Study sets matching "biology"

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Study sets matching "biology"

Biology
Plasma Membrane (cell membrane)
Lipid Bilayer
Phospholipid
Transport Protien
Flexible, selectively permeable (having pores or openings) bo…
double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
Protein that moves substances or wastes through the plasma me…
Plasma Membrane (cell membrane)
Flexible, selectively permeable (having pores or openings) bo…
Lipid Bilayer
double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell m…
107 terms
BIOLOGY
Cell
Cell Theory
Biogenisis
Plasma Membrane
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
Cells derived from pre-existing cells.
Also known as the cell membrane. ... Separates the outside envir…
Cell
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
Cell Theory
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
Biology
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
1st part of the scientific method
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
BIOLOGY
Cell
Cell Theory
Biogenisis
Plasma Membrane
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
Cells derived from pre-existing cells.
Also known as the cell membrane. ... Separates the outside envir…
Cell
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
Cell Theory
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
Biology
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation(very important)
chloroplasts
glucose
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
another name for sugar C6H12O6... three things used for making g…
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
photosynthesis equation(very important)
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
Biology
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
164 terms
Biology
Properties of the combinations of Carb…
Organic molecules
Testosterone
Hydroxl
-Nonpolar... -Not soluble in H2O ... -Hydrophobic ... -Stable
Molecules of life and are built around chains of carbon
Primary sex characteristics (male/female parts, sex drive, pr…
OH
Properties of the combinations of Carb…
-Nonpolar... -Not soluble in H2O ... -Hydrophobic ... -Stable
Organic molecules
Molecules of life and are built around chains of carbon
200 terms
Biology
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
30 terms
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
24 terms
Biology
meter (m)
liter (L)
gram (g)
triple beam balance
length
liquid volume
mass
mass
meter (m)
length
liter (L)
liquid volume
20 terms
Biology
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
aquaporins
osmosis
particles tend to move from area of high concentration to are…
molecules that can't directly diffuse accross the membrane pa…
cells contain water channels, proteins that allow water to pa…
the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
particles tend to move from area of high concentration to are…
facilitated diffusion
molecules that can't directly diffuse accross the membrane pa…
Biology
golgi apparatus
vacuole
ribosomes
rough er
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat…
A membrane-bound sack that buds from the endoplasmic reticulu…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
golgi apparatus
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat…
vacuole
A membrane-bound sack that buds from the endoplasmic reticulu…
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
BIOLOGY
Cell
Cell Theory
Biogenisis
Plasma Membrane
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
Cells derived from pre-existing cells.
Also known as the cell membrane. ... Separates the outside envir…
Cell
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
Cell Theory
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
37 terms
Biology
cancer
development
ecology
gene
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
the branch of biology that studies the interactions of organi…
sections of chromosomes made of DNA that code for traits. The…
cancer
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
development
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
14 terms
Biology
Independent Variable
Dependent Varaible
Controlled Variable/Constants
Control Group
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
A dependent variable is what you measure in the experiment an…
Anything in an experiment that is not allowed to change/Kept…
the group that does not receive the experimental treatment.
Independent Variable
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
Dependent Varaible
A dependent variable is what you measure in the experiment an…
Biology
Iridium
Cretaceous Period
Cretaceous Period
Proof of Asteroid
A rare element that was found in high concentrations in the e…
The period that resulted in a mass extinction due to an aster…
The time of the dinosaurs.
1) Shocked quartz... 2) Sandstone caused by tsunami... 3) Large cra…
Iridium
A rare element that was found in high concentrations in the e…
Cretaceous Period
The period that resulted in a mass extinction due to an aster…
12 terms
Biology
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
16 terms
Biology
Homeostasis Theory
Evolutionary Theory
Gene Theory
Ecosystem Theory
internal environment of an organism stays relatively constant
All living things have a common ancestor, but eat is adapted…
Organisms contain coded info that dictates their entire being
Organisms are members of populations which interact with each…
Homeostasis Theory
internal environment of an organism stays relatively constant
Evolutionary Theory
All living things have a common ancestor, but eat is adapted…
12 terms
biology
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during wh…
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
prophase
the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during wh…
Biology
Free Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulums
Lysosomes
Golgi Apparatus
80s, translate mRNA to produce proteins; they are the sites o…
80s. The flattened membrane sacs, called cisterna, have ribos…
Houses digestive enzymes inside which can be used to break do…
Also contains flattened membrane sacs called cisterna and the…
Free Ribosomes
80s, translate mRNA to produce proteins; they are the sites o…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulums
80s. The flattened membrane sacs, called cisterna, have ribos…
435 terms
Biology
golgi apparatus
vacuole
ribosomes
rough er
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat…
A membrane-bound sack that buds from the endoplasmic reticulu…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
golgi apparatus
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat…
vacuole
A membrane-bound sack that buds from the endoplasmic reticulu…
172 terms
Biology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Photosynthesis
The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert e…
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energ…
The sum total of all processes in an organism which break dow…
The process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Metabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert e…
Anabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energ…
21 terms
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
biome
An alternative form of a gene.
Domain of prokaryotic organisms that are biochemically and ge…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Archaea
Domain of prokaryotic organisms that are biochemically and ge…
Biology
Atom
Electron
6 important element of life
Compound... Coworker
Smallest basic unit of matter
Can't be broken down
S.P.O.N.C.H ... Sulfur... phosphorus... oxygen... nitrogen... Carbon... Hydrogen
Substance made of different atoms
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Electron
Can't be broken down
177 terms
Biology
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation(very important)
chloroplasts
glucose
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
another name for sugar C6H12O6... three things used for making g…
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
photosynthesis equation(very important)
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
173 terms
Biology
abstract
applied science
atom
Basic science
opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the res…
form of science that aims to solve real-world problems... (Page…
smallest and most fundamental unit of matter... (Page 38).
science that seeks to expand knowledge and understanding rega…
abstract
opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the res…
applied science
form of science that aims to solve real-world problems... (Page…
Biology
cancer
development
ecology
gene
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
the branch of biology that studies the interactions of organi…
sections of chromosomes made of DNA that code for traits. The…
cancer
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
development
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
Biology
detection
transmission
perception
5 different types of receptors
ability to respond to stimulus
point of stimulus to brain
information received from brain
chemoreceptor--taste... mechanoreceptor--touch... photoreceptor--ey…
detection
ability to respond to stimulus
transmission
point of stimulus to brain
29 terms
Biology
Biochemistry
Levels of organization
States of matter
Covalent bond
Levels of organization, atoms-molecules-bonding, macromolecul…
Atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
Bose-Einstein Condensate(cooled down below solid), Solid, Liq…
Chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pair of…
Biochemistry
Levels of organization, atoms-molecules-bonding, macromolecul…
Levels of organization
Atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
28 terms
Biology
RNA
Gene
ATP
Cell
single strands of nucleotides used to transport messages
a segment of DNA that is located in the genome and that codes…
Single nucleotide with two extra energy storing groups
In biology the smallest unit that can perform all life proces…
RNA
single strands of nucleotides used to transport messages
Gene
a segment of DNA that is located in the genome and that codes…
13 terms
Biology
Biology
Excretion
Exobiology
Growth
Biology ... The study of life and living things.
Excretion ... The removal of unusable or excess material from a…
Exobiologist ... A biologist who studies the possibility of life…
Growth ... An increase in cell size or in the number of cells.
Biology
Biology ... The study of life and living things.
Excretion
Excretion ... The removal of unusable or excess material from a…
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
17 terms
Biology
8 Characteristics of life
adhesion
covalent bonds
polar molecule
1. made of cells 2. DNA code 3. metabolism 4. grow and develo…
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Sharing of electrons
a molecule in which one side of the molecule is slightly nega…
8 Characteristics of life
1. made of cells 2. DNA code 3. metabolism 4. grow and develo…
adhesion
An attraction between molecules of different substances
48 terms
Biology
Atom
Atom
Element
Element
The basic unit of a chemical element
A part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that i…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element
Atom
10 terms
biology
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation(very important)
chloroplasts
glucose
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
another name for sugar C6H12O6... three things used for making g…
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
photosynthesis equation(very important)
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Biology
cytoskelonton
cilia
cell membrane
flagella
it is the cell structure
moves cells across their enviorment
it is the barrier
a long hair like structure outside the cell
cytoskelonton
it is the cell structure
cilia
moves cells across their enviorment
Biology
Prophase
Interphase
G1 Stage
Synthesis Stage
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
The cell is functioning normally and begins to grow in size.…
the cells DNA replicates
Prophase
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Biology
Endocrine system
Pituitary
thyroid
parathyroid
composed of glands that secrete different types of hormone th…
at the base of the brain; stimulates growth and controls func…
below the voice box; regulates body metabolism and causes sto…
in the neck; controls the calcium levels in your body, and no…
Endocrine system
composed of glands that secrete different types of hormone th…
Pituitary
at the base of the brain; stimulates growth and controls func…
27 terms
Biology
Zygote
Crossing over
Tetrad
Meiosis
Fertilized egg
Chromatids of chromosomes cross over, crossed sections are ex…
Structure containing four chromatids
Process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Zygote
Fertilized egg
Crossing over
Chromatids of chromosomes cross over, crossed sections are ex…
79 terms
biology
systolic
diastolic
blood pressure
function of the blood
Blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the vent…
occurs when the ventricles are relaxed; the lowest pressure a…
Reflects the force the blood exerts against the walls of the…
Transportation materials to and from cells... Transports nutrien…
systolic
Blood pressure in the arteries during contraction of the vent…
diastolic
occurs when the ventricles are relaxed; the lowest pressure a…
15 terms
Biology
Matter
Elements
Atom
Neutrons
Anything that occupies space
Pure substances that cannot be further broken down into simpl…
Smallest unit of an element
Negative charged building block of a nucleus
Matter
Anything that occupies space
Elements
Pure substances that cannot be further broken down into simpl…
Biology
Ribosome
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Vacoule
Makes proteins
A membrane studded with ribosomes that produce proteins
Series of membrane tubes that help transport proteins
Stores water
Ribosome
Makes proteins
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
A membrane studded with ribosomes that produce proteins
18 terms
biology
1 law of thermodynamics
law of conservation of mass
oxidation
reduction
matter and energy can not be created or destroyed only change
mass is not lost it mite change form but never lost
add O
removing O
1 law of thermodynamics
matter and energy can not be created or destroyed only change
law of conservation of mass
mass is not lost it mite change form but never lost
22 terms
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
biome
Different forms of a gene
Domain of prokaryotic organisms that are biochemically and ge…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
allele
Different forms of a gene
Archaea
Domain of prokaryotic organisms that are biochemically and ge…
70 terms
Biology
polymer
Monomer
7 properties of life
6 steps of scientific procedure
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Structure, Regulation, Response to Stimuli, Growth and Develo…
Make an observation/question, Form a hypothesis, state what w…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
39 terms
Biology
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Base
Watson and Crick
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Cytosine, Adenine, Thymine, Guanine... and in mRNA Uracil
The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DN…
Nucleotide
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
Deoxyribose
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
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