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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary chapter 9"

24 terms
biology chapter 9 vocabulary
Glucose
Oxidative phosphorylation
Cellular respiration
Substrate-level phosphorylation
six carbon monosaccharide whose oxidation in cellular respira…
production of ATP molecules by ATP synthase using the proton…
a common pathway for production of ATP, involving transfer of…
production of ATP or GTP by the transfer of a phosphate group…
Glucose
six carbon monosaccharide whose oxidation in cellular respira…
Oxidative phosphorylation
production of ATP molecules by ATP synthase using the proton…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 vocabulary
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Taxonomy
Artificial Classification System
Kingdom
Phylum
The science of classifying organisms
A classification system based on observable characteristics
One of the six broad groups of organisms to which all species…
A taxonomic division of a kingdom; composed of one of more cl…
Taxonomy
The science of classifying organisms
Artificial Classification System
A classification system based on observable characteristics
29 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Heredity
Trait
Pollination
Self-Pollination
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic.
When pollen grains produced in the male reproductive parts of…
When pollen is transferred from the anthers of a flower to th…
Heredity
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic.
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
aerobic
krebs cycle
electron transport chain
fermentation
require oxygen
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
a series of proteins in which the high energy electrons form…
when oxygen in not present, glycolysis is followed by a diffe…
aerobic
require oxygen
krebs cycle
the process where pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dio…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
The process of energy conversion that releases energy from fo…
Pathways of cellular respiration that require oxygen.
Pathways of cellular respiration that do not require oxygen.
calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
cellular respiration
The process of energy conversion that releases energy from fo…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Heredity
Genetics
Character
Trait
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
The scientific study of heredity (inheritance).
A heritable feature that varies among individuals within a po…
A variant of a character found within a population, such as p…
Heredity
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity (inheritance).
19 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
When cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
Stage during which the cell grows; carries out cellular funct…
Stage of the cycle during which the cell'a nucleus and nuclea…
Method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a new cell
Cell cycle
When cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
Interphase
Stage during which the cell grows; carries out cellular funct…
22 terms
Chapter 9 Vocabulary | Biology
anaphase
asexual reproduction
binary fission
cancer
third mitotic phase when duplicated chromosome's sister chrom…
reproduction requiring one parent, offspring only inherits ge…
splitting of parent cell into two daughter cells; asexual for…
disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and des…
anaphase
third mitotic phase when duplicated chromosome's sister chrom…
asexual reproduction
reproduction requiring one parent, offspring only inherits ge…
39 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Vocabulary
operon
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
section of RNA containing genes for proteins required for a s…
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
the first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows,…
second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's r…
operon
section of RNA containing genes for proteins required for a s…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Vocabulary (Biology)
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
restriction map
polymerase chain reaction
enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
shows the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites…
a technique that produces millions -even billions- of copies…
restriction enzyme
enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
gel electrophoresis
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
9 terms
Chapter 9 Vocabulary-Biology
calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose in which a mole…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose in which a mole…
30 terms
Chapter 9 Vocabulary - Biology
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Pollination
The field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic, such as…
Occurs when pollen grains produced in the male reproductive p…
Genetics
The field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
Heredity
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
measure of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1000 calories
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
Calorie
measure of heat energy in food; equivalent to 1000 calories
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
15 terms
Biology- Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Dominant
Scientific study of heredity
The passing of genetic traits to parent to offspring
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic
Describes the allele that is fully expressed when carried by…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Heredity
The passing of genetic traits to parent to offspring
29 terms
Biology Chapter 9
What is Cellular Respiration?
What are the stages of cellular respir…
Where does each stage take place in th…
What is the overall reaction for cellu…
The process of releasing energy from food in the presence of…
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Chain
Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm; Krebs Cycle & Electron in…
6O2 + C6H12O6
What is Cellular Respiration?
The process of releasing energy from food in the presence of…
What are the stages of cellular respir…
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Chain
77 terms
Biology Chapter 9 and 10 Vocabulary
Accessory pigment
Acellular slime mold
Alternation of generations
Amoeboid movement
Absorb light at different wavelengths than chlorophyll, givin…
Pass through a stage in which its cells fuse to form large ce…
Switching between haploid and diploid stages during a life cy…
Amoebas are flexible, active cells with thick pseudopods that…
Accessory pigment
Absorb light at different wavelengths than chlorophyll, givin…
Acellular slime mold
Pass through a stage in which its cells fuse to form large ce…
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokineses
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
4 stages- prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.... follows i…
division of a cell at the end of mitosis; seperation of 2 dau…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction; 3 main stages- interphase,…
interphase
1st stage of cell cycle; cell grows, matures, and replicates…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Terms
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
The process by which cells produces energy from carbohydrates
An organic molecule that acts as the main energy source for c…
An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of ATP
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produces energy from carbohydrates
33 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Calorie
Aerobic
Anaerobic
NAD+
The amount of energy required to raise one gram of water by o…
Involving Oxygen
Without Oxygen
Carrier molecule
Calorie
The amount of energy required to raise one gram of water by o…
Aerobic
Involving Oxygen
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
ATP
ATP synthase
Process store energy from sunlight by makenig carbohydrates.
Process cells use energy carbohydrates.
Three phosphates temporarily store then use energy.
Enzyme "energy currency".
Photosynthesis
Process store energy from sunlight by makenig carbohydrates.
Cellular respiration
Process cells use energy carbohydrates.
8 terms
Biology Chapter 9-1 Vocabulary
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
17 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Allopatric speciation
Analogous structure
Chemical Evolution
Comparative Biochemistry
a physical barrier divides one population into one or more po…
structures that have similar function, but not similar shapes…
formation of organic molecules from inorganic substances.
the more closely related two species are, the more amino acid…
Allopatric speciation
a physical barrier divides one population into one or more po…
Analogous structure
structures that have similar function, but not similar shapes…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Biology
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell rep…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
Cell Cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Interphase
first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
24 terms
Biology chapter 9 Vocab
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
Cellular respiration
Redox reaction
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
The catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
A chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Aerobic respiration
A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen and organic molecule…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie (A)
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
Process that requires oxygen.
Process that does not require oxygen.
Calorie (A)
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab
calorie
glycolysis
NADH
fermentation
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
the first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
holds the electrons until they can be transferred to other mo…
Process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
the first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
24 terms
Vocabulary: AP BIOLOGY Pearson Chapter 9: Cell Cycle
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
somatic cells
A cell's endowment of DNA; its genetic information
packaged, condensed structures of DNA, split during mitosis
DNA molecule + associated proteins ... (DNA molecule carries gen…
all body cells that are not reproductive cells (in humans, th…
genome
A cell's endowment of DNA; its genetic information
chromosomes
packaged, condensed structures of DNA, split during mitosis
12 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 - Frontiers of Biotechnology
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
restriction map
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
diagram that shows the lengths of fragments between restricti…
method for increasing the quantity of DNA by separating it in…
restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
gel electrophoresis
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Process of cellular reproduction occurring in three main stag…
1st stage of cell cycle, during which a cell grows, matures a…
2nd main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell replic…
3rd main stage of cell cycle, during which the cells cytoplas…
Cell Cycle
Process of cellular reproduction occurring in three main stag…
Interphase
1st stage of cell cycle, during which a cell grows, matures a…
18 terms
Chapter 9 Biology
autotroph
heterotroph
ADP
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
main energy source that cells use for most of their work. It…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Cell Cycle/Ciclo Celular
Chromosomes/ Cromosoma
Chromatin/cromatina
proceso de reproduccíon celular; consta de tres fases princip…
estructura que contiene DNA y que lleva el material genético…
forma no condensada de DNA en el nucleo de una célula
Cell Cycle/Ciclo Celular
proceso de reproduccíon celular; consta de tres fases princip…
Chromosomes/ Cromosoma
estructura que contiene DNA y que lleva el material genético…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Restriction Enzyme
Gel Electrophoresis
Restriction Maps
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules when they identify specific nu…
An electrical current used to spate a mixture of DNA fragment…
Shows the length of DNA fragments between sites in a strand o…
A technique that produces millions or even billions of copies…
Restriction Enzyme
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules when they identify specific nu…
Gel Electrophoresis
An electrical current used to spate a mixture of DNA fragment…
9 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
calorie (A)
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
calorie (A)
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration
cellular respiration
15 terms
Biology chapter 9
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
Process that releases energy from food when there is oxygen p…
Chemical pathways that require oxygen
Chemical pathway that does not require oxygen
First step in cellular respiration that breaks glucose into 2…
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy from food when there is oxygen p…
Aerobic
Chemical pathways that require oxygen
36 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Review
faster
Larger the cell becomes, the more dema…
Cell division
provides variety of traits and genes
Volume increases ______ than surface area when a cell increas…
2 reasons our cell divides
process where cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
advantage of sexual reproduction over asexual reproduction
faster
Volume increases ______ than surface area when a cell increas…
Larger the cell becomes, the more dema…
2 reasons our cell divides
13 terms
Chapter 9 Modern Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Heredity
trait
dominant
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
in genetics, describes an allele that is fully expressed when…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
19 terms
Chapter 9 vocabulary biology
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in 3 main stages-…
relaxed from of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in 3 main stages-…
chromatin
relaxed from of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
24 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Conjugation
Chromosome
Diploid cell
Karyotype
a form of horizontal gene transfer in which one cell receives…
a continuous molecule of DNA wrapped around protein in the nu…
cell containing two full sets of chromosomes, one from each p…
a size-ordered chart of the chromosomes in a cell
Conjugation
a form of horizontal gene transfer in which one cell receives…
Chromosome
a continuous molecule of DNA wrapped around protein in the nu…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
17 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocab
ATP ( Adenosine Triphosphate)
Photosynthesis
Light- Dependent reactions
Light- Independent reactions
energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
Process that uses the sun's energy to make simple sugars
Converts light energy into chemical energy
phase of photosynthesis where energy from light dependent rea…
ATP ( Adenosine Triphosphate)
energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
Photosynthesis
Process that uses the sun's energy to make simple sugars
36 terms
Biology: Chapter 9: Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
trait
trait
the field of biology devoted to understanding how traits are…
the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
in genetics, a category within which alternate characteristic…
variations of a specific characterisitc
genetics
the field of biology devoted to understanding how traits are…
heredity
the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
A process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and o…
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
Glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
10 terms
Chapter 9 biology vocabulary
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+ (Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
22 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocabulary
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Restriction map
Polymerase chain reaction
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
An electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
Shows the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites…
A technique that produces millions-or even billions-of copies…
Restriction enzyme
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
Gel electrophoresis
An electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fr…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Allele
Carrier
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
Codominant
An alternative version of a gene.... Example: Curly hair vs str…
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessively inherited…
A basic principle in biology stating that genes are located o…
Inheritance pattern in which a heterozygote expresses the dis…
Allele
An alternative version of a gene.... Example: Curly hair vs str…
Carrier
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessively inherited…
Biology-Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Releases only a small amount of energy. If oxygen is present,…
The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
One of the reactants of glycolysis removes 4 high-energy elec…
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Glycolysis
Releases only a small amount of energy. If oxygen is present,…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Messenger RNA
Transcription
Translation
Ribosomal RNA
Temporary copy of a gene that encodes a protein.
Process of making an mRNA molecule.
Pattern that determines the order in which amino acids are ad…
Ribosomes themselves are made of proteins and another type of…
Messenger RNA
Temporary copy of a gene that encodes a protein.
Transcription
Process of making an mRNA molecule.
Chapter 9 Biology Vocab
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
This is the process of cellular reproduction; occurring in th…
This is the first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cel…
This is the second main stage of the cell cycle during which…
This is the third main stage of the cell cycle, during which…
Cell Cycle
This is the process of cellular reproduction; occurring in th…
Interphase
This is the first stage of the cell cycle, during which a cel…
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