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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary cellular respiration"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary cellular respiration"

15 terms
Biology Review Cellular Respiration
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
What is the currency for energy for al…
Write the general chemical formula for…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
ATP
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 ---- 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP... (glucose) (oxygen) (c…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
16 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration - Advanced Biology
acetyl CoA
aerobic respiration
alcoholic fermentation
anaerobic
two-carbon molecule
process that produces large amounts of ATP
yeast use this process to convert pyruvic acid to ethyl alcoh…
does not require oxygen
acetyl CoA
two-carbon molecule
aerobic respiration
process that produces large amounts of ATP
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
39 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
mitochondria
glucose
bonds of glucose are broken apart in c…
making ATP or given off as heat
Where does cellular respiration occur?
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
How does the cell get energy?
What is energy released from glucose used for?
mitochondria
Where does cellular respiration occur?
glucose
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
31 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
How much NET ATP is created during gly…
Define anaerobic and aerobic?
Cytoplasm
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
2
Aerobic requires oxygen to occur.... Anaerobic occurs without an…
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
Cytoplasm
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
16 terms
Cellular Respiration: Biology Vocabulary Test
Catabloic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Reactions break down large molecules into smaller ones. Usual…
Reactions build larger molecules from atoms or smaller molecu…
(Or producers) use photosynthesis to collect and store energy…
(Or consumers) need to consume food to get their energy. They…
Catabloic Reaction
Reactions break down large molecules into smaller ones. Usual…
Anabolic Reaction
Reactions build larger molecules from atoms or smaller molecu…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
Biology Basics: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Production of 38 ATP Molecules
3 Steps of Cellular Respiratoin
Glycolosis
Process of breaking down chemical nutrients into energy that…
Occurs for every molecule of glucose that is processed
1.Glycolosis 2.Krebs Cycle 3.Electron Transport Chain
1st step of cellular process... Anaerobic process.... Breaking down…
Cellular Respiration
Process of breaking down chemical nutrients into energy that…
Production of 38 ATP Molecules
Occurs for every molecule of glucose that is processed
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
21 terms
Biology- Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Cellular Respiration
Pyruvic Acid
NADH
Anaerobic
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
The reduced form of NAD⁺; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
Pyruvic Acid
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
37 terms
Cliffs AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
first law of thermodynamics
kinetic energy
potential energy
second law of thermodynamics
the total amount of energy in the universe remains constant
the energy of motion
stored energy, such as that in a chemical bond or in somethin…
when energy is converted from one form to another, some energ…
first law of thermodynamics
the total amount of energy in the universe remains constant
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
9 terms
SRHS Biology- Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
31 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
10 terms
Biology- CH9 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that does NOT require oxygen.
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
116 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration
Three key pathways of Cellular Respira…
Overview of Life and Work
Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylat…
To perform their many tasks, living cells require energy from…
A relatively inefficient catabolic process that leads to the…
A more efficient and widespread catabolic process, in which o…
Three key pathways of Cellular Respira…
Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylat…
Overview of Life and Work
To perform their many tasks, living cells require energy from…
Biology, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
What is the purpose of ATP?
What makes ATP?
T/F Heterotrophs make their own food.
T/F Autotrophs make their own food.
Fuel for cell
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
False
True
What is the purpose of ATP?
Fuel for cell
What makes ATP?
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
24 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Eukaryotic Cell
Chloroplast
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
A cell that contains a nucleus to hold DNA. Plant and animal…
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis ta…
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food.
Heterotroph
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food
35 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
anabolic pathway
catabolic
energy coupling
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
In cellular metabolism, the use of energy released from an ex…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
anabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
8 terms
Cellular Respiration - Biology I
ATP
Cellular Respiration
Chemical Bond Energy
Aerobic Respiration
used as an energy carrier in the cells of all known organisms
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
used to measure the strength of a chemical bond
the process that produces cellular energy using oxygen
ATP
used as an energy carrier in the cells of all known organisms
Cellular Respiration
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
31 terms
Biology - Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Parts of Photosynthesis (2):
use the process of photosynthesis to create their own food
must consume carbohydrates for their food
A series of chemical reactions used by autotrophs to make car…
1) Light-dependent reactions... 2) Light independent reactions
Autotroph
use the process of photosynthesis to create their own food
Heterotroph
must consume carbohydrates for their food
14 terms
Biology~Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Evolution of Metabolic Pathway(s)
Anaerobic Pathway(s)
Aerobic Pathway(s)
~The breaking down of glucose to make ATP.... ~Catabolic.... ~Exerg…
~When life originated, atmosphere had little oxygen.... ~Earlies…
~Evolved first.... ~Don't require oxygen.... ~Start with glycolysis…
~Evolved later.... ~Require oxygen.... ~Start with glycolysis in cy…
Cellular Respiration
~The breaking down of glucose to make ATP.... ~Catabolic.... ~Exerg…
Evolution of Metabolic Pathway(s)
~When life originated, atmosphere had little oxygen.... ~Earlies…
39 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
8 terms
Cellular Respiration - Gerdes Biology
Cristae
NADH and FADH2
Phosphorylation
Electron oxidation
Folds formed by the inner membrane of the mitochondria that p…
High energy electron carriers produced in cellular respiratio…
Adding a phosphate to a molecule
Losing an electron
Cristae
Folds formed by the inner membrane of the mitochondria that p…
NADH and FADH2
High energy electron carriers produced in cellular respiratio…
11 terms
Hill Biology Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Metabolism
Glycolysis
ATP
energy in food is broken down in the lungs
breaking down food into energy in all cells
sugar or glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid
energy produced from respiration / mitochondria
Cellular respiration
energy in food is broken down in the lungs
Metabolism
breaking down food into energy in all cells
31 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration & Photosynth.
Compare and contrast ... aerobic and anae…
What processes in your cells ... produce…
What does Aerobic Respiration use?
What is the first step of cellular res…
Both processes include glycolysis. ... In aerobic respiration ox…
CO2, is released from The Pyruvate; ... that is the end product…
Oxygen
Glycolysis.
Compare and contrast ... aerobic and anae…
Both processes include glycolysis. ... In aerobic respiration ox…
What processes in your cells ... produce…
CO2, is released from The Pyruvate; ... that is the end product…
51 terms
Cellular Respiration Review (Biology)
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration (common definition)
Energy storing molecules
ATP supplies...
Process in which ATP is produced
Getting energy from the foods that we eat
ATP, NADH (NAD+), FADH (FAD+), FADH2
Most of the energy that drives Metabolism
Cellular Respiration
Process in which ATP is produced
Cellular Respiration (common definition)
Getting energy from the foods that we eat
11 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
the approximate amount of energy needed to raise the temperat…
approximately the amount of energy needed to raise the temper…
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
calorie
the approximate amount of energy needed to raise the temperat…
Calorie
approximately the amount of energy needed to raise the temper…
10 terms
Biology SAT / Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration Equation
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Site of Glycolysis
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ = 6CO₂ + 6H₂O + 36 ATP
The process by which a cell breaks down sugar into energy
Breaking down of glucose into smaller, more manageable energy…
Cytoplasm ... (Organelle Soup)
Cellular Respiration Equation
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ = 6CO₂ + 6H₂O + 36 ATP
Cellular Respiration
The process by which a cell breaks down sugar into energy
17 terms
Biology (Webster): Cellular Respiration
NADH
Oxaloacetic acid
Krebs cycle
Aerobic respiration
Similar to NAD+, this molecule accepts electrons during the K…
A 4-cabon compound that combines with acetyl CoA to produce c…
A biochemical pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA, producing…
Process by which pyruvate is broken down and NADH is used to…
NADH
Similar to NAD+, this molecule accepts electrons during the K…
Oxaloacetic acid
A 4-cabon compound that combines with acetyl CoA to produce c…
20 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration Test
Glycolosis
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
Requires Oxygen
-cytoplasm... -C6H12O6 is split, producing 2 molecules of pyruvi…
-mitochondria... -the pyruvic acid from glycolysis is broken int…
-mitochondria... -uses the high-energy electrons from the Krebs…
krebs cycle
Glycolosis
-cytoplasm... -C6H12O6 is split, producing 2 molecules of pyruvi…
Krebs Cycle
-mitochondria... -the pyruvic acid from glycolysis is broken int…
54 terms
Biology - Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
photosynthesis takes place here
formula for photosynthesis
purpose of light reaction
reactants for light reaction
Chloroplasts
6CO2+ 6H2O → C₆H₁₂O₆+ 6O₂ ... (first part is backwards)
oxygen
H20, light, ADP, NADP+
photosynthesis takes place here
Chloroplasts
formula for photosynthesis
6CO2+ 6H2O → C₆H₁₂O₆+ 6O₂ ... (first part is backwards)
23 terms
Cellular Respiration IB Biology
Outline the purpose of cellular respir…
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Outline aerobic respiration
The purpose of cellular respiration is to help organisms prod…
1. Process takes place in the mitochondria ... 2. Takes place in…
1. Process takes place in the cytoplasm... 2. Without the presen…
A. Aerobic respiration is the process that produces energy in…
Outline the purpose of cellular respir…
The purpose of cellular respiration is to help organisms prod…
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
1. Process takes place in the mitochondria ... 2. Takes place in…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant…
fermentation
a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
anaerobic respiration
a catabolic pathway in which oxygen is not consumed as a reac…
8 terms
BIOLOGY: Cellular Respiration Quiz
c
a
b
b
Glycolysis is a definite sequence of ten reactions involving…
The movement of electrons across the electron transport chain…
1. Glycolysis ... 2. Krebs Cycle ... 3. Fermentation ... During which…
Which of the following produces the most ATP per mole of gluc…
c
Glycolysis is a definite sequence of ten reactions involving…
a
The movement of electrons across the electron transport chain…
6 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
cellular respiration
fermentation
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
process that releases energy, carbon dioxide and water by bre…
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration includes what two…
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
17 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
10 terms
Biology cellular respiration: Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Location of gylcolysis
Process
Net yield
Breakdown into pyruvic acid, anaeorobic
Takes place in cytosol, cytoplasm
1 6-carbon glucose is oxidized to from 2 3-carbon pyruvic acids
2 ATP are made per glucose molecule
Glycolysis
Breakdown into pyruvic acid, anaeorobic
Location of gylcolysis
Takes place in cytosol, cytoplasm
18 terms
chapter 9 biology vocabulary- cellular respiration
Calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measure of heat energy in food (equivalent to 1000 calories)
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
process that requires oxygen (cellular respiration)
process that does not require oxygen (fermentation)
Calorie
measure of heat energy in food (equivalent to 1000 calories)
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
25 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
ATP
glycolysis
anaerobic respiration
series of chemical reactions that break down organic compound…
the main energy currency for cells
first step of respiration that breaks down glucose into pyruv…
type of respiration where there is an absence of oxygen
cellular respiration
series of chemical reactions that break down organic compound…
ATP
the main energy currency for cells
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
22 terms
Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate ATP
photosynthesis
self- nourishment
gets nourishment by eating other living organisms
high-energy molecule
using sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to make glucose
Autotroph
self- nourishment
heterotroph
gets nourishment by eating other living organisms
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
16 terms
Biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Alcohol fermentation
photosynthesis
reactions of photosynthesis
cellular respiration
process done by yeast cells; makes CO2 and alcohol
process using CO2 and H2O, makes O2 and glucose
light-dependent reactions and Calvin Cycle
process using O2 and glucose, releases CO2 and H2O
Alcohol fermentation
process done by yeast cells; makes CO2 and alcohol
photosynthesis
process using CO2 and H2O, makes O2 and glucose
27 terms
Biology Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie (food calorie)
cellular respiration
basic cellular respiration chemical re…
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
equal to 1000 calories or otherwise called a kilocalorie (wha…
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
6O₂+ C₆H₁₂O₆ → 6CO₂ + 6H₂O + energy
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Calorie (food calorie)
equal to 1000 calories or otherwise called a kilocalorie (wha…
91 terms
AP Biology: 04: Photosynthesis, AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Cuticle
Epidermis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
the outer, waxy covering of a leaf is called the ___
the cuticle is produced by the ___ to protect the leaf from w…
Photosynthesis
___ is the process by which light energy is converted to chem…
6CO₂ + 6H₂O → C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
write the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis... CO₂ =…
40 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
equation for cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
ATP
-> (enzymes and 2 ATP)
Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chain, ATP synthesis using…
Glycolysis, ATP synthysis without using oxygen, fermentation,…
Adenosine Triphosphate, the energy used in cells for active t…
equation for cellular respiration
-> (enzymes and 2 ATP)
aerobic respiration
Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chain, ATP synthesis using…
16 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
Photosynthesis Equation
Cellular Respiration Equation
Biology Cellular Respiration
In which cycle is glucose made?
Where in the cell does photosynthesis…
At the end of glycolic if no oxygen is…
What is the total amount of ATP produc…
The Calvin Cycle
Grana
Fermentation
38,net 36
In which cycle is glucose made?
The Calvin Cycle
Where in the cell does photosynthesis…
Grana
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