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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary"

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Study sets matching "biology vocabulary"

15 terms
Biology vocabulary
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus.…
This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These ce…
This is a way that single-called organisms reproduce, as well…
This type of cell division is a type of sexual reproduction.…
Prokaryote
This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus.…
Eukaryote
This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These ce…
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Biotic
Abiotic
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Describes living factors in the environment.
Describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
Abiotic
Describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
23 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 1
Science
Observation
Data
Inference
Organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
Use of one or more of the senses to gather information.
Evidence, information gathered from observations.
Logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience.
Science
Organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
Observation
Use of one or more of the senses to gather information.
13 terms
Chapter 1 Biology Vocabulary
Science
Observation
Hypothesis
Controlled Experiment
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
a process of noticing and describing events in a careful and…
a possible explanation for a scientific question
an experiment in which only one variable is changed
Science
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Observation
a process of noticing and describing events in a careful and…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
habitat
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
13 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.18)
bacteria
binary fission
capsid
capsule
microscopic prokaryotes most are beneficial to humans and to…
asexual form of reproduction used by some prokaryotes in whic…
outer protein layer that surrounds the genetic material of a…
polysaccharide layer secreted around the cell wall by some pr…
bacteria
microscopic prokaryotes most are beneficial to humans and to…
binary fission
asexual form of reproduction used by some prokaryotes in whic…
27 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.32)
actin
appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
cardiac muscle
protein filament in muscle cells that functions with myosin i…
one of the two divisions of the human skeleton; includes the…
one of the two divisions of the human skeleton; includes the…
involuntary muscle found only in the heart
actin
protein filament in muscle cells that functions with myosin i…
appendicular skeleton
one of the two divisions of the human skeleton; includes the…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
the sixth classification level of living things that includes…
group of organisms that can breed with each other to produce…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.3)
abyssal zone
aphotic zone
benthic zone
boreal forest
The deepest, very cold region of the open ocean
An open-ocean zone through which sunlight cannot penetrate
An ocean-floor area consisting of sand, silt, and dead organi…
A biome south of the tundra with dense evergreen forests and…
abyssal zone
The deepest, very cold region of the open ocean
aphotic zone
An open-ocean zone through which sunlight cannot penetrate
16 terms
Biology Module 15 Vocabulary
Physiology
Nastic Movement
Pore Spaces
Loam
The study of life processes in an organism.
A plant's response to a stimulus such that the direction of t…
Spaces in the soil that determine how much water and air the…
A mixture of gravel, sand, silt, clay, and other organic matt…
Physiology
The study of life processes in an organism.
Nastic Movement
A plant's response to a stimulus such that the direction of t…
8 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Biology
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Scientific study of all forms of life.
All of the living things on Earth and all of the places in wh…
The variety of living things in a certain area or across the…
A certain type of living things that can reproduce by interbr…
Biology
Scientific study of all forms of life.
Biosphere
All of the living things on Earth and all of the places in wh…
23 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.13)
inbreeding
selective breeding
test cross
cloning
Selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
Directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
Breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
inbreeding
Selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
selective breeding
Directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.4)
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 16 Vocabulary
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
change over time
preserved remains of ancient animals
selective breeding of plants and animals
a trait that increases an animal's chances of survival
evolution
change over time
fossil
preserved remains of ancient animals
23 terms
CLASSIFICATION VOCABULARY - BIOLOGY
Taxonomy
Taxons
Binomial Nomenclature
Carlos Linnaeus
Study of how living things are classified (classification)
Levels in classification (there are 8)
Two-part naming system (scientific name)... Ex. Canus lupus (wolf)
Who is credited with binomial nomenclature?
Taxonomy
Study of how living things are classified (classification)
Taxons
Levels in classification (there are 8)
30 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.2)
abiotic factor
biological community
biome
biosphere
Any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
All the interacting populations of different species that liv…
A large group of ecosystems that share the same climate and h…
The relatively thin layer of Earth and its atmosphere that su…
abiotic factor
Any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
biological community
All the interacting populations of different species that liv…
28 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.15)
adaptive radiation
allopatric speciation
analogous structure
ancestral trait
diversification of a species into a number of different speci…
occurs when a population divided by a geographic barrier evol…
structure that has the same function but different constructi…
more-primitive characteristic that appeared in common ancestors
adaptive radiation
diversification of a species into a number of different speci…
allopatric speciation
occurs when a population divided by a geographic barrier evol…
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.14)
theory of biogenesis
Cambrian explosion
endosymbiont theory
era
states that only living organisms can produce other living or…
rapid diversification of most major animal groups during the…
explains that eukaryotic cells may have evolved from prokaryo…
a large division of Earth's geologic time scale that is furth…
theory of biogenesis
states that only living organisms can produce other living or…
Cambrian explosion
rapid diversification of most major animal groups during the…
Biology (Ch.3) Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
13 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.11)
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
A diagram that traces the inheritance of a particular trait t…
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
An inheritance pattern in which both alleles are expressed in…
carrier
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
pedigree
A diagram that traces the inheritance of a particular trait t…
20 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.10)
allele
crossing over
diploid
dominant
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome (2n)
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the F1 ge…
allele
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
crossing over
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.12)
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
The twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide str…
The repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA…
An enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA molecules
A short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small s…
double helix
The twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide str…
nucleosome
The repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA…
24 terms
Biology Vocabulary
theory
domain
prokaryote
eukaryote
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domai…
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
theory
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
domain
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domai…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
16 terms
Biology: Chapter 21 Vocabulary
tundra
taiga
temperate forests
coniferous trees
a treeless plain that is located in the Arctic or Antarctic a…
a region of evergreen, coniferous forests below the arctic an…
a region of forest that has pronounced seasons, moderate temp…
a tree belonging to a group of tree species that bear their s…
tundra
a treeless plain that is located in the Arctic or Antarctic a…
taiga
a region of evergreen, coniferous forests below the arctic an…
17 terms
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
48 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Biome
Carbon cycle
Climate
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
the recycling of carbon through photosynthesis, respiration,…
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
Biome
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Population
Exponential growth curve
Population size
Carrying capacity
Consists of all the individuals of a species that live togeth…
Is a curve in which the rate of population growth stays the s…
The number of individuals in a population
The population size that an environment can sustain
Population
Consists of all the individuals of a species that live togeth…
Exponential growth curve
Is a curve in which the rate of population growth stays the s…
150 terms
Biology EOC Vocabulary
levels of organization, from simplest…
biosphere
ecosystem
abiotic Factors
Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism, Popul…
The living world
A self supporting area composed of living AND nonliving thing…
Nonliving parts of the environment
levels of organization, from simplest…
Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism, Popul…
biosphere
The living world
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Biome
Weather
Resource
Secondary Succession
Complex of terrestrial communities that covers a large area a…
The day to day conditions of the earth's atmosphere.
A necessity of life such as water, food, and nutrients.
When an area restores an ecosystem that previously existed.
Biome
Complex of terrestrial communities that covers a large area a…
Weather
The day to day conditions of the earth's atmosphere.
32 terms
Biology Vocabulary (Ch.33)
action potential
addiction
autonomic nervous system
axon
nerve impulse
psychological and/or physiological dependence on a drug
part of the peripheral nervous system that transmits impulses…
neuron structure that transmits nerve impulses from cell body…
action potential
nerve impulse
addiction
psychological and/or physiological dependence on a drug
25 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
55 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Traits
Genetics
Organism
Community
In biology, a trait or character is a feature of an organism.…
The branch of biology that deals with heredity, especially th…
A living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act o…
Related to Ecology: A group of interdependent organisms inhab…
Traits
In biology, a trait or character is a feature of an organism.…
Genetics
The branch of biology that deals with heredity, especially th…
19 terms
Genetics Vocabulary THS Biology
Chromosome
DNA
Gene
Heredity
A threadlike structure inside a cell's nucleus that contains…
The genetic material that carries information about an organi…
A sequence of DNA; a factor that controls traits
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Chromosome
A threadlike structure inside a cell's nucleus that contains…
DNA
The genetic material that carries information about an organi…
Biology Keystone Vocabulary #2
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Endosymbiosis
Eukaryote
Golgi Apparatus
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
A type of organism composed of one or more cells containing a…
An organelle found in eukaryotic cells responsible for the fi…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
In BOTH types of cells. Carries substances, like proteins, to…
Endosymbiosis
Occurs when one organism is consumed by another organism and…
90 terms
Biology Vocabulary
adhesion
aerobic
amino acid
anaerobic
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Containing oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or…
Building blocks of proteins
Describes a process that does not require oxygen
adhesion
An attraction between molecules of different substances
aerobic
Containing oxygen; referring to an organism, environment, or…
34 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Science
Biology
Observation
Scientific Method
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
The study of life
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Biology
The study of life
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary
biosphere
ecology
population
community
Portion of earth that supports life
Interactions between organisms and their environment
A group of individuals of the same species
A group of different populations that live together in a defi…
biosphere
Portion of earth that supports life
ecology
Interactions between organisms and their environment
34 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Homeostasis
Metabolsim
Biology
Evolution
the process of keeping internal conditions stable
all chemical reactions needed to make sure living things stay…
the study of life
the process by which living organisms are thought to have dev…
Homeostasis
the process of keeping internal conditions stable
Metabolsim
all chemical reactions needed to make sure living things stay…
15 terms
Biology vocabulary
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus.…
This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These ce…
This is a way that single-called organisms reproduce, as well…
This type of cell division is a type of sexual reproduction.…
Prokaryote
This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus.…
Eukaryote
This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These ce…
14 terms
Biology: Chapter 41 Vocabulary
albumin
Allontois
Alveoli
Amnion
the white of an egg, composed primarily of the protein albumi…
a membranous sac that acts as an organ of respiration and nut…
any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
in mammals, birds, and reptiles, the membrane that contains a…
albumin
the white of an egg, composed primarily of the protein albumi…
Allontois
a membranous sac that acts as an organ of respiration and nut…
15 terms
Biology: Chapter 39 Vocabulary
cartilage
counterrecurrent flow
chemoreception
cranium
a flexible and strong connective tissue (page 784)
in fish gills, an arrangement whereby water flows away from t…
the ability to detect chemicals in the environment (page 783)
the skeleton of the head, especially the portion of the skull…
cartilage
a flexible and strong connective tissue (page 784)
counterrecurrent flow
in fish gills, an arrangement whereby water flows away from t…
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary
botany
zoology
anatomy
genetics
botany
zoology
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
126 terms
Biology Fall Semester Vocabulary
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Constant
Control
the variable that an experimenter measures to determine how c…
the variable the experimenter changes or manipulates; the var…
variable(s) that do not change in the experiment
the standard for comparison
Dependent Variable
the variable that an experimenter measures to determine how c…
Independent Variable
the variable the experimenter changes or manipulates; the var…
48 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Biome
Carbon cycle
Climate
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
the recycling of carbon through photosynthesis, respiration,…
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
Biome
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Set 1
Punnet Square
Allele
Anther
Cross-pollination
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Alternative versions of a gene that produce distinguishable p…
Male part of the flower where sperm (pollen) are produced by…
a reproductive process in which pollen from one plant is tran…
Punnet Square
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles t…
Allele
Alternative versions of a gene that produce distinguishable p…
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary
Bio geochemical Cycle
Nitrogen Cycle
Carbon Cycle
Decay
Pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both biot…
the series of processes by which nitrogen and its compounds a…
the cycle of thermonuclear reactions believed to occur in sta…
(of organic matter) rot or decompose through the action of ba…
Bio geochemical Cycle
Pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both biot…
Nitrogen Cycle
the series of processes by which nitrogen and its compounds a…
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