Study sets matching "biology vocabulary cellular respiration"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary cellular respiration"

21 terms
Biology- Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Cellular Respiration
Pyruvic Acid
NADH
Anaerobic
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
The reduced form of NAD⁺; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
Pyruvic Acid
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
Honors Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Cellular Respriation
Mitochondria
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place…
the energy factories of the cells.
breaks down glucose and forms pyruvate with the production of…
is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organis…
Cellular Respriation
is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place…
Mitochondria
the energy factories of the cells.
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
biology 1: cellular respiration vocabulary
calorie
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
calorie
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
33 terms
biology cellular respiration vocabulary words
cellular respiration
ATP
ADP
anaerobic respiration
the process of releasing energy by breaking down glucose and…
an energy-rich molecule that stores energy by bonding to a th…
the energy-poor molecule that results when the third phosphat…
the pathways of cellular respiration that do not require oxyg…
cellular respiration
the process of releasing energy by breaking down glucose and…
ATP
an energy-rich molecule that stores energy by bonding to a th…
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
21 terms
Biology 2107H: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reaction
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
aerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
Biology 1 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measures of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1,000 calories
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires energy
process that does not require oxygen
calorie
measures of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1,000 calories
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
46 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Biochemical pathway
Light reactions
Grana
Process by which light energy is transferred and stored into…
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reac…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis
the stacks of thylakoids embedded in the stroma of a chloropl…
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is transferred and stored into…
Biochemical pathway
series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reac…
31 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary Terms
Glycolysis
One of the many simple sugars that can…
Products of Cell Respiration
Mitochondria is an organelle that can-
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
Glucose
H2O, CO2, and energy to charge up ADP into ATP
Carry out part of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose into two pyruvate molecules
One of the many simple sugars that can…
Glucose
15 terms
Biology Review Cellular Respiration
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
What is the currency for energy for al…
Write the general chemical formula for…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
ATP
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 ---- 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP... (glucose) (oxygen) (c…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration - Advanced Biology
acetyl CoA
aerobic respiration
alcoholic fermentation
anaerobic
two-carbon molecule
process that produces large amounts of ATP
yeast use this process to convert pyruvic acid to ethyl alcoh…
does not require oxygen
acetyl CoA
two-carbon molecule
aerobic respiration
process that produces large amounts of ATP
BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELLULAR RESPIRATION VOCABULARY
Female parts
Male parts
Gender neutral
Cellular respiration
Ovary, Stigma, Style, and Ovule
Anther, and Filament
Stem, Sepal, and Petal
The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
Female parts
Ovary, Stigma, Style, and Ovule
Male parts
Anther, and Filament
21 terms
Biology Ch. 8 & 9 Vocabulary Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP
ATP Synthase
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
Adenosine Triphosphate; One of the principal chemical compoun…
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
mitochondria
glucose
bonds of glucose are broken apart in c…
making ATP or given off as heat
Where does cellular respiration occur?
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
How does the cell get energy?
What is energy released from glucose used for?
mitochondria
Where does cellular respiration occur?
glucose
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
16 terms
Cellular Respiration: Biology Vocabulary Test
Catabloic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Reactions break down large molecules into smaller ones. Usual…
Reactions build larger molecules from atoms or smaller molecu…
(Or producers) use photosynthesis to collect and store energy…
(Or consumers) need to consume food to get their energy. They…
Catabloic Reaction
Reactions break down large molecules into smaller ones. Usual…
Anabolic Reaction
Reactions build larger molecules from atoms or smaller molecu…
18 terms
chapter 9 biology vocabulary- cellular respiration
Calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measure of heat energy in food (equivalent to 1000 calories)
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
process that requires oxygen (cellular respiration)
process that does not require oxygen (fermentation)
Calorie
measure of heat energy in food (equivalent to 1000 calories)
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
Biology, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
What is the purpose of ATP?
What makes ATP?
T/F Heterotrophs make their own food.
T/F Autotrophs make their own food.
Fuel for cell
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
False
True
What is the purpose of ATP?
Fuel for cell
What makes ATP?
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
Biology Vocabulary 5 (Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration)
photosynthesis
anaerobic respiration
aerobic respiration
alcoholic fermentation
a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light…
the process of producing cellular energy without oxygen
the process most living undergo to use food energy
a biological process which converts sugars such as glucose, f…
photosynthesis
a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light…
anaerobic respiration
the process of producing cellular energy without oxygen
37 terms
Cliffs AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
first law of thermodynamics
kinetic energy
potential energy
second law of thermodynamics
the total amount of energy in the universe remains constant
the energy of motion
stored energy, such as that in a chemical bond or in somethin…
when energy is converted from one form to another, some energ…
first law of thermodynamics
the total amount of energy in the universe remains constant
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
Biology- Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Pyruvic Acid
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
Parts of cellular respiration that require oxygen; Glycolysis…
Glycolysis followed by Fermentation do not require oxygen dur…
This is a 3 carbon compound that is produced during Glycolysi…
Cellular Respiration
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
Aerobic
Parts of cellular respiration that require oxygen; Glycolysis…
31 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
31 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
How much NET ATP is created during gly…
Define anaerobic and aerobic?
Cytoplasm
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
2
Aerobic requires oxygen to occur.... Anaerobic occurs without an…
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
Cytoplasm
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
116 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration
Three key pathways of Cellular Respira…
Overview of Life and Work
Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylat…
To perform their many tasks, living cells require energy from…
A relatively inefficient catabolic process that leads to the…
A more efficient and widespread catabolic process, in which o…
Three key pathways of Cellular Respira…
Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylat…
Overview of Life and Work
To perform their many tasks, living cells require energy from…
Biology- CH9 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that does NOT require oxygen.
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
8 terms
Cellular Respiration - Biology I
ATP
Cellular Respiration
Chemical Bond Energy
Aerobic Respiration
used as an energy carrier in the cells of all known organisms
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
used to measure the strength of a chemical bond
the process that produces cellular energy using oxygen
ATP
used as an energy carrier in the cells of all known organisms
Cellular Respiration
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
29 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
How do most autotrophs produce food?
Cellular Respiration
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
organisms that get energy by consuming food.
Through photosynthesis
The process by which an organism provides its cells with oxyg…
Autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
Heterotrophs
organisms that get energy by consuming food.
8 terms
Cellular Respiration - Gerdes Biology
Cristae
NADH and FADH2
Phosphorylation
Electron oxidation
Folds formed by the inner membrane of the mitochondria that p…
High energy electron carriers produced in cellular respiratio…
Adding a phosphate to a molecule
Losing an electron
Cristae
Folds formed by the inner membrane of the mitochondria that p…
NADH and FADH2
High energy electron carriers produced in cellular respiratio…
31 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration & Photosynth.
Compare and contrast ... aerobic and anae…
What processes in your cells ... produce…
What does Aerobic Respiration use?
What is the first step of cellular res…
Both processes include glycolysis. ... In aerobic respiration ox…
CO2, is released from The Pyruvate; ... that is the end product…
Oxygen
Glycolysis.
Compare and contrast ... aerobic and anae…
Both processes include glycolysis. ... In aerobic respiration ox…
What processes in your cells ... produce…
CO2, is released from The Pyruvate; ... that is the end product…
23 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Test
ATP
true
false
true
when cells break down food (glucose) molecules, energy is tem…
T or F: ATP is essential for a cell to perform all the task n…
T or F: the process of cellular respiration occurs only in an…
T or F: when glycolysis occurs, a molecule of glucose is split
ATP
when cells break down food (glucose) molecules, energy is tem…
true
T or F: ATP is essential for a cell to perform all the task n…
12 terms
Biology- Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration equation
anaerobic
aerobic
mitochondria
no oxygen
has oxygen
cellular respiration equation
anaerobic
no oxygen
Biology: Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
FADH2
Fermentation
Requires Oxygen... i.e. (Citric Acid Cycle, Electron Transport)
Doesn't Require Oxygen... i.e. (Glycolysis)
A product of cellular respiration
Types: Lactic Acid Fermentation & Alcoholic Fermentation... -pr…
Aerobic
Requires Oxygen... i.e. (Citric Acid Cycle, Electron Transport)
Anaerobic
Doesn't Require Oxygen... i.e. (Glycolysis)
29 terms
Biology/IPC: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine Diphospahate (ADP)
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
The energy-carrier molecule used to power cellular processes;…
The energy-carrier molecule used to power cellular processes;…
An organism that is able to capture energy from the environme…
The chemical reaction that captures energy from sunlight and…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The energy-carrier molecule used to power cellular processes;…
Adenosine Diphospahate (ADP)
The energy-carrier molecule used to power cellular processes;…
20 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration Test
Glycolosis
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
Requires Oxygen
-cytoplasm... -C6H12O6 is split, producing 2 molecules of pyruvi…
-mitochondria... -the pyruvic acid from glycolysis is broken int…
-mitochondria... -uses the high-energy electrons from the Krebs…
krebs cycle
Glycolosis
-cytoplasm... -C6H12O6 is split, producing 2 molecules of pyruvi…
Krebs Cycle
-mitochondria... -the pyruvic acid from glycolysis is broken int…
Cellular Respiration IB Biology
Outline the purpose of cellular respir…
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Outline aerobic respiration
The purpose of cellular respiration is to help organisms prod…
1. Process takes place in the mitochondria ... 2. Takes place in…
1. Process takes place in the cytoplasm... 2. Without the presen…
A. Aerobic respiration is the process that produces energy in…
Outline the purpose of cellular respir…
The purpose of cellular respiration is to help organisms prod…
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
1. Process takes place in the mitochondria ... 2. Takes place in…
Biology - Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
photosynthesis takes place here
formula for photosynthesis
purpose of light reaction
reactants for light reaction
Chloroplasts
6CO2+ 6H2O → C₆H₁₂O₆+ 6O₂ ... (first part is backwards)
oxygen
H20, light, ADP, NADP+
photosynthesis takes place here
Chloroplasts
formula for photosynthesis
6CO2+ 6H2O → C₆H₁₂O₆+ 6O₂ ... (first part is backwards)
55 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
Endergonic
Couple exergonic reactions
Glucose
Energy within Glucose Molecule
organisms constantly need an input of energy in order to live…
carry out exergonic reaction along with an endergonic reactio…
the molecules that we will break down (catabolic reactions) f…
bonds between the atoms hold potential energy, electrons sit…
Endergonic
organisms constantly need an input of energy in order to live…
Couple exergonic reactions
carry out exergonic reaction along with an endergonic reactio…
61 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
40 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast ... aerobic and anae…
What processes in your cells ... produce…
What does Aerobic Respiration use?
What is the first step of cellular res…
Both processes include glycolysis. ... In aerobic respiration ox…
CO2, is released from The Pyruvate; ... that is the end product…
Oxygen
Glycolysis.
Compare and contrast ... aerobic and anae…
Both processes include glycolysis. ... In aerobic respiration ox…
What processes in your cells ... produce…
CO2, is released from The Pyruvate; ... that is the end product…
31 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
51 terms
Cellular Respiration Review (Biology)
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration (common definition)
Energy storing molecules
ATP supplies...
Process in which ATP is produced
Getting energy from the foods that we eat
ATP, NADH (NAD+), FADH (FAD+), FADH2
Most of the energy that drives Metabolism
Cellular Respiration
Process in which ATP is produced
Cellular Respiration (common definition)
Getting energy from the foods that we eat
31 terms
Biology - Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Parts of Photosynthesis (2):
use the process of photosynthesis to create their own food
must consume carbohydrates for their food
A series of chemical reactions used by autotrophs to make car…
1) Light-dependent reactions... 2) Light independent reactions
Autotroph
use the process of photosynthesis to create their own food
Heterotroph
must consume carbohydrates for their food
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
11 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary Set 4
ATP
glycolysis
glucose
pyruvate
(also, adenosine triphosphate) the cell's energy currency
the process of breaking glucose into two three-carbon molecul…
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
an important three-carbon biological molecule that serves as…
ATP
(also, adenosine triphosphate) the cell's energy currency
glycolysis
the process of breaking glucose into two three-carbon molecul…
Biology - Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
ATP
glycolysis
anaerobic respiration
series of chemical reactions that break down organic compound…
the main energy currency for cells
first step of respiration that breaks down glucose into pyruv…
type of respiration where there is an absence of oxygen
cellular respiration
series of chemical reactions that break down organic compound…
ATP
the main energy currency for cells
11 terms
Hill Biology Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Metabolism
Glycolysis
ATP
energy in food is broken down in the lungs
breaking down food into energy in all cells
sugar or glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid
energy produced from respiration / mitochondria
Cellular respiration
energy in food is broken down in the lungs
Metabolism
breaking down food into energy in all cells
40 terms
Biology- Cellular Respiration
Energy Importance
Breathing
Function of Cellular Respiration
Chemical Formula for Cellular Respirat…
build and maintain cellular structure, transport materials, m…
O2 in ... CO2 out
chemical energy (Glucose) convert it into another form of che…
- Glucose comes from photosynthesis ... - O2 is needed to turn p…
Energy Importance
build and maintain cellular structure, transport materials, m…
Breathing
O2 in ... CO2 out
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