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Study sets matching "biology"

7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
DNA Replication
1)
2)
3)
4)
DNA strands separate
DNA polymerase builds the leading strand by adding nucleotide…
each part of the lagging strand begins with a short segment o…
clamp surrounds the RNA and attaches itself to DNA polymerase…
1)
DNA strands separate
2)
DNA polymerase builds the leading strand by adding nucleotide…
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 27: Prokaryotes
gram positive
gram negative
transformation
transduction
antibiotic can penetrate cell wall and weaken it so cell dies
outer membrane blocks effect of antibiotics
uptake of foreign DNA from surroundings
phages transfer prokaryotic genes from one host to another
gram positive
antibiotic can penetrate cell wall and weaken it so cell dies
gram negative
outer membrane blocks effect of antibiotics
37 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Deutsch 3 14.2
der Kugelschreiber/-
die Tafel/-n
an die Tafel schreiben
der Rucksack/-säcke
de pen
het schoolbord
op het bord schrijven
de rugzak
der Kugelschreiber/-
de pen
die Tafel/-n
het schoolbord
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 26: Phylogenies
systematics (phylogenetics)
taxonomy
polytomy
monophyletic
study of evolutionary groups between groups of organisms
field of naming and classifying organisms
unresolved branching
an ancestor and all its descendants
systematics (phylogenetics)
study of evolutionary groups between groups of organisms
taxonomy
field of naming and classifying organisms
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
3.2: Cells
Ultrastructure
Eukaryotes
Division of labour
Prokaryotes
The detail of the inside of cells, as revealed by the electro…
These cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane bound organe…
Each type of organelle has a specific role within the cell
These cells do not contain a membrane bound nucleus or any me…
Ultrastructure
The detail of the inside of cells, as revealed by the electro…
Eukaryotes
These cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane bound organe…
5 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Pathways
NF kappa B pathway
Nitric Oxide pathway
Ras and MAP pathway
Ran nuclear import
IKB is attached to p65 and p50 (that are part of NFkB). IKK p…
neurotransmitter releases acetylcholine. acetylecholine activ…
Egrowth factor activates EGF receptor. activates Grb2, activa…
protein (in cytosol) with NLS (nuc loc signal) binds nuclear…
NF kappa B pathway
IKB is attached to p65 and p50 (that are part of NFkB). IKK p…
Nitric Oxide pathway
neurotransmitter releases acetylcholine. acetylecholine activ…
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
German Subjects
Handarbeit
Klasserstunde
Werken
Chinisisch
Handy Craft
Core period
Wood work
Chinese
Handarbeit
Handy Craft
Klasserstunde
Core period
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
중학영어듣기 모의고사 2 [ 09회]
plain
quickly
look at
pack
무늬가 없는, 평범한
빠르게
~을 보다
짐을 싣다
plain
무늬가 없는, 평범한
quickly
빠르게
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Quiz #6
A point mutation occurs within the tra…
Which of the following regarding RNA p…
During RNA processing, segments of _ c…
In _ cells, translation and transcript…
a) Both the ACU codon and the ACC codon specify for the exact…
a) Sigma binds to the promoter region of a gene. Core enzyme…
c) RNA. IS added to the 3' end of the transcript
...
A point mutation occurs within the tra…
a) Both the ACU codon and the ACC codon specify for the exact…
Which of the following regarding RNA p…
a) Sigma binds to the promoter region of a gene. Core enzyme…
79 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Ch22 biology
Mitochondria
respiratory
moist
diffusion
粒線體
呼吸
擴散
Mitochondria
粒線體
respiratory
呼吸
43 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Exam 4
A postganglionic neuron
During this, the frequency of nerve im…
True or false: Proprioceptive sensatio…
Proprioception means awareness of
releases neurotransmitter at the effector cell
adaptation
false
position
A postganglionic neuron
releases neurotransmitter at the effector cell
During this, the frequency of nerve im…
adaptation
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
KET vocabulary - A-B (Annabelle & Heidy)
accident
ad
advertisement
advanced
something happens that you didn't want to happen
short for advertisement
a picture or video trying to sell something to you
very difficult/ very good at something
accident
something happens that you didn't want to happen
ad
short for advertisement
5 termscreated on December 8, 2016
test your understanding ch. 23
natural selection changes allele frequ…
no two people are genetically identica…
there are 25 individuals in population…
if the nucleotide variability of a loc…
individuals
the reshuffling of alleles in sexual reproduction
genetic drift
gene variability = 0%, number of alleles =1
natural selection changes allele frequ…
individuals
no two people are genetically identica…
the reshuffling of alleles in sexual reproduction
25 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio Ch. 14 Vocab
Alleles
Amniocentesis
Carriers
Character
Alternate forms of a gene that produce distinguishable phenot…
A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid, ob…
In genetics, an individual who is heterozygous at a given gen…
An observable heritable feature.
Alleles
Alternate forms of a gene that produce distinguishable phenot…
Amniocentesis
A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid, ob…
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Headington Biology - Cells and membrane transport (GCSE)
nucleus
cell membrane
Chromosome
mitochondria
control centre of cell, contains genetic information
selectively permeable, controls what goes in and out of a cell
Section of DNA found in the nucleus. Codes for genes.
'powerhouse' of the cell (produces ATP by respiration)
nucleus
control centre of cell, contains genetic information
cell membrane
selectively permeable, controls what goes in and out of a cell
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
the explanation of heredity most widel…
why was the blending hypothesis wrong?
gene idea suggests what?
in 1857 Mendel did what?
"blending" ; the genetic material contributed from both paren…
fails to explain the reappearance of traits after theyve skip…
parents pass on discrete, inheritable traits called genes tha…
he began studying inheritance with pea plants
the explanation of heredity most widel…
"blending" ; the genetic material contributed from both paren…
why was the blending hypothesis wrong?
fails to explain the reappearance of traits after theyve skip…
9 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio: Kidney Failure (Cellular Transport)
Haemodialysis (Cost)
Haemodialysis (Function)
Peritoneal Dialysis (Cost)
Peritoneal Dialysis (Function)
€40,000 a year
Blood is cleaned outside the body using a dialysis machine. T…
€20,000 a year
Blood is cleaned in the body using the thin membrane that sur…
Haemodialysis (Cost)
€40,000 a year
Haemodialysis (Function)
Blood is cleaned outside the body using a dialysis machine. T…
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 13: Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes
Heredity
Genetics
Genes
Gametes
transition of train from one generation to the next
Scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
parents endow their offspring with coded information in the f…
reproductive cells in animals (sperm and egg cells) 1 pair of…
Heredity
transition of train from one generation to the next
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 24: Origin of Species
biological species concept
morphological species concept
phylogenetic species concept
behavioral isolation
species is a group of organisms that can interbreed in nature…
similarities in body structre
common evolutionary history
beetle mating displays show different spot patters
biological species concept
species is a group of organisms that can interbreed in nature…
morphological species concept
similarities in body structre
40 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Exam
relationship between flow rate, blood…
partial pressures and diffusion
hemoglobin
oxygen in blood plasma vs hemoglobin
flow rate is proportional to deltaP*d^4
will diffuse from high pressure to low pressure
facilitates transport of oxygen through blood; 4 polypeptide…
oxygen is much harder to get from blood plasma through diffus…
relationship between flow rate, blood…
flow rate is proportional to deltaP*d^4
partial pressures and diffusion
will diffuse from high pressure to low pressure
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Mrs Ballantyne PHS Metro 1 Unit 3 School Subjects
le français
le dessin
le théâtre
la musique
French
art
drama
music
le français
French
le dessin
art
26 termscreated on December 8, 2016
DNA RNA IB Biology
What enzyme is used in transcription b…
Which enzyme removes the RNA primer du…
What is an Intron?
Why are the components of a DNA nucleo…
RNA Polymerase
Polymerase 1
An intron is a nucleotide sequence that is removed by RNA dur…
Nitrogenous base, deoxyribose group and phosphate group
What enzyme is used in transcription b…
RNA Polymerase
Which enzyme removes the RNA primer du…
Polymerase 1
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Exam 4
connective tissue
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
tendons... ligaments... bones... adipose tissue... blood... cartilage
voluntary function
responsible for involuntary body activities
responsible for contraction of the heart
connective tissue
tendons... ligaments... bones... adipose tissue... blood... cartilage
skeletal muscle
voluntary function
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology III
Plants
Animals
Fungi
Hyphae
- multicellular... - contain chloroplasts... - contain mitochondria…
- multicellular... - contain mitochondria... - heterotrophic nutrit…
- can be unicellular... - no chloroplasts... - saprotrophic nutriti…
Thin thread - like filaments of a fungus, where the digestion…
Plants
- multicellular... - contain chloroplasts... - contain mitochondria…
Animals
- multicellular... - contain mitochondria... - heterotrophic nutrit…
27 termscreated on December 8, 2016
ch. 23
microevolution
genetic variation
mutation
neutral variation
a change in allele frequencies in a population over generations
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
a change in the nucleotides sequence of an organisms DNA
differences in DNA sequence that do not confer a selective ad…
microevolution
a change in allele frequencies in a population over generations
genetic variation
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
68 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Exam 3
Which is NOT a major function of muscl…
This is the property of muscle that gi…
In an isometric contraction the muscle…
This is a band of connective tissue th…
storing energy
extensibility
shorten
epimysium
Which is NOT a major function of muscl…
storing energy
This is the property of muscle that gi…
extensibility
31 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chemistry
molecule
carbon
based on carbon
nonpolar
two atoms bonded together
4 valence electrons
proteins, carbs, lipids, nucleic acids
electrons scared equally
molecule
two atoms bonded together
carbon
4 valence electrons
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
community properties
community structure
species richness
relative abundance
species diversity of a community
defined by the patterns of species abundance, species richnes…
total number of different species in the community
proportion each species represents of the total individuals i…
variety of organisms that make up the community
community structure
defined by the patterns of species abundance, species richnes…
species richness
total number of different species in the community
23 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Apologia Biology Module 7
Genetics
Environmental Factors
Spiritual Factors
Gene
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's…
The factors in a person's life that are determined by the qua…
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein o…
Genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
Environmental Factors
Those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's…
5 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Quiz #5
Griffith and Avery performed experimen…
One model DNA replication that was pro…
During DNA replication, proteins known…
During DNA replication, usually the pr…
d) Live R strain bacteria taking up genetic material live S s…
c) Conservative replication. Semiconservative
b) Prevent DNA polymerases from falling off template strands
a) Compromised entirely of the ribonucleotides
Griffith and Avery performed experimen…
d) Live R strain bacteria taking up genetic material live S s…
One model DNA replication that was pro…
c) Conservative replication. Semiconservative
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
GYMNOSPERMS
Monoecious gymnos?
Cycadaceae
Ginkgo biloba
Ephedra
Pinus, ... Calocedrus, ... Sequoia,... Sequoiadendron, and... Podocarpus
- compound, leathery, & evergreen leaf.... - female cones with a…
- broad, fan-shaped, dichotomous venation.... - in pairs, fleshy…
- reduced, scale-like, opposite.... - reduced, fleshy seeds.
Monoecious gymnos?
Pinus, ... Calocedrus, ... Sequoia,... Sequoiadendron, and... Podocarpus
Cycadaceae
- compound, leathery, & evergreen leaf.... - female cones with a…
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology II
What do all living organisms do?
Cell memrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
- respire... - reproduction... - sensitive... - grow & develop... - nutri…
Semipermeable barrier that controls what enters / leaves the…
Controls the cells activity
Jelly - like substance, where chemical reactions take place
What do all living organisms do?
- respire... - reproduction... - sensitive... - grow & develop... - nutri…
Cell memrane
Semipermeable barrier that controls what enters / leaves the…
49 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Inheritance, Genes, & Chromosomes
Who was Mendel?
What is the difference between charact…
What is heritable trait?
What is monohybrid cross?
Monk from Austria began studying genetics by observing flower…
Character is an observable physical feature and trait is a pa…
One that is passed from parent to offspring
A mating in which the parents differ with respect to the alle…
Who was Mendel?
Monk from Austria began studying genetics by observing flower…
What is the difference between charact…
Character is an observable physical feature and trait is a pa…
26 termscreated on December 8, 2016
dna (unit 4)
big question!!
chromosome
gene
histone
what component of the chromosome was responsible for heredita…
x shape form of bundled dna stored in nucleus
poypeptide chain created after translation in ribosomes with…
proteins found in chromatin structure made of amino acids
big question!!
what component of the chromosome was responsible for heredita…
chromosome
x shape form of bundled dna stored in nucleus
40 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio 114 Final Exam Study Guide
Which feature is found in both cartila…
Three molecules that are important ene…
The building blocks that form the DNA…
Groups of similar cells and extracellu…
Lacuna
ATP, glycogen, and triglyceride
Nucleotides
Tissues
Which feature is found in both cartila…
Lacuna
Three molecules that are important ene…
ATP, glycogen, and triglyceride
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 7: Carbohydrates Vocab & Concepts (EICC.edu)
biomolecule
biochemistry
carboyhydrate
monosaccharide
general term referring to organic compounds essential to life
study of the compounds and processes associated with living t…
polyhydroxy aldehyde or ketone, or substance that yields such…
simple carb most commonly consisting of three to six carbon a…
biomolecule
general term referring to organic compounds essential to life
biochemistry
study of the compounds and processes associated with living t…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
French Skit 2
Bonjour Rose
Comment vas-tu aujourd'hui?
Je vais bien ce matin, merci.
Oui, je prends la biologie le lundi et…
Bonjour Jeana
Je vais trés bien bon ce jour ensoleillé, et toi?
De rien, vous avez fait votre choix ton classe pour prochain…
Cool, je désolé de dire que je ne prends pas le français mais…
Bonjour Rose
Bonjour Jeana
Comment vas-tu aujourd'hui?
Je vais trés bien bon ce jour ensoleillé, et toi?
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio: Osmosis (Cellular Transport)
Osmosis
Turgid
Flaccid
Plasmolysis
The movement of water molecules from an area of low solute co…
Only in plant cells... Firm with the membrane pushed against the…
Only in plant cells... When the membrane pulls away from the cel…
Only in plant cells... The process by which the membrane pulls a…
Osmosis
The movement of water molecules from an area of low solute co…
Turgid
Only in plant cells... Firm with the membrane pushed against the…
17 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 22: Descent with Modification
evolutionary mechanism
descent with modification
microevolution
macroevolution
passing on of traits acquired by the organism during its life…
mutations for advantageous traits are more likely to be passe…
small changes over short time scales
large changes over long time scales
evolutionary mechanism
passing on of traits acquired by the organism during its life…
descent with modification
mutations for advantageous traits are more likely to be passe…
37 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Exam 2 Review
ecology
population
Density
Dispersion
scientific study of interactions between organisms and the en…
group of individuals of a single species living in the same g…
number of individuals per unit area or volume
pattern of spacing among individuals within the boundaries of…
ecology
scientific study of interactions between organisms and the en…
population
group of individuals of a single species living in the same g…
74 termscreated on December 8, 2016
l'école
la bibliothèque
la cantine
la cour
un demi-pensionnaire
library
canteen
playground
a day pupil who has lunch at school
la bibliothèque
library
la cantine
canteen
38 termscreated on December 8, 2016
AP Biology CH 7 Study Guide
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathway
Redox reaction
The more electronegative atoms is redu…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
A chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
What happens to available energy as electrons are transferred…
Catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Anabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
21 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIOL3107 Jasmonates
Jasmonates/jasmonic acid are written i…
Exogenous JAs can promote __________,…
Both jasmonates and ethylene are _____…
JAs have a ______________ induced by A…
JA
Senescence, abscission, fruit ripening
Gaseous
Protease inhibitor
Jasmonates/jasmonic acid are written i…
JA
Exogenous JAs can promote __________,…
Senescence, abscission, fruit ripening
59 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 1
RNA Primase
Endosymbiotic Theory
Nucleolus
DNA Ligase
Synthesizes an RNA primer to begin the elongation process.
prokaryotes -> eukaryotes... 1. Mitochondria is an engulfed aer…
Nucleolus: specialized area of chromatin inside the nucleus r…
Splices together okazaki fragments in the lagging strand + le…
RNA Primase
Synthesizes an RNA primer to begin the elongation process.
Endosymbiotic Theory
prokaryotes -> eukaryotes... 1. Mitochondria is an engulfed aer…
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Quiz #4
In the Z-scheme: Excited electrons, do…
During the Calvin cycle, _. This occur…
Which of the following best describes…
Like other plants that practice CAM ph…
...
...
a) It's a 5-carbon sugar that enters into fixation phase of t…
c) Daytime; PEP carboxylase
In the Z-scheme: Excited electrons, do…
...
During the Calvin cycle, _. This occur…
...
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
StSt 5e Ed. LWB 1 Theme 2 Words B
biology
book
break
classmate
biologie
boek
pauze
klasgenoot
biology
biologie
book
boek
239 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
Color of Chlorophyll a
Color of Chlorophyll b
Color of carotenes
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
light green
blue green
orange
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
Color of Chlorophyll a
light green
169 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Plant Biology
Eukaryotes
Protists
Prokaryotes
Extremophiles
possess membrane-bound nucleus & organelles... i.e. protists, an…
Unicellular groups of eukaryotes
Lack a nucleus & organelles
Archea... "lovers of extreme conditions" ... i.e. thermophiles(hot)…
Eukaryotes
possess membrane-bound nucleus & organelles... i.e. protists, an…
Protists
Unicellular groups of eukaryotes
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 12: Mitosis
interphase
G1
S
G2
when nucleoli are present. includes phases G1, S, G2
first gap; cell grows and produces more proteins, organelles,…
synthesis chromosomes are duplicated
second gap; grows more, prepares for M phase
interphase
when nucleoli are present. includes phases G1, S, G2
G1
first gap; cell grows and produces more proteins, organelles,…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
t3 h3 B nf
slecht
eigen
overal
meerdere
mauvais
propre
partout
plusieurs
slecht
mauvais
eigen
propre
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