Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 9"

Chapter 9 biology vocabulary
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+ (Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
A process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and o…
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
Glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Restriction map
Polymerase chain reaction
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
An electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
Shows the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites…
A technique that produces millions-or even billions-of copies…
Restriction enzyme
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Gel electrophoresis
An electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
restriction enzyme (9.1)
gel electrophoresis (9.1)
restriction map (9.1)
Polymerase chain reaction {PCR} (9.2)
enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
show the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites i…
technique that produces billions of copies of a specific DNA…
restriction enzyme (9.1)
enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
gel electrophoresis (9.1)
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
respiration process that requires oxygen
respiration process that does not require oxygen
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Restriction maps
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fragm…
Show the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites i…
Technique that produces millions-or even billions-of copies o…
Restriction enzyme
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Gel electrophoresis
Electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fragm…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Biology Chapter 9
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron tran…
cellular respiration
cellular respiration
lactic acid or alcoholic fermentation
What are the three stages of cellular respiration
_______is the process of breaking down glucose in O2 to relea…
this is an example of
what are the two types of fermentations
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron tran…
What are the three stages of cellular respiration
cellular respiration
_______is the process of breaking down glucose in O2 to relea…
45 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
homozygous
punnett square
heterozygous
heredity
when an organism has the same alleles for a gene
a device for predicting the results of a genetic cross
when an organism has different alleles for a gene
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
homozygous
when an organism has the same alleles for a gene
punnett square
a device for predicting the results of a genetic cross
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 vocabulary
glycolysis
calorie
Krebs cycle
NAD+
The first set of reactions in cellular respiration; literally…
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
a process that breaks pyruvic acid down into carbon dioxide i…
an electron carrier that receives 4 high-energy electrons due…
glycolysis
The first set of reactions in cellular respiration; literally…
calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
19 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 9
6O₂+C₆H₁₂O₆====>^CO₂+6H₂O+Energy
Oxidation is the loss Reduction is the…
Glycolysis
Kreb's cycle
The equation of cellular respiration
O.I.L.R.I.G.
Degrades glucose into pyruvate (occurs in cytosol)
Pyruvate into CO₂ (occurs in the Mitochondrial matrix)
6O₂+C₆H₁₂O₆====>^CO₂+6H₂O+Energy
The equation of cellular respiration
Oxidation is the loss Reduction is the…
O.I.L.R.I.G.
19 terms
PIB Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
Interphase is the first stage of the cell cycle, this is a pe…
Mitosis is the second main stage of the cell cycle during whi…
Cytokinesis is the third main (and final) stage of the cell c…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
Interphase
Interphase is the first stage of the cell cycle, this is a pe…
15 terms
Chapter 9 Biology
Lactic acid fermentation
Photosynthesis
Alcoholic fermentation
Osmosis
anaerobic process in which muscle cells do not have enough ox…
process in which autotrophs/ plants capture sun to make sugars.
anaerobic process. Cells convert pyruvic acid to carbon dioxi…
diffusion of water
Lactic acid fermentation
anaerobic process in which muscle cells do not have enough ox…
Photosynthesis
process in which autotrophs/ plants capture sun to make sugars.
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the field of biology devoted to understanding how traits are…
the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
in genetics, a category within which alternate characteristic…
the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma of a flower…
genetics
the field of biology devoted to understanding how traits are…
heredity
the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
The measure of heat energy in food, equivalent to 1000 calori…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Process that requires oxygen.
Process that does not require oxygen.
Calorie
The measure of heat energy in food, equivalent to 1000 calori…
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
13 terms
Holt biology chapter 9
Vaccine
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
A substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and in…
Describes a micro-organism or virus that causes disease
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
A virus that infects bacteria
Vaccine
A substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and in…
Virulent
Describes a micro-organism or virus that causes disease
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
aerobic
krebs cycle
electron transport chain
fermentation
require oxygen
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
a series of proteins in which the high energy electrons form…
when oxygen in not present, glycolysis is followed by a diffe…
aerobic
require oxygen
krebs cycle
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
16 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Restriction Enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Primer
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
A method of producing thousands of copies of DNA segment usin…
An already existing RNA chain bound to template DNA to which…
Restriction Enzyme
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
Gel electrophoresis
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cycle of growing and dividing amongst cells in order to repro…
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
The stage during which the cell's nucleus and nuclear materia…
The method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
Cell Cycle
Cycle of growing and dividing amongst cells in order to repro…
Interphase
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
18 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
the method by which a cells cytoplasm divides creating a new…
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Heredity
Genetics
Monohybrid cross
True-breeding
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Branch of biology that studies heredity
A cross that considers one pair of contrasting traits
All the offspring display only one form of a particular trait
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity
8 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
amount of energy needed to raise the t…
the process that releases energy from…
requires oxygen, in air, and Krebs Cyc…
does not require oxygen, without air,…
Calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
amount of energy needed to raise the t…
Calorie
the process that releases energy from…
Cellular Respiration
22 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Acetyl CoA
Aerobic
Alcohol Fermentation
Anaerobic
The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
Containing oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or…
The conversion of private to carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol
Lacking oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or cel…
Acetyl CoA
The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
Aerobic
Containing oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or…
72 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 9
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms structural features (2)
Vegetative organs (3)
Flowering Plants
Non-flowering plants
root system & shoot system
Root, Stems, & Leaves
Angiosperms
Flowering Plants
Gymnosperms
Non-flowering plants
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab
calorie
glycolysis
NADH
fermentation
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
the first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
holds the electrons until they can be transferred to other mo…
Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
the first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
19 terms
Biology 1 chapter 9 vocabulary
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
a cycle of growing and developing
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
Third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cells cy…
cell cycle
a cycle of growing and developing
chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
Biology 1 Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Cytokinesis
a cycle of growing and developing
a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within t…
made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic aci…
the physical process of cell division, which divides the cyto…
Cell Cycle
a cycle of growing and developing
Chromatin
a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within t…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
refers to a process that requires oxygen
refers to a process that does not require oxygen
the first set of reactions of cellular respiration in which g…
cellular respiration
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
aerobic
refers to a process that requires oxygen
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary - Genetics
Inheritance
Genetics
Inheritance Patterns
Variations
The process by which physical and biological characteristics…
The scientific study of heredity
Different traits that are determined by a variety of inherita…
any difference between individuals of the same species
Inheritance
The process by which physical and biological characteristics…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Biology Chapter 9
What is Cellular Respiration?
What are the stages of cellular respir…
Where does each stage take place in th…
What is the overall reaction for cellu…
The process of releasing energy from food in the presence of…
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Chain
Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm; Krebs Cycle & Electron in…
6O2 + C6H12O6
What is Cellular Respiration?
The process of releasing energy from food in the presence of…
What are the stages of cellular respir…
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Chain
12 terms
Biology chapter 9: Reproduction, Growth, and Development
trait
placenta
mitosis
gestation
a characteristic of an organism.
a tissue that provides and embryo with food and oxygen from i…
the process that results in two cells just like the parent ce…
the period of development of a mammal, from fertilization unt…
trait
a characteristic of an organism.
placenta
a tissue that provides and embryo with food and oxygen from i…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's r…
Plant hormone that promotes cell division by stimulating prod…
Cell Cycle
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Interphase
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
52 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 9
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 30->3…
Cytosol
Anaerobic
Pyruvate
The equation for cellular respiration
Glycolysis occurs in the _______.
Conditions where oxygen is not present.
In glycolysis, glucose splits in half to form two molecules o…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 30->3…
The equation for cellular respiration
Cytosol
Glycolysis occurs in the _______.
12 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 9 VOCABULARY
Vaccine
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
is a substance that is prepared from killed or weakened disea…
able to cause disease
is a change in genotype caused when cells take up foreign gen…
also referred to as phage is a virus that infects bacteria
Vaccine
is a substance that is prepared from killed or weakened disea…
Virulent
able to cause disease
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
is the process that releases energy from food in the presence…
pathways of cellular respiration that require oxygen
doesn't require oxygen nor does it rely on oxygen-requiring p…
Calorie
is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
Cellular Respiration
is the process that releases energy from food in the presence…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 9
Cellular Respiration
Catabolic Pathway
Fermentation
Anaerobic Respiration
Occurs in mitochondria. ... Generates ATP. ... Is a exergonic react…
Breaks down complex molecules. Exergonic.
Make limited amount of ATP. ... 2 ATP produced... No ETC present... Si…
Produces energy without oxygen. No oxygen present, so uses ot…
Cellular Respiration
Occurs in mitochondria. ... Generates ATP. ... Is a exergonic react…
Catabolic Pathway
Breaks down complex molecules. Exergonic.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cell growing and dividing
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cell growing and dividing
interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
Chapter 9 Biology vocabulary
Calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
"in air"
"without air"
Calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration
the process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
Cellular respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
Calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Fermentation
Matrix
Krebs Cycle
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD+)
Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
Innermost compartment of the mitochondrion
Second stage of cellular respiration in which pyruvic acid is…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Fermentation
Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
Matrix
Innermost compartment of the mitochondrion
Chapter 9 vocabulary biology
Calorie
Krebs Cycle
Anaerobic
Aerobic
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Second stage of cell respiration in which pyruvic acid is bro…
Process that does not require oxygen
Process that requires oxygen
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Krebs Cycle
Second stage of cell respiration in which pyruvic acid is bro…
9 terms
biology chapter 9 vocabulary
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measure of heat energy in food; equivalelent to 1000 calories
process that releases energy from food in the presence of ovy…
process that requires oxygen
process that doe require oxygen
calorie
measure of heat energy in food; equivalelent to 1000 calories
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of ovy…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
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