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Study sets matching "biology vocab"

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Study sets matching "biology vocab"

48 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Organelle
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
1) Organelles are made of one or more cells... 2) Cells are the…
Flexible, selectively permeable boundary that helps control w…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and organization of all living organi…
Cell Theory
1) Organelles are made of one or more cells... 2) Cells are the…
87 terms
Biology Unit Vocabulary
biosphere
biome
abiotic
behavioral adaptation
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
an activity or action that helps an organism survive
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
biome
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
20 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary - Biology
Atom
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Compound
Covalent Bond
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Protons and Neutrons
A substance that is composed of atoms of two or more differen…
When two atoms share electrons, this is the force that holds…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Inside a Nucleus there are...
Protons and Neutrons
28 terms
Biology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Active site
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
Monomers of a protein
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen at…
Active site
Folds on an enzyme where the substrate binds
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
A compound that is able to store a large amount of energy tha…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.35)
aldosterone
amylase
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
...
...
...
...
aldosterone
...
amylase
...
20 terms
Genetics Vocabulary - Academic Biology
Zygote
Gametes
Heterozygous
Homozygous
A fertilized egg
Sex cells
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Zygote
A fertilized egg
Gametes
Sex cells
39 terms
2.1 IB Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
lipids
glucose
Proteins
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
Monosaccharide, (6 carbon ring), C6H12O6. Can be alpha or bet…
Contain Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and additionally…
Carbohydrates
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen (CHO). Organic compounds con…
lipids
Contain C, H, O. A group of non-polar organic molecules that…
18 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.8)
ATP
aerobic
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
...
...
...
...
ATP
...
aerobic
...
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.37)
allergy
anaphylactic shock
antibiotic
antibody
...
...
...
...
allergy
...
anaphylactic shock
...
22 terms
biology vocabulary set 1-vietnamese
science
hypothesis
theory
homeostasis
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
Well-established and highly reliable explanation that has bee…
Organisms maintaining a constant internal balance, keeping th…
science
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
hypothesis
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
Made up of all living things and the places they are found
The number of different species in an area
A particular type living thing that can interbreed and produc…
Study of life
Biosphere
Made up of all living things and the places they are found
Biodiversity
The number of different species in an area
29 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.1)
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
...
...
...
...
adaptation
...
biology
...
22 terms
biology vocabulary set 1-Swahili
science
hypothesis
theory
homeostasis
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
Well-established and highly reliable explanation that has bee…
Organisms maintaining a constant internal balance, keeping th…
science
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
hypothesis
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
adenosine triphosphate
heterotroph
chlorophyll
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organism…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
adenosine triphosphate
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 31 Vocabulary
cell body
peripheral nervous system
central nervous system
dendrites
The _____ contains the nucleus and much of the cytoplasm. (2)
The _____ consists of nerves and supporting cells. It collect…
The _____ consists of the brain and spinal cord. It processes…
_____ receive impulses from other neurons and carry impulses…
cell body
The _____ contains the nucleus and much of the cytoplasm. (2)
peripheral nervous system
The _____ consists of nerves and supporting cells. It collect…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge.
possible explanation for a set of observations or a possible…
science
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
observation
process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
biology
science
scientific method
controlled experiment
the study of life
a process of knowing
a process of collecting information to answer questions
a test of the hypothesis
biology
the study of life
science
a process of knowing
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.9)
anaphase
apoptosis
cancer
carcinogen
...
...
...
...
anaphase
...
apoptosis
...
14 terms
Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Binomial nonmenclature
Genus
Systematics
Family
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
Group of closely related species; the first part of the scien…
Study of diversity of life and the evolutionary relationships…
In classification, group of similar genera.
Binomial nonmenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
Genus
Group of closely related species; the first part of the scien…
vocabulary of biology
inheritance
cetaceans
terrestrial
hind limbs
characteristics passed from generation to generation through…
connected with the group of creatures that includes whales an…
living on the land or on the ground, rather than in water, in…
equal to feet
inheritance
characteristics passed from generation to generation through…
cetaceans
connected with the group of creatures that includes whales an…
7 terms
Biology Ch. 15 Vocabulary
Fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
survival of the fittest
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
process by which individuals that are BETTER suited to their…
Fossil
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
artificial selection
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.5)
background extinction
biodiversity
biological augmentation
biological magnification
...
...
...
...
background extinction
...
biodiversity
...
27 terms
Biology Ch.1 Vocabulary
biosphere
biodiversity
species
biology
All living things and all the places they are found on Earth.
the variety of life.
a particular type of living things that can reproduces by int…
the scientific study of all forms of life
biosphere
All living things and all the places they are found on Earth.
biodiversity
the variety of life.
150 terms
EOC Biology Vocabulary
abiotic factor
acid
acid rain
activation energy
Any of the nonliving factors that make up an environment in w…
A compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutral…
Precipitation, as rain, snow, or sleet, containing relatively…
The least amount of energy required to activate atoms or mole…
abiotic factor
Any of the nonliving factors that make up an environment in w…
acid
A compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutral…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
a process which can synthesize ATP by using chemicals ins pla…
the process by which plant, algae and some bacteria use sunli…
ATP
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
ADP
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
33 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.7)
active transport
cell
cell wall
centriole
...
...
...
...
active transport
...
cell
...
34 terms
Ch 3 Biology Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cell
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles, microscop…
cell theory
all organisms are made of cells, all existing cells are produ…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.34)
alveolus
artery
atherosclerosis
breathing
in the lung, a thin-walled air sac surrounded by capillaries
elastic, thick-walled blood vessel that carries oxygenated bl…
circulatory system disorder in which arteries are blocked, re…
mechanical movement of air into and out of the lungs
alveolus
in the lung, a thin-walled air sac surrounded by capillaries
artery
elastic, thick-walled blood vessel that carries oxygenated bl…
25 terms
Biology Unit 2 Vocabulary Terms
element
atom
compound
covalent bond
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
basic unit of matter
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
a bond that forms when electrons are shared between atoms
element
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
39 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.6)
acid
activation energy
active site
amino acid
...
...
...
...
acid
...
activation energy
...
37 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chromatin
chromosomes
cell cycle
mitosis
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
a normal pattern of growth, DNA synthesis, and cell division…
cell division of somatic cells which produces two identical d…
chromatin
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
chromosomes
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
27 terms
Ch 5 biology vocabulary
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell divis…
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
the process that divides the cell cytoplasm
one long continuous thread of DNA that consist of numerous ge…
cell cycle
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell divis…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
23 terms
Biology - Unit 3 Vocabulary
selectively permeable
solute
solution
solvent
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
a homogenous mixture of two or more substances uniformly disp…
In a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves.
selectively permeable
characteristic of a membrane that allows some substances thro…
solute
substance dissolved in a liquid to form a solution
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Monoculture
Renewable Resourse
Nonrenewable Resources
Sustainable Development
Practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single hi…
produced or replaced by by a healthy ecosystem
natural processes cannot replenish them within a reasonable a…
provides for human needs while preserving the ecosystems that…
Monoculture
Practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single hi…
Renewable Resourse
produced or replaced by by a healthy ecosystem
13 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
carrying capacity
emigration
exponential growth
immigration
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
Movement of individuals out of a population
Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
emigration
Movement of individuals out of a population
39 terms
Biology Unit II Vocabulary
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional Group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
Organic Molecule
carbon-based molecule
Inorganic Molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
24 terms
Biology Final Vocabulary Terms
data
observations
hypothesis
biology
information or evidence gathered by making observations
made by using one or more of the senses
an educated guess or possible solution to a problem
the science that deals with the study of living things
data
information or evidence gathered by making observations
observations
made by using one or more of the senses
27 terms
Biology - Unit 2 Vocabulary
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
a microscope that uses a beam of visible light passing throug…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
a microscope that uses a beam of visible light passing throug…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 31 Vocabulary
Immune System
Pathogen
Passive Immunity
Active Immunity
The body system that fights off infection.
Microorganisms that cause disease.
Immunity that occurs without your body having to become sick.
Immunity that the body produces in response to an infection.
Immune System
The body system that fights off infection.
Pathogen
Microorganisms that cause disease.
193 terms
Biology Vocabulary
abiotic factor
acquired characteristic
activation energy
adaptation
non-living conditions which can influence where plants or ani…
non-heritable change in a function or structure of a living b…
the minimum energy required to start a chemical reaction.
a trait with a current functional role in the life of an orga…
abiotic factor
non-living conditions which can influence where plants or ani…
acquired characteristic
non-heritable change in a function or structure of a living b…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 12
base pairing
bacteriophage
nucleotide
transformation
principle that bonds in DNA can for onl etween adenine and th…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar; a phosp…
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
base pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can for onl etween adenine and th…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
Biology, Ch.1 Vocabulary
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Biology
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Variety of life within an area
A group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
scientific study of all forms of life
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Biodiversity
Variety of life within an area
230 terms
Biology SOL Vocabulary
Scientific Method
Qualitative
Quantitative
Dependent variable
An organized way to test scientific hypotheses
observation using the 5 senses (example red, blue, hot, cold)
Observation using measuring tools and is given in a number fo…
Variable that responds(depends) on what is changed by the res…
Scientific Method
An organized way to test scientific hypotheses
Qualitative
observation using the 5 senses (example red, blue, hot, cold)
27 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biology
cell cycle
mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromosome
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
the division of the cytoplasm of the cell; cytokinesis follow…
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
25 terms
Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary
Abiotic
Biology
Biotic
Cell
non living; characterized by the absence of the characteristi…
the study of life
living; characterized by the presence of life
a usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytopl…
Abiotic
non living; characterized by the absence of the characteristi…
Biology
the study of life
34 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
element
compound
molecule
the smallest unit of matter
a substance which contains only one type of atom
a substance with 2 or more atoms which are chemically combined
a substance with 2 or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
atom
the smallest unit of matter
element
a substance which contains only one type of atom
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 6
agriculture
green revolution
monoculture
substance hunting
The practice of farming
introduction of intensive farming practies that lead to a sub…
farming strategy in which large fields are cleared, plowed an…
hunting only to acquire basic necessities for survival; makes…
agriculture
The practice of farming
green revolution
introduction of intensive farming practies that lead to a sub…
19 terms
Biology chapter 4 vocabulary
1 ATP
2 ADP
3 chemosynthesis
4 Photosynthesis
Is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
Is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
is a process by which some organism use chemical energy to ma…
is a process that captures energy from sunllight to make energy
1 ATP
Is a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of foo…
2 ADP
Is a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 20 Vocabulary
predator
prey
mimicry
herbivore
a species eats all or part of an individual of another specie…
an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
a defense in which one organism resembles another that is dan…
an organism that eats only plants
predator
a species eats all or part of an individual of another specie…
prey
an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
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