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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary cell structures"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary cell structures"

16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
19 terms
IGCSE Biology - Cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
Jelly-like substance which makes up most of the cell's volume…
This is the largest organelle. It contains DNA in the form of…
Cell membrane
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Cell wall
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
20 terms
IGCSE Biology - Cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
Jelly-like substance which makes up most of the cell's volume…
This is the largest organelle. It contains DNA in the form of…
Cell membrane
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Cell wall
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
29 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Cell Structure
Cell
Eukaryote
Nucleus
Organelle
The basic unit of structure of an organism.
Have a nucleus and organelles.
Brain of the cell (controls cell activities).
Tiny structures that make up cells.
Cell
The basic unit of structure of an organism.
Eukaryote
Have a nucleus and organelles.
12 terms
Biology Cell Structures
ATP
cell wall
central vacuole
chloroplast
(adenosine triphosphate) energy-carrying molecule that cells…
rigid layer that surrounds the plasma membrane of a plant cel…
large, sac-like organelle in plant cells that stores substanc…
organelle in the cells of plants and algae where photosynthes…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) energy-carrying molecule that cells…
cell wall
rigid layer that surrounds the plasma membrane of a plant cel…
31 terms
Biology cell structure vocabulary
Ribosomes
Chloroplast
Cell memebrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Acts as a barrier between the cell and surrounding environement
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
Ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
19 terms
Biology Cell Structures Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Nucleus
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A part of the cell where the chemical instructions that direc…
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
20 terms
General Biology (Cell Structures)
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
Contains DNA
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
17 terms
Biology cell structure vocabulary
cell membrane
cell wall
centriole
chloroplast
Also called the plasma membrane. A double-layered membrane th…
The rigid, porous outer layer of plants (cellulose), fungi (c…
a bundle of microtubules that helps organize the movement of…
An organelle that converts the radiant energy of the sun into…
cell membrane
Also called the plasma membrane. A double-layered membrane th…
cell wall
The rigid, porous outer layer of plants (cellulose), fungi (c…
16 terms
Biology Cell Structure Vocabulary
cell
Chloroplast
Eukaryote
endoplasmic reticulum
smallest unit of matter having all characteristics of life
organelle containing chlorophyll and the site of photosynthes…
organism having eukaryotic, or "true," cells with nuclei and…
organelle that provides site for synthesis of molecules and f…
cell
smallest unit of matter having all characteristics of life
Chloroplast
organelle containing chlorophyll and the site of photosynthes…
14 terms
Biology Cell Structure Vocabulary
Cell/plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell wall
Nucleus
outside of cell, thin and flexible barrier, controls movement…
inside the cell, jelly like substance that fills the cell, su…
outside of the cell membrane, rigid barrier, provides support…
in the cytoplasm, pockets of space, appears to be a dark circ…
Cell/plasma membrane
outside of cell, thin and flexible barrier, controls movement…
Cytoplasm
inside the cell, jelly like substance that fills the cell, su…
15 terms
IGCSE Biology - Cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
Jelly-like substance which makes up most of the cell's volume…
This is the largest organelle. It contains DNA in the form of…
Cell membrane
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Cell wall
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary Cell structure
Prokaryote
Eurkaryote
Animal Cell
Organelle
A single celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
An organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by…
Eukaryotic cells that contain various membrane-bound organell…
One of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
Prokaryote
A single celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Eurkaryote
An organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by…
27 terms
Biology Cell Structure Vocabulary
Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
Nucleus
Nucleolus
-characterized compartmentalization ... -central vacuole- plant…
-unicellular... -no membrane enclosed organelles (nucleus, smoot…
-storage and protection for genetic material... -directs activit…
-where the assembly of ribosomes begins
Eukaryotic
-characterized compartmentalization ... -central vacuole- plant…
Prokaryotic
-unicellular... -no membrane enclosed organelles (nucleus, smoot…
15 terms
Biology Cell Structure Vocabulary
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids,phosphori…
Tending to dissolve in,mix with
Tending not to dissolve with, unsolvable
membrane of the cell. The membrane consists of two rows of li…
Phospholipid
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids,phosphori…
Hydrophilic
Tending to dissolve in,mix with
19 terms
IGCSE Biology - Cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
Jelly-like substance which makes up most of the cell's volume…
This is the largest organelle. It contains DNA in the form of…
Cell membrane
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Cell wall
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
37 terms
Biology Cell Structures and organization
Cell
Organelles
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
Organisms whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-bo…
Organisms whose cells lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
Organelles
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
124 terms
Biology EOC Cell Structure
What is the cell theory?
What is a theory?
What is a scientific law?
How do you identify a prokaryote and e…
Cells are the basic unit of life. All organisms are composed…
An explanation of an idea.
Makes a statement.
Prokaryotic cell—no nuclear membrane, no nucleus... Eukaryotic c…
What is the cell theory?
Cells are the basic unit of life. All organisms are composed…
What is a theory?
An explanation of an idea.
29 terms
Biology Vocabulary Unit 2a: Cell Structures & Transport
prokaryote
eukaryote
organelle
autotroph
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus nor mem…
an organism made of one or more cells that contain a nucleus…
specialized structure found within eukaryotic cells
an organism that can use inorganic compounds to make organic…
prokaryote
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus nor mem…
eukaryote
an organism made of one or more cells that contain a nucleus…
19 terms
Biology Structures of a Cell Vocabulary
cell membrane
nucleus
nuclear membrane
chromysones
selectively permeable, phospholipid bilayer
contains DNA, cell manager, controls every aspect of the cell
porous, not selectively permeable
DNA, genetic material, blueprints for every activity of the c…
cell membrane
selectively permeable, phospholipid bilayer
nucleus
contains DNA, cell manager, controls every aspect of the cell
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Cell and Cell Structures Vocabulary
Cell
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
The Cell Theory
Basic unit of structure and function of living things; smalle…
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
Described cells that could move by viewing blood cells and ba…
Theory that all living things are made up of cells, all life…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function of living things; smalle…
Robert Hooke
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
19 terms
Biology Cell Structures-Shimko
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
DNA
Nucleolus
A double layer made of proteins and lipids.... It consists of hy…
A membrane- enclosed organelle that holds DNA.... Generally one…
A hereditary material and deoxyribonucleic acid.... A molecule t…
Small spherical structure in the nucleus of the cell.... There d…
Plasma Membrane
A double layer made of proteins and lipids.... It consists of hy…
Nucleus
A membrane- enclosed organelle that holds DNA.... Generally one…
21 terms
Cell Structures and Their Functions - Biology
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
The fluid like substance found within cells
Found in Eukaryotic cells and contains DNA - controls functio…
Cell Wall
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
Cell Membrane
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
11 terms
Biology Organelles and Cell Structures
Nucleus
Cell (plasma) Membrane
Cytoskeleton/Cytoplasm/Cytosol
Ribosomes
dense organelle in most eukaryotic cells and contains all the…
surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell; it's semipermeable so th…
the fluid that fills the cell
the protein builders of the cell
Nucleus
dense organelle in most eukaryotic cells and contains all the…
Cell (plasma) Membrane
surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell; it's semipermeable so th…
34 terms
AP Biology Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Basic functional unit of all living things
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
41 terms
AP Biology Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Bacterial genome
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Very short, single circular chromosome that floats in the nuc…
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
21 terms
Biology Vocabulary 4 (Cell Structure)
cell membrane
nucleus
lysosome
centriole
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing…
a small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way
cell membrane
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
nucleus
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
15 terms
STAAR Biology Review Cell Structures
Golgi Body
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Packages and ... processes ... proteins ... and fats.
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus.
The control center of the nucleus;holds chromosomes,which hol…
Golgi Body
Packages and ... processes ... proteins ... and fats.
Chloroplast
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
15 terms
Cell Structures Grade 9 Biology
Nucleus
Vacuole
Mitochondria
Cytoplasm
Brain of the cell
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
Provide the energy a cell needs to move and divide.
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Nucleus
Brain of the cell
Vacuole
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
8 terms
Biology Vocabulary (eukaroyotic cell structure)
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
the control center of the cell
small particles of RNA and protein found throughout the cytop…
sorts out and packages the protein. "organizer of proteins"
Cytoplasm
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Nucleus
the control center of the cell
9 terms
Biology cell structures
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Surrounds the cell and controls what enters and leaves.
Area of the cell between the nucleus and membrane
Information center for the cell
Where food is used to produce energy
Cell membrane
Surrounds the cell and controls what enters and leaves.
Cytoplasm
Area of the cell between the nucleus and membrane
10 terms
Biology Midterm Vocabulary: Cell Structure
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Nucleus
Organelle that harvest energy from food and stores in ATP
The small numerous cellular structures that make proteins
The organelle that packages items for export out of the cell
The control center for the cell
Mitochondria
Organelle that harvest energy from food and stores in ATP
Ribosomes
The small numerous cellular structures that make proteins
39 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
ana-
auto-
bi-
bio-
up or back
self
two
life
ana-
up or back
auto-
self
40 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Cell and Cell Structures Vocabulary
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
The Cell Theory
Theodore Schwann
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
Described cells that could move by viewing blood cells and ba…
Theory that all living things are made up of cells, all life…
(1839) Proposed that all animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Described cells that could move by viewing blood cells and ba…
22 terms
Biology-Cell structures
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Nucleolus
Nucleoid
-Brain... -contains DNA ( set of instructions for protien)... -Stru…
-Highly condensed DNA & protein ... -Only appears during mitosis…
-Inside nucleus... -Subunits ( large & small)... -made of rRNA ( ri…
-Not bounded by membrane... -Chromosomes are located here
Nucleus
-Brain... -contains DNA ( set of instructions for protien)... -Stru…
Chromosomes
-Highly condensed DNA & protein ... -Only appears during mitosis…
8 terms
Cell Structures (Biology)
cytoskeleton
ribosomes
mitochondria
Golgi complex
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
site where proteins are made
site where cellular respiration takes place
organelle that helps make and package material to be transpor…
cytoskeleton
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
ribosomes
site where proteins are made
43 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Transport
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Plasmid
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Small, circular, self-replicating segment of DNA in bacteria
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
24 terms
Biology Cell Structures
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Desscription: rigid permeable lining the cell membrane... Functi…
Description: semi permeable gel like layer surrounding the cy…
Description: semi fluid substance enclosed by the plasma memb…
Description: center of the cell and stores DNA... Function: keep…
Cell Wall
Desscription: rigid permeable lining the cell membrane... Functi…
Cell Membrane
Description: semi permeable gel like layer surrounding the cy…
24 terms
Biology Cell Structures
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytplasm
Nucleus
Desscription: rigid permeable lining the cell membrane... Functi…
Description: semi permeable gel like layer surrounding the cy…
Description: semi fluid substance enclosed by the plasma memb…
Description: center of the cell and stores DNA... Function: keep…
Cell Wall
Desscription: rigid permeable lining the cell membrane... Functi…
Cell Membrane
Description: semi permeable gel like layer surrounding the cy…
19 terms
IGCSE Biology - Cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
Jelly-like substance which makes up most of the cell's volume…
This is the largest organelle. It contains DNA in the form of…
Cell membrane
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Cell wall
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
59 terms
Biology Vocabulary - Cell Structure and Function
development
reproduction
stimulus
homeostasis
process of developing or being developed
the action or process of making a copy of something.
a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction i…
...
development
process of developing or being developed
reproduction
the action or process of making a copy of something.
19 terms
biology cell structure and function vocabulary
cell
cell theory
nucleus
prokaryote
basic unit/structure of living things
scientific theory that describes the properties of cells
organelle that controls the cells functions, found in eukaryo…
single celled organism (bacteria) with no nucleus, no membran…
cell
basic unit/structure of living things
cell theory
scientific theory that describes the properties of cells
55 terms
Biology Cell Structures
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
How small can a cell be?
Why are cells so small?
Lack of nucleus and other membrane bounded structures.
Have a nucleus and other membrane bounded structures.
Mycoplasmas: bacteria that are .1 or 1/10 the size of regular…
Cell volume to surface area ratios favor small size. Nucleus…
Prokaryotic Cell
Lack of nucleus and other membrane bounded structures.
Eukaryotic Cell
Have a nucleus and other membrane bounded structures.
47 terms
Biology cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
All cells have cell membranes. Thin, flexible membrane that s…
Found in plant cells. Rigid structure outside the cell membra…
"Cell juice" Organelles "float" in the cytoplasm. Contains di…
Controls most cell processes and contains DNA.
Cell membrane
All cells have cell membranes. Thin, flexible membrane that s…
Cell wall
Found in plant cells. Rigid structure outside the cell membra…
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