Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 2"

Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
34 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
molecule
the smallest unit of matter
a substance which contains only one type of atom
a substance with 2 or more atoms which are chemically combined
a substance with 2 or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
atom
the smallest unit of matter
element
a substance which contains only one type of atom
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
The quantity of matter an object has.
Substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
The simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Mass
The quantity of matter an object has.
12 terms
Biology Chapter 2 vocabulary
unicellular
multicellular
sexual production
asexual production
description of an organism consisting of only a single cell
description of an organism consisting of many cells, some of…
process in which two cells, normally from different individua…
process in which a single organism produces a new organism or…
unicellular
description of an organism consisting of only a single cell
multicellular
description of an organism consisting of many cells, some of…
44 terms
Chapter 2 vocabulary biology Nowicki
atom
element
compound
ion
the smallest basic unit of matter
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken down into a…
a substance made of atoms of different elements bonded togeth…
an atom that has gained or lost one of more electrons
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken down into a…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary. Sholtis
Activation energy
Protein
Product
Reactant
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Macromolecule that contains Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,and Nitrog…
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Activation energy
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Protein
Macromolecule that contains Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,and Nitrog…
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Electrons
The basic structural unit of an element
Small, dense positively charged region in the center of an atom
Positively charged particles
Negatively charged particles
Atom
The basic structural unit of an element
Nucleus
Small, dense positively charged region in the center of an atom
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Biology
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
an attraction between molecules of the same substance. Water…
an attraction between molecules of different substances; it c…
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
an attraction between molecules of the same substance. Water…
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
element
compound
atom
proton
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by o…
substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by o…
compound
substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio
24 terms
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
atom
compound
covalent bond
element
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
substance mad of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle; located in the space surroundi…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
What do living things consist of ?
element
compounds
the smallest basic unit of matter
They consist of atoms and elements
one particular type of atom , that can not be broken down int…
an atom made of certain elements blended in a certain ratio
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
What do living things consist of ?
They consist of atoms and elements
18 terms
biology chapter 2 vocabulary
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of the amount of matter in an object a fundamental…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
he smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical pr…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object a fundamental…
39 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle; located in the space surroundi…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
61 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 2
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
A neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus o…
A negatively charged subatomic particle found orbiting the nu…
Atom
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Smallest basic unit of matter
One particular type of atom and it cannot be broken down into…
a substance made up of atoms of different elements bonded tog…
An atom that has gained or lost one or more electron
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Element
One particular type of atom and it cannot be broken down into…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Biology chapter 2 vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Abiotic factor
Biotic factor
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
The non-living parts of an ecosystem such as soil, climate an…
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
Ecology
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono-sac-charide
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, usually in…
3 kinds of single sugar molecules:... glucose... galactose (milk)... f…
monomer
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
polymer
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atoms
Nucleus
Electron
Element
The subatomic particles that make up atoms are neutrons, elec…
Strong forces bind protons and neutrons together.
A negatively charged particle with only 1/1840 the mass of a…
A pure substance that consists of entirely of one type of atoms
Atoms
The subatomic particles that make up atoms are neutrons, elec…
Nucleus
Strong forces bind protons and neutrons together.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (2016)
CELLS
The Scientific Method
Levels of Organization
mitochondria
Basic units of life
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
atom - molecule - macro-molecule - organelle - cell - tissue…
Where ATP (energy) for the cell is made. Analogy = power comp…
CELLS
Basic units of life
The Scientific Method
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrates
Hydrogen Bond
Each sub-unit in the complete molecule
A large molecule made of many monomers bonded together
Molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and they i…
An attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen and a slig…
Monomer
Each sub-unit in the complete molecule
Polymer
A large molecule made of many monomers bonded together
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
ionic bond
nucleotides
monosaccharides
substrate
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
any of the classes of sugars that can not be hydrolyzed to gi…
a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
ionic bond
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
28 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocab
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of substances across a cell membrane that requir…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
osmosis
the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane
26 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
37 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atoms
proton
neutron
electron
the building blocks of matter
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
part of atom with no charge in the nucleus
negatively charged particle of an atom that orbits around the…
atoms
the building blocks of matter
proton
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
16 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
solution
the positive charge from the hydrogen atom of one water molec…
the attraction among molecules of the same substance
the attraction among molecules of different substances
is a mixture of substances that is equally mixed throughout
hydrogen bond
the positive charge from the hydrogen atom of one water molec…
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of the same substance
42 terms
Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
81 terms
Biology Chapter 2- all
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
its negative charge in the atom
Atom
smallest basic unit of matter
Compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
Chapter 2 - Biology Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom; contains protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle 1/1840 the mass of a proton; or…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom; contains protons and neutrons
35 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary: Biology
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
Is a substance made off atoms of different elements bonded to…
Is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Element
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
13 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
organism
energy
stimulus
offspring
A living thing
Ability to do work
A signal to which an organism responds
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
organism
A living thing
energy
Ability to do work
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
a negatively charged particle electrons are in constant motio…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom;…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
72 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 2
acid
adhesion
aliphatic hydrocarbon
anion
molecule that donates hydrogen ions and increases the concent…
attraction between water molecules and other molecules
hydrocarbon consisting of a linear chain of carbon atoms
negative ion that is formed by an atom gaining one or more el…
acid
molecule that donates hydrogen ions and increases the concent…
adhesion
attraction between water molecules and other molecules
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
Matter
Atoms
Molecule
Atoms
Anything that has weight and takes up space
The basic building blocks of matter and cannot be broken down…
The smallest units of and element that retain the elements ph…
Bond together to form molecules
Matter
Anything that has weight and takes up space
Atoms
The basic building blocks of matter and cannot be broken down…
Chapter 2 Vocabulary: Biology
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
Is a substance made off atoms of different elements bonded to…
Is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Element
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
adhesion
atom
catalyst
cohesion
The force that holds molecules of different substances togeth…
The smallest unit of an element that can exist either alone o…
A substance that affects the rate of a reaction but is not ch…
The force that holds molecules of the same substance together…
adhesion
The force that holds molecules of different substances togeth…
atom
The smallest unit of an element that can exist either alone o…
35 terms
Biology vocabulary/Chapter2
Matter
Mass
Weight
Elements
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Measurement of how much matter is in an object
The effect of gravity on a specific mass
Are the primary comments of master that are represented in th…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
Measurement of how much matter is in an object
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
Epidemiology
Vaccination
Genetics
Genome
Distribution of diseases factors that influence the occurrenc…
Administration of treated microorganisms induce an immune res…
heredity mechanisms traits are passed
Complete genetic material
Epidemiology
Distribution of diseases factors that influence the occurrenc…
Vaccination
Administration of treated microorganisms induce an immune res…
35 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Energy 1
Types of Energy
Chemical energy
Mechanical energy
The ability to do work, cause change or produce heat.
Chemical, electromagnetic, mechanical, nuclear, thermal
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
Energy of moving objects, such as a rolling ball or even wind…
Energy 1
The ability to do work, cause change or produce heat.
Types of Energy
Chemical, electromagnetic, mechanical, nuclear, thermal
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