How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 6"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 6"

38 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 6
agriculture
green revolution
monoculture
substance hunting
The practice of farming
introduction of intensive farming practies that lead to a sub…
farming strategy in which large fields are cleared, plowed an…
hunting only to acquire basic necessities for survival; makes…
agriculture
The practice of farming
green revolution
introduction of intensive farming practies that lead to a sub…
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Monoculture
Renewable Resourse
Nonrenewable Resources
Sustainable Development
Practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single hi…
produced or replaced by by a healthy ecosystem
natural processes cannot replenish them within a reasonable a…
provides for human needs while preserving the ecosystems that…
Monoculture
Practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single hi…
Renewable Resourse
produced or replaced by by a healthy ecosystem
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
Chapter 6 Biology vocabulary
autotroph
photosynthesis
heterotroph
light reactions
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis, which are triggered…
autotroph
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
78 terms
Biology Chapter 6
ATP and NADPH
G3P
Light, H2O, NADP+, and and ADP
By using photosynthesis
What is created in the Light Reaction?
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
What comes in for the Light Reaction to work?
How does the autotroph eat?
ATP and NADPH
What is created in the Light Reaction?
G3P
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
20 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary - Biology
Atom
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Compound
Covalent Bond
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Protons and Neutrons
A substance that is composed of atoms of two or more differen…
When two atoms share electrons, this is the force that holds…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Protons and Neutrons
27 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
20 terms
Biology 10 Chapter 6 Vocabulary
autotroph
photosynthesis
heterotroph
light reactions
An organism that makes its own food
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
First stage of photosynthesis. Named Because it requires ligh…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
12 terms
Chapter 6 Biology vocabulary
autotroph
photosynthesis
heterotroph
light reactions
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis, which are triggered…
autotroph
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
organelles
cytology
cell fractionation
eukaryotic cell
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
study of cell structure
takes cells apart and separates major organelles
protists, fungi, animals, and plants. has a nucleus with the…
organelles
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
cytology
study of cell structure
29 terms
Biology Chapter 6
filter feeding
herbivore
carnivore
secrete
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Form and release, or give off.
filter feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
herbivore
An animal that eats plants.
29 terms
Biology: Vocabulary Chapter 6
Acid
Atom
Amino acid
Base
Substance that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in water and has a pH…
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Basic building blocks of protein molecules
Any substance that forms hydroxide ions (OH-) in water and ha…
Acid
Substance that forms hydrogen ions (H+) in water and has a pH…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
67 terms
CCS Biology Chapter 6 & 7
circulatory system
digestive system
endocrine system
excretory system
carries materials to and from the cells
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
produces hormones which regulate certain activities of the body
rids the body of wastes
circulatory system
carries materials to and from the cells
digestive system
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
27 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
36 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Biology
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
39 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles - neut…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons. In eukaryot…
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
Atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles - neut…
Nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons. In eukaryot…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
63 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
Biology - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
cell theory
micrograph
organelle
plasma membrane
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
photograph of the view through a microscope
part of a cell with a specific function
thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
micrograph
photograph of the view through a microscope
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
67 terms
Chapter 6 Review - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
particles that are the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
particles that have no charge in the nucleus of an atom
atom
particles that are the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
45 terms
biology chapter 6 vocabulary
absorption
digestion
respiration
excretion
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
the breakdown of absorption substances
the breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy
the removal of soluble waste materials
absorption
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
digestion
the breakdown of absorption substances
36 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Biology
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
30 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 6
Enzyme
Filter Feeding
Herbivore
Carnivore
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Enzyme
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
Filter Feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
21 terms
Biology chapter 6-2
signs of physical changes
signs of a chemical reaction
atoms
proton +... neutron (neutral)... electron -
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
building blocks of matter
the three particles of an atom and their charges
signs of physical changes
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
signs of a chemical reaction
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
12 terms
Chapter 6 Biology vocabulary
autotroph
photosynthesis
heterotroph
light reactions
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis, which are triggered…
autotroph
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down c…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex m…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
15 terms
Biology chapter 6
element
atom
nucleus
isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
the center of an atom
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
33 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Biology
Element
Atom
Nucleus
Isotopes
Is a substance that can't be broken down into simpler chemica…
Is the smallest particle of a element that has the characteri…
The center of an atom.
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Element
Is a substance that can't be broken down into simpler chemica…
Atom
Is the smallest particle of a element that has the characteri…
23 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 6
activation energy
active site
Active Transport
Adenosine triphosphate
energy required to start a chemical reaction
the part of an enzyme where substrates fit and are acted upon
the movement of substances across a membrane from an area of…
ATP= subtance in which cells store thesis released temporaril…
activation energy
energy required to start a chemical reaction
active site
the part of an enzyme where substrates fit and are acted upon
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
44 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 6
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrate
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
chemical reaction in which the addition of a water molecule c…
organic macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
Macromolecules
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
Dehydration Synthesis
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; and egg or a sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
gamete
sex cell; and egg or a sperm cell
38 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
Is the totality of an organisms chemical reactions, consistin…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Metabolism
Is the totality of an organisms chemical reactions, consistin…
Metabolic Pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Autosome
Binary Fission
Cancer
Cell Cycle
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A tumor in which the cells begin dividing at an uncontrolled…
The life cycle of a cell; in eukaryotes, it consists of a cel…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
36 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Biology
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
36 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Biology
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
20 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Vocabulary
macromolecule
buffer
solute
solvent
large molecule formed by joining smaller organic molecules to…
mixture that can react with an acid or a base to maintain a p…
the substance dissolved in a solvent
substance in which another substance is dissolved
macromolecule
large molecule formed by joining smaller organic molecules to…
buffer
mixture that can react with an acid or a base to maintain a p…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
atoms
chemistry
neutrons
protons
the basic structure of life
the study of matter
no charge and are located at the center of the atom
positively charged particles
atoms
the basic structure of life
chemistry
the study of matter
39 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles - neut…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons. In eukaryot…
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
Atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles - neut…
Nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons. In eukaryot…
26 terms
Biology Vocabulary chapter 6
Polar Molecule
Hydrogen Bond
Mixture
Solution
Molecule with oppositely charged particles.
Weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
A combination of two or more substances in which each substan…
A mixture that has a uniform composition throughout. Also kno…
Polar Molecule
Molecule with oppositely charged particles.
Hydrogen Bond
Weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
39 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
The building blocks of matter
Neutrons and protons are located at the center on an atom
Positively charged particles
Particles that have no charge
Atom
The building blocks of matter
Nucleus
Neutrons and protons are located at the center on an atom
1 of 10