Study sets matching "biology vocab"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab"

Biology (Ch.3) Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology Vocabulary
Dihybrid cross
Dominant
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on two definab…
An allele that is always expressed
The first generation of offspring obtained from an experiment…
Offspring of the F1 Generation
Dihybrid cross
A cross between two individuals, concentrating on two definab…
Dominant
An allele that is always expressed
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Bio
Logy
Ist
Ic
Life
The study of
Someone who studies
Pertaining to or a characteristic of
Bio
Life
Logy
The study of
28 terms
Biology: Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertile
trait
true-breeding
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
capable of growing and developing
a quality that makes one person or thing different from another
A kind of breeding in which the parents with a particular phe…
genetics
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
fertile
capable of growing and developing
Biology vocabulary
Adhesion
Cohesion
Monomer
Polymer
Attraction between molescules of different substance
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Molecules subunit of a polymer
Large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Adhesion
Attraction between molescules of different substance
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Biology vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
All living things and all places they are found in earth
The variety of organisms in a given area
Is a group of organisms that are closely related and can prod…
Life science is the scientific study of living things and the…
Biosphere
All living things and all places they are found in earth
Biodiversity
The variety of organisms in a given area
78 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Hypothesis
precision
accuracy
independent variable
a testable idea or explanation that leads to scientific inves…
the degree to which measurements made in the same way agree w…
the degree to which the value measured agrees with the true o…
the single factor that scientists change in an experiment
Hypothesis
a testable idea or explanation that leads to scientific inves…
precision
the degree to which measurements made in the same way agree w…
35 terms
Biology vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different joined…
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
80 terms
Ecology Vocabulary Biology
ecology
environment
interdependence
community
the study of living things and their environments
everything that surrounds a living thing
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
all populations that live in a certain place
ecology
the study of living things and their environments
environment
everything that surrounds a living thing
11 terms
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
biology
science
scientific method
controlled experiment
the study of life
a process of knowing
a process of collecting information to answer questions
a test of the hypothesis
biology
the study of life
science
a process of knowing
34 terms
Biology Module 13 Vocabulary
vertebrae
notochord
tunicate
endoskeleton
Segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arrang…
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
what scientists call sea squirts in their adult age because t…
a skeleton on the inside of a creature's body, typically comp…
vertebrae
Segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arrang…
notochord
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
Situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere due…
weather
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
climate
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Biology Vocabulary
Subatomic Particles
Atom
Molecules
Cells
Particles smaller than an atom
Basic unit of a chemical element
A group of atoms bonded together
Basic unit of life
Subatomic Particles
Particles smaller than an atom
Atom
Basic unit of a chemical element
Biology Vocabulary
Active Transport
Amphipatic
Apoptosis
Aquaporin
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
(of a molecule, especially a protein) having both hydrophilic…
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
plant cell wall polysaccharides containing predominantly arab…
Active Transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Amphipatic
(of a molecule, especially a protein) having both hydrophilic…
APEX Biology - Unit 1 Vocabulary
Accurate
Analyze
Biology
Conclusion
Describes how close a measurement comes to the true value.
To examine or interpret.
The scientific study of the living world.
A statement or set of statements considered to be the answer…
Accurate
Describes how close a measurement comes to the true value.
Analyze
To examine or interpret.
248 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Large Intestine
Exocrine Glands
Genotype
Mendel's Law of Segregation
- Section of the GI tract that consists of the cecum, colon,…
- Glands that synthesize and secrete substances through ducts…
- The genetic makeup of an individual
- Mendel's postulation that there are alternate versions of g…
Large Intestine
- Section of the GI tract that consists of the cecum, colon,…
Exocrine Glands
- Glands that synthesize and secrete substances through ducts…
Biology Vocabulary Words
biodiversity
species
organism
cell
variety of life within an area
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
any individual living thing
basic unit of life
biodiversity
variety of life within an area
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Biology Vocabulary
translation
replication
double helix
gene
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
translation
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
replication
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
13 terms
Unit 1 Biology Vocabulary
Science
Observation
Hypothesis
Controlled Experiment
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
a process of noticing and describing events in a careful and…
a possible explanation for a scientific question
an experiment in which only one variable is changed
Science
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Observation
a process of noticing and describing events in a careful and…
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
habitat
niche
resource
competitive exclusion principle
The general place where an organism lives
What an organism does and how it interacts with the abiotic a…
Any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food…
The rule that says that no two species can occupy exactly the…
habitat
The general place where an organism lives
niche
What an organism does and how it interacts with the abiotic a…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
167 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Science
Observation
Inferences
Hypothesis
Organized way of gathering and analizing evidence about the n…
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
The logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and exper…
Possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
Science
Organized way of gathering and analizing evidence about the n…
Observation
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biology
cell cycle
mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromosome
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
the division of the cytoplasm of the cell; cytokinesis follow…
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
52 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Zygote
Nucleotide
Osmosis
Catalyst
A fertilized cell
Any of several compounds that consist of a ribose or deoxyrib…
The process that causes a liquid to pass through the wall of…
A substance that allows for a chemical reaction to happen qui…
Zygote
A fertilized cell
Nucleotide
Any of several compounds that consist of a ribose or deoxyrib…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
118 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Species
Population
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Group of organisms that are related and can produce fertile o…
A group of organisms that are of the same species and live in…
Change in genetic makeup (allele frequency) of a population f…
Evolution on a larger scale extending over a longer period of…
Species
Group of organisms that are related and can produce fertile o…
Population
A group of organisms that are of the same species and live in…
Biology Vocabulary
Organism
Species
DNA
Metabolism
a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that…
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
the set of non genetic traits, qualities, or features that ch…
any basic process of organic functioning or operating:
Organism
a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that…
Species
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
Biology Vocabulary
Fitness
Species
Charles Darwin
Adaptation
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of Sout…
A changing to fit new conditions
Fitness
How well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
Species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chromatin
chromosomes
cell cycle
mitosis
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
a normal pattern of growth, DNA synthesis, and cell division…
cell division of somatic cells which produces two identical d…
chromatin
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
chromosomes
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
Biology Vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
All organisms and the part of earth where they exist.
Variety of life within an area
Group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Scientific study of all forms of life
Biosphere
All organisms and the part of earth where they exist.
Biodiversity
Variety of life within an area
32 terms
Biology Standard 3 Vocabulary
CELL
TISSUE
ORGAN
ORGAN SYSTEM
The basic unit of life.
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
This is a collection of multiple tissues; working together to…
A collection of multiple organs working together to complete…
CELL
The basic unit of life.
TISSUE
A collection of cells, all of the same type, completing a sin…
Chapter 6 Vocabulary - Biology
Atom
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Compound
Covalent Bond
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Protons and Neutrons
A substance that is composed of atoms of two or more differen…
When two atoms share electrons, this is the force that holds…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Protons and Neutrons
Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
31 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Algae
algal bloom
asexual reproduction
autotrophs
Plantlike protists
growing mass of algae within an aquatic ecosystem; sign of po…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Organisms that make their own food
Algae
Plantlike protists
algal bloom
growing mass of algae within an aquatic ecosystem; sign of po…
Biology Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
Collection of organisms and nonliving things, such as climate…
Regional or global community of organisms characterized by th…
Ecology
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Community
Collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.35)
aldosterone
amylase
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
...
...
...
...
aldosterone
...
amylase
...
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.37)
allergy
anaphylactic shock
antibiotic
antibody
...
...
...
...
allergy
...
anaphylactic shock
...
24 terms
Biology Standard 1 Vocabulary
Predator-prey relationship
Symbiosis
Competition
Ecosystem
If more prey are available, the number of predators increase;…
The relationship between two different kinds of organisms tha…
A rivalry between organisms or species for the same resources.
A group of organisms and how they interact with each other an…
Predator-prey relationship
If more prey are available, the number of predators increase;…
Symbiosis
The relationship between two different kinds of organisms tha…
36 terms
Unit 6 Biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Chemosynthesis
Make their own food
Get energy from other sources
A process of converting light into chemical energy
Process that makes food from chemicals
Autotroph
Make their own food
Heterotroph
Get energy from other sources
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
autosome
sex chromosomes
carrier
sex-linked genes
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
(X,Y) 23rd pair, determined by sperm; X is one of largest chr…
A heterozygous organsim that is normal for a trait but which…
genes located on a sex chromosome
autosome
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
sex chromosomes
(X,Y) 23rd pair, determined by sperm; X is one of largest chr…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocabulary
integumentary
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
second layer of skin, which is the most complex layer
fatty layer of loose connective tissue that binds the skin to…
integumentary
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
epidermis
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
Biology Vocabulary.
Cells
Organism
Unicellular
Multicellular
The smallest living unit of life.
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
Consisting of a single cell.
Consisting of many cells.
Cells
The smallest living unit of life.
Organism
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
biology vocabulary
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
chloroplast
Ribosomes
Cells that do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organel…
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.... E…
organelle where photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell.
Organelle where protein synthesis takes place in eukaryotic c…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organel…
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.... E…
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.8)
ATP
aerobic
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
...
...
...
...
ATP
...
aerobic
...
34 terms
Ch 3 Biology Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cell
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles, microscop…
cell theory
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
67 terms
Biology Unit 5 Vocabulary
autosome
centromere
chromatid
chromatin
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the material that makes up both mitotic and interphase chromo…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
centromere
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
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