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Study sets matching "biology vocab structure function"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab structure function"

35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 22 Vocabulary Plant Structure and Function
auxin
collenchyma cell
companion cell
cork cambium
plant hormone that moves in only one direction away from the…
often elongated plant cell that provides flexibility for the…
nucleated cell that helps the mature sieve tube member functi…
meristematic tissue that produces cells with tough cell walls…
auxin
plant hormone that moves in only one direction away from the…
collenchyma cell
often elongated plant cell that provides flexibility for the…
33 terms
Biology Ch 7 Vocabulary: Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of all forms of life
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wh…
structure that contains the cell's genetic material in the fo…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
cell theory
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
Biology (Ch.3) Vocabulary- Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary (Cell Structure and Function)
Cells
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Eukaryotes
The basic units of life
A fundamental concept of biology which states that:... All livi…
A large membrane-enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
Cells that contain nuclei
Cells
The basic units of life
Cell Theory
A fundamental concept of biology which states that:... All livi…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
10 terms
Cellular Structure and Function- Vocabulary (Biology)
cytoplasm
eukaryote
eukaryotic cell
nucleus
A jelly-like fluid inside the cell in which the organelles ar…
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cytoplasm
A jelly-like fluid inside the cell in which the organelles ar…
eukaryote
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
36 terms
Biology- Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the structure which contains the cell's genetic material (DNA…
organism whose cells contain nuclei
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
23 terms
Biology Vocabulary - Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Nucleus
Eurokaryote
Prokaryote
Basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms.
Membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains ge…
Multicellular organism whose cells contain nuclei and organel…
Unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
Cells
Basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms.
Nucleus
Membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains ge…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
39 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
ana-
auto-
bi-
bio-
up or back
self
two
life
ana-
up or back
auto-
self
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
19 terms
biology cell structure and function vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
prokaryote
basic unit/structure of living things
scientific theory that describes the properties of cells
organelle that controls the cells functions, found in eukaryo…
single celled organism (bacteria) with no nucleus, no membran…
cell
basic unit/structure of living things
cell theory
scientific theory that describes the properties of cells
59 terms
Biology Vocabulary - Cell Structure and Function
development
reproduction
stimulus
homeostasis
process of developing or being developed
the action or process of making a copy of something.
a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction i…
...
development
process of developing or being developed
reproduction
the action or process of making a copy of something.
44 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary (Cell Structure and Function)
Cells
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Eukaryotes
The basic units of life
A fundamental concept of biology which states that:... All livi…
A large membrane-enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
Cells that contain nuclei
Cells
The basic units of life
Cell Theory
A fundamental concept of biology which states that:... All livi…
10 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
animal cell
the theory that (1) all organisms are made out of one or more…
a type of cell that is simple in structure and lacks a membra…
a type of cell with a nucleus enclosed by a membrane as well…
a form of a eukaryotic cell that is distinct from plant cells…
cell theory
the theory that (1) all organisms are made out of one or more…
prokaryotic cell
a type of cell that is simple in structure and lacks a membra…
41 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
atoms
protons
electrons
neutrons
composed of subatomic particles
positive charge; found in nucleus
negative charge; in constant motion around the nucleus
no charge; found in nucleus
atoms
composed of subatomic particles
protons
positive charge; found in nucleus
62 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary (Cell Structure and Function)
Cells
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Eukaryotes
The basic units of life
A fundamental concept of biology which states that:... -All liv…
A large membrane-enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
-Genetic material is contained in a nucleus, separate from th…
Cells
The basic units of life
Cell Theory
A fundamental concept of biology which states that:... -All liv…
11 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of the c…
unicellular organism with membrane-bound nucleus and organell…
microscopic, unicellular organism without a nucleus or other…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
Cell Membrane
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of the c…
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Basic unit of all forms of life
All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
Thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells, regulates wh…
The center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
Cell
Basic unit of all forms of life
Cell theory
All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
35 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Basic Unit of Life
All living things are made up of cells
New cells are produced from pre-existing cells
Cells have a particular structure and function for living thi…
Cell
Basic Unit of Life
Cell Theory
All living things are made up of cells
31 terms
Biology- Structure and Function of the Cell Vocabulary
what is cell theory?
what is a prokaryote?
what is a eukaryote?
what are organelles?
the theory that all living things are composed of one or more…
cells without a nucleus
cells with a nucleus
small structures that make up cells and carry out their proce…
what is cell theory?
the theory that all living things are composed of one or more…
what is a prokaryote?
cells without a nucleus
36 terms
Biology: Structure and function of plasma membrane
Plasma Membrane Component:
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Integral proteins:
2)Peripheral proteins:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
Single pass or multiple pass... Full pass or partial pass... Alpha…
no membrane pass
Plasma Membrane Component:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
88 terms
Biology Cellular Structure and Function
concentration gradient
passive transport
phagocytosis
pinocytosis
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell membrane engulfs larg…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell ingests extracellular…
concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
passive transport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
37 terms
Biology Membrane Structure and Function
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
28 terms
Biology: Structure and Function
Adenosine triphosphate
Amino acid sequence
Anticodon
Base pairing
-
...
...
...
Adenosine triphosphate
-
Amino acid sequence
...
79 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
28 terms
Biology: Biomolecule Structure and Function
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
What is the formula for all three form…
What makes glucose, fructose, and gala…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
Monosaccharides are glucose, fructose, and galactose. C6H12O6…
The different molecular arrangement.
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
24 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
Cells
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Eukaryote
In 1665, Robert Hooke used a microscope to look at thin slice…
Scientists made many discoveries about cells in the next 200…
There are two main kinds of cells. One kind has a nucleus, an…
Eukaryota are cells that enclose their DNA in nuclei.
Cells
In 1665, Robert Hooke used a microscope to look at thin slice…
Cell Theory
Scientists made many discoveries about cells in the next 200…
Biology Vocabulary - Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Nucleus
Eurokaryote
Prokaryote
Basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms.
Membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains ge…
Multicellular organism whose cells contain nuclei and organel…
Unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
Cells
Basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms.
Nucleus
Membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains ge…
23 terms
Biology Vocabulary - Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Nucleus
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms.
Membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains ge…
Multicellular organism whose cells contain nuclei and organel…
Unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
Cells
Basic unit of structure and function for all living organisms.
Nucleus
Membrane bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains ge…
34 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 3 Protein Structure and Function
what are proteins composed of?
amino acids
The combination of amino and carboxyl…
In water, amino acids ionize
amino acids
-20 different amino acids... -central carbon atom covalently bon…
...
...
what are proteins composed of?
amino acids
amino acids
-20 different amino acids... -central carbon atom covalently bon…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary Cellular Structure and Function
Active transport
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
States that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
In plants, the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of th…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process by which substances move across the…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
54 terms
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
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