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Study sets matching "biology vocab"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab"

8 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Clone
Karyotype
Recombinant DNA
Human Genome
Definition: An organism or cell, or group of organisms or cel…
Definition: The number and visual appearance of the chromosom…
Definition: DNA that has been formed artificially by combinin…
Definition: The complete set of nucleic acid sequence for hum…
Clone
Definition: An organism or cell, or group of organisms or cel…
Karyotype
Definition: The number and visual appearance of the chromosom…
28 terms
Biology: Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertile
trait
true-breeding
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
capable of growing and developing
a quality that makes one person or thing different from another
A kind of breeding in which the parents with a particular phe…
genetics
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
fertile
capable of growing and developing
14 terms
Biology vocabulary
Bio
Logy
Ist
Ic
Life
The study of
Some who studies
Pertaining to
Bio
Life
Logy
The study of
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Commensalism
Combustion & Sources
Competition
Emigration
one species benefits, one species not affected
When fossil fuels are extracted from the earth and BURNED, CO…
Organisms compete for resources, etc.
Organisms leaving the population in response to food sources,…
Commensalism
one species benefits, one species not affected
Combustion & Sources
When fossil fuels are extracted from the earth and BURNED, CO…
100 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Goals of Science
Science
Scientific Method
Independant Variable
-Nature can be understood through systematic study... -Scientifi…
Science is the distinctive way of gaining knowledge about the…
-Make observations... -Ask a question... -Form a hypothesis... -Test t…
The variable that is changed or manipulated (music)
Goals of Science
-Nature can be understood through systematic study... -Scientifi…
Science
Science is the distinctive way of gaining knowledge about the…
31 terms
Biology vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
All living things and all places they are found in earth
The variety of organisms in a given area
Is a group of organisms that are closely related and can prod…
Life science is the scientific study of living things and the…
Biosphere
All living things and all places they are found in earth
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms in a given area
24 terms
biology vocabulary
virus
capsid
nucleic acids
host cell
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only insi…
A capsid is the protein shell of a virus. It consists of seve…
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essenti…
A host cell is a living cell in which a virus reproduces. A p…
virus
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only insi…
capsid
A capsid is the protein shell of a virus. It consists of seve…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Species
Autotrophic (producer)
Heterotrophic (consumer)
Detrivores
An individual belonging to a group of organisms with common c…
An autotroph is an organism that can produce its own food usi…
An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead…
An organism that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or anima…
Species
An individual belonging to a group of organisms with common c…
Autotrophic (producer)
An autotroph is an organism that can produce its own food usi…
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Bio
Logy
Ist
Ic
Life
The study of
Someone who studies
Pertaining to or a characteristic of
Bio
Life
Logy
The study of
Biology Vocabulary
Dihybrid cross
Dominant
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on two definab…
An allele that is always expressed
The first generation of offspring obtained from an experiment…
Offspring of the F1 Generation
Dihybrid cross
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on two definab…
Dominant
An allele that is always expressed
9 terms
Biology vocabulary
Adhesion
Cohesion
Monomer
Polymer
Attraction between molescules of different substance
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Molecules subunit of a polymer
Large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Adhesion
Attraction between molescules of different substance
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
35 terms
Biology vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different joined…
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
24 terms
Vocabulary for Biology
Genetics
F1
P
F2
Scientific study of heredity
First Filial generation (son and daughter the offspring)
Parental Generation
Offspring of two individual F1
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
F1
First Filial generation (son and daughter the offspring)
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Subatomic Particles
Atom
Molecules
Cells
Particles smaller than an atom
Basic unit of a chemical element
A group of atoms bonded together
Basic unit of life
Subatomic Particles
Particles smaller than an atom
Atom
Basic unit of a chemical element
167 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Science
Observation
Inferences
Hypothesis
Organized way of gathering and analizing evidence about the n…
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
The logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and exper…
Possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
Science
Organized way of gathering and analizing evidence about the n…
Observation
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
23 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Active Transport
Amphipatic
Apoptosis
Aquaporin
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
(of a molecule, especially a protein) having both hydrophilic…
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
plant cell wall polysaccharides containing predominantly arab…
Active Transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Amphipatic
(of a molecule, especially a protein) having both hydrophilic…
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
248 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Large Intestine
Exocrine Glands
Genotype
Mendel's Law of Segregation
- Section of the GI tract that consists of the cecum, colon,…
- Glands that synthesize and secrete substances through ducts…
- The genetic makeup of an individual
- Mendel's postulation that there are alternate versions of g…
Large Intestine
- Section of the GI tract that consists of the cecum, colon,…
Exocrine Glands
- Glands that synthesize and secrete substances through ducts…
54 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Observation
Inference
Theory
Hypothsis
Process of observing to gain information
Conclusion reached on the basis of evidence
Explanation of why certain laws and facts exist; often relate…
Tentative explanation such as 'if A happens the B must happen…
Observation
Process of observing to gain information
Inference
Conclusion reached on the basis of evidence
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Organism
Species
DNA
Metabolism
a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that…
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
the set of non genetic traits, qualities, or features that ch…
any basic process of organic functioning or operating:
Organism
a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that…
Species
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
66 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
All organisms and the part of earth where they exist.
Variety of life within an area
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Scientific study of all forms of life
Biosphere
All organisms and the part of earth where they exist.
Biodiversity
Variety of life within an area
24 terms
Biology B Lesson 20 vocabulary
Amniotic sac
Cervix
Ejaculation
Epididymis
a fluid-filled sac that helps protect the growing embryo in t…
a sphincter muscle that controls the opening to the uterus
a process by which sperm is released from the male reproducti…
long, coiled tube attached to the top of each testis that sto…
Amniotic sac
a fluid-filled sac that helps protect the growing embryo in t…
Cervix
a sphincter muscle that controls the opening to the uterus
118 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Species
Population
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Group of organisms that are related and can produce fertile o…
A group of organisms that are of the same species and live in…
Change in genetic makeup (allele frequency) of a population f…
Evolution on a larger scale extending over a longer period of…
Species
Group of organisms that are related and can produce fertile o…
Population
A group of organisms that are of the same species and live in…
19 terms
AP Biology: Behavioral Biology Vocabulary
Ethology
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
Sign stimulus
Learning
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
a FAP that is triggered by an external sensory stimulus.
the modification of behavior (behavioral change) resulting fr…
Ethology
the study of animal behavior in natural conditions.
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
a sequence of behavioral acts that is especially unchangeable…
21 terms
Biology chapter 7 vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
basic unit of ALL forms of life
fundamental concept of biology that states all living things…
States that cells are the basic unit of structure and functio…
Thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells, regulating w…
Cell
basic unit of ALL forms of life
Cell Theory
fundamental concept of biology that states all living things…
41 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
149 terms
Biology EOC Vocabulary
Biomolecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
organic molecules which combine to form living organisms; inc…
biomolecule of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen combined in 1:2:1…
biomolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; includes…
biomolecule composed of nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen…
Biomolecules
organic molecules which combine to form living organisms; inc…
Carbohydrates
biomolecule of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen combined in 1:2:1…
25 terms
Biology Module 5 Vocabulary
Matter
Model
Element
Molecules
Anything that has mass and takes up space
An explanation or representation of something that cannot be…
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons
Chemicals that result from atoms linking together
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Model
An explanation or representation of something that cannot be…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Fitness
Species
Charles Darwin
Adaptation
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of Sout…
A changing to fit new conditions
Fitness
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
Species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Vocabulary
classification
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
The process of grouping things based on their similarities
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
A group of similar species
classification
The process of grouping things based on their similarities
taxonomy
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
146 terms
Vocabulary Set 2, Biology EOC
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Cell
Growth
All living things that make up earth
The variety of live in an ecosystem
The basic unit of structure and function
Adding living material
Biosphere
All living things that make up earth
Biodiversity
The variety of live in an ecosystem
34 terms
Biology Module 13 Vocabulary
vertebrae
notochord
tunicate
endoskeleton
Segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arrang…
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
what scientists call sea squirts in their adult age because t…
a skeleton on the inside of a creature's body, typically comp…
vertebrae
Segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arrang…
notochord
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
31 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Algae
algal bloom
asexual reproduction
autotrophs
Plantlike protists
growing mass of algae within an aquatic ecosystem; sign of po…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Organisms that make their own food
Algae
Plantlike protists
algal bloom
growing mass of algae within an aquatic ecosystem; sign of po…
28 terms
Biology Vocabulary
what is science?
Biology
scientific method
observation
An great way of gathering information about the natural world
Study of living things
a scientific approach that involves all the necessary things…
a way to gather information with your senses
what is science?
An great way of gathering information about the natural world
Biology
Study of living things
129 terms
Biology Spring Semester Vocabulary
Cell Size
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
*Surface Area to Volume Ratio*... 1. Smaller cells can transport…
events a cell goes through as they grow and divide
-Phase of the cell cycle... -Cell grows in size... -Performs normal…
cell nucleus division to eventually produce two new daughter…
Cell Size
*Surface Area to Volume Ratio*... 1. Smaller cells can transport…
Cell Cycle
events a cell goes through as they grow and divide
83 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cytology
Cells
Cell Theory
Cellular Function - Nutrition
The study of cells.
The functional and structural unit of life.
The cell is the basic unit of all living things. Cells perfor…
Includes absorption and digestion.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Cells
The functional and structural unit of life.
11 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Allele
Homozygous
Gene
Dominant
An alternative form of a gene.
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An allele that is always expressed
Allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
204 terms
Biology Vocabulary Words
biodiversity
species
organism
cell
variety of life within an area
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
any individual living thing
basic unit of life
biodiversity
variety of life within an area
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
40 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Biosphere
Biotic factor
Carnivore
A non-living part of an ecosystem. Ex: water, sunlight, climate
The part of the earth, including air, land, surface rocks, an…
A living part of an ecosystem. Ex: plants, animals, insects
An animal that eats only other animals
Abiotic factor
A non-living part of an ecosystem. Ex: water, sunlight, climate
Biosphere
The part of the earth, including air, land, surface rocks, an…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
autosome
sex chromosomes
carrier
sex-linked genes
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
(X,Y) 23rd pair, determined by sperm; X is one of largest chr…
A heterozygous organsim that is normal for a trait but which…
genes located on a sex chromosome
autosome
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
sex chromosomes
(X,Y) 23rd pair, determined by sperm; X is one of largest chr…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
11 terms
Intro to Biology *Vocabulary Words*
Fundamental
Evolution
Prerequisite
Individual Cells
Forming a necessary base or core: of central importance
the gradual development of something, especially from a simpl…
a thing that is required as a prior condition for something e…
are the building blocks of tissues, organs, and organisms.
Fundamental
Forming a necessary base or core: of central importance
Evolution
the gradual development of something, especially from a simpl…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Anaerobic Pathway
Aerobic Respiration
Pyruvic Acid
Pyruvate
A Process that does not require oxygen: The first stage in th…
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
A three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis an…
Same thing as Pyruvic Acid A three-carbon compound that is pr…
Anaerobic Pathway
A Process that does not require oxygen: The first stage in th…
Aerobic Respiration
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
100 terms
Biology Vocabulary
biology
scientific method
structure
function
Study of life
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Arrangement of parts.
(noun) The purpose for which something is designed or exists
biology
Study of life
scientific method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
Rosalind Franklin
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Shape of DNA
the rules stating that cytosine pairs with guanine and adenin…
Woman who generated x-ray images of DNA, she povided Watson a…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
double helix
Shape of DNA
33 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Vocabulary
cells
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
the basic unit of life
a fundamental concept of biology... -all livings are made up of…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cells
the basic unit of life
cell theory
a fundamental concept of biology... -all livings are made up of…
19 terms
Ch 4 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate - transfers energy from the breakdown…
adenosine diphosphate - lower-energy molecule that can be con…
process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead o…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars tha…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate - transfers energy from the breakdown…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate - lower-energy molecule that can be con…
702 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
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