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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 8"

23 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Chromosome
CLeavage furrow
Sex chromosome
Autosome
A gene carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
The first sign of cytokinesis during cell division an animal…
A chromosome that determines whether an individual is a male…
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
Chromosome
A gene carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
CLeavage furrow
The first sign of cytokinesis during cell division an animal…
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
ATP
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
active transport
endocytosis... endon = within
exocytosis... exo = out
facilitated diffusion
movement of materials through a membrane against a concentrat…
a process by which a cell surrounds and TAKES IN material fro…
the expulsion or secretion of materials from a cell, e.g. exp…
passive transport of materials across the membrane using tran…
active transport
movement of materials through a membrane against a concentrat…
endocytosis... endon = within
a process by which a cell surrounds and TAKES IN material fro…
19 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
adenosine triphosphate
cellular respiration
energy
metabolism
(ATP) energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken…
catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
adenosine triphosphate
(ATP) energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken…
cellular respiration
catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
anaphase
asexual reproduction
autosome
cell cycle
The third stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
anaphase
The third stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
asexual reproduction
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
27 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things.
Compound used by the cell to store and release energy.
Process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things.
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
15 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
Organisms that make their own food.
The process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
ATP
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
adensoine triposphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photsynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that is able to capture eergy from sunlight or chemi…
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
adensoine triposphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cellular Respiration
Energy
Metabolism
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Adenosine Triphosphate
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Cellular Respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
33 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
active transport
amphipathic molecule
aquaporin
concentration gradient
the movement of a chemical substance by the expenditure of en…
having a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region
water channel proteins
an increase or decrease in the amount of a chemical substance…
active transport
the movement of a chemical substance by the expenditure of en…
amphipathic molecule
having a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region
33 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatid
Centromere
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
One of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
The region of the chromosome that holds the tow sister chroma…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Histone
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
stroma
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
the region outside thylakoid membranes
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
33 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
active transport
amphipathic molecule
aquaporin
concentration gradient
the movement of a chemical substance by the expenditure of en…
having a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region
water channel proteins
an increase or decrease in the amount of a chemical substance…
active transport
the movement of a chemical substance by the expenditure of en…
amphipathic molecule
having a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Test Review
thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
thermal energy
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
energy cannot be converted without the "loss" of usable energy
"lost" energy is not really lost but is converted to...
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
19 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
Biology 10 chapter 8 vocabulary #3
synapsis
tetrad
crossing-over
genetic recombination
the pairing of homologous chromosomes during meiosis
structure containing 4 chromatids that forms during meiosis
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
new combination of genetic information in a gamete as a resul…
synapsis
the pairing of homologous chromosomes during meiosis
tetrad
structure containing 4 chromatids that forms during meiosis
101 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8 review
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
chapter 8 vocabulary biology
energy
Thermodynamics
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
Thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy
23 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.3
corpus callosum
cerebral palsy
medulla oblongata
pons
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
A portion of the brainstem that regulates vital functions, in…
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum…
corpus callosum
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
cerebral palsy
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
22 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary | Biology
Tropic Level
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Each step in a food chain or food web.
The ability to do work.
The study of the flow of energy and transformation of energy…
All of the chemical reactions that occur in an organism.
Tropic Level
Each step in a food chain or food web.
Energy
The ability to do work.
37 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.5
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
17 terms
biology chapter 8 vocabulary
ATP
ADP
heterotroph
autotroph
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating org…
An organism that makes its own food
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
ADP
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
42 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 8 (energy)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
all of an organism's chemical reactions
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
break down of complex molecules into simple ones (releases en…
building of complex molecules from simple ones (requires ener…
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
alcoholic fermentation
anabolism
anaerobic
Molecule made up of 2-carbon acetyl group attached to coenzyme
fermentation process that produces ethanol and CO2 from sugars
metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
growing or metabolizing in the absence of oxygen
Acetyl CoA
Molecule made up of 2-carbon acetyl group attached to coenzyme
alcoholic fermentation
fermentation process that produces ethanol and CO2 from sugars
16 terms
Biology chapter 8 vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
cell structure that carries the genetic material that is copi…
long strands of DNA found in eukaryotic cell nucleus
sequence of growth in a cell
cell growth phase where cell increases in size and duplicates…
Chromosome
cell structure that carries the genetic material that is copi…
Chromatin
long strands of DNA found in eukaryotic cell nucleus
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
ability to do work
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
two-phase anabolic pathway in which the Sun's light is conver…
energy
ability to do work
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
20 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that makes its own food
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
ADP
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1. Bacteriophage
2. Nucleotide
3. Double helix
4. Base pairing rules
Virus that infects bacteria.
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
Rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1. Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria.
2. Nucleotide
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Cellular Respiration
Energy
Metabolism
energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
the ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed…
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Cellular Respiration
catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
26 terms
Biology | Chapter 8 Vocabulary
bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Autoytoph
Stoma
Vascular bundle
Mesophyll
A self-nourishing organism that makes its own food.
An opening on the underside of a leaf for gas exchange (plura…
A vein in a leaf that transport water and food.
The green tissue inside a leaf.
Autoytoph
A self-nourishing organism that makes its own food.
Stoma
An opening on the underside of a leaf for gas exchange (plura…
48 terms
chapter 8 biology
nutrients
nutrition
minerals
absorption
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
chemical elements that organisms need for normal functioning
Digested products moving into blood stream, picked up by the…
nutrients
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
47 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Griffith
Vaccine
Transformation
Denature
discovered bacterial transformation
A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulate…
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A change in the shape of a protein (such as an enzyme) that c…
Griffith
discovered bacterial transformation
Vaccine
A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulate…
26 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary: Biology
1. bacteriophage
2. nucleotide
3. double helix
4. base pairing rules
a virus that infects bacteria
an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
the rules starting that in DNA cytosine pairs with guanine an…
1. bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria
2. nucleotide
an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, an…
21 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8. Metabolism only.
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine Triphosphate
Photosynthesis
Organisms such as plants, which make their own food.
Organisms that obtain energy from the food they consume.
(ATP) Chemical "fuel" used to store & release energy composed…
Process that utilizes sunlight to convert carbon dioxide & wa…
Autotroph
Organisms such as plants, which make their own food.
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain energy from the food they consume.
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Double helix
Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Enzymes
Active Site
Induced Fit
Competitive inhibitors
Noncompetitive inhibitors
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
Chemicals compete with substrates for the active site. This d…
Does not attach at the active site, but binds to another site…
Active Site
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
Induced Fit
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
36 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
Abigenesis
Antediluvian
Apparent Age
Artificial Selection
The concept that life can arise from nonliving substances
Before the Flood
A feature of God's creation; man, plants, and animals created…
Man's controlled breeding of organisms in an attempt to influ…
Abigenesis
The concept that life can arise from nonliving substances
Antediluvian
Before the Flood
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Energy
Thermodynamics
an emergent property of life that arises from interactions be…
pathway in a cell that begins with a specific molecule which…
the capacity to cause change.
the study of the energy transformations that occur in a colle…
Metabolism
an emergent property of life that arises from interactions be…
Metabolic Pathway
pathway in a cell that begins with a specific molecule which…
56 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
Each half of the chromosome... one of the two strands of a chro…
a region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are…
chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
histone
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Biochemical Pathway
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
-Light gathering biochemical pathway... -Fixes CO2 to make sugar…
-Series of enzyme controlled reaction which produce products…
-Producer... -Plant
-Consumer (of organic compounds)... -Animal
Photosynthesis
-Light gathering biochemical pathway... -Fixes CO2 to make sugar…
Biochemical Pathway
-Series of enzyme controlled reaction which produce products…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
autosome
sex chromosome
binary fission
mitosis
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
one pair of chromosomes that determines the sex of an individ…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
sex chromosome
one pair of chromosomes that determines the sex of an individ…
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