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Study sets matching "biology"

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Study sets matching "biology"

126 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Benchmark #1 Units 1-3
characteristics of a living thing
levels of organization
experimental group
control group
GO RACER ... growing... organization... reproduce... adapt... cell(s)... energy…
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissue, organ, organ sys…
the group in an experiment that receives the variable being t…
doesn't get the independent variable
characteristics of a living thing
GO RACER ... growing... organization... reproduce... adapt... cell(s)... energy…
levels of organization
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissue, organ, organ sys…
97 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Minvielle Mid-Term Exam Terms
Biology
DNA
Cells
Cell Theory
the study of life
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Every thing is made up of one or more _____... _____ Theory
All living things are composed of one or more _____... The ____…
Biology
the study of life
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
67 terms
created on December 10, 2016
Biology Midterm 2016
Eukaryote
prokaryote
ribosome
plasma (cell) membrane
contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
small unicellular organism, such as a bacterium, that lacks i…
a particle composed of proteins and RNA at which new proteins…
the phospholipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of any…
Eukaryote
contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
prokaryote
small unicellular organism, such as a bacterium, that lacks i…
1,013 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
13 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Nucleic Acids
nucleotide
3 differences between RNA and DNA
purines pair with pyrimidines
purines
monomer of nucleic acids (and therefore DNA/RNA)
1. at the 2' position (RNA = OH, DNA = H)... 2. bases (uracil in…
big word, small bases; small word, big bases
A, G
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids (and therefore DNA/RNA)
3 differences between RNA and DNA
1. at the 2' position (RNA = OH, DNA = H)... 2. bases (uracil in…
15 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Plant cell
Cell wall
Cell membrane
vacuole
Nucleus
Cell wall
Cell membrane
13 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Animal cell parts
cell membrane
Lysosomes
Centrosomes
Nucleus
cell membrane
Lysosomes
39 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Water and Nutrient movement
Ionic form
Water and solutes are absorbed through…
plants can only use nitrogen or any ot…
transpiration
Minerals: simplest form
Roots, Xylem
ionic form
The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves
Ionic form
Minerals: simplest form
Water and solutes are absorbed through…
Roots, Xylem
47 termscreated on December 10, 2016
bio Lab exam 2 identifying parts
Larynx
Trachea
Esophagus
Heart
Larynx
Trachea
13 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Parts of the mircoscope
eyepiece
observation tube
nosepiece
neck
eyepiece
observation tube
46 termscreated on December 10, 2016
UNIT 1- Topic 4: Enzymes and Biological Reactions
Activation Energy(Ea)
Catalase
Lactase
Enzyme activity
The minimum energy level that reactant molecules must overcom…
An enzyme produced in all cells to decompose hydrogen peroxid…
An enzymes which breaks down lactose to glucose and galactose.
a measure of the ability of an enzyme to catalyse a specific…
Activation Energy(Ea)
The minimum energy level that reactant molecules must overcom…
Catalase
An enzyme produced in all cells to decompose hydrogen peroxid…
17 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Lipids
6 classes of lipids
terpene
steroids
prostaglandins
1. terpene... 2. steroid... 3. prostaglandins... 4. wax... 5. fats... 6. pho…
soluble in oil, small polar side groups, used to make other b…
precursor for steroid hormones (e.g. estrogen); /cholesterol;…
long; non-polar portions; modified fatty acid; causes smooth…
6 classes of lipids
1. terpene... 2. steroid... 3. prostaglandins... 4. wax... 5. fats... 6. pho…
terpene
soluble in oil, small polar side groups, used to make other b…
16 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Microscope
Label the picture
Arm
Stage clips
Fine adjustment knob
Is used to support the microscope when carried
Holds the slide in place
Moves the stage slightly to sharpen the image
Label the picture
Arm
Is used to support the microscope when carried
107 termscreated on December 10, 2016
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis), AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
422 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
182 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology SOL Review - VA
Scientific Method
Qualitative
Quantitative
Dependent variable
An organized way to test scientific hypotheses
observation using the 5 senses (example red, blue, hot, cold)
Observation using measuring tools and is given in a number fo…
Variable that responds(depends) on what is changed by the res…
Scientific Method
An organized way to test scientific hypotheses
Qualitative
observation using the 5 senses (example red, blue, hot, cold)
42 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Chapter 6
cellular respiration
respiration
cellular respiration equation
kilocalories
O₂ is consumed as sugar is broken down to CO₂ and H₂O, the ce…
refers to an exchange of gasses, an organism obtains O₂ from…
Glucose and O₂ is rearranged to form CO₂ and H₂O as products,…
a measure of the quantity of heat required to raise the tempe…
cellular respiration
O₂ is consumed as sugar is broken down to CO₂ and H₂O, the ce…
respiration
refers to an exchange of gasses, an organism obtains O₂ from…
374 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Dabdoub Regulars Midterm Study guide (Everything)
What is the title of a graph?
What is graphed on the Y axis?
What is graphed on the X axis?
Control
DV vs. IV
DV
IV
experimental setup that does not change
What is the title of a graph?
DV vs. IV
What is graphed on the Y axis?
DV
23 termscreated on December 10, 2016
1.4 Membrane transport
Active transport
ATP
Concentration gradient
Diffusion
movement of substances against the concentration gradient acr…
Energy molecule.
difference in the concentration of a substance from one locat…
passive movement of particles from a region of higher concent…
Active transport
movement of substances against the concentration gradient acr…
ATP
Energy molecule.
15 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology-pt 2
Interphase
3 stages
G-1
S(synthesis)
Cell grows and carries out the normal cell process and DNA re…
G-1(gap 1) ... S(synthesis)... G-2(gap 2)
Cell is growing and prepares to replicate
A replication occurs- chromatin and centrioles
Interphase
Cell grows and carries out the normal cell process and DNA re…
3 stages
G-1(gap 1) ... S(synthesis)... G-2(gap 2)
78 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology: Other Term List
Levels of organization (Largest to sma…
Biosphere (N)
Ecosystem
Community
1.Biosphere... 2.Ecosystem... 3.Community... 4.Species... 5.Population... 6.…
All life on Earth and the nonliving portions of Earth that su…
A community together with its nonliving surroundings
Populations of different species that live in the same area a…
Levels of organization (Largest to sma…
1.Biosphere... 2.Ecosystem... 3.Community... 4.Species... 5.Population... 6.…
Biosphere (N)
All life on Earth and the nonliving portions of Earth that su…
91 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology I Honors Midterm Review 2016(from study guide)
what is the defintion of science?
what is the goal of science?
does science change?
Independent Variable
It is an organized way of using evidence to learn about the n…
to aim for the best understanding of the natural word with cu…
science always continues to advance and discoveries often rai…
deliberately changed and can be called manipulated variable
what is the defintion of science?
It is an organized way of using evidence to learn about the n…
what is the goal of science?
to aim for the best understanding of the natural word with cu…
11 termscreated on December 10, 2016
DNA & RNA - Biology
What is the structure and shape of DNA?
What is a nucleotide? What makes it up?
What are the major differences between…
What are the three types of RNA? What…
Double helix
A nucleotide makes up DNA and RNA. A nucleotide consists of a…
DNA is double stranded; contains adenine, thymine, guanine, a…
mRNA - messenger RNA - is created in the process of transcrip…
What is the structure and shape of DNA?
Double helix
What is a nucleotide? What makes it up?
A nucleotide makes up DNA and RNA. A nucleotide consists of a…
10 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Cell Growth & Division - Biology Exam
Draw the cell cycle, including interph…
Describe the phases of mitosis.
Describe the phases of meiosis, includ…
Compare and contrast mitosis and meios…
(Not part of mitosis) Interphase: part of the cell cycle that…
Prophase 1: chromosome pairs with corresponding homologous ch…
Mitosis: creates two identical somatic cells (2N)... Meiosis: cr…
Draw the cell cycle, including interph…
Describe the phases of mitosis.
(Not part of mitosis) Interphase: part of the cell cycle that…
15 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Human heart
Aorta
Left pulmonary artery
Left atria
Left pulmonary vein
Aorta
Left pulmonary artery
18 termscreated on December 10, 2016
The Hierarchy of cell organization
Levels of hierarchy
The hierarchy of cell organization
Respiratory system
cardio-vascular system
quarks e- --> Atom --> Molecules --> Cell--> Tissue-->-Organ…
Respiratory system, cardiovascular system, digestive system,…
-Windpipe(trachea), lungs... -takes air into the body
-heart, blood vessels... -Carries oxygen and food around the body
Levels of hierarchy
quarks e- --> Atom --> Molecules --> Cell--> Tissue-->-Organ…
The hierarchy of cell organization
Respiratory system, cardiovascular system, digestive system,…
5 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Special cell adaptations
Ciliated Epithelial cell
Muscle cells
Nerve cells (neurones)
Root Hair Cell
The strands (cilia) wave to remove dirt out of the lungs... -It…
-Are able to change length... -This helps us to move
-Are long so that they can quickly send messages around our b…
-The root hair gives the water more surface to get into the c…
Ciliated Epithelial cell
The strands (cilia) wave to remove dirt out of the lungs... -It…
Muscle cells
-Are able to change length... -This helps us to move
39 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Review[Ecosystems]
What is the order of organization ?
What is a population?
What is a community?
What are the 3 ways an organism intera…
Atoms ... Molecules... Cells ... Tissues ... Organs ... Organ systems ... Organ…
Organism in an area that are in the same group/species and ca…
A group of various species that live in the same place and in…
Competition, Predation, and Symbiosis(relationship between 2…
What is the order of organization ?
Atoms ... Molecules... Cells ... Tissues ... Organs ... Organ systems ... Organ…
What is a population?
Organism in an area that are in the same group/species and ca…
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Cell Structure and Function - Biology Exam
What are the characteristics of prokar…
What are the characteristics and examp…
What are the 3 parts of the cell theory?
Be able to recognize organelles and th…
Prokaryotes: can exist in a broad range of environmental cond…
Eukaryotes: nucleus present; uni or multicellular; younger th…
1) all organisms are made of cells; 2) all existing cells are…
Cytoskeleton: made up of proteins that give strength and shap…
What are the characteristics of prokar…
Prokaryotes: can exist in a broad range of environmental cond…
What are the characteristics and examp…
Eukaryotes: nucleus present; uni or multicellular; younger th…
52 termscreated on December 10, 2016
B7 Biology Peak performance.
What are vertebrates?
what are invertebrates?
Functions of the skeleton?
How do muscles move bones?
Animals with a internal skeleton.
Animals with no internal skelton.
Support - Enabling us to stand.... Protection - encases vital or…
Muscles contract.
What are vertebrates?
Animals with a internal skeleton.
what are invertebrates?
Animals with no internal skelton.
6 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Hormones
Thyroid gland
Pancreas
Adrenal gland
Testis
Produces thyroxine
Produces insulin
Produces adrenaline
Produces testosterone
Thyroid gland
Produces thyroxine
Pancreas
Produces insulin
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Molecular Biology - Lec 10
Small molecule function
Transport of small molecules
Permeable substances
Slightly permeable substances
- Precursors for synthesis of macromolecules... - Store and dist…
- The plasma membrane is selectively permeable to small prote…
- Gases... - Ethanol
- Small uncharged polar molecules
Small molecule function
- Precursors for synthesis of macromolecules... - Store and dist…
Transport of small molecules
- The plasma membrane is selectively permeable to small prote…
31 termscreated on December 10, 2016
CSIM 4: Laboratory Medicine 2: Laboratory results in diagnosis and patient management
Pathology
The science behind the cure
Name 6 laboratory disciplines
hyperchromatic
study of disease
-vaccination... -blood transfusion... -immune system modulation for…
1. cellular pathology (histology, cytology, autopsy)... 2. Bioch…
dark staining
Pathology
study of disease
The science behind the cure
-vaccination... -blood transfusion... -immune system modulation for…
10 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Homeostasis/Biology
Homeostasis
Negative feedback
Regulating body temperature
Vasoconstriction
Is the maintenance of a constant internal environment : ... . Bo…
Homeostatic control is achieved by using negative feedback:…
. Sweat glands in the skin release sweat which evaporates, re…
. Too cold... . Arterioles get narrower... . Blood flow in skin cap…
Homeostasis
Is the maintenance of a constant internal environment : ... . Bo…
Negative feedback
Homeostatic control is achieved by using negative feedback:…
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biochemistry: Biomolecules
What is a Polymer
Number of amino acids that make up lif…
What is a Monomer
What are Carbohydrates and examples
Building molecule using protein chains
20 amino acids
Repeating protein sued ti create polymers
Starches... Example: Bread, grains
What is a Polymer
Building molecule using protein chains
Number of amino acids that make up lif…
20 amino acids
40 termscreated on December 10, 2016
ATS GCSE Biology - Organisation: Digestive System
Cells
Tissue
Organs
Aggregation
Basic building blocks of all living organisms
A group of cells with a similar structure and function.
Aggregations of tissues performing specific functions
Gathering of things together
Cells
Basic building blocks of all living organisms
Tissue
A group of cells with a similar structure and function.
26 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Unit 2 Biochemistry
What is an Atom
What subatomic particles for an atom
What is a protons charge
What is a neutrons charge
Smallest particle of an element that can exist
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
Positive
No charge
What is an Atom
Smallest particle of an element that can exist
What subatomic particles for an atom
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
24 termscreated on December 10, 2016
4.1 Species, communities and ecosystems
Abiotic factors
Autotroph
Biotic factors
Chi-squared test
the non-living physical and chemical attributes of a system,…
an organism that uses solar energy or chemical energy to manu…
attributes in an ecosystem that refer to living organisms.
a statistical test of the fit between a theoretical frequency…
Abiotic factors
the non-living physical and chemical attributes of a system,…
Autotroph
an organism that uses solar energy or chemical energy to manu…
20 termscreated on December 10, 2016
tantárgyak
D.T.(design and technology)
Russian
art and design
biology
technika
orosz nyelvtan
rajz
biológia
D.T.(design and technology)
technika
Russian
orosz nyelvtan
28 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Senses - Eyes and Ear
Eyeball labelling
Sclera
Cornea
Choroid
- tough, white layer
- tough clear layer on front of the eye
- black layer, absorbs light, contains blood vessels
Eyeball labelling
Sclera
- tough, white layer
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Central Nervous System
Functions of spinal cord
Composition of spinal cord
Cerebrospinal fluid
Brain labelling
1. connects the brain and the peripheral nervous system... 2. re…
1. white matter (outer portion, myelinated)... 2. grey matter (i…
surrounds spinal cord and brain, provides cushioning and nutr…
Functions of spinal cord
1. connects the brain and the peripheral nervous system... 2. re…
Composition of spinal cord
1. white matter (outer portion, myelinated)... 2. grey matter (i…
50 termscreated on December 10, 2016
NAWL 6 (251 - 300)
biology
scenario
conditional
contrary
(n.) the study of living things
(n.) an outline; an imagined sequence of events in a plan or…
(adj.) depending on
(adj.) different; opposite
biology
(n.) the study of living things
scenario
(n.) an outline; an imagined sequence of events in a plan or…
5 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology
What is love
What is serotonin?
what is Metabolism ?
What do catalysts do?
the release of oxytocin
the "happy" hormone
the process of breaking down nutrients
speed up reactions
What is love
the release of oxytocin
What is serotonin?
the "happy" hormone
36 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Class 1 - Biochemistry I
Polymers
Polymerases
Polymerization
Dehydration Synthesis
composed of monomers
enzymes that MAKE polymers
process of forming polymers
loss of H2O in order to create polymer from monomers.
Polymers
composed of monomers
Polymerases
enzymes that MAKE polymers
50 termscreated on December 9, 2016
NAWL 6 (251 - 300)
biology
scenario
conditional
contrary
(n.) the study of living things
(n.) an outline; an imagined sequence of events in a plan or…
(adj.) depending on
(adj.) different; opposite
biology
(n.) the study of living things
scenario
(n.) an outline; an imagined sequence of events in a plan or…
7 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Biology Review[DNA structure]
What is the shape of DNA?
What is DNA made up of ?
How are 2 nucleotide bonded together ?
What are the nitrogen bases ?
Double Helix
Nucleotide, which are made up of a phosphate group, a pentose…
By hydrogen bonding.
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymne
What is the shape of DNA?
Double Helix
What is DNA made up of ?
Nucleotide, which are made up of a phosphate group, a pentose…
50 termscreated on December 9, 2016
NAWL 6 (251 - 300)
biology
scenario
conditional
contrary
(n.) the study of living things
(n.) an outline; an imagined sequence of events in a plan or…
(adj.) depending on
(adj.) different; opposite
biology
(n.) the study of living things
scenario
(n.) an outline; an imagined sequence of events in a plan or…
22 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Biology 1 Exam 2
Process would the water flow into the…
If the membrane was not selectively pe…
Which one of the following molecules w…
Which of the following is a common fun…
Osmosis
- All of them
C6H16O6-glucose
All of them
Process would the water flow into the…
Osmosis
If the membrane was not selectively pe…
- All of them
54 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Ch 13 - Endocrine Images
adrenal gland
ovary
parathyroid gland
pineal gland
adrenal gland
ovary
28 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Biology 228 Final
4 basic types of tissues
Nervous Tissue Function & Location
Muscle Tissue Function & Location
Epithelial Tissue Function & Location
Nervous Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Epithelial Tissue & Connective…
Function: ... Internal Communication... Location:... Brain, Spinal co…
Function: ... Contracts to cause movement... Location: ... Muscles att…
Function: ... Forms boundaries between different environments, p…
4 basic types of tissues
Nervous Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Epithelial Tissue & Connective…
Nervous Tissue Function & Location
Function: ... Internal Communication... Location:... Brain, Spinal co…
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