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Study sets matching "biology vocab plant"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab plant"

56 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary
Sepal
Stigma
Style
Ovary
A leaf-like structure that encloses the bud of a flower
Sticky portion at the top of the style, where pollen grains l…
The narrow elongated part between the ovary and the stigma
The organ that protects the ovules of a flower, and develops…
Sepal
A leaf-like structure that encloses the bud of a flower
Stigma
Sticky portion at the top of the style, where pollen grains l…
16 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary 1 BASIC
Kingdom Plantae
bryophytes
vascular
ferns
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having r…
Kingdom Plantae
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
bryophytes
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
22 terms
General Biology - Plant Vocabulary
cellulose
chlorophyll
alternation of generations
vascular tissue
A large polysaccharide composed of many glucose monomers link…
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
cellulose
A large polysaccharide composed of many glucose monomers link…
chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
17 terms
Plant Vocabulary - Biology
dermal tissue
ground tissue
vascular tissue
xylem
tissue that covers the outside of plants and animals
tissue system that makes up the majority of a plant
supportive and conductive tissue in plants consisting of xyle…
tissue that transports water and dissolved minerals in vascul…
dermal tissue
tissue that covers the outside of plants and animals
ground tissue
tissue system that makes up the majority of a plant
31 terms
biology plant vocabulary
root hairs
transpiration
evergreens
pistil
increases surface area to absorb more water & nutirents
movement of water vapor out of the plant
plants the maintain leaves all year, stays green all year
female part of the flower
root hairs
increases surface area to absorb more water & nutirents
transpiration
movement of water vapor out of the plant
23 terms
Biology - Regents - Plant Vocabulary
Angiosperm
Cellulose
Cuticle
Gymnosperm
Flowering vascular plants that produce fruits.
Chemical compound made out of sugar. Provides structure and s…
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flo…
Vascular plants that do not flower. Produce seeds that are no…
Angiosperm
Flowering vascular plants that produce fruits.
Cellulose
Chemical compound made out of sugar. Provides structure and s…
33 terms
Biology I Plant vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces & stems
specialized tissue in vascular plants that transports food, w…
plant that has vascular tissues
plant that lacks vascular tissues
stomata
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces & stems
vascular tissue
specialized tissue in vascular plants that transports food, w…
154 terms
Plant Biology
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Radicle
Hypocotyl
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
78 terms
PLANT BIOLOGY
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
the multicellular haploid in alternation of generations; name…
the multicellular diploid in alternation of generations; name…
sporopollenin
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
73 terms
Biology- Plant Lab Vocabulary
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Shoot system
anchor the plant in the ground, absorb, and transport water a…
support both leaves and reproductive parts, transport water a…
carry out photosynthesis
the outer portion of a plant body-made up of the stem, the le…
Roots
anchor the plant in the ground, absorb, and transport water a…
Stems
support both leaves and reproductive parts, transport water a…
41 terms
MVHS Biology IB2 Plant Vocabulary
Sepal
petal
pistil
stigma
1
8
4
Sepal
petal
1
14 terms
AP Biology - Plant Structure Vocabulary
Angiosperms
dicots
monocots
cotyledon
Flowering plants
2 cotyledon, branched veins, vascular system in ring, floral…
1 cotyledon, parallel veins, petals in multiples of three, fi…
A "seed leaf" which develops as a part of the seed. It provid…
Angiosperms
Flowering plants
dicots
2 cotyledon, branched veins, vascular system in ring, floral…
37 terms
Plant Biology
Petiole
Sessile
Alternate
Opposite
piece between the leaf and the stem
when the petiole is absent
Petiole
piece between the leaf and the stem
Sessile
when the petiole is absent
35 terms
Ms. Wilkins Biology Plant Vocabulary
parenchyma
collenchyma
sclerenchyma
epidermis
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
plant cells whith thick, rigid cell walls; provide support fo…
in plants, the outmost layer of cells that covers and protect…
parenchyma
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
collenchyma
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
56 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
Cotyledon
Hypocotyl
Radicle
Epicotyl
embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, it produces glucose an…
Embryonic Stem, emerges 2nd from the seed
Embryonic root, emerges 1st from the seed
Top part of the stem
Cotyledon
embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, it produces glucose an…
Hypocotyl
Embryonic Stem, emerges 2nd from the seed
8 terms
Biology Plant Cell Vocabulary
Isotonic
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Cell Wall
Describes a solution with a concentration = to the concentrat…
Describes a solution with a concentration above the concentra…
Describes a solution with a concentration below the concentra…
Structure found on the outside of plant cells that provides t…
Isotonic
Describes a solution with a concentration = to the concentrat…
Hypertonic
Describes a solution with a concentration above the concentra…
26 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Sporophyte
bryotphyte
gemmae
angiosperms
The form of a plant in an alternation of generations that pro…
any of the Bryophyta, a phylum of nonvascular plants comprisi…
small cup-shaped structure in liverworts that contains many h…
flowering plant; bears its seeds within a layer of tissue tha…
Sporophyte
The form of a plant in an alternation of generations that pro…
bryotphyte
any of the Bryophyta, a phylum of nonvascular plants comprisi…
20 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
seeds
ferns
mosses
vascular tissue
a flowering plants unit of reproduction, capable of developin…
a flowerless plant that has feathery or leafy fronds and repr…
a small flowerless green plant that lacks true roots, growing…
the tissue in higher plants that constitutes the vascular sys…
seeds
a flowering plants unit of reproduction, capable of developin…
ferns
a flowerless plant that has feathery or leafy fronds and repr…
35 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
specialized tissue that transports water, food & other substa…
type of plant with vascular tissues adapted to land environme…
type of plant that lacks vascular tissues, moves substances s…
stomata
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
vascular tissue
specialized tissue that transports water, food & other substa…
37 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Vascular
Non-vascular
Lignin
Parenchyma Cell
composed of xylem and phloem that conduct water, sap, and nut…
plants without xylem or phloem; have simpler tissues for the…
complex polymer that hardens cell walls of some vascular tiss…
cell with thin walls that form tissues within leaves, roots,…
Vascular
composed of xylem and phloem that conduct water, sap, and nut…
Non-vascular
plants without xylem or phloem; have simpler tissues for the…
16 terms
Some Basic Plant Biology Vocabulary
Kingdom Plantae
bryophytes
vascular
ferns
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having r…
Kingdom Plantae
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
bryophytes
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
37 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Cuticle
Leaf
Root
Stem
The stems and leaves of most plants have a waxy waterproof co…
Plant organ that grows from a stem and usually is where photo…
A plant organ that absorbs water and minerals usually from th…
A plant organ that provides support for growth
Cuticle
The stems and leaves of most plants have a waxy waterproof co…
Leaf
Plant organ that grows from a stem and usually is where photo…
35 terms
Ms. Wilkins Biology Plant Vocabulary
parenchyma
collenchyma
sclerenchyma
epidermis
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
plant cells whith thick, rigid cell walls; provide support fo…
in plants, the outmost layer of cells that covers and protect…
parenchyma
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
collenchyma
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
20 terms
AP Biology Plant Vocabulary
Apical Dominance
Apical Meristem
Collenchyma
Cortex
Tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of a plant…
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and buds of shoot…
A flexible plant cell type that occurs in strands or cylinder…
In plants, ground tissue that is between the vascular tissue…
Apical Dominance
Tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of a plant…
Apical Meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and buds of shoot…
Biology- Plant Structure- ROOTS
Root Function
Primary Root
Secondary Root
Common Root systems
-Absorption of water and minerals... -Anchorage... -Food Storage
First root structure that emerges from the seed.
Roots that grow from the primary root.
1. Tap roots ... 2. Fibrous roots... 3. adventitious roots
Root Function
-Absorption of water and minerals... -Anchorage... -Food Storage
Primary Root
First root structure that emerges from the seed.
18 terms
Biology Honors Plant Vocabulary
Gymnosperm
Angiosperm
Phloem
Xylem
Its seed is said to be naked because it is not enclosed in a…
Consists of monocots and dicots. Seeds are formed when an ovu…
Carries out translocation by transporting food and nutrients…
Transports water and minerals from roots to plant's aerial pa…
Gymnosperm
Its seed is said to be naked because it is not enclosed in a…
Angiosperm
Consists of monocots and dicots. Seeds are formed when an ovu…
21 terms
Biology Plant Systems Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Xylem
Phloem
Conversion of light energy from the sun and CO2 into chemical…
The plant cell organelles where photosynthesis takes place
Water transport system that carries water from the roots to t…
Used to transport carbohydrates and nutrients produced by pho…
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun and CO2 into chemical…
Chloroplast
The plant cell organelles where photosynthesis takes place
22 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant Reproduction
Anthers
Carpel
Cotyledon
Fertilisation
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
Food store for young plant after seed germination.
The fusion of the nuclei of the male and female gametes
Anthers
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
Carpel
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
60 terms
Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
angiosperm
annual rings
anther
apical meristem
means "seed container"
wood formed by secondary xylem; shows how much growth in one…
produces pollen
the tip the plant seed
angiosperm
means "seed container"
annual rings
wood formed by secondary xylem; shows how much growth in one…
50 terms
AP Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
Plant
Alternation of generations
Gametophyte
Sporophyte
An organism that gathers energy through photosynthesis.
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
In organisms (plants and some algae) that have alternation of…
Plant
An organism that gathers energy through photosynthesis.
Alternation of generations
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
47 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel
the male reproductive organ of a plant
produces, stores and releases pollen
supports the anther and holds it in position
the female reproductive organ of a plant
Stamen
the male reproductive organ of a plant
Anther
produces, stores and releases pollen
42 terms
Biology Plant/Photosynthesis Vocabulary
Pigment
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Light-absorbing molecule
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
6CO₂ (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water) ------light----------〉 C…
C6H12O6 (sugars) + 6O₂ (oxygen) ------light----------〉 6CO₂ (…
Pigment
Light-absorbing molecule
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
11 terms
Biology plant vocabulary
Nonvasular
Seedless vascular
Gymnosperm
Angiosperm
Plants that have no vascular tissue
Plants that have no vascular tissue, but don't produce seeds…
Plants whose seeds are not enclosed in an ovule. ... Usually hav…
The mature seed is surrounded by the ovule.... Trees that have l…
Nonvasular
Plants that have no vascular tissue
Seedless vascular
Plants that have no vascular tissue, but don't produce seeds…
Plant and Animal biology vocabulary
Adaptation
Amphibian
Animalia
Asymmetry
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding…
kingdom of multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophs whose cells…
Body of animal has no definite shape
Adaptation
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Amphibian
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding…
20 terms
PAP biology plant vocabulary
Cuticle
Lignin
Pollination
Angiosperm
In plants, a waxy layer that holds in moisture
Complex polymer that hardens cell walls of some vascular tiss…
Process by which seed plants become fertilized with out the n…
Seed plant whose embryos are enclosed by fruit
Cuticle
In plants, a waxy layer that holds in moisture
Lignin
Complex polymer that hardens cell walls of some vascular tiss…
9 terms
Biology plant vocabulary
Cortex
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard cells
Skin below epidermis on roots
Waxy layer on leaf to hold water
Opening for water to evaporate
Cells that open and close stomata
Cortex
Skin below epidermis on roots
Cuticle
Waxy layer on leaf to hold water
15 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
frond
angiosperm
herbaceous plant
gymnosperm
the leaf of a fern or palm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
a plant that is soft and green instead of woody
a woody vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by a…
frond
the leaf of a fern or palm
angiosperm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
26 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Sporophyte
Brytophyte
Gemma
Angiosperms
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Nonvascular plant; examples are mosses and their relatives
Small cup-shaped structure in liverworts that contains many h…
Flowering plant; bears its seeds within a layer of tissue tha…
Sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Brytophyte
Nonvascular plant; examples are mosses and their relatives
81 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
bryophytes
vascular plants
nonvascular plants
rhizomes
group of plants that have specialized reproductive organs but…
plants with the presence of vascular tissues, or specialized…
plants with the absence of vascular tissue and have no vasucl…
a continuously growing horizontal underground stem that puts…
bryophytes
group of plants that have specialized reproductive organs but…
vascular plants
plants with the presence of vascular tissues, or specialized…
29 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
adaptations that enable the exchange of gases, even with the…
specialized transport tissue
plants with vascular tissues
lack specialized transport tissues
stomata
adaptations that enable the exchange of gases, even with the…
vascular tissue
specialized transport tissue
28 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
guard cell
stomata
ground tissue
cotyledon
one of a pair of cells that function in the opening and closi…
openings in the outer layer of leaf surfaces and some stems a…
plant tissue consisting of parenchyma, collenchyma, and scler…
seed structure that stores food or helps absorb food for the…
guard cell
one of a pair of cells that function in the opening and closi…
stomata
openings in the outer layer of leaf surfaces and some stems a…
132 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Protoplasm
Protoplast
cytoplasm
cytosol
All living components of a cell
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
Everything between membrane and nucleus
Fluid in which organelles are dispersed
Protoplasm
All living components of a cell
Protoplast
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
22 terms
Biology plant vocabulary
Fruits
cones
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the organs of a plant in which the seeds are enclosed
seed baring structures in plants
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates
Fruits
the organs of a plant in which the seeds are enclosed
cones
seed baring structures in plants
28 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
guard cell
net venation
parallel venation
venation
pair of specialized cells that border a stoma and regulate ga…
non-parallel branching networks of veins typical of the leave…
parallel arrangement of veins
arrangement of veins in a leaf
guard cell
pair of specialized cells that border a stoma and regulate ga…
net venation
non-parallel branching networks of veins typical of the leave…
29 terms
Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Transpiration
Translation
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) at the lung cap…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Respiration
Exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) at the lung cap…
14 terms
Biology plant vocabulary
Biogeochemic cycle
Biomass
Energy pyramid
Energy transfer
a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both bi…
the total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.
An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a co…
energy crosses the boundary between them, thus increasing the…
Biogeochemic cycle
a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both bi…
Biomass
the total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.
12 terms
Plant Vocabulary (biology)
stamen
pistil
angiosperm
meristem
male parts of the flower
female parts of the flower
any flowering plant
plant equivalent to human stem cells
stamen
male parts of the flower
pistil
female parts of the flower
32 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
Cuticle
Spore
Seed
Vascular tissue
Waxy coat that prevents water loss
A haploid reproductive cell with a hard outer wall
Plant embryo enclosed in a protective coat
Transports water & dissolved substances from place to place
Cuticle
Waxy coat that prevents water loss
Spore
A haploid reproductive cell with a hard outer wall
35 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
specialized tissue that transports water, food & other substa…
type of plant with vascular tissues adapted to land environme…
type of plant that lacks vascular tissues, moves substances s…
stomata
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
vascular tissue
specialized tissue that transports water, food & other substa…
56 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
Cotyledon
Hypocotyl
Radicle
Epicotyl
embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, it produces glucose an…
Embryonic Stem, emerges 2nd from the seed
Embryonic root, emerges 1st from the seed
Top part of the stem
Cotyledon
embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, it produces glucose an…
Hypocotyl
Embryonic Stem, emerges 2nd from the seed
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