Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 8"

12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
adenosine triphosphate
heterotroph
chlorophyll
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organism…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
adenosine triphosphate
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Is the ability to do work
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Energy
Is the ability to do work
Thermodynamics
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
double helix
nucleotide
Frederich Miescher
Thomas Hunt Morgan
twisted double-stranded structure of DNA
building block of nucleic acids which contain 5-carbon sugar,…
discoverer of DNA
used his fruit fly lab to prove chromosomal pattern of inheri…
double helix
twisted double-stranded structure of DNA
nucleotide
building block of nucleic acids which contain 5-carbon sugar,…
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
28 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
Rosalind Franklin
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Shape of DNA
the rules stating that cytosine pairs with guanine and adenin…
Woman who generated x-ray images of DNA, she povided Watson a…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
double helix
Shape of DNA
Biology Chapter 8
adensoine triposphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that is able to capture eergy from sunlight or chemi…
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
adensoine triposphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromatin
the reproduction of a cell
the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
the creation of genetically distinct offspring by the fusion…
the combination of DNA and proteins that constitutes chromoso…
Cell Division
the reproduction of a cell
Asexual Reproduction
the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
ATP
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
Adenosine triphosphate is one of the most important compounds…
an organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
an organism that makes its own food
When autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to produce high-en…
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate is one of the most important compounds…
heterotroph
an organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
66 terms
chapter 8 Biology
plant cells in mitosis
meiosis
cancer
cancer cells
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
disease of the cell cycle
do not respond normally to the cell cycle control system... can…
plant cells in mitosis
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Cell
Chromosome
Chromatin
Replication origins
The basic unit of living organisms
Structures found in dividing eukaryotic cell nuclei that carr…
Long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins in the nuclei of…
Specific DNA sequences that initiate DNA synthesis
Cell
The basic unit of living organisms
Chromosome
Structures found in dividing eukaryotic cell nuclei that carr…
35 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
anaphase
organs
organ systems
organisms
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Organs that work together to perform the same function are or…
Organ systems that work together to perform the same function…
anaphase
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
organs
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary Cellular Energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Ability to do work
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
All of the chemical reactions in a cell are referred to as...
Anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is conver…
Energy
Ability to do work
Thermodynamics
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
active transport
endocytosis... endon = within
exocytosis... exo = out
facilitated diffusion
movement of materials through a membrane against a concentrat…
a process by which a cell surrounds and TAKES IN material fro…
the expulsion or secretion of materials from a cell, e.g. exp…
passive transport of materials across the membrane using tran…
active transport
movement of materials through a membrane against a concentrat…
endocytosis... endon = within
a process by which a cell surrounds and TAKES IN material fro…
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
Organisms that make their own food.
The process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
ATP
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
Biology Chapter 8
Heredity
F1 Generation
Genetics
F2 Generation
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Offspring of the F1 generation
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
F1 Generation
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
Chapter 8 Biology vocabulary
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make their own food
plants convert the energy of sunlight into chemical energy st…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ATP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
photosynthesis
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
use energy in sunlight to make OWN food
process that uses light energy to produce food molecules
ATP
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
Heterotrophs
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
32 terms
Biology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Anaphase
Asexual reproduction
Autosome
Binary fission
The phase in which the chromatids separate and move towards t…
The production of offspring from one parent
Chromosomes not involved in determining sex
In prokaryotic cells, the division of one cell into two
Anaphase
The phase in which the chromatids separate and move towards t…
Asexual reproduction
The production of offspring from one parent
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cellular Respiration
Energy
Metabolism
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Adenosine Triphosphate
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Cellular Respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Griffith
Vaccine
Transformation
Denature
discovered bacterial transformation
A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulate…
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A change in the shape of a protein (such as an enzyme) that c…
Griffith
discovered bacterial transformation
Vaccine
A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulate…
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
27 terms
biology chapter 8 vocabulary
heredity
genetics
self-pollination
cross-pollination
passing of traits from parents to their young
branch of biology that studies heredity
process in which pollen falls from the anther to the stigma o…
transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to the flower…
heredity
passing of traits from parents to their young
genetics
branch of biology that studies heredity
15 terms
Vocabulary - Biology Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
A chemical compound cells use to store and release energy.
Get food by consuming (eating) other organisms.
Use the energy in sunlight to make their own food.
The process that uses light energy to produce food molecules.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A chemical compound cells use to store and release energy.
Heterotrophs
Get food by consuming (eating) other organisms.
19 terms
Biology, Chapter 8 Vocabulary w/images
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
the ability to do work; energy can't be created or destroyed,…
the study of how energy flows and changes in the universe
all of the chemical reactions that go on inside a cell
a series of chemical reactions that change light energy from…
energy
the ability to do work; energy can't be created or destroyed,…
thermodynamics
the study of how energy flows and changes in the universe
Chapter 8 - Biology Vocabulary
ATP
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
a common compound used to create energy; made of: adenine, a…
organism that obtain food by consuming other living things
organism that makes its own food
the process by which autotrophs make their own food
ATP
a common compound used to create energy; made of: adenine, a…
heterotroph
organism that obtain food by consuming other living things
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
13 terms
Biology chapter 8 vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine
Photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process in which extensions of cytoplasm surround and engulf…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
chromosome
chromatid
chromatin
centromere
in eukaryotes, the rod-shaped, coiled structures in the nucle…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible an…
the loosely coiled complex of proteins and DNA in the nucleus…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in eukaryotes, the rod-shaped, coiled structures in the nucle…
chromatid
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible an…
Biology chapter 8 vocabulary
Autotroph
Heterotroph
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
Photosynthesis
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autographs to capture light…
Autotroph
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
important compounds that cells use to store and release energy.
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
organisms that make their own food.
the process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
important compounds that cells use to store and release energy.
Heterotroph
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
10 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
autosome
sex chromosome
binary fission
mitosis
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
one pair of chromosomes that determines the sex of an individ…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
sex chromosome
one pair of chromosomes that determines the sex of an individ…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
adenosine triphosphate (APT)
cellular respiration
energy
metabolism
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
The ability to do work
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
adenosine triphosphate (APT)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
cellular respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Double helix
Base pairing rules
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Monomers that make up DNA
Two strands of DNA wind around each other like a twisted ladder
Thymine always pairs with Adenine, and Cytosine always pairs…
Bacteriophage
A type of virus that takes over a bacterium's genetic machine…
Nucleotides
Monomers that make up DNA
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
Indegestion
Digestion
Movement
Absorption
Intake of food via the mouth
Mechanically or chemically breaking down food into their subu…
Food must be moved along the GI tract in order to fulfill all…
Movement of nutrients across the GI tract wall to be delivere…
Indegestion
Intake of food via the mouth
Digestion
Mechanically or chemically breaking down food into their subu…
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