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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 5"

13 terms
Biology chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of a population
growth pattern in which in which the individuals in a populat…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5
methane
binary fission
saprophyte
mutualism
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
An organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter.
A closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
methane
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
binary fission
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 5
background extinction
biodiversity
biological augmentation
biological magnification
gradual process of a species becoming extinct
number of different species living in a specific area
technique of adding essential materials to a degraded ecosystem
increasing concentration of toxic substances in organisms as…
background extinction
gradual process of a species becoming extinct
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Review
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The Lag Period.
Exponential Population Growth. ... No lim…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
37 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chromatin
chromosomes
cell cycle
mitosis
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
a normal pattern of growth, DNA synthesis, and cell division…
cell division of somatic cells which produces two identical d…
chromatin
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
chromosomes
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
71 terms
chapter 5 biology
cell
eukaryote
organ
organelle
Basic unit of life
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A body structure that is composed of different kinds of tissu…
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
cell
Basic unit of life
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
15 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Populations
geographic range
population density
growth rate
age structure
the area inhabited by a population
number of individuals per unit area
determines whether the size of the population stays the same,…
number of males and females of each age in a population
geographic range
the area inhabited by a population
population density
number of individuals per unit area
18 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary-Biology
Cell Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Oxidization
a decomposition pathway that provides the energy cells need t…
in the presence of oxygen
without oxygen
the loss of electrons from a substance in a chemical reaction
Cell Respiration
a decomposition pathway that provides the energy cells need t…
Aerobic
in the presence of oxygen
13 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
carrying capacity
emigration
exponential growth
immigration
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
Movement of individuals out of a population
Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
emigration
Movement of individuals out of a population
16 terms
Biology Chapter 5
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
Number of individuals per unit area
The number of males and females of each age in a population
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Movement of individuals out of an area
population density
Number of individuals per unit area
age structure
The number of males and females of each age in a population
23 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 5 Review
Cell Cycle
Chromatids
Histones
Gap 1
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
DNA wraps around to condense to fit within the cell.
phase of the cell cycle that occupies most of the average cel…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Chromatids
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biodiversity and Conservation
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
number of different species living in a specific area
variety of inheritable characteristics or genes in an interbr…
in a biological community, the number and abundance of differ…
extinction
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
93 terms
AICE Biology Chapter 5
What are the five stages of cell divis…
What are the two types of cell division
Why do cells reproduce?
How long does it take to divid epithel…
Interphase, prophase (early and late), metaphase, anaphase, a…
Mitosis and meiosis
1) Growth-The nuclei of the two daughter cells formed have th…
Epithelial cells are divided every 10 hours.
What are the five stages of cell divis…
Interphase, prophase (early and late), metaphase, anaphase, a…
What are the two types of cell division
Mitosis and meiosis
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
26 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Passive transport
Diffusion
Concentration gradient
Equilibrium
Some substances can cross the cell membrane without any input…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Difference in the concentration of molecules across a distanc…
In the absence of other influences, diffusion will eventually…
Passive transport
Some substances can cross the cell membrane without any input…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 5
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Autotrophs
Carotenoids
Is a process by which light energy is converted to chemical e…
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
An accessory pigment, either yellow or orange, in the chlorop…
Photosynthesis
Is a process by which light energy is converted to chemical e…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
18 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary-Biology
Cell Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Oxidization
a decomposition pathway that provides the energy cells need t…
in the presence of oxygen
without oxygen
the loss of electrons from a substance in a chemical reaction
Cell Respiration
a decomposition pathway that provides the energy cells need t…
Aerobic
in the presence of oxygen
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
Long combination of DNA that consists of numerous genes and r…
Cell Cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
21 terms
Biology/Chapter 5/ vocabulary
binary fission
cell division
Mitosis
chromosome
type of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic cells in whi…
process in which a parent cell divides to form two daughter c…
process in which the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell divides
coiled structure made of DNA and proteins containing sister c…
binary fission
type of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic cells in whi…
cell division
process in which a parent cell divides to form two daughter c…
Chapter 5 Biology Vocabulary
1.Cell cycle
2.Mitosis
3.Cytokinesis
4.Chromosome
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
The division of the cytoplasm of a cell; cytokinesis follows…
In a eukaryotic cell one of the structures in the nucleus tha…
1.Cell cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2.Mitosis
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
19 terms
Chapter 5 Biology Vocabulary Words
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular respiration
a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light…
an organism that produces complex organic compounds from simp…
an organism that cannot fix carbon and uses organic carbon fo…
the process of oxidizing food molecules, like glucose, to car…
Photosynthesis
a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light…
Autotroph
an organism that produces complex organic compounds from simp…
11 terms
Biology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Active transport
Concentration gradient
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Molecules that cross the cell membrane using energy
The difference in concentration of molecules across a distance
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
The process in which cells ingest particles into a cell
Active transport
Molecules that cross the cell membrane using energy
Concentration gradient
The difference in concentration of molecules across a distance
12 terms
Biology 7 chapter 5 vocabulary
heredity
dominant trait
recessive trait
gene
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
a trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
dominant trait
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
Process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
Long, continuous thread of DNA that consist of numerous genes…
Cell cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
27 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 5
Methane
Binary Fission
Saprophyte
Mutualism
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
An organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
A closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
Methane
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Binary Fission
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Bacteria, Protist, and Fungi
commensalism
mutualism
toxin
diatom
a relationship in which one organism benefits and the other i…
two organisms live together and help each other
poison
microscopic algae with a hard shell
commensalism
a relationship in which one organism benefits and the other i…
mutualism
two organisms live together and help each other
13 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Populations
Population Density
Age Structure
Growth rate
Immigration
the number of individuals in a given area
The number of males and females of each age a population cont…
determines whether a population will increase, decrease or st…
individuals moving into an area causing the population to grow
Population Density
the number of individuals in a given area
Age Structure
The number of males and females of each age a population cont…
23 terms
Biology 10 Chapter 5 Vocabulary
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane with…
Movement of material from high to low concentration
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
A state of balance
passive transport
The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane with…
diffusion
Movement of material from high to low concentration
21 terms
Biology chapter 5
binary fission
saprophyte
mutualism
toxin
reproduction in which a bacteria cell divides into two cells…
an organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
a closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
a poison produced by bacteria or other organisms
binary fission
reproduction in which a bacteria cell divides into two cells…
saprophyte
an organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
Long combination of DNA that consists of numerous genes and r…
Cell Cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
24 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
A state of balance
passive transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
27 terms
Biology chapter 5 vocabulary
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromosome
regluar pattern pf growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
division of the cell nucleus and its contents
divides the cell cytoplasm
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Cell cycle
regluar pattern pf growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Mitosis
division of the cell nucleus and its contents
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
Biology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
25 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Membranes
Passive transport
Osmosis
Hypertonic solution
fluid mosaics of lipids and proteins; the proteins embedded i…
diffusion across a membrane with no energy investment; solute…
the diffusion of water across a membrane
cells shrink
Membranes
fluid mosaics of lipids and proteins; the proteins embedded i…
Passive transport
diffusion across a membrane with no energy investment; solute…
24 terms
biology chapter 5 vocabulary
matter
model
element
molecules
anything that has a mass and takes up space
an explanation or representation of something that cannot be…
a collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons
chemicals that result from atoms linking together
matter
anything that has a mass and takes up space
model
an explanation or representation of something that cannot be…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
number of different species living in a specific area
variety of inheritable characteristics or genes in an interbr…
in a biological community, the number and abundance of differ…
extinction
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
17 terms
Chapter 5 vocabulary Biology
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Synonym: Cell's life ... • The regular pattern of growth, DNA... d…
Synonym:DNA division... The division of the cells nucleus... and i…
Synonym: Cell splits... • Division of the cytoplasm. Last... stage…
Synonym:Genes... • A long, continuous thread... of DNA that consis…
Cell cycle
Synonym: Cell's life ... • The regular pattern of growth, DNA... d…
Mitosis
Synonym:DNA division... The division of the cells nucleus... and i…
27 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biology
cell cycle
mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromosome
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
the division of the cytoplasm of the cell; cytokinesis follow…
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
Long combination of DNA that consists of numerous genes and r…
Cell Cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
19 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Autotroph
Carbon Dioxide Fixation
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that does not require oxygen.
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
The synthesis of organic compounds from carbon dioxide, such…
Aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Anaerobic
Describes a process that does not require oxygen.
11 terms
Chapter 5 Biology Vocabulary
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential-Growth
Logistic-Growth
The movement of organisms to a specific area.
An organism exiting a specific region.
When the resource availability is infinite in an ecosystem.
Occurs when the growth rate slows as it reaches its carrying…
Immigration
The movement of organisms to a specific area.
Emigration
An organism exiting a specific region.
10 terms
Chapter 5 Biology Vocabulary
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential-Growth
Logistic-Growth
The movement of organisms to a specific area.
An organism exiting a specific region.
When the resource availability is infinite in an ecosystem.
Occurs when the growth rate slows as it reaches its carrying…
Immigration
The movement of organisms to a specific area.
Emigration
An organism exiting a specific region.
46 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Bilayer
Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
Transport protein
Two layers
The membrane that surrounds a cell and separates it from the…
A plasma membrane model where proteins float freely through t…
A protein in the plasma membrane that helps move molecules ac…
Bilayer
Two layers
Plasma Membrane
The membrane that surrounds a cell and separates it from the…
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