Study sets matching "biology vocab plant"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab plant"

56 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary
Sepal
Stigma
Style
Ovary
A leaf-like structure that encloses the bud of a flower
Sticky portion at the top of the style, where pollen grains l…
The narrow elongated part between the ovary and the stigma
The organ that protects the ovules of a flower, and develops…
Sepal
A leaf-like structure that encloses the bud of a flower
Stigma
Sticky portion at the top of the style, where pollen grains l…
16 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary 1 BASIC
Kingdom Plantae
bryophytes
vascular
ferns
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having r…
Kingdom Plantae
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
bryophytes
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
33 terms
Biology I Plant vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces & stems
specialized tissue in vascular plants that transports food, w…
plant that has vascular tissues
plant that lacks vascular tissues
stomata
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces & stems
vascular tissue
specialized tissue in vascular plants that transports food, w…
22 terms
General Biology - Plant Vocabulary
cellulose
chlorophyll
alternation of generations
vascular tissue
A large polysaccharide composed of many glucose monomers link…
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
cellulose
A large polysaccharide composed of many glucose monomers link…
chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
17 terms
Plant Vocabulary - Biology
dermal tissue
ground tissue
vascular tissue
xylem
tissue that covers the outside of plants and animals
tissue system that makes up the majority of a plant
supportive and conductive tissue in plants consisting of xyle…
tissue that transports water and dissolved minerals in vascul…
dermal tissue
tissue that covers the outside of plants and animals
ground tissue
tissue system that makes up the majority of a plant
31 terms
biology plant vocabulary
root hairs
transpiration
evergreens
pistil
increases surface area to absorb more water & nutirents
movement of water vapor out of the plant
plants the maintain leaves all year, stays green all year
female part of the flower
root hairs
increases surface area to absorb more water & nutirents
transpiration
movement of water vapor out of the plant
PLANT BIOLOGY
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
the multicellular haploid in alternation of generations; name…
the multicellular diploid in alternation of generations; name…
sporopollenin
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
73 terms
Biology- Plant Lab Vocabulary
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Shoot system
anchor the plant in the ground, absorb, and transport water a…
support both leaves and reproductive parts, transport water a…
carry out photosynthesis
the outer portion of a plant body-made up of the stem, the le…
Roots
anchor the plant in the ground, absorb, and transport water a…
Stems
support both leaves and reproductive parts, transport water a…
23 terms
Biology - Regents - Plant Vocabulary
Angiosperm
Cellulose
Cuticle
Gymnosperm
Flowering vascular plants that produce fruits.
Chemical compound made out of sugar. Provides structure and s…
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flo…
Vascular plants that do not flower. Produce seeds that are no…
Angiosperm
Flowering vascular plants that produce fruits.
Cellulose
Chemical compound made out of sugar. Provides structure and s…
56 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
Cotyledon
Hypocotyl
Radicle
Epicotyl
embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, it produces glucose an…
Embryonic Stem, emerges 2nd from the seed
Embryonic root, emerges 1st from the seed
Top part of the stem
Cotyledon
embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants, it produces glucose an…
Hypocotyl
Embryonic Stem, emerges 2nd from the seed
14 terms
AP Biology - Plant Structure Vocabulary
Angiosperms
dicots
monocots
cotyledon
Flowering plants
2 cotyledon, branched veins, vascular system in ring, floral…
1 cotyledon, parallel veins, petals in multiples of three, fi…
A "seed leaf" which develops as a part of the seed. It provid…
Angiosperms
Flowering plants
dicots
2 cotyledon, branched veins, vascular system in ring, floral…
35 terms
Ms. Wilkins Biology Plant Vocabulary
parenchyma
collenchyma
sclerenchyma
epidermis
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
plant cells whith thick, rigid cell walls; provide support fo…
in plants, the outmost layer of cells that covers and protect…
parenchyma
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
collenchyma
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
20 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
seeds
ferns
mosses
vascular tissue
a flowering plants unit of reproduction, capable of developin…
a flowerless plant that has feathery or leafy fronds and repr…
a small flowerless green plant that lacks true roots, growing…
the tissue in higher plants that constitutes the vascular sys…
seeds
a flowering plants unit of reproduction, capable of developin…
ferns
a flowerless plant that has feathery or leafy fronds and repr…
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Sporophyte
bryotphyte
gemmae
angiosperms
The form of a plant in an alternation of generations that pro…
any of the Bryophyta, a phylum of nonvascular plants comprisi…
small cup-shaped structure in liverworts that contains many h…
flowering plant; bears its seeds within a layer of tissue tha…
Sporophyte
The form of a plant in an alternation of generations that pro…
bryotphyte
any of the Bryophyta, a phylum of nonvascular plants comprisi…
37 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Cuticle
Leaf
Root
Stem
The stems and leaves of most plants have a waxy waterproof co…
Plant organ that grows from a stem and usually is where photo…
A plant organ that absorbs water and minerals usually from th…
A plant organ that provides support for growth
Cuticle
The stems and leaves of most plants have a waxy waterproof co…
Leaf
Plant organ that grows from a stem and usually is where photo…
35 terms
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
specialized tissue that transports water, food & other substa…
type of plant with vascular tissues adapted to land environme…
type of plant that lacks vascular tissues, moves substances s…
stomata
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
vascular tissue
specialized tissue that transports water, food & other substa…
37 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Vascular
Non-vascular
Lignin
Parenchyma Cell
composed of xylem and phloem that conduct water, sap, and nut…
plants without xylem or phloem; have simpler tissues for the…
complex polymer that hardens cell walls of some vascular tiss…
cell with thin walls that form tissues within leaves, roots,…
Vascular
composed of xylem and phloem that conduct water, sap, and nut…
Non-vascular
plants without xylem or phloem; have simpler tissues for the…
60 terms
Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
angiosperm
annual rings
anther
apical meristem
means "seed container"
wood formed by secondary xylem; shows how much growth in one…
produces pollen
the tip the plant seed
angiosperm
means "seed container"
annual rings
wood formed by secondary xylem; shows how much growth in one…
16 terms
Some Basic Plant Biology Vocabulary
Kingdom Plantae
bryophytes
vascular
ferns
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having r…
Kingdom Plantae
A Kingdom of Domain Eukarya; members are photosynthetic, have…
bryophytes
lack vascular tissue and true stems, leaves, and roots; but a…
20 terms
AP Biology Plant Vocabulary
Apical Dominance
Apical Meristem
Collenchyma
Cortex
Tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of a plant…
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and buds of shoot…
A flexible plant cell type that occurs in strands or cylinder…
In plants, ground tissue that is between the vascular tissue…
Apical Dominance
Tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of a plant…
Apical Meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and buds of shoot…
132 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Protoplasm
Protoplast
cytoplasm
cytosol
All living components of a cell
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
Everything between membrane and nucleus
Fluid in which organelles are dispersed
Protoplasm
All living components of a cell
Protoplast
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
35 terms
Ms. Wilkins Biology Plant Vocabulary
parenchyma
collenchyma
sclerenchyma
epidermis
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
plant cells whith thick, rigid cell walls; provide support fo…
in plants, the outmost layer of cells that covers and protect…
parenchyma
most abundant type of plant cell; spherical cells with thin,…
collenchyma
long, flexible plant cells with unevenly thickened cell walls…
Biology Honors Plant Vocabulary
Gymnosperm
Angiosperm
Phloem
Xylem
Its seed is said to be naked because it is not enclosed in a…
Consists of monocots and dicots. Seeds are formed when an ovu…
Carries out translocation by transporting food and nutrients…
Transports water and minerals from roots to plant's aerial pa…
Gymnosperm
Its seed is said to be naked because it is not enclosed in a…
Angiosperm
Consists of monocots and dicots. Seeds are formed when an ovu…
154 terms
Plant Biology
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Radicle
Hypocotyl
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Plant and Animal biology vocabulary
Adaptation
Amphibian
Animalia
Asymmetry
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding…
kingdom of multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophs whose cells…
Body of animal has no definite shape
Adaptation
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Amphibian
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding…
20 terms
PAP biology plant vocabulary
Cuticle
Lignin
Pollination
Angiosperm
In plants, a waxy layer that holds in moisture
Complex polymer that hardens cell walls of some vascular tiss…
Process by which seed plants become fertilized with out the n…
Seed plant whose embryos are enclosed by fruit
Cuticle
In plants, a waxy layer that holds in moisture
Lignin
Complex polymer that hardens cell walls of some vascular tiss…
42 terms
Biology Plant/Photosynthesis Vocabulary
Pigment
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Light-absorbing molecule
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
6CO₂ (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water) ------light----------〉 C…
C6H12O6 (sugars) + 6O₂ (oxygen) ------light----------〉 6CO₂ (…
Pigment
Light-absorbing molecule
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
79 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Plant
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Consumer
A living organism of the kind exemplified by trees, shrubs,he…
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
An organism deriving its nutritional requirements from comple…
A person or thing that eats or uses something.
Plant
A living organism of the kind exemplified by trees, shrubs,he…
Autotroph
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Plant Biology Vocabulary List
Xylem
Vascular Bundles
Cohesion-Tension thoery
Lignin
Non-living transport tissue; Transports water and minerals (s…
A strand of conducting vessels (xylem and phloem, rarely camb…
the theory of intermolecular attraction that explains the pro…
a class of complex organic polymers that form important struc…
Xylem
Non-living transport tissue; Transports water and minerals (s…
Vascular Bundles
A strand of conducting vessels (xylem and phloem, rarely camb…
Biology plant vocabulary
Cone
Fruit
Germination
Ground tissue
also called strobilus, in botany, mass of scales or bracts, u…
seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as ang…
process by which a plant grows from a seed.
tissue of a plant other than the epidermis, periderm, and vas…
Cone
also called strobilus, in botany, mass of scales or bracts, u…
Fruit
seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as ang…
50 terms
AP Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
Plant
Alternation of generations
Gametophyte
Sporophyte
An organism that gathers energy through photosynthesis.
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
In organisms (plants and some algae) that have alternation of…
Plant
An organism that gathers energy through photosynthesis.
Alternation of generations
the alternation between the haploid gametophyte and the diplo…
29 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
adaptations that enable the exchange of gases, even with the…
specialized transport tissue
plants with vascular tissues
lack specialized transport tissues
stomata
adaptations that enable the exchange of gases, even with the…
vascular tissue
specialized transport tissue
Plant Vocabulary - Biology
frond
angiosperm
herbaceous plant
gymnosperm
the leaf of a fern or palm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
a plant that is soft and green instead of woody
a woody vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by a…
frond
the leaf of a fern or palm
angiosperm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
16 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
homeostasis
antibodies
stamen
pistil
balance or equilibrium maintained by the body
proteins that react to a specific antigen or that inactivates…
the male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pol…
the female reproductive part of a flower that produces seeds…
homeostasis
balance or equilibrium maintained by the body
antibodies
proteins that react to a specific antigen or that inactivates…
Biology Plant Vocabulary
cuticle
stoma
guard cell
seed
a waxy or fatty and watertight layer on the external wall of…
one of many openings in a leaf of plant that enable gas excha…
one of a pair of specialized cells that border a stoma and re…
a plant embryo that is enclosed in a protective coat
cuticle
a waxy or fatty and watertight layer on the external wall of…
stoma
one of many openings in a leaf of plant that enable gas excha…
14 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary
Producer
Vascular Tissue
Cuticle
Cellulose
An organism that can make its own food.
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
A waxy substance that consists of lipid and hydrocarbon polym…
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
Producer
An organism that can make its own food.
Vascular Tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
15 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
frond
angiosperm
herbaceous plant
gymnosperm
the leaf of a fern or palm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
a plant that is soft and green instead of woody
a woody vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by a…
frond
the leaf of a fern or palm
angiosperm
a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Sporophyte
Brytophyte
Gemma
Angiosperms
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Nonvascular plant; examples are mosses and their relatives
Small cup-shaped structure in liverworts that contains many h…
Flowering plant; bears its seeds within a layer of tissue tha…
Sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Brytophyte
Nonvascular plant; examples are mosses and their relatives
28 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
anther
stamen
ovary
petal
sac that produces pollen grains... male
anther +filament ... male reproductive structure of flowering pl…
found at the base of the flower and produces the eggs
modified leaf that surrounds reproductive structures
anther
sac that produces pollen grains... male
stamen
anther +filament ... male reproductive structure of flowering pl…
81 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
bryophytes
vascular plants
nonvascular plants
rhizomes
group of plants that have specialized reproductive organs but…
plants with the presence of vascular tissues, or specialized…
plants with the absence of vascular tissue and have no vasucl…
a continuously growing horizontal underground stem that puts…
bryophytes
group of plants that have specialized reproductive organs but…
vascular plants
plants with the presence of vascular tissues, or specialized…
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Plant
Cuticle
Stomata
Vascular System
Multicellular eukaryote that produces its own food through ph…
In plants, a waxy layer that holds in moisture; in insects, a…
(Singular: Stoma) pores in the cuticle of a plant through whi…
Collection of specializes tissues in some plants that transpo…
Plant
Multicellular eukaryote that produces its own food through ph…
Cuticle
In plants, a waxy layer that holds in moisture; in insects, a…
72 terms
Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
Cuticle
Stomata
Vascular systems
Lignin
Allows plants to retain moisture. Has a waxy, waterproof laye…
Tiny holes in the cuticle that open and close, allowing air t…
Transports materials around plant. Brings water and minerals…
Allows plants to grow upright. Hardens cell walls of some vas…
Cuticle
Allows plants to retain moisture. Has a waxy, waterproof laye…
Stomata
Tiny holes in the cuticle that open and close, allowing air t…
Biology Plant Vocabulary
Tropism
Cuticle
Stomata
Carpel/Pistil
the turning of all or part of an organism in a particular dir…
any of a variety of strong but flexible, non-mineral outer co…
minute aperture structures on plants found typically on the o…
one of the leaf-like, seed-bearing structures that constitute…
Tropism
the turning of all or part of an organism in a particular dir…
Cuticle
any of a variety of strong but flexible, non-mineral outer co…
Biology Plant Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
adaptations that enable the exchange of gases, even with the…
specialized transport tissue
plants with vascular tissues
lack specialized transport tissues
stomata
adaptations that enable the exchange of gases, even with the…
vascular tissue
specialized transport tissue
28 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
guard cell
stomata
ground tissue
cotyledon
one of a pair of cells that function in the opening and closi…
openings in the outer layer of leaf surfaces and some stems a…
plant tissue consisting of parenchyma, collenchyma, and scler…
seed structure that stores food or helps absorb food for the…
guard cell
one of a pair of cells that function in the opening and closi…
stomata
openings in the outer layer of leaf surfaces and some stems a…
22 terms
Biology plant vocabulary
Fruits
cones
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the organs of a plant in which the seeds are enclosed
seed baring structures in plants
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates
Fruits
the organs of a plant in which the seeds are enclosed
cones
seed baring structures in plants
28 terms
Biology Plant Vocabulary
guard cell
net venation
parallel venation
venation
pair of specialized cells that border a stoma and regulate ga…
non-parallel branching networks of veins typical of the leave…
parallel arrangement of veins
arrangement of veins in a leaf
guard cell
pair of specialized cells that border a stoma and regulate ga…
net venation
non-parallel branching networks of veins typical of the leave…
Biology Plant Unit Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Transpiration
Translation
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) at the lung cap…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Respiration
Exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) at the lung cap…
14 terms
Biology plant vocabulary
Biogeochemic cycle
Biomass
Energy pyramid
Energy transfer
a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both bi…
the total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.
An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a co…
energy crosses the boundary between them, thus increasing the…
Biogeochemic cycle
a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both bi…
Biomass
the total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.
Biology: Plant Vocabulary
Cuticle
Spore
Seed
Vascular tissue
Waxy coat that prevents water loss
A haploid reproductive cell with a hard outer wall
Plant embryo enclosed in a protective coat
Transports water & dissolved substances from place to place
Cuticle
Waxy coat that prevents water loss
Spore
A haploid reproductive cell with a hard outer wall
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