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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 2"

17 terms
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
25 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
a negatively charged particle electrons are in constant motio…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom;…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2
property
organism
kingdom
biology
A quality, attribute, or distinctive feature of anything, esp…
A living thing
One of the five groups into which living things are classified
The study of living things
property
A quality, attribute, or distinctive feature of anything, esp…
organism
A living thing
41 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
34 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
molecule
the smallest unit of matter
a substance which contains only one type of atom
a substance with 2 or more atoms which are chemically combined
a substance with 2 or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
atom
the smallest unit of matter
element
a substance which contains only one type of atom
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary. Sholtis
Activation energy
Protein
Product
Reactant
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Macromolecule that contains Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,and Nitrog…
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Activation energy
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Protein
Macromolecule that contains Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen,and Nitrog…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono-sac-charide
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, usually in…
3 kinds of single sugar molecules:... glucose... galactose (milk)... f…
monomer
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
polymer
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
The quantity of matter an object has.
Substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
The simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Mass
The quantity of matter an object has.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (2016)
CELLS
The Scientific Method
Levels of Organization
mitochondria
Basic units of life
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
atom - molecule - macro-molecule - organelle - cell - tissue…
Where ATP (energy) for the cell is made. Analogy = power comp…
CELLS
Basic units of life
The Scientific Method
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
12 terms
Biology Chapter 2 vocabulary
unicellular
multicellular
sexual production
asexual production
description of an organism consisting of only a single cell
description of an organism consisting of many cells, some of…
process in which two cells, normally from different individua…
process in which a single organism produces a new organism or…
unicellular
description of an organism consisting of only a single cell
multicellular
description of an organism consisting of many cells, some of…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
44 terms
Chapter 2 vocabulary biology Nowicki
atom
element
compound
ion
the smallest basic unit of matter
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken down into a…
a substance made of atoms of different elements bonded togeth…
an atom that has gained or lost one of more electrons
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken down into a…
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Electrons
The basic structural unit of an element
Small, dense positively charged region in the center of an atom
Positively charged particles
Negatively charged particles
Atom
The basic structural unit of an element
Nucleus
Small, dense positively charged region in the center of an atom
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
its negative charge in the atom
Atom
smallest basic unit of matter
Compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
13 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
organism
energy
stimulus
offspring
A living thing
Ability to do work
A signal to which an organism responds
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
organism
A living thing
energy
Ability to do work
14 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Pathogen
Saprophyte
Parasite
Aerobic Organism
An organism that causes disease.
An organism that feeds on dead matter.
An organism that feeds on a living host.
An organism that requires oxygen.
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Saprophyte
An organism that feeds on dead matter.
26 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
element
compound
atom
proton
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by o…
substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by o…
compound
substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio
22 terms
Biology chapter 2 vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Abiotic factor
Biotic factor
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
The non-living parts of an ecosystem such as soil, climate an…
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
Ecology
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atoms
Nucleus
Electron
Element
The subatomic particles that make up atoms are neutrons, elec…
Strong forces bind protons and neutrons together.
A negatively charged particle with only 1/1840 the mass of a…
A pure substance that consists of entirely of one type of atoms
Atoms
The subatomic particles that make up atoms are neutrons, elec…
Nucleus
Strong forces bind protons and neutrons together.
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle; located in the space surroundi…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
28 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Biology
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
an attraction between molecules of the same substance. Water…
an attraction between molecules of different substances; it c…
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
an attraction between molecules of the same substance. Water…
18 terms
biology chapter 2 vocabulary
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of the amount of matter in an object a fundamental…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
he smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical pr…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object a fundamental…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Smallest basic unit of matter
One particular type of atom and it cannot be broken down into…
a substance made up of atoms of different elements bonded tog…
An atom that has gained or lost one or more electron
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Element
One particular type of atom and it cannot be broken down into…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary: Biology
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
Is a substance made off atoms of different elements bonded to…
Is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
Is the smallest basic unit of matter.
Element
Is one particular type of atom,and it cannot be broken down i…
24 terms
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
atom
compound
covalent bond
element
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
substance mad of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
38 terms
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Element
Isotope
Basic unit of measurement.
The center of an atom.
A pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom.
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
Atom
Basic unit of measurement.
Nucleus
The center of an atom.
107 terms
General Biology Chapter 2
What are atoms and elements?
What are elements?
What is the difference between atoms a…
Which elements are most abundant in o…
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
an element will stay an element until the tiny pieces can no…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and they make up more than…
What are atoms and elements?
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
What are elements?
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solution
Solvent
Attraction among molecules of the same substance. Example, wa…
Attraction among molecules of different substances. Example,…
A mixture of substances that is equally mixed throughout.
Substance that there is more of, and that dissolves the other…
Cohesion
Attraction among molecules of the same substance. Example, wa…
Adhesion
Attraction among molecules of different substances. Example,…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
81 terms
Biology Chapter 2- all
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons
39 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle; located in the space surroundi…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
ionic bond
nucleotides
monosaccharides
substrate
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
any of the classes of sugars that can not be hydrolyzed to gi…
a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
ionic bond
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
54 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
What do living things consist of ?
element
compounds
the smallest basic unit of matter
They consist of atoms and elements
one particular type of atom , that can not be broken down int…
an atom made of certain elements blended in a certain ratio
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
What do living things consist of ?
They consist of atoms and elements
35 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrates
Hydrogen Bond
Each sub-unit in the complete molecule
A large molecule made of many monomers bonded together
Molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and they i…
An attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen and a slig…
Monomer
Each sub-unit in the complete molecule
Polymer
A large molecule made of many monomers bonded together
37 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atoms
proton
neutron
electron
the building blocks of matter
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
part of atom with no charge in the nucleus
negatively charged particle of an atom that orbits around the…
atoms
the building blocks of matter
proton
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
14 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 2.2
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
43 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
basic unit of matter
strong bonds form protons and nuetrons to form the nucleus at…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong bonds form protons and nuetrons to form the nucleus at…
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