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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 3"

31 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
the sixth classification level of living things that includes…
group of organisms that can breed with each other to produce…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
83 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cytology
Cells
Cell Theory
Cellular Function - Nutrition
The study of cells.
The functional and structural unit of life.
The cell is the basic unit of all living things. Cells perfor…
Includes absorption and digestion.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Cells
The functional and structural unit of life.
30 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell
prokaryote
eukaryote
nucleus
the basic unit of life
a cell which contains no nucleus and no organelles, bacteria
a cell which contains nucleus and organelles; includes plants…
the control center of the cell, where DNA is found
cell
the basic unit of life
prokaryote
a cell which contains no nucleus and no organelles, bacteria
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3
classify
phylum
genus
species
Group together based on similar traits
Subdivision of a kingdom (plural is phyla)
A group of similar species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
classify
Group together based on similar traits
phylum
Subdivision of a kingdom (plural is phyla)
28 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 3 Ecology Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
species
ecosystem
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
all the organisms that live in a place, together with their n…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
33 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
biosphere
species
population
community
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
31 terms
Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Climax Community
Community
Ecological Succession
Limiting Factor
the stable, mature community that results when there is littl…
a group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
the change in an ecosystem that happens when one community re…
any abiotic factor or biotic factor that restricts the number…
Climax Community
the stable, mature community that results when there is littl…
Community
a group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
28 terms
Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Active site
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
Monomers of a protein
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen at…
Active site
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
Chapter 3 Biology vocabulary
Organic compound
Functional group
Monomer
Polymer
Compounds that are primarily made of carbon atoms. Inorganic…
clusters of atoms in organic compounds. Hydroxyl, carboxyl, A…
Carbon compounds built from smaller, simpler molecules
a large molecule that is formed by more than 5 monomers, or s…
Organic compound
Compounds that are primarily made of carbon atoms. Inorganic…
Functional group
clusters of atoms in organic compounds. Hydroxyl, carboxyl, A…
36 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 The Biosphere
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
all the different populations (all the living things) that li…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 3
primary succession
climax community
Secondary Succession
Biome
primary succession takes place on land where there are no liv…
a stable mature community that undergoes little or no change…
Is the sequence of change that takes place after an existed c…
A large group of ecosystems that share the same type of clima…
primary succession
primary succession takes place on land where there are no liv…
climax community
a stable mature community that undergoes little or no change…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
physical property
chemical property
phase
atom
characteristic of matter that can be observed and measured wi…
properties that describe a substance's ability to change into…
physical property of matter that describes one of a number of…
smallest particle of matter that can exist and still have the…
physical property
characteristic of matter that can be observed and measured wi…
chemical property
properties that describe a substance's ability to change into…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cell theory
cytoplasm
eukaryotic cell
Microscope
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane- bound organelles.
A tool used for viewing very small objects, such as animal or…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
32 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 3
Community
Limiting factor
Tolerance
Ecological succession
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number,distributi…
Organism's ability to survive biotic and abiotic factors.
Process by which one community replaces another community bec…
Community
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Limiting factor
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number,distributi…
27 terms
Ecology Chapter 3 Biology
Organism
Species
Population
Community
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
all living, or biotic, things in an area
Organism
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
Species
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
55 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
synthesize
Define organic molecules and give four…
Types and number of bonds formed by ca…
What are hydrocarbons?
create, produce
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
4 single bonds, 2 double bonds, 1 double bond plus 2 single b…
They are compounds/molecules that only contains carbon and hy…
synthesize
create, produce
Define organic molecules and give four…
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
101 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
Biuret reagent
purple, from blue
Benedict's reagent
red, from blue
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
name of reagent used to test for simple sugars (monosaccharid…
colour change indicating that sugar is present, in the chemic…
Biuret reagent
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
purple, from blue
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
biome
ecosystem
study of how organisms work together and with their environment
part of the earth where life is such as air, water, land and
a group of ecosystems that share similar climates and animals
all organisms living in an environment together with their no…
ecology
study of how organisms work together and with their environment
biosphere
part of the earth where life is such as air, water, land and
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Biosphere
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
99 terms
Chapter 3 Biology vocabulary
Organic compound
What do all organic compounds contain?
What is the difference between an orga…
Functional group
Compounds that contain carbon atoms and are found in living t…
They contain carbon atoms.
Most inorganic compounds do not have carbon atoms
cluster of atoms in organic compounds that influence the prop…
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon atoms and are found in living t…
What do all organic compounds contain?
They contain carbon atoms.
33 terms
Biology chapter 3
abiotic factor
autotrophs
biochemical cycle
biomass
Nonliving components of environment.
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
Cycling of elements and compounds between living and nonlivin…
Total amount of living tissue within a given tropic level.
abiotic factor
Nonliving components of environment.
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
28 terms
Biology Chapter 3
producer p 60
consumer p 61
carnivore p 62
herbivore p 62
the first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later us…
an organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and…
kill and eat other animals. examples snakes, dogs, cats, and…
obtain energy and nutrients by eating plant leaves, roots, se…
producer p 60
the first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later us…
consumer p 61
an organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and…
27 terms
Biology 10 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organic compound
Functional group
Monomer
Condensation reaction
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
Organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
Functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
19 terms
Biology 7 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
cell
Basic unit of life
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
32 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 3
Community
Limiting factor
Tolerance
Ecological succession
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number,distributi…
Organism's ability to survive biotic and abiotic factors.
Process by which one community replaces another community bec…
Community
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Limiting factor
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number,distributi…
12 terms
Biology chapter 3 Vocabulary
Population size
Population density
Dispersion
Immigration
The number of individual organisms that make up a population…
The number of individuals in a population per unit of area.
The spacing of individuals in a population in relation to eac…
Movement of individuals into an area. Immigration adds to pop…
Population size
The number of individual organisms that make up a population…
Population density
The number of individuals in a population per unit of area.
79 terms
General Biology Chapter 3
1. List and describe four characterist…
2. What are the three main principles…
3. Compare and contrast prokaryotic an…
What are three main parts of eukaryoti…
...
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
plasma membrane/cell wall, cytoplasm, organelles
1. List and describe four characterist…
...
2. What are the three main principles…
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
31 terms
biology chapter 3
COMMUNITY
LIMITING FACTOR
TOLERANCE
ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
Organism's ability to survive biotic and abiotic factors.
Process by which one community replaces another community bec…
COMMUNITY
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
LIMITING FACTOR
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Ecology
Biosphere
Species
Population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
Ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
34 terms
Chapter 3 Vocabulary Biology
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Prokaryotic Cells
theory that states that ll organisms are made of cells, all c…
A jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do no have a nucleus or other membrane bound organ…
Cell Theory
theory that states that ll organisms are made of cells, all c…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
1. Cell theory
2. Cytoplasm
3. Organelle
4. Prokaryotic cell
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Membrane-bound of structure that is specialized to perform a…
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
1. Cell theory
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
2. Cytoplasm
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cytoplasm
eukaryote
eukaryotic cell
nucleus
All cellular material inside the plasma membrane. Made up of…
Organisms with eukaryotic cells.
Cells that contain a nucleus. Found mostly in multi cellular…
The structure in the cell that is surrounded by a membrane.
cytoplasm
All cellular material inside the plasma membrane. Made up of…
eukaryote
Organisms with eukaryotic cells.
44 terms
Chapter 3 Biology vocabulary
Organic compound
Functional group
Monomer
Polymer
Compounds that are primarily made of carbon atoms. Inorganic…
clusters of atoms in organic compounds. Hydroxyl, carboxyl, A…
Carbon compounds built from smaller, simpler molecules
a large molecule that is formed by more than 5 monomers, or s…
Organic compound
Compounds that are primarily made of carbon atoms. Inorganic…
Functional group
clusters of atoms in organic compounds. Hydroxyl, carboxyl, A…
30 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organic compounds
Macromolecules
Classes of macromolecules
Polymer
Carbon-based molecules. Next to water, they are the most comm…
Large biological molecules. Cells make them from 40-50 common…
1) Carbohydrates... 2) Lipids... 3) Proteins... 4) Nucleic acids
A large molecule consisting of monomers covalently joined tog…
Organic compounds
Carbon-based molecules. Next to water, they are the most comm…
Macromolecules
Large biological molecules. Cells make them from 40-50 common…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 3 | Vocabulary |
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cell
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Cells that DO NOT have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
Cell Theory
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
What is the control center for most ce…
Who first identified cork "cells"?
The cytoplasm's long tubular extension…
Several tissues grouped together and w…
nucleus
Robert Hooke
flagella
organ
What is the control center for most ce…
nucleus
Who first identified cork "cells"?
Robert Hooke
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
1.Cell theory
2.Cytoplasm
3.Nucleus
4.Organelle
•All organisms are made of cells.... •All existing cells are pro…
Jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
Storehouse for most of the genetic information or DNA in your…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
1.Cell theory
•All organisms are made of cells.... •All existing cells are pro…
2.Cytoplasm
Jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Compound Light Microscope
Magnification
Eye-piece
Neck/Arm
Contains two or more lenses; much more powerful than a single…
The act of enlarging something or being magnified.
The lens or group of lenses that is closest to the eye in a m…
Nosepiece
Compound Light Microscope
Contains two or more lenses; much more powerful than a single…
Magnification
The act of enlarging something or being magnified.
102 terms
Biology Chapter 3
four classes of large biological molec…
carbon
Macromolecules
Lipid
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
macromolecules are all _________based
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
which is not a macro-molecule?
four classes of large biological molec…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
carbon
macromolecules are all _________based
33 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 3
Organic Chemistry
Vitalism
Mechanism
Methane
The study of carbon compounds.
The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
The view that physical and chemical laws govern all natural p…
CH₄
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds.
Vitalism
The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
28 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 3
classify
taxonomy
phylum
species
divide into groups
classify organisms according to their similarities
subdivision of a kingdom
a group of organisms that can breed with each other to produc…
classify
divide into groups
taxonomy
classify organisms according to their similarities
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
33 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 3
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom
a group of living things that includes separate species
a group of organisms that can breed with each other to produc…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom
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