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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab chapter 9"

19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab
Vaccine
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates…
A micro-organism or virus that causes disease and that is hig…
Is a change in genotype caused when cells take up foreign gen…
Is a virus that infects bacteria. Aka phage
Vaccine
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates…
Virulent
A micro-organism or virus that causes disease and that is hig…
14 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Definition: The process where solar energy enters living syst…
Definition: the process through which cells make the carbon i…
Definition: an organic molecule that is the main energy sourc…
Definition: an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of ATP... Se…
Photosynthesis
Definition: The process where solar energy enters living syst…
Cellular respiration
Definition: the process through which cells make the carbon i…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary !
ovary
zygote
sperm cell
sexual reproduction
female reproductive organ that produces eggs
ovum fertilized by the sperm before the start of embryonic de…
male reproductive cell
reproduction involving the union of male and female sex cells
ovary
female reproductive organ that produces eggs
zygote
ovum fertilized by the sperm before the start of embryonic de…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Cell Cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Interphase
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9
spontaneous generation
DNA
trait
diversity
The idea that living things can come from non-living things.
The chemical inside cells that stores information about an or…
A characteristics of an organism.
The range of differences among the individuals in a population.
spontaneous generation
The idea that living things can come from non-living things.
DNA
The chemical inside cells that stores information about an or…
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9
anaphase
cell cycle
centromere
chromatin
mitotic phase in which chromatids are pulled apart by the sho…
a cycle of growing and dividing by which eukaryotic cells rep…
constricted point at which two chromatids are joined together
relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
anaphase
mitotic phase in which chromatids are pulled apart by the sho…
cell cycle
a cycle of growing and dividing by which eukaryotic cells rep…
10 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 9
DNA fingerprint
clone
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
analysis of sections of DNA that have little or no known func…
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
a technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
DNA fingerprint
analysis of sections of DNA that have little or no known func…
clone
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Set 1
Punnet Square
Allele
Anther
Cross-pollination
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Alternative versions of a gene that produce distinguishable p…
Male part of the flower where sperm (pollen) are produced by…
a reproductive process in which pollen from one plant is tran…
Punnet Square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Allele
Alternative versions of a gene that produce distinguishable p…
30 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
The science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
The passing of genetic traits from parents or offspring.
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic.
The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
genetics
The science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
heredity
The passing of genetic traits from parents or offspring.
20 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 - Frontiers of Biotechnology
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
restriction map
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
diagram that shows the lengths of fragments between restricti…
method for increasing the quantity of DNA by separating it in…
restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
gel electrophoresis
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
The science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
The passing of genetic traits from parents or offspring.
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic.
The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
genetics
The science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
heredity
The passing of genetic traits from parents or offspring.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Metaphase
Spindle Apparatus
Anaphase
Telophase
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
refers to the subcellular structure of eukaryotic cells that…
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
the final phase of cell division, between anaphase and interp…
Metaphase
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
Spindle Apparatus
refers to the subcellular structure of eukaryotic cells that…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 9
spontaneous generation
trait
diversity
mitosis
The idea that living things can come from nonliving things.
A characteristic of an organism.
The range of differences among the individuals in a population.
The process that results in two cells identical to the parent…
spontaneous generation
The idea that living things can come from nonliving things.
trait
A characteristic of an organism.
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
nutrition
Calorie
protein
balanced diet
the process by which your body takes in and uses food
a measure of the energy in food
chemicals in food needed to build and repair body structures…
a diet that contains necessary amounts of all the necessary n…
nutrition
the process by which your body takes in and uses food
Calorie
a measure of the energy in food
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
the first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
a process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and o…
(nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) electron carrier involved…
calorie
is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
glycolysis
the first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
27 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Allele
Codominance
Complete dominance
Cross-pollination
2 or more alternate forms of a gene
When both alleles for the trait are fully expressed
When one allele is completely dominant over the other
Pollination between 2 plants
Allele
2 or more alternate forms of a gene
Codominance
When both alleles for the trait are fully expressed
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
photosynthesis
light-dependent reactions
composed of an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups…
second phosphate group is added
makes sun's energy into glucose
converts light energy into chemical energy
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
composed of an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
second phosphate group is added
20 terms
Biology : Chapter 9 Vocabulary
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
restriction maps
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
an enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific nucleotide se…
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
show lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites in a…
a technique that produces millions--or even billions--of copi…
restriction enzyme
an enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific nucleotide se…
gel electrophoresis
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reactions
a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that oc…
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel
includes both aerobic respiration and anaerobic processes
electron transfers
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel that oc…
aerobic respiration
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
9 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Measure of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1000 calories
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Process that requires oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
Calorie
Measure of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1000 calories
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires energy
process that does not require oxygen
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 9 vocabulary
Calorie
cellular respiration
Areobic
Anearobic
A common non-SI unit of energy.
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Requires oxygen.
process that does not require oxygen
Calorie
A common non-SI unit of energy.
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
pathway that releases small amount of energy
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
is used in redox reactions in the cell and acts as a reducing…
Calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
pathway that releases small amount of energy
9 terms
Chapter 9 Vocabulary Biology
calorie (A) ...
cellular respiration ...
aerobic ...
anaerobic ...
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
chemical process where mitochondria break down food molecules…
chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen.
chemical reactions that do NOT require the presence of oxygen.
calorie (A) ...
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration ...
chemical process where mitochondria break down food molecules…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
is the process that releases energy from food in the presence…
pathways of cellular respiration that require oxygen
doesn't require oxygen nor does it rely on oxygen-requiring p…
Calorie
is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
Cellular Respiration
is the process that releases energy from food in the presence…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
refers to a process that requires oxygen
refers to a process that does not require oxygen
the first set of reactions of cellular respiration in which g…
cellular respiration
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
aerobic
refers to a process that requires oxygen
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+/- (nicotinamide adenine dinucleot…
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in 3 main stages…
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third man stage of the cell cycle; during which the cell's cy…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in 3 main stages…
chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
19 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's r…
Plant hormone that promotes cell division by stimulating prod…
Cell Cycle
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Interphase
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
characteristic
trait
the study of heredity
the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring
a heritable feature
a genetically determined variant of a characteristic
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
20 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 - Frontiers of Biotechnology
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
restriction map
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
diagram that shows the lengths of fragments between restricti…
method for increasing the quantity of DNA by separating it in…
restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
gel electrophoresis
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
23 terms
Biology - Vocabulary - Chapter 9
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the field of biology devoted to understanding how traits are…
the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
an inheritable characteristic; a category within which altern…
the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma of a flower…
genetics
the field of biology devoted to understanding how traits are…
heredity
the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
23 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
anaphase
binary fission
cancer
cell cycle
fourth phase of mitosis, the process that separates the dupli…
kind of asexual reproduction. It is the most common form of r…
disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells…
repeating sequence of events in eukaryotes that involves cell…
anaphase
fourth phase of mitosis, the process that separates the dupli…
binary fission
kind of asexual reproduction. It is the most common form of r…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of the cell
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of the cell
18 terms
chapter 9 biology vocabulary
glycolysis
krebs cycle
fermentation
pyruvic acid
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
krebs cycle
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid i…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
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