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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 5 molecules life"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 5 molecules life"

12 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 The Molecules of Life
Explain the difference between organic…
Hydrophillic
Hydrophobic
Explain the relationship between monom…
Living creatures are made of various kinds of organic compoun…
dissolve in water; "like" water
don't dissolve in water; "don't like" water
Monomers are single units while polymers are monomers linked…
Explain the difference between organic…
Living creatures are made of various kinds of organic compoun…
Hydrophillic
dissolve in water; "like" water
57 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 The Molecules of Life
Organic Molecules
Inorganic Molecules
Carbon
Carbon Atoms bond to other carbon atom…
Contain both Carbon and Hydrogen. Ex: glucose. Make up living…
Do not contain both Carbon and Hydrogen. Ex: water (H2O), Car…
Carbon always forms 4 covalent bonds. Each line=2 electrons b…
Chains and rings for carbon bonding structures.
Organic Molecules
Contain both Carbon and Hydrogen. Ex: glucose. Make up living…
Inorganic Molecules
Do not contain both Carbon and Hydrogen. Ex: water (H2O), Car…
29 terms
Biology chapter 5 - The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
28 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Molecules of life
Organic Molecules
Inorganic molecules
Chemical Formula of carbon dioxide
Chemical formula of water
All contain Carbon. All are large and complex. ... Four types. (…
No carbon. (exception- carbon dioxide)... Small and simple.... Exam…
CO2
H2O
Organic Molecules
All contain Carbon. All are large and complex. ... Four types. (…
Inorganic molecules
No carbon. (exception- carbon dioxide)... Small and simple.... Exam…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic
How many bonds does carbon make
What does each line from carbon repres…
Sugars are
Containing both carbon and hydrogen
Carbon always makes 4 covalent bonds
2 electrons being shared
Monomers and dimers
Organic
Containing both carbon and hydrogen
How many bonds does carbon make
Carbon always makes 4 covalent bonds
36 terms
Biology chapter 5- the molecules of life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon based molecules
non carbon based molecules
organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in a predicta…
organic molecules
carbon based molecules
inorganic molecules
non carbon based molecules
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 - The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 - The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 - The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
30 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 5 - Molecules of Life Vocabulary Terms
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional Group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
Organic Molecule
carbon-based molecule
Inorganic Molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
Biology Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic molecules
Inorganic molecules
Hydrocarbon
Monomer
Carbon based molecules that has carbon bonds or carbon and hy…
Non-carbon based molecule such as water
An organic molecule that is made of only carbon and hydrogen
One molecular unit
Organic molecules
Carbon based molecules that has carbon bonds or carbon and hy…
Inorganic molecules
Non-carbon based molecule such as water
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 5- Molecules of Life, Reactions, and Lipids
What are the four classes of large bio…
What are large molecules made of thous…
In the 4 classes of life's organic com…
What is a long molecule made of many s…
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Macromolecules
Carbs, Proteins, and Nucleic acids
Polymer
What are the four classes of large bio…
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
What are large molecules made of thous…
Macromolecules
46 terms
General Biology: Chapter 5 The molecules of life
Macromolecules
Polymer
Molecules of Life
Monomers
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
All living things are made up of four classes of large biolog…
The small building-block molecules
Macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
Polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
37 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
36 terms
Chapter 5 biology- The molecules of life- Koepp
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
hydrophilic
Monomer
Carbon-based molecules
Non-carbon based molecules
Attract water molecules
Smaller molecular units
Organic molecule
Carbon-based molecules
Inorganic molecule
Non-carbon based molecules
30 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecul
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecul
40 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Hydrocarbon
Inorganic molecule
Functional Group
Carbon-based molecules
Organic molecule composed of only one carbon & hydrogen atoms
Non-carbon based molecule
Group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
Organic molecule
Carbon-based molecules
Hydrocarbon
Organic molecule composed of only one carbon & hydrogen atoms
30 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
activation energy
active site
amino acid
carbohydrate
minimum amount of energy required to trigger a chemical react…
region of an enzyme into which a particular substrate fits
monomer that makes up proteins; contains carboxyl and amino f…
organic compound made of sugar molecules
activation energy
minimum amount of energy required to trigger a chemical react…
active site
region of an enzyme into which a particular substrate fits
16 terms
Chapter 5 The Molecules of Life
Four classes of large biological molec…
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
are large molecules and are complex
is a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks…
The repeating units that serve as building blocks
Four classes of large biological molec…
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
Macromolecules
are large molecules and are complex
28 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life Vocabulary
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules
molecules composed of only hydrogen and carbon
a group of atoms within a molecule that interact in a pattern…
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules
87 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 Test, The Molecules of Life
Why are carbon atoms so common in livi…
Classify most carbon-based molecules
Example of a carbon-based/organic mole…
Classify non-carbon-based molecules
Every carbon can form 4 bonds, everything is made from a "car…
Organic molecules
Carbohydrates
Inorganic molecules
Why are carbon atoms so common in livi…
Every carbon can form 4 bonds, everything is made from a "car…
Classify most carbon-based molecules
Organic molecules
73 terms
Biology Unit #2 the molecules of life, Chapter 5
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecules
Hydrocarbon
Functional group
Most carbon based molecules
Non carbon based molecules
Organic molecules that are composed of hydrogen and carbon only
A group of atoms within a molecule that act in predictable ways
Organic molecule
Most carbon based molecules
Inorganic molecules
Non carbon based molecules
30 terms
Bio chapter 5 - molecules of life
organic molecule
inorganic molecules
hydro-carbon
functional group
carbon based molecules
non carbon based molecules
organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
carbon based molecules
inorganic molecules
non carbon based molecules
38 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Hydrocarbon
Inorganic molecule
Functional Group
Carbon-based molecules
Organic molecule composed of only one carbon & hydrogen atoms
Non-carbon based molecule
Group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
Organic molecule
Carbon-based molecules
Hydrocarbon
Organic molecule composed of only one carbon & hydrogen atoms
30 terms
The Molecules of Life (Chapter 5)
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional group
Carbon-based molecule
Non-carbon-based molecule
Organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
Group of atoms within a molecule that interact in predictable…
Organic molecule
Carbon-based molecule
Inorganic molecule
Non-carbon-based molecule
33 terms
Chapter 5 Molecules of Life
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbons
Functional Group
Carbon Based Molecules.
Non carbon based molecules.
Molecules only composed of carbon and hydrogen.
A group of atoms within a molecule that interact in predictab…
Organic Molecule
Carbon Based Molecules.
Inorganic Molecule
Non carbon based molecules.
27 terms
Molecules of Life: Chapter 5
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
functional group
activation energy
carbon-based molecules
noncarbon-based molecules
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
"start-up energy" minimum amount of energy needed to trigger…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecule
noncarbon-based molecules
38 terms
Chapter 5 Molecules of Life
Amino Acids
Carbohydrates
Cellulose
Chaperonins
An organic molecule possessing a carboxyl and amino group, Mo…
Sugars and the polymers of sugar, one of the macromolecule cl…
A structural polymer of carbohydrates found in plant cell walls
A protein complex which helps other proteins fold properly
Amino Acids
An organic molecule possessing a carboxyl and amino group, Mo…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and the polymers of sugar, one of the macromolecule cl…
43 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Hydrocarbon
Inorganic molecule
Functional Group
Carbon-based molecules
Organic molecule composed of only one carbon & hydrogen atoms
Non-carbon based molecule
Group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
Organic molecule
Carbon-based molecules
Hydrocarbon
Organic molecule composed of only one carbon & hydrogen atoms
38 terms
The Molecules of Life, Chapter 5
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molocule
Hydrocarbon
Functional Group
Most carbon mased Molocules
Non carbon based Molecule
Organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen
A group of atoms that are responsible for the characteristics…
Organic Molecule
Most carbon mased Molocules
Inorganic Molocule
Non carbon based Molecule
68 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
The basic chemistry we learned last ch…
Living organisms build large molecules…
These macromolecules all use carbon as…
All of these molecules with a covalent…
- Molecule is a compound held together by covalent bonds.... - W…
- Macromolecules: Big molecules
...
- We call molecules based on carbon ORGANIC COMPOUNDS.
The basic chemistry we learned last ch…
- Molecule is a compound held together by covalent bonds.... - W…
Living organisms build large molecules…
- Macromolecules: Big molecules
39 terms
Chapter 5 The Molecules of Life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
carbohydrates
carbon-based molecule (sugar, fats, proteins, nucleic acids)
non-carbon-based molecule (ammonia, water, baking soda, carbo…
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
sugar (energy), contains 1 carbon, 2 hydrogen, 1 oxygen
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule (sugar, fats, proteins, nucleic acids)
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule (ammonia, water, baking soda, carbo…
23 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
Hydrocarbon
What 2 building blocks make up triglyc…
-contains C and H... -usually larger than inorganic molecule... -ex…
-Do not contain C except for CO, CO2, CaCO3... -usually smaller…
A mixture of carbon and hydrogen
-glycerol... -3 fatty acids
Organic molecule
-contains C and H... -usually larger than inorganic molecule... -ex…
Inorganic molecule
-Do not contain C except for CO, CO2, CaCO3... -usually smaller…
30 terms
Chapter 5- The molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
A group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
Organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
Inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
65 terms
Chapter 5 (The Molecules of Life)
Four classes of large biological molec…
Macromolecules
Polymer
3 of the 4 classes of life's organic m…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, & Nucleic Acids
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
a long molecule consisting of many similar "building blocks",…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Four classes of large biological molec…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, & Nucleic Acids
Macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
30 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non carbon-based molecule, such as water
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non carbon-based molecule, such as water
57 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional groups
Carbon based molecule
Molecule with no carbon skeletons
Compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon
Different arrangements of atoms bonded to a carbon skeletons…
Organic molecule
Carbon based molecule
Inorganic molecule
Molecule with no carbon skeletons
37 terms
The Molecules of Life (Chapter 5)
Organic Molecules
4
Inorganic Molecules
Carbon Skeleton
carbon-based molecule
How many electrons does carbon have in its highest energy lev…
non-carbon based molecules
a pattern in which carbon atoms are bonded together to make m…
Organic Molecules
carbon-based molecule
4
How many electrons does carbon have in its highest energy lev…
30 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non carbon-based molecule, such as water
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non carbon-based molecule, such as water
84 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
Which four elements make up all chemic…
Most molecules of a cell are _________…
All living things are carbon-based, wh…
What is an example of an inorganic car…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
carbon
organic
water
Which four elements make up all chemic…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Most molecules of a cell are _________…
carbon
32 terms
Chapter 5: the molecules of life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional groups
carbon based molecules
do not contain carbon skeletons
organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
different arrangements of atoms bonded to a carbon skeleton
organic molecules
carbon based molecules
inorganic molecules
do not contain carbon skeletons
30 terms
Chapter 5. Molecules of Life
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional Group
Carbon based molecules
Molecules without any Carbon
Organic molecules only composed of Carbon and Hydrogen
Group of atoms in a molecule that interact in predictable ways
Organic Molecule
Carbon based molecules
Inorganic Molecule
Molecules without any Carbon
35 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
why is carbon so common?
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
carbon...
4 outer electrons= 4 other molecules
carbon based
non-carbon based (h2o, ammonia)
-many forms... -bonds to other carbons... -hydrocarbons... -bonds to f…
why is carbon so common?
4 outer electrons= 4 other molecules
organic molecule
carbon based
30 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
most carbon based molecules
non-carbon based molecules
organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecule
most carbon based molecules
inorganic molecule
non-carbon based molecules
30 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
Functional Group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
Organic Molecule
carbon-based molecule
Inorganic Molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
29 terms
chapter 5 molecules of life
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
Carbon based molecule
non carbon based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
Carbon based molecule
inorganic molecule
non carbon based molecule
23 terms
Chapter 5: The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbons
Functional group
carbon based molecules
non carbon based molecules
organic molecules that are composed of only Hydrogen and Carb…
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecules
carbon based molecules
inorganic molecule
non carbon based molecules
5 terms
Chapter 5 The Molecules of life 30 vocabulary words
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
Hydrocarbons
Functional group
Carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecule
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
A group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
Organic molecule
Carbon-based molecules
Inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
34 terms
Chapter 5: Molecules of Life
Organic molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
functional group
An organic compound that always contains carbon; Examples : c…
Not primarily made of carbon. Generally small. ... Examples: wat…
An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
an atom or group of atoms that is responsible for the specifi…
Organic molecule
An organic compound that always contains carbon; Examples : c…
Inorganic Molecule
Not primarily made of carbon. Generally small. ... Examples: wat…
10 terms
Chapter 5 Molecules of Life
polymers
monomers
organic molecules
inorgangic molecules
large chains of small molecular units (multiple paper clips)
small molecules that are the building blocks for larger molec…
main ingredient is carbon
non carbon based molecules like oxygen and ammonia
polymers
large chains of small molecular units (multiple paper clips)
monomers
small molecules that are the building blocks for larger molec…
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