
Purines
Pyrimides
phosphate group which consists of a phosphorus, P, atom surro…
contains a nitrogen atom
based that have two rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms
based that have on wrong of carbon and nitrogen atoms
Deoxyribose
phosphate group which consists of a phosphorus, P, atom surro…
nitrogen containing base
contains a nitrogen atom
32 terms
Elder Biology - Chapter 10 Vocabulary - DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage (phages)
nucleotide
disease-causing
the type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to ano…
viruses that infect bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of sugar, a…
virulent
disease-causing
transformation
the type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to ano…
20 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 10, "From DNA to Protein: Gene Expression" Vocabulary
Anticodon
Codon
Exons
Frame-Shift Mutations
The three nucleotides in tRNA that pair with a complementary…
Three nucleotides in mRNA that direct the placement of a spec…
A part of a DNA molecule, in eukaryotes, that codes for part…
The addition or subtraction of nucleotides in a gene's sequen…
Anticodon
The three nucleotides in tRNA that pair with a complementary…
Codon
Three nucleotides in mRNA that direct the placement of a spec…
32 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10: DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Describes a microorganism that causes disease and that is hig…
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
A virus that infects bacteria
In a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of sugar, a…
Virulent
Describes a microorganism that causes disease and that is hig…
Transformation
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
19 terms
CH 10 How Proteins Are Made
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
translation
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
uracil
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
29 terms
Chapter 10 molecular biology
Linus Pauling
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
DNA
Semiconservative model.
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
-Adenine-Thymine... Guanine-Cytosine... Why? because of Chargaff's…
After DNA replication there are two identical strands, each m…
Linus Pauling
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
28 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division N. Walker
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Virology
Two parts that compose a virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
The study of viruses
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects a bacterial cell
Virology
The study of viruses
Two parts that compose a virus
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
28 terms
Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division Vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
16 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
8 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
31 terms
BATTISTA CP Biology 1: Chapter 10 Vocabulary with some image cards!
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
cell divides
genetically identical offspring
genetic information from each parent
contains genetic information; tightly coiled in nucleus
cell division
cell divides
asexual reproduction
genetically identical offspring
39 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
45 terms
Chapter 10 Review Johnson/Parolli
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromososme
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
form of reproduction in which cells of 2 parents unite to for…
threadlike structure of dna and protein that contain... genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
52 terms
Chapter 10 - Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology
molecular biology
nucleotide
polynucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
the study of life at the level of molecules
long chains of chemical units inside of nucleic acids
A diagram of a nucleotide polymer
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphat
molecular biology
the study of life at the level of molecules
nucleotide
long chains of chemical units inside of nucleic acids
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
28 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary Beam/Kidder Biology
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
40 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis
chromatid
centromere
interphase
cell cycle
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
period of the cell cycle between cell division
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
centromere
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
39 terms
Chapter 10 vocab
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Nucleosomes
Cell Cycle
Pass on genetic info from one generation of cells to another
Made up of DNA and histone proteins. Chromosomes are made up…
DNA that is coiled around histone proteins. Form coils and su…
Patter of growth, DNAreplication, and cell division
Chromosomes
Pass on genetic info from one generation of cells to another
Chromatin
Made up of DNA and histone proteins. Chromosomes are made up…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
surface area
volume
sa/v ratio
why are cells so small
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
the space inside a cell, includes cytoplasm + organelles
indicates the relative amount of plasma membrane available to…
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
why are cells so small
surface area
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
22 terms
Brighton Biology: Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
50 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 10
photosynthesis
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12…
anabolic
catabolic
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Equation for photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a(n) anabolic or catabolic process?
Cell respiration is a(n) anabolic or catabolic process?
photosynthesis
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12…
Equation for photosynthesis
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