Study sets matching "biology vocab"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab"

37 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chromatin
chromosomes
cell cycle
mitosis
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
a normal pattern of growth, DNA synthesis, and cell division…
cell division of somatic cells which produces two identical d…
chromatin
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
chromosomes
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
Biology EOC Vocabulary
Biomolecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
organic molecules which combine to form living organisms; inc…
biomolecule of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen combined in 1:2:1…
biomolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; includes…
biomolecule composed of nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen…
Biomolecules
organic molecules which combine to form living organisms; inc…
Carbohydrates
biomolecule of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen combined in 1:2:1…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
biology
science
scientific method
controlled experiment
the study of life
a process of knowing
a process of collecting information to answer questions
a test of the hypothesis
biology
the study of life
science
a process of knowing
34 terms
Biology Module 13 Vocabulary
vertebrae
notochord
tunicate
endoskeleton
Segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arrang…
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
what scientists call sea squirts in their adult age because t…
a skeleton on the inside of a creature's body, typically comp…
vertebrae
Segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arrang…
notochord
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
Biology Vocabulary
what is science?
Biology
scientific method
observation
An great way of gathering information about the natural world
Study of living things
a scientific approach that involves all the necessary things…
a way to gather information with your senses
what is science?
An great way of gathering information about the natural world
Biology
Study of living things
10 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
autosome
sex chromosomes
carrier
sex-linked genes
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
(X,Y) 23rd pair, determined by sperm; X is one of largest chr…
A heterozygous organsim that is normal for a trait but which…
genes located on a sex chromosome
autosome
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
sex chromosomes
(X,Y) 23rd pair, determined by sperm; X is one of largest chr…
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
83 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cytology
Cells
Cell Theory
Cellular Function - Nutrition
The study of cells.
The functional and structural unit of life.
The cell is the basic unit of all living things. Cells perfor…
Includes absorption and digestion.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Cells
The functional and structural unit of life.
15 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Anaerobic Pathway
Aerobic Respiration
Pyruvic Acid
Pyruvate
A Process that does not require oxygen: The first stage in th…
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
A three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis an…
Same thing as Pyruvic Acid A three-carbon compound that is pr…
Anaerobic Pathway
A Process that does not require oxygen: The first stage in th…
Aerobic Respiration
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
100 terms
Biology Vocabulary
biology
scientific method
structure
function
Study of life
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Arrangement of parts.
(noun) The purpose for which something is designed or exists
biology
Study of life
scientific method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
11 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Allele
Homozygous
Gene
Dominant
An alternative form of a gene.
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An allele that is always expressed
Allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
41 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
19 terms
Ch 4 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate - transfers energy from the breakdown…
adenosine diphosphate - lower-energy molecule that can be con…
process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead o…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars tha…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate - transfers energy from the breakdown…
ADP
adenosine diphosphate - lower-energy molecule that can be con…
Biology Vocabulary Words
biodiversity
species
organism
cell
variety of life within an area
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
any individual living thing
basic unit of life
biodiversity
variety of life within an area
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
40 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Abiotic factor
Biosphere
Biotic factor
Carnivore
A non-living part of an ecosystem. Ex: water, sunlight, climate
The part of the earth, including air, land, surface rocks, an…
A living part of an ecosystem. Ex: plants, animals, insects
An animal that eats only other animals
Abiotic factor
A non-living part of an ecosystem. Ex: water, sunlight, climate
Biosphere
The part of the earth, including air, land, surface rocks, an…
702 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
30 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Vocabulary
classification
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
The process of grouping things based on their similarities
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
A group of similar species
classification
The process of grouping things based on their similarities
taxonomy
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biology
cell cycle
mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromosome
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
the division of the cytoplasm of the cell; cytokinesis follow…
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
1,013 terms
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
36 terms
Ch 6 Biology Vocabulary
somatic cells
gametes
homologous chromosomes
autosomes
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and genetic cont…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
somatic cells
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Biology Classification Vocabulary
Species
Domain
Eukarya
Bacteria
Group of organisms that share similar characteristics and can…
Eukarya, Bacteria, Archaea (largest group)
4 kingdoms: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
Includes one kingdom: Eubacteria. Unicellular, prokaryotic or…
Species
Group of organisms that share similar characteristics and can…
Domain
Eukarya, Bacteria, Archaea (largest group)
33 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Vocabulary
cells
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
the basic unit of life
a fundamental concept of biology... -all livings are made up of…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cells
the basic unit of life
cell theory
a fundamental concept of biology... -all livings are made up of…
129 terms
Biology Semester 1 Final Vocabulary
animal cell
biomolecule
carbohydrate
cell
eukaryotic cell without a cell wall or chlorplasts
carbon-based molecule that is found in all living things
sugars and starches; used for quick energy; contains the elem…
the basic unit of all living things
animal cell
eukaryotic cell without a cell wall or chlorplasts
biomolecule
carbon-based molecule that is found in all living things
25 terms
Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary Terms
element
atom
compound
covalent bond
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
basic unit of matter
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
a bond that forms when electrons are shared between atoms
element
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
87 terms
Biology Unit Vocabulary
biosphere
biome
abiotic
behavioral adaptation
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
an activity or action that helps an organism survive
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
biome
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
28 terms
Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Active site
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
Monomers of a protein
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen at…
Active site
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
11 terms
Intro to Biology *Vocabulary Words*
Fundamental
Evolution
Prerequisite
Individual Cells
Forming a necessary base or core: of central importance
the gradual development of something, especially from a simpl…
a thing that is required as a prior condition for something e…
are the building blocks of tissues, organs, and organisms.
Fundamental
Forming a necessary base or core: of central importance
Evolution
the gradual development of something, especially from a simpl…
20 terms
Biology Review Vocabulary
tissue
organ
genetics
sexual reproduction
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
A group of tissues that work together to perform closely rela…
The scientific study of heredity.
The process by which two cells from different parents unite t…
tissue
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
organ
A group of tissues that work together to perform closely rela…
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.37)
allergy
anaphylactic shock
antibiotic
antibody
...
...
...
...
allergy
...
anaphylactic shock
...
Biology: Chapter 43 Vocabulary
diaphragm
mammary glands
marsupials
monotremes
a dome-shaped muscle that is attached to the lower ribs and f…
a gland that is located in the chest of a female mammal and t…
a mammal that lacks a true placenta and gives birth to relati…
a mammal that lays eggs (page 862)
diaphragm
a dome-shaped muscle that is attached to the lower ribs and f…
mammary glands
a gland that is located in the chest of a female mammal and t…
Chapter 6 Vocabulary - Biology
Atom
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Compound
Covalent Bond
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Protons and Neutrons
A substance that is composed of atoms of two or more differen…
When two atoms share electrons, this is the force that holds…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Protons and Neutrons
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.35)
aldosterone
amylase
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
...
...
...
...
aldosterone
...
amylase
...
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.9)
anaphase
apoptosis
cancer
carcinogen
...
...
...
...
anaphase
...
apoptosis
...
22 terms
biology vocabulary set 1-vietnamese
science
hypothesis
theory
homeostasis
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
Well-established and highly reliable explanation that has bee…
Organisms maintaining a constant internal balance, keeping th…
science
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
hypothesis
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
7 terms
Biology Quiz 1-Vocabulary
Biology
Growth and Development
Heredity
Homeostasis
The study of life
stages or process where one develops from one size to another
passing down of genetic traits
An organism or cell can regulate its internal conditions. (sw…
Biology
The study of life
Growth and Development
stages or process where one develops from one size to another
Biology Ch.1 Vocabulary
biosphere
biodiversity
species
biology
All living things and all the places they are found on Earth.
the variety of life.
a particular type of living things that can reproduces by int…
the scientific study of all forms of life
biosphere
All living things and all the places they are found on Earth.
biodiversity
the variety of life.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
a process which can synthesize ATP by using chemicals ins pla…
the process by which plant, algae and some bacteria use sunli…
ATP
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
ADP
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.8)
ATP
aerobic
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
...
...
...
...
ATP
...
aerobic
...
22 terms
biology vocabulary set 1-Swahili
science
hypothesis
theory
homeostasis
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
Well-established and highly reliable explanation that has bee…
Organisms maintaining a constant internal balance, keeping th…
science
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
hypothesis
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
27 terms
Ch 5 biology vocabulary
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell divis…
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
the process that divides the cell cytoplasm
one long continuous thread of DNA that consist of numerous ge…
cell cycle
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell divis…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
19 terms
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge.
possible explanation for a set of observations or a possible…
science
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
observation
process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.34)
alveolus
artery
atherosclerosis
breathing
in the lung, a thin-walled air sac surrounded by capillaries
elastic, thick-walled blood vessel that carries oxygenated bl…
circulatory system disorder in which arteries are blocked, re…
mechanical movement of air into and out of the lungs
alveolus
in the lung, a thin-walled air sac surrounded by capillaries
artery
elastic, thick-walled blood vessel that carries oxygenated bl…
29 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.1)
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
...
...
...
...
adaptation
...
biology
...
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
Made up of all living things and the places they are found
The number of different species in an area
A particular type living thing that can interbreed and produc…
Study of life
Biosphere
Made up of all living things and the places they are found
Biodiversity
The number of different species in an area
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
adenosine triphosphate
heterotroph
chlorophyll
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organism…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
adenosine triphosphate
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
39 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.6)
acid
activation energy
active site
amino acid
...
...
...
...
acid
...
activation energy
...
34 terms
Ch 3 Biology Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cell
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles, microscop…
cell theory
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
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