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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 10"

18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Genetics
Gamete
Fertilization
Hybrid
science of heredity
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
organism heterozygous for a specific trait
Genetics
science of heredity
Gamete
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
27 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
allele
dominant
fertilization
gamete
an alternative form of a gene
the observed trait
a process in which the male gamete unites with the female gam…
male and female sex cells
allele
an alternative form of a gene
dominant
the observed trait
16 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
15 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Homologous chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
Diploid
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
Cell with half the number of chromosomes (1N)
Having two copies of each chromosome (2N)
Homologous chromosome
One chromosome from each parent that carries a specific trait
Gamete
A sex cell formed during meiosis (egg or sperm)
31 terms
Biology 10 chapter 10 vocabulary
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10
infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
An illness that can pass from person to person.
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
A germ.
A type of germ that is not living.
infectious disease
An illness that can pass from person to person.
plague
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
21 terms
Pearson biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
The process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
20 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
A process when two cells from different parents join together…
A threadlike structure that contains the genetic info that is…
Cell division
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
76 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Virology
Two parts that compose a virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
The study of viruses
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects a bacterial cell
Virology
The study of viruses
Two parts that compose a virus
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
15 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
gene
chromosome
chromatin
histone
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
Definition: the substance that composes eukaryotic chromosome…
Definition: a type of protein molecule found in the chromosom…
gene
Definition :the most basic physical unit of heredity... Sentenc…
chromosome
Definition: in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in th…
28 terms
biology chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information bundle into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
18 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossils
Catastrophism
A change in a species over time
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
Preserved remains of once-living organisms
The view that most of earth's geological features are the res…
Evolution
A change in a species over time
Species
A class of individuals having some common characteristics or…
29 terms
Chapter 10 molecular biology
Linus Pauling
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
DNA
Semiconservative model.
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
-Adenine-Thymine... Guanine-Cytosine... Why? because of Chargaff's…
After DNA replication there are two identical strands, each m…
Linus Pauling
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
ribonucleic acid
uracil
transcription
translation
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in RNA.
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
ribonucleic acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
uracil
Nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in RNA.
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
photosynthesis
autotrophs
photoautotrophs
heterotrophs
conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is stored…
self feeders, sustain themselves without eating anything deri…
organisms that use light as a source of energy to synthesize…
obtain their organic material by the second major mode of nut…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is stored…
autotrophs
self feeders, sustain themselves without eating anything deri…
16 terms
Miller & levine Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
type of reproduction in which the cells from two parents unit…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell formed during meiosis (sperm or egg)
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
16 terms
Chapter 10 (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gene
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
20 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
A process when two cells from different parents join together…
A threadlike structure that contains the genetic info that is…
Cell division
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
28 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from 2 parents unite to f…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
8 terms
Chapter 10 Biology vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
When a cell divides into two new daughter cells
When genetically identical offspring form from a single parent
Reproduction needs the fusion of two separate parent cells
A Genetic information bundle
Cell division
When a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
When genetically identical offspring form from a single parent
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossil
Catastrophism
Change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Trace of an organism from the past.
Theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
Evolution
Change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
Species
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Divison
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell Divison
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
A process of reproduction involving a single parent that resu…
A type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite…
A threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genet…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
A process of reproduction involving a single parent that resu…
20 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
A process when two cells from different parents join together…
A threadlike structure that contains the genetic info that is…
Cell division
A process when one cell splits into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
ecosystem
cycle
food cycle
Cross-pollinate
a balanced community of living things; is a community of plan…
a series of events that repeats itself
food for all living creatures are provided by other living cr…
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
ecosystem
a balanced community of living things; is a community of plan…
cycle
a series of events that repeats itself
21 terms
biology chapter 10 vocabulary
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
prophase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
division of nucleus
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
mitosis
division of nucleus
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DN…
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Period of cell cycle between cell division
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Chromatin
Substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DN…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
28 terms
Vocabulary Chapter 10 Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring produced by sexual reproduction inherit some of the…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
32 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary - Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossil
Catastrophism
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
A group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
Traces of organisms that existed in the past.
The scientific concept which states that natural disasters an…
Evolution
The process of biological change by which descendants come to…
Species
A group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary - Biology
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
surface area
volume
sa/v ratio
why are cells so small
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
the space inside a cell, includes cytoplasm + organelles
indicates the relative amount of plasma membrane available to…
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
why are cells so small
surface area
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Evolution
Species
Fossil
Catastrophism
Change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Trace of an organism from the past.
Theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
Evolution
Change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
Species
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
8 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary Sexual Reproduction and Genetics
Allele
Crossing over
Diploid
Dominant
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the f1 ge…
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
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