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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 15 biological diversity"

20 terms
biology chapter 15 Origins of Biological Diversity
biological species concept
macroevolution
speciation
reproductive isolation
defines a species as a population or group of populations who…
major biological changes evident in the fossil record
the formation of new species
a condition in which a reproductive barrier keeps two species…
biological species concept
defines a species as a population or group of populations who…
macroevolution
major biological changes evident in the fossil record
24 terms
Biology: Chapter 15: Origins of Biological Diversity
Biological Species Concept
Speciation
Macroevolution
Reproductive Isolation
species as a population or group of populations whose members…
Formation of New Species
Major Biological changes evident in the fossil record
Condition in which a reproductive barrier keeps 2 species fro…
Biological Species Concept
species as a population or group of populations whose members…
Speciation
Formation of New Species
27 terms
Biology Chapter 15: Origins of Biological Diversity
Speciation
Species
Macroevolution
Reproductive Isolation
Formation of new species
A population/groups of populations of living things in an env…
Major biological changes evident in the fossil record
When a reproductive barrier stops species from interbreeding
Speciation
Formation of new species
Species
A population/groups of populations of living things in an env…
20 terms
Chapter 15: Origins of Biological Diversity
adaptive radiation
analogous structure
binomial
biological species concept
evolution from a common ancestor of many species adapted to d…
similarities among unrelated species that result from converg…
two-part Latin name of a species
definition of a species as a population or group of populatio…
adaptive radiation
evolution from a common ancestor of many species adapted to d…
analogous structure
similarities among unrelated species that result from converg…
38 terms
Chapter 15 - Origins of Biological Diversity
classification
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
number of levels of classification use…
Assignment of things into orderly groups based on shared char…
the science concerned with identifying, naming, and classifyi…
"Father of Taxonomy"
8
classification
Assignment of things into orderly groups based on shared char…
taxonomy
the science concerned with identifying, naming, and classifyi…
17 terms
Chapter 15 Origins of Biological Diversity Vocabulary
biological species concept
macroevolution
speciation
reproductive isolation
definition of a species as a population or group of populatio…
major biological changes evident in the fossil record
formation of a new species
condition in which a reproductive barrier keeps two species f…
biological species concept
definition of a species as a population or group of populatio…
macroevolution
major biological changes evident in the fossil record
20 terms
Chapter 15: Origins of Biological Diversity
Biological Species Concept
Macroevolution
Speciation
Reproducing Isolation
definition of a species as a population or group of populatio…
major biological changes evident in the fossil record
formation of new species
condition in which a reproductive barrier keeps two species f…
Biological Species Concept
definition of a species as a population or group of populatio…
Macroevolution
major biological changes evident in the fossil record
25 terms
Chapter 15: Exploring Biological Diversity
Classification
Genera (Genus)
Polynomial
Carolus Linnaeus
a multilevel grouping of individuals used by biologists
the earliest classification scheme grouped animals and plants…
this created a string of subjective names
created a much simpler system than the polynomial for naming…
Classification
a multilevel grouping of individuals used by biologists
Genera (Genus)
the earliest classification scheme grouped animals and plants…
19 terms
Chapter 15: Origins of Biological Diversity
definition of a species as a populatio…
major biological changes evident in th…
formation of new species
condition in which a reproductive barr…
Biological Species Concept
Macroevolution
Speciation
Reproductive Isolation
definition of a species as a populatio…
Biological Species Concept
major biological changes evident in th…
Macroevolution
25 terms
Chapter 15: Exploring Biological Diversity
What is binomial nomenclature? Who cam…
What is a taxon?
What is taxonomy?
What is the scientific name of an orga…
-a two part naming system for classifying organisms... -develope…
a group of organisms at a particular level in a classificatio…
the branch of biology that identifies and names such taxons (…
1. genus (always capitalized)... 2. specific epithet (refers to…
What is binomial nomenclature? Who cam…
-a two part naming system for classifying organisms... -develope…
What is a taxon?
a group of organisms at a particular level in a classificatio…
24 terms
Chapter 15: Origins of Biological Diversity
Biological Species Concept
Speciation Concept
Speciation Definition
Macroevolution
Defines a species as a population or group of populations who…
Members of one species cannot successfully interbreed with me…
The origin of new species
Major evolutionary changes such as speciation, extinction, an…
Biological Species Concept
Defines a species as a population or group of populations who…
Speciation Concept
Members of one species cannot successfully interbreed with me…
38 terms
Chapter 15 Origins of Biological Diversity
taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Carolus Linnaeus
Latin
the branch of biology concerned with naming and classifying d…
two word name for an organism. Genus and Species
Swedish physician and botnist
used by educated people a dead language
taxonomy
the branch of biology concerned with naming and classifying d…
Binomial Nomenclature
two word name for an organism. Genus and Species
20 terms
Chapter 15 Origins of Biological Diversity
Biological Species Concept
Macroevolution
Speciation
Reproduction Isolation
a species concept defining a species as a population or group…
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
The process by which a new species evolves from a prior speci…
when the members of 2 populations can not interbreed and prod…
Biological Species Concept
a species concept defining a species as a population or group…
Macroevolution
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and re…
14 terms
Biology (CP) Chapters 14 & 15 Evolution and Biological Diversity
Adaptation
Artificial selection
Decent with modification
Evolution
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
Darwin's way of referring to evolution.
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Artificial selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
26 terms
Biology SAT II Chapter 12: Biological Diversity Vocabulary
Acoelomate
Aerobes
Anaerobes
Autotrophs
An invertebrate lacking a coelom; especially: one belonging t…
Organisms that can survive and grow in oxygen (doesn't mean t…
Any organism that does not require oxygen to live. Will react…
Organism producing its own energy
Acoelomate
An invertebrate lacking a coelom; especially: one belonging t…
Aerobes
Organisms that can survive and grow in oxygen (doesn't mean t…
154 terms
Concepts of Biology: CHAPTER 15 DIVERSITY OF ANIMALS
Actinopterygii
acoelomate
amniote
amoebocyte
ray-finned fishes
without a body cavity
a clade of animals that possesses an amniotic egg; includes r…
an amoeba-like cell of sponges whose functions include distri…
Actinopterygii
ray-finned fishes
acoelomate
without a body cavity
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
*DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
24 terms
Biology- Chapter 14- Biological Diversity
The biological species concept defines…
Reproductive barrier
Postzygotic barrier
Prezygotic barrier
"A group of populations whose members have the potential to i…
anything that prevents interbreeding between closely related…
(after fertilization) A reproductive barrier that operates if…
(prior to fertilization) A reproductive barrier that impedes…
The biological species concept defines…
"A group of populations whose members have the potential to i…
Reproductive barrier
anything that prevents interbreeding between closely related…
16 terms
Biology-Chapter 5-Biological Diversity and Conservation
acid precipitation
biodiversity
edge effect
endangered species
rain, snow, sleet, or fog with a pH below 5.6; causes deterio…
variety of life in an area; usually measured as the number of…
different environmental conditions that occur along the bound…
species in which the number of individuals falls so low that…
acid precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, or fog with a pH below 5.6; causes deterio…
biodiversity
variety of life in an area; usually measured as the number of…
Biology Chapter 5: Biological Diversity and Conservation
Biodiversity
What does biodiversity bring to an eco…
Extinction
Threatened species
The variety of life in an area
Stability
The disappearance of species when the last of its members die
A species with a rapid decrease of population
Biodiversity
The variety of life in an area
What does biodiversity bring to an eco…
Stability
12 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Population
Exponential growth curve
Population size
Carrying capacity
Consists of all the individuals of a species that live togeth…
Is a curve in which the rate of population growth stays the s…
The number of individuals in a population
The population size that an environment can sustain
Population
Consists of all the individuals of a species that live togeth…
Exponential growth curve
Is a curve in which the rate of population growth stays the s…
113 terms
Concepts of Biology Chapter 15: Diversity of Animals
Actinopterygii
Amphibia
Annelida
Anura
ray-finned fishes.
frogs, salamanders, and caecilians.
a phylum of worm-like animals with metamerism.
frogs.
Actinopterygii
ray-finned fishes.
Amphibia
frogs, salamanders, and caecilians.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Population
Exponential growth curve
Population size
Carrying capacity
Consists of all the individuals of a species that live togeth…
Is a curve in which the rate of population growth stays the s…
The number of individuals in a population
The population size that an environment can sustain
Population
Consists of all the individuals of a species that live togeth…
Exponential growth curve
Is a curve in which the rate of population growth stays the s…
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
112 terms
Concepts of Biology - Chapter 15: Diversity of Animals
Actinopterygii
Amphibia
Annelida
Anura
ray-finned fishes
frogs, salamanders, and caecilians
a phylum of worm-like animals with metamerism
frogs
Actinopterygii
ray-finned fishes
Amphibia
frogs, salamanders, and caecilians
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
112 terms
Concepts of Biology - Chapter 15: Diversity of Animals
Actinopterygii
Amphibia
Annelida
Anura
ray-finned fishes
frogs, salamanders, and caecilians
a phylum of worm-like animals with metamerism
frogs
Actinopterygii
ray-finned fishes
Amphibia
frogs, salamanders, and caecilians
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
126 terms
DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
36 terms
Biological Psychology: Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Major depression
postpartum depression
Ticyclics
Atypical antidepressants
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
depression after giving birth
antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of of catecholam…
Miscellaneous group of drugs with antidepressant effects but…
Major depression
a condition in which people feel sad and helpless every day f…
postpartum depression
depression after giving birth
45 terms
Biology Chapter 15 - Diversity of Microbial Life
Which od the folleomg is true of proka…
A prokaryote that occupes a habitat co…
A prokaryote that occupies a habitat i…
A prokaryote that occuipes a habitat t…
Prokaryotes are single-celled
Acidophile
Halophile
Theremophile
Which od the folleomg is true of proka…
Prokaryotes are single-celled
A prokaryote that occupes a habitat co…
Acidophile
143 terms
DAT Biology Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity
taxa
species
genus
family
categories used to classify organisms
lowest level of the classification of organisms
group of species
group of genera that share related features
taxa
categories used to classify organisms
species
lowest level of the classification of organisms
40 terms
Biology SAT II Chapter 12: Biological Diversity
taxonomy
Carl Linnaeus
binomial nomenclature
taxum
a system by which we name and classify all organisms, living…
developed system of binomial nomenclature in the 18th century
the system of taxonomy developed by Linnaeus, each organism h…
a level of organization in Linnaeus' system
taxonomy
a system by which we name and classify all organisms, living…
Carl Linnaeus
developed system of binomial nomenclature in the 18th century
23 terms
Biology: Chapter 5: Biological Diversity and Conservation
Biodiversity
Extinction
Endangered Species
Threatened Species
The presence of many different species living in an area.
When no more organisms of a species are still present on Earth.
When only a small number of a species are still present on Ea…
When the population of a species is likely to become endanger…
Biodiversity
The presence of many different species living in an area.
Extinction
When no more organisms of a species are still present on Earth.
49 terms
Biology Chapter 14 How Biological Diversity Evolves
On what basis are populations assigned…
When brought together in a zoo, two sp…
The biological species concept cannot…
a fossil species is distinguished main…
being able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring
Zoos are not natural environments
bacteria that only produce asexually
its appearance
On what basis are populations assigned…
being able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring
When brought together in a zoo, two sp…
Zoos are not natural environments
191 terms
Biology Subject Test: Biological Diversity (Chapter 12)
taxonomy is a system by which we
the system of taxonomy we use today wa…
this system is known as
Linnaeus classified every organism int…
name and classify all organisms, living and extinct
Carl Linnaeus
binomial nomenclature because every organism has a two part n…
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
taxonomy is a system by which we
name and classify all organisms, living and extinct
the system of taxonomy we use today wa…
Carl Linnaeus
28 terms
Chapter 15 Biology Vocabulary
Artificial Selection
Natural Selection
Evolution
Derived Trait
Darwins term for the selective breeding of organism selected…
theory of evaluation developed by Darwin based 4 ideas; exces…
heredity changes in groups of living organisms over time
new feature hat had not appeared in common ancestors.
Artificial Selection
Darwins term for the selective breeding of organism selected…
Natural Selection
theory of evaluation developed by Darwin based 4 ideas; exces…
18 terms
Biology 10 Chapter 15 vocabulary
evolution
strata
natural selection
adaptation
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
layers of rock
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
strata
layers of rock
Chapter 15 Biology Vocabulary
evolution
strata
adaptation
fitness
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
layers of rock.... natural selection - the process by which indi…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
in evolutionary theory, a measure of an individual's heredita…
evolution
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
strata
layers of rock.... natural selection - the process by which indi…
29 terms
Chapter 15 Vocabulary: Biology
biosphere
biota
hydrosphere
atmosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist.
collection of living things
the portion of Earth that is water
air blanketing Earth's solid surface
biosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist.
biota
collection of living things
20 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
biosphere
atmosphere
climate
microclimate
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
the envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet
the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or ov…
the climate of a very small or restricted area, especially wh…
biosphere
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
atmosphere
the envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet
29 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
biosphere
biota
hydrosphere
atmosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
collection of living things
collection of Earth's water bodies, ice, and water vapor
air blanketing Earth's solid surface
biosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
biota
collection of living things
29 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
biosphere
biota
hydrosphere
atmosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
collection of living things
collection of Earth's water bodies, ice, and water vapor
air blanketing Earth's solid surface
biosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
biota
collection of living things
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