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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 8"

12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
adenosine triphosphate
heterotroph
chlorophyll
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organism…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
adenosine triphosphate
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
35 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
anaphase
organs
organ systems
organisms
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Organs that work together to perform the same function are or…
Organ systems that work together to perform the same function…
anaphase
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
organs
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
66 terms
chapter 8 Biology
plant cells in mitosis
meiosis
cancer
cancer cells
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
disease of the cell cycle
do not respond normally to the cell cycle control system... can…
plant cells in mitosis
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 8
peristalsis
chyme
gallbladder
bile
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
The digestive organ that stores bile.
A substance made in the liver that breaks down fats.
peristalsis
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
chyme
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Is the ability to do work
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Energy
Is the ability to do work
Thermodynamics
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
Rosalind Franklin
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Shape of DNA
the rules stating that cytosine pairs with guanine and adenin…
Woman who generated x-ray images of DNA, she povided Watson a…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
double helix
Shape of DNA
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ATP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
photosynthesis
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
use energy in sunlight to make OWN food
process that uses light energy to produce food molecules
ATP
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
Heterotrophs
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary Cellular Energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Ability to do work
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
All of the chemical reactions in a cell are referred to as...
Anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is conver…
Energy
Ability to do work
Thermodynamics
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Heredity
F1 Generation
Genetics
F2 Generation
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Offspring of the F1 generation
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
F1 Generation
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
49 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
double helix
nucleotide
Frederich Miescher
Thomas Hunt Morgan
twisted double-stranded structure of DNA
building block of nucleic acids which contain 5-carbon sugar,…
discoverer of DNA
used his fruit fly lab to prove chromosomal pattern of inheri…
double helix
twisted double-stranded structure of DNA
nucleotide
building block of nucleic acids which contain 5-carbon sugar,…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
ATP
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
Adenosine triphosphate is one of the most important compounds…
an organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
an organism that makes its own food
When autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to produce high-en…
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate is one of the most important compounds…
heterotroph
an organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Cell
Chromosome
Chromatin
Replication origins
The basic unit of living organisms
Structures found in dividing eukaryotic cell nuclei that carr…
Long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins in the nuclei of…
Specific DNA sequences that initiate DNA synthesis
Cell
The basic unit of living organisms
Chromosome
Structures found in dividing eukaryotic cell nuclei that carr…
19 terms
Biology, Chapter 8 Vocabulary w/images
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
the ability to do work; energy can't be created or destroyed,…
the study of how energy flows and changes in the universe
all of the chemical reactions that go on inside a cell
a series of chemical reactions that change light energy from…
energy
the ability to do work; energy can't be created or destroyed,…
thermodynamics
the study of how energy flows and changes in the universe
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Chapter 8 Biology vocabulary
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8
adenosine triphosphate
aerobic process
aerobic respiration
anaerobic process
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
metabolic process that requires oxygen
metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
metabolic process that does not require oxygen
adenosine triphosphate
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
aerobic process
metabolic process that requires oxygen
18 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make their own food
plants convert the energy of sunlight into chemical energy st…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Voc Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
histone
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cellular Respiration
Energy
Metabolism
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Adenosine Triphosphate
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Cellular Respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
27 terms
biology chapter 8 vocabulary
heredity
genetics
self-pollination
cross-pollination
passing of traits from parents to their young
branch of biology that studies heredity
process in which pollen falls from the anther to the stigma o…
transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to the flower…
heredity
passing of traits from parents to their young
genetics
branch of biology that studies heredity
32 terms
Biology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Anaphase
Asexual reproduction
Autosome
Binary fission
The phase in which the chromatids separate and move towards t…
The production of offspring from one parent
Chromosomes not involved in determining sex
In prokaryotic cells, the division of one cell into two
Anaphase
The phase in which the chromatids separate and move towards t…
Asexual reproduction
The production of offspring from one parent
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary (Photosynthesis)
autotrophs
heterotrophs
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
an organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemical…
an organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
a process by which plants and some other organisms use light…
autotrophs
an organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemical…
heterotrophs
an organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; a…
29 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Kinetic energy
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
An metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down co…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Catabolic pathways
An metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down co…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
chromosome
chromatid
chromatin
centromere
in eukaryotes, the rod-shaped, coiled structures in the nucle…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible an…
the loosely coiled complex of proteins and DNA in the nucleus…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in eukaryotes, the rod-shaped, coiled structures in the nucle…
chromatid
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible an…
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
15 terms
Biology chapter 8 vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
Photosynthesis
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autographs to capture light…
Autotroph
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
29 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8...Howland
Asexual reproduction
anaphase
mitotic spindles
cleavage furrow
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
the part of mitosis when the chromatids are being separated t…
equally separates and protects the chromatids during nuclear…
the region of the animal cell that begins pinching the cell i…
Asexual reproduction
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
anaphase
the part of mitosis when the chromatids are being separated t…
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
important compounds that cells use to store and release energy.
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
organisms that make their own food.
the process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
important compounds that cells use to store and release energy.
Heterotroph
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
adenosine triphosphate (APT)
cellular respiration
energy
metabolism
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
The ability to do work
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
adenosine triphosphate (APT)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
cellular respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
15 terms
Chapter 8 vocabulary Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
Phospholipid
Lipid Bilayer
Equalibrium
Concentration Gradient
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
The basic structure of a biological membrane, composed of two…
In biology- a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
A difference in a concentration of a gradient across a substa…
Phospholipid
A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
Lipid Bilayer
The basic structure of a biological membrane, composed of two…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
anaphase
asexual reproduction
autosome
cell cycle
The third stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
anaphase
The third stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
asexual reproduction
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP+ (Adenosine Triphosphate)
Photosynthesis
is an organism that create their own food/energy, or they get…
is an organism that obtain energy from things they consume.
is the energy currency of life. It is a high-energy molecule…
the complex process by which carbon dioxide, water, and certa…
Autotroph
is an organism that create their own food/energy, or they get…
Heterotroph
is an organism that obtain energy from things they consume.
15 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
Adenosine triphosphate
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
Process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Adenosine triphosphate
Compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
22 terms
Biology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
ATP
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate; an important compound that cells use…
an organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
an organism that makes their own food
the process in which autotrophs use the energy from sunlight…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; an important compound that cells use…
heterotroph
an organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
19 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Adenosine phosphate
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Compound used by cells to store and release energy
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things,…
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
Process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Adenosine phosphate
Compound used by cells to store and release energy
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things,…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Chromosome
CLeavage furrow
Sex chromosome
Autosome
A gene carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
The first sign of cytokinesis during cell division an animal…
A chromosome that determines whether an individual is a male…
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
Chromosome
A gene carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
CLeavage furrow
The first sign of cytokinesis during cell division an animal…
19 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
adenosine triphosphate
cellular respiration
energy
metabolism
(ATP) energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken…
catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
adenosine triphosphate
(ATP) energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken…
cellular respiration
catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
ATP
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
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