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Study sets matching "biology"

28 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Fa h3 Voca A
Spaans
Engels
Le séjour
L'échange
L'espagnol
L'anglais
Het verblijf
De uitwisseling
Spaans
L'espagnol
Engels
L'anglais
42 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology 12 and 13.1 study guide
What are the Chemical components of DNA?
What clues helped scientists solve the…
What does the double-helix model tell…
Base pairing
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long…
The clues in Franklins X-ray pattern enabled Watson and Crick…
The double-helix model explains Chargaff's rule of base pairi…
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
What are the Chemical components of DNA?
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long…
What clues helped scientists solve the…
The clues in Franklins X-ray pattern enabled Watson and Crick…
12 termscreated on December 6, 2016
UNIT 3 school subjects
a school subject
French
chemistry
physics
une matière scolaire
le français
la chimie
la physique
a school subject
une matière scolaire
French
le français
15 termscreated on December 6, 2016
biologie trimister 1
gen
allel
dominant
recessief
een stukje DNA op het chromosoom dat vertaalt voor een bepaal…
verschillende verschijningsvormen van een gen
kenmerk die overheerst
kenmerk dat wordt overheerst/ dat ondergeschikt is
gen
een stukje DNA op het chromosoom dat vertaalt voor een bepaal…
allel
verschillende verschijningsvormen van een gen
11 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Cofactors (E)
Define cofactor
Give the two types of cofactors
Define enzyme-substrate complex
What is a prosthetic groul
A substance that has to be present to ensure that an enzyme-c…
Some cofactors (prosthetic groups) are part of the enzyme str…
Complex formed by temporary binding of the enzyme and substra…
A cofactor that is permanently bound, by covalent bonds, to a…
Define cofactor
A substance that has to be present to ensure that an enzyme-c…
Give the two types of cofactors
Some cofactors (prosthetic groups) are part of the enzyme str…
20 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Bio 242 Exam 4 Ch 54
Ecological community
Niche
Habitat
Mutualism interaction
set of all of the interacting species present in a given plac…
job or occupation of an organism, functional role in community.
address, location of species. Two or more species are present…
each species is benefitted in some way by the other and canno…
Ecological community
set of all of the interacting species present in a given plac…
Niche
job or occupation of an organism, functional role in community.
16 terms
created on December 6, 2016
Respiratory System
Respiration
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Oxygen
The process occurring inside all cells of the body where the…
The movement of particles of a substance from an area of high…
Difference in the concentration of a substance from one locat…
The molecule from the air that is required to efficiently bre…
Respiration
The process occurring inside all cells of the body where the…
Diffusion
The movement of particles of a substance from an area of high…
8 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Prokaryotic cell structure
Capsule
Mesosome
Cell wall
Plasmid
Protective and waxy. Surrounds the peptidoglycan cell wall
Infolding of the CSM, enables aerobic respiration
Made of peptidoglycan. Protects it from the effects of osmosis
Loops of DNA. Resistance. Linear DNA (NAKED - not wrapped aro…
Capsule
Protective and waxy. Surrounds the peptidoglycan cell wall
Mesosome
Infolding of the CSM, enables aerobic respiration
32 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Unit 11: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis Vocab & Concepts (EICC.edu)
nucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
a biomolecule involved in the transfer of genetic information…
RNA - a nucleic acid found in the cytoplasm of cells
DNA - a nucleic acid found in the nuclei of cells
repeating structural unit of monomer of polymeric nucleic acids
nucleic acid
a biomolecule involved in the transfer of genetic information…
ribonucleic acid
RNA - a nucleic acid found in the cytoplasm of cells
7 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Eukaryotic: PLANT non-membrane bound
Ribosome
Cellulose cell wall
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Spherical. 20nm diameter. Can't be observed with optical mic.…
Microfibrils and macrofibrils. Macro held side by side, by hy…
What do plant cells definitely not have?
What do plants often not have, but if they do it's poorly dev…
Ribosome
Spherical. 20nm diameter. Can't be observed with optical mic.…
Cellulose cell wall
Microfibrils and macrofibrils. Macro held side by side, by hy…
10 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Bio 242 Exam 4 Ch 53
Population
Exponential grown of population
Biotic potential
Environmental resistance
group of interbreeding individuals of one species that lives…
can occur in all living organisms, include those with long li…
power of a population to increase in numbers under optimal co…
factors that slow population growth. The sum of the physical…
Population
group of interbreeding individuals of one species that lives…
Exponential grown of population
can occur in all living organisms, include those with long li…
8 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology questions B
Explain why plants cant exchange subst…
What do xylem vessels transport?
Name the substance present in the xyle…
What is the main substance phloem tiss…
It would be too slow to meet their metabolic needs because pl…
Water and mineral ions
Lignin
Sucrose/sugars
Explain why plants cant exchange subst…
It would be too slow to meet their metabolic needs because pl…
What do xylem vessels transport?
Water and mineral ions
7 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Eukaryotic: PLANT membrane-bound
Nucleus
Nucleolus
RER
SER
Surrounded by a double membrane... Pores within the envelope to…
Not surrounded by a membrane, contains RNA.Where ribosomes ar…
A system of membranes containing cisternae (fluid-filled cavi…
A system of membranes containing cisternae that are continuou…
Nucleus
Surrounded by a double membrane... Pores within the envelope to…
Nucleolus
Not surrounded by a membrane, contains RNA.Where ribosomes ar…
34 termscreated on December 6, 2016
医学英語
aden/o... adenoma... adenitis
arthr/o... arthritis
bi/o... biology... biopsy
gland... tumor,mass of gland... inflammation of gland
joint... inflammation of joint
life... study of life... viewing of life
aden/o... adenoma... adenitis
gland... tumor,mass of gland... inflammation of gland
arthr/o... arthritis
joint... inflammation of joint
10 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology-the heart
Biology
Explain why a person who loses a lot o…
Explain why a person who loses a lot o…
How do white blood cells protect the b…
...
Not as much oxygen can be transported through their blood bec…
They can't respire
Phagocytes engulf bacteria
Biology
...
Explain why a person who loses a lot o…
Not as much oxygen can be transported through their blood bec…
17 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Bio 242 Ex 4 Ch 50
Functions of skeletons
Problems with skeletons
Diffuse skeletons
Hydrostatic skeletons
protect against mechanical and chemical damage, protects agai…
expensive to make, maintain and haul around metabolically, li…
spicules and spongin in sponges
coelomate annelids, molluscs, and pseduocoeleomate worms. inc…
Functions of skeletons
protect against mechanical and chemical damage, protects agai…
Problems with skeletons
expensive to make, maintain and haul around metabolically, li…
7 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Eukaryotic: ANIMAL non-membrane bound
Ribosome
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Protein microfilament
Spherical. 20nm diameter. Can't be observed with optical mic.…
ONLY FOUND IN ANIMAL CELLS. 2 bundles of microtubules at righ…
Mainly found in animal cells - plants have cell wall so this…
Which of the 3 types of cytoskeleton is used for support, mec…
Ribosome
Spherical. 20nm diameter. Can't be observed with optical mic.…
Centrioles
ONLY FOUND IN ANIMAL CELLS. 2 bundles of microtubules at righ…
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology: Plants
Bryophytes (Moss)
Ferns
Gymnosperms (Pine Tress)
Angiosperm (Flowers-roses)
Nonvascular; Need to be close to water
Vascular; first vascular plants to evolve
Vascular; evergreens that stay green all year long
Vascular; color and smell attract insects to pollinate
Bryophytes (Moss)
Nonvascular; Need to be close to water
Ferns
Vascular; first vascular plants to evolve
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Tedesco
das heft
der kuli
die biologie
die chemie
Quaderno
Penna
Biologia
Chimica
das heft
Quaderno
der kuli
Penna
10 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Infectious Diseases CIE Biology AS level
Define the term disease and explain th…
State the name and type of causative o…
Explain how cholera, measles, malaria,…
Discuss the biological, social and eco…
A disease is an illness or disorder of the body or mind that…
Cholera... causative agent: Vibrio Cholerae ... type of organism: b…
Cholera is transmitted through food and water.... Measles is tra…
HIV/AIDS... The transmission of HIV can be controlled by using b…
Define the term disease and explain th…
A disease is an illness or disorder of the body or mind that…
State the name and type of causative o…
Cholera... causative agent: Vibrio Cholerae ... type of organism: b…
27 termscreated on December 6, 2016
DP Biology Vocabulary - 6.6 Hormones, homeostasis and reproduction
Adipose tissue
Alpha cells (α-cells)
Beta cells (β-cells)
Blood glucose
a type of connective tissue that contains stored cellular fat.
endocrine cells in the pancreas that synthesize and secrete g…
cells in the pancreas that make insulin, a hormone that contr…
the concentration of glucose in the blood, measured in millig…
Adipose tissue
a type of connective tissue that contains stored cellular fat.
Alpha cells (α-cells)
endocrine cells in the pancreas that synthesize and secrete g…
12 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology- biological membranes Key words
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Phospholipids
Glycoproteins
Water loving
Water hating
Main component of a cell membrane, two fatty acid tails with…
A protein with a carbohydrate chain attached
Hydrophilic
Water loving
Hydrophobic
Water hating
48 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology: Invertebrates
Porifera - Example
Cnidarian - Example
Plathelminthes - Example
Nematoda - Example
Sponge
Jellyfish, Hydra
Flatworm, Planarian, Fluke
Roundworms, hookworm
Porifera - Example
Sponge
Cnidarian - Example
Jellyfish, Hydra
17 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Evolution 5.1
Evolution definition
What is cumulative change?
What is a scientific method?
What are all the possible evidence for…
The cumulative change in the heritable characteristics of a p…
Small changes upon small changes over many generations
Based on a system of making hypotheses and testing them throu…
Fossil record, homologous structure, selective breeding and v…
Evolution definition
The cumulative change in the heritable characteristics of a p…
What is cumulative change?
Small changes upon small changes over many generations
16 termscreated on December 6, 2016
DP Biology Vocabulary - 6.5 Neurons and synapses
Acetylcholine
Action potential
Axon of neurons
Cholinergic synapse
a molecule released by neurons at the neuromuscular junction…
a localized change in electrical potential, from about -70 mV…
the long thread-like extension of a nerve cell that conducts…
a junction between two cells that employs acetylcholine as it…
Acetylcholine
a molecule released by neurons at the neuromuscular junction…
Action potential
a localized change in electrical potential, from about -70 mV…
24 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Tissues
tissues
extracellular matrix and cell to cell…
epithelial sheets
polarized
Multi-cellular organisms are made of organized collections of…
Tissues are cemented with _____ ____ and _____ __ ____ _____
___ ___ are barriers formed by cells linked side to side
epithelial sheets are ____
tissues
Multi-cellular organisms are made of organized collections of…
extracellular matrix and cell to cell…
Tissues are cemented with _____ ____ and _____ __ ____ _____
20 termscreated on December 6, 2016
5.3
Bionamial system
Carl Linneaus
Objectives of the binomial system
Taxonomists
System of naming organisms, using two names → binomial nomenc…
came up with the binomial system in 1735
Ensure that each organism has a unique name that cannot be co…
classify species using a hierarchy of taxa
Bionamial system
System of naming organisms, using two names → binomial nomenc…
Carl Linneaus
came up with the binomial system in 1735
8 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Eukaryotic: ANIMAL membrane-bound
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Surrounded by a double membrane... Pores within the envelope to…
Not surrounded by a membrane, contains RNA.Where ribosomes ar…
A system of membranes containing cisternae (fluid-filled cavi…
A system of membranes containing cisternae that are continuou…
Nucleus
Surrounded by a double membrane... Pores within the envelope to…
Nucleolus
Not surrounded by a membrane, contains RNA.Where ribosomes ar…
16 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology Terms - Ecology - WINTER EXAM
Species
Population
Community
Ecosystems
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
An assemblage of different populations that live together in…
All the organisms that live in a place, together with their p…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
10 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology 1 Test 4 Ch. 7-10
metabolism
potential
entropy
active site
The sum of all the chemical reactions in a living structure i…
ATP represents what kind of energy?
What results from each and every energy transformation?
The substrate binds to an enzyme at the:
metabolism
The sum of all the chemical reactions in a living structure i…
potential
ATP represents what kind of energy?
38 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Lab 8 - Bio 111
roots
leaves
node
buds
generally underground, function in anchorage and the absorpti…
composed of a petiole for attachment and a blade, which is sp…
site on a stem where leaf emerges (bud on each node)
undeveloped stems that can result in new leaves, branches or…
roots
generally underground, function in anchorage and the absorpti…
leaves
composed of a petiole for attachment and a blade, which is sp…
12 termscreated on December 6, 2016
CH 27 Animals - Finished
What are the characteristics of the ki…
What are HOX genes and how do they hel…
What is radial vs. bilateral symmetry?
What are the embryological germ layers?
a. multocellular... -develop tissues and organs... b. ingest food…
(homeotic genes)... 1. regulated patterns of animal development…
Radial: top and bottom ONLY... -jellyfish... Bilateral: top and bo…
ectoderm... -skin and nervous system... endoderm... -lining of gut... m…
What are the characteristics of the ki…
a. multocellular... -develop tissues and organs... b. ingest food…
What are HOX genes and how do they hel…
(homeotic genes)... 1. regulated patterns of animal development…
20 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Ch 44
Uric Acid
Urea
Transport Epithelia
Secretion
major nitrogenous waste product of insects, land snails, and…
waste produced in the liver by a metabolic cycle that combine…
epithelial cells that are specialized for moving solutes in s…
adding nonessential solutes and wastes from the body fluids t…
Uric Acid
major nitrogenous waste product of insects, land snails, and…
Urea
waste produced in the liver by a metabolic cycle that combine…
45 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Brandon King Bio 121 Extra Credit "History of Biology" Quiz
William Harvey (1628)
Robert Hooke (1665)
Francesco Redi (1668)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1673)
...
...
...
...
William Harvey (1628)
...
Robert Hooke (1665)
...
14 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Ch. 17 continued
The Carnitine shuttle is rate-limiting…
How does malonyl-coA regulate entry of…
What is ACC (Acetyl-coA carboxylase)?
Briefly describe how glucose regulates…
-first intermediate of fatty acid synthesis from acetyl-coA (…
- Malonyl-CoA inhibits carnitine acyltransferase I - no fatty…
-makes Malonyl-CoA ... -first enzyme in the synthesis of fatty a…
-ACC goes from active to inactive states based on phosphoryla…
The Carnitine shuttle is rate-limiting…
-first intermediate of fatty acid synthesis from acetyl-coA (…
How does malonyl-coA regulate entry of…
- Malonyl-CoA inhibits carnitine acyltransferase I - no fatty…
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
BIO436 Exam 2: Blood Analysis
What are the different segments of blo…
What makes up the buffy white coat of…
Define hematocrit
Anemia vs. Polycethemia
1) Plasma- makes up 55% of whole blood... 2) Buffy Coat- <1% of…
- Platelets... - White blood cells
The % of RBCs in the total blood volume
1) Anemia- Low levels of hematocrit in blood (30%), meaning t…
What are the different segments of blo…
1) Plasma- makes up 55% of whole blood... 2) Buffy Coat- <1% of…
What makes up the buffy white coat of…
- Platelets... - White blood cells
19 termscreated on December 6, 2016
DP Biology Vocabulary - 6.4 Gas exchange
Alveolus (plural alveoli)
Antagonistic muscle
Bronchi
Bronchioles
air sac that constitutes the gas exchange surface of the lungs.
a muscle that opposes the action of another.
the two main branches of the trachea that go into the lungs;…
any of the fine, thin-walled, tubular extensions of a bronchus.
Alveolus (plural alveoli)
air sac that constitutes the gas exchange surface of the lungs.
Antagonistic muscle
a muscle that opposes the action of another.
50 termscreated on December 6, 2016
die Schule
die Berufsschule
der Kindergarten
die Grundschule
Biologie
szkoła zawodowa
przedszkole
szkoła podstawowa
biologia
die Berufsschule
szkoła zawodowa
der Kindergarten
przedszkole
19 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chapter 10: Respiratory System
respiratory pathway
upper respiratory tract
nose
pharyx
nose... pharynx... larynx... trachea... bronchus... bronchioles... alveoli
nose... pharynx... larynx
• Nostrils/nares = openings that lead into the nasal cavities…
is a funnel-shaped cavity.... • tonsils (@ junction of oral cavi…
respiratory pathway
nose... pharynx... larynx... trachea... bronchus... bronchioles... alveoli
upper respiratory tract
nose... pharynx... larynx
19 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Cancer
Cancer
benign
malignant
Metastasis
when rouge cells start ignoring the rules
____ tumor cells divide when they are not supposed to
_____ tumor cells divide when they are not supposed to and mo…
____ is the spread of cancer cells from the initial tumor sit…
Cancer
when rouge cells start ignoring the rules
benign
____ tumor cells divide when they are not supposed to
17 termscreated on December 6, 2016
5.2
Natural selection can only occur....
Variation between individuals within a…
what are the three variables that give…
what can/does Mutations produce
if there is variation amongst members of the same species
the success of an organism
Mutation, meiosis and sexual reproduction
- genes that lead to genetic diseases, having a devastating a…
Natural selection can only occur....
if there is variation amongst members of the same species
Variation between individuals within a…
the success of an organism
39 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Exam 3 Review
What are cristae?
How many Cristae would you expect to s…
Based upon everything you know about c…
Where would you expect to find cardiol…
These are "wrinkles" in the inner mitochondrial membrane
I would expect to see a lot of Cristae
Mitochondria
Cardiolipin is found in mitochondrial, chloroplast and bacter…
What are cristae?
These are "wrinkles" in the inner mitochondrial membrane
How many Cristae would you expect to s…
I would expect to see a lot of Cristae
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
3B
Les sciences (f)
La biologie
La chimie
Les maths (f)
Science
Biology
Chemistry
Math
Les sciences (f)
Science
La biologie
Biology
23 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Chapter 25
RNA Viruses
How are RNA viruses categorized?
Four Types of RNA viruses
Postive RNA is used by what to transla…
Only agents that store genetic information in RNA molecules
-Their genomic structure... -Presence of an envelope... -Size and s…
-Positive single-stranded RNA (+ssRNA)... -***Retroviruses (+ssR…
-Ribosome
RNA Viruses
Only agents that store genetic information in RNA molecules
How are RNA viruses categorized?
-Their genomic structure... -Presence of an envelope... -Size and s…
31 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microscopes
Magnification
Differential staining
Methylene blue
Resolution
The number of times larger the object is to the image
Stains that bind to specific cell structures, staining each s…
Which stain is an all purpose stain?
The ability to distinguish 2 points separately.
Magnification
The number of times larger the object is to the image
Differential staining
Stains that bind to specific cell structures, staining each s…
36 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology 151 Evolution Test
Evolution
Fossils
Strata
Paleontology
Descent with modification.
The remains or traces of organisms from the past.
New layers of sediment cover older ones and compress them int…
The study of fossils.
Evolution
Descent with modification.
Fossils
The remains or traces of organisms from the past.
38 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology Practice Test FINAL EXAM D Lam
Evolution is any change across success…
____________________ leading to phenot…
Darwin was particularly fascinated by…
Natural Selection is a process by whic…
expression
random mutation, natural selection
finches, environment, species
favorable
Evolution is any change across success…
expression
____________________ leading to phenot…
random mutation, natural selection
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chapter 9: Cell Division and Mitosis
Cancer
Chemotherapy
Cell division
Cell cycle
a disease of unregulated cell division: cells divide inapprop…
the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by the use of…
the process by which a cell reproduces itself; cell division…
the ordered sequence of stages that a cell progresses through…
Cancer
a disease of unregulated cell division: cells divide inapprop…
Chemotherapy
the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by the use of…
35 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Biology: Vertebrates
Fish - Circulatory
Amphibian - Circulatory
Reptiles - Circulatory
Birds - Circulatory
2 Chambered Heart
3 Chambered Heart
3 Chambered Heart
4 Chambered Heart
Fish - Circulatory
2 Chambered Heart
Amphibian - Circulatory
3 Chambered Heart
61 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Bio 242 Exam 4 Ch 48/49
Central nervous system consists of
Peripheral nervous system consists of
Sensory neurons (afferent neurons)
Interneurons in the _____ and ______ a…
brain/sprinal cord
nerves that communicate motor and sensory functions between t…
carry impulses from the periphery to the brain and spinal cord.
brain and spinal cord
Central nervous system consists of
brain/sprinal cord
Peripheral nervous system consists of
nerves that communicate motor and sensory functions between t…
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