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Study sets matching "biology"

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Study sets matching "biology"

14 terms
Biology
Ribosome
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Vacoule
Makes proteins
A membrane studded with ribosomes that produce proteins
Series of membrane tubes that help transport proteins
Stores water
Ribosome
Makes proteins
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
A membrane studded with ribosomes that produce proteins
12 terms
biology
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during wh…
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
prophase
the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during wh…
10 terms
biology
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation(very important)
chloroplasts
glucose
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
another name for sugar C6H12O6... three things used for making g…
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
photosynthesis equation(very important)
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
18 terms
biology
1 (primary) Protein Structure
2 (secondary) Protein Structure
3 (tertiary) Protein Structure
4 (quaternary) Protein Structure
covalent bond, order is important
hydrogen bond, between backbone and different points of molec…
hydrogen bond, folding happens, disulfide bridges (covenant;…
multipule polypeptides, collegens
1 (primary) Protein Structure
covalent bond, order is important
2 (secondary) Protein Structure
hydrogen bond, between backbone and different points of molec…
27 terms
Biology
Zygote
Crossing over
Tetrad
Meiosis
Fertilized egg
Chromatids of chromosomes cross over, crossed sections are ex…
Structure containing four chromatids
Process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Zygote
Fertilized egg
Crossing over
Chromatids of chromosomes cross over, crossed sections are ex…
16 terms
Biology
BIOLOGY... BIOLOGIST
ORGANISM
ORGANZATION
GROWTH
The study of life... A person who studies biology
Any living thing
To arrange in an orderly way
Addition of mass to an organism and the formation of new stru…
BIOLOGY... BIOLOGIST
The study of life... A person who studies biology
ORGANISM
Any living thing
29 terms
Biology
Biochemistry
Levels of organization
States of matter
Covalent bond
Levels of organization, atoms-molecules-bonding, macromolecul…
Atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
Bose-Einstein Condensate(cooled down below solid), Solid, Liq…
Chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pair of…
Biochemistry
Levels of organization, atoms-molecules-bonding, macromolecul…
Levels of organization
Atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ…
39 terms
Biology
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Base
Watson and Crick
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Cytosine, Adenine, Thymine, Guanine... and in mRNA Uracil
The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DN…
Nucleotide
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
Deoxyribose
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
15 terms
Biology
Matter
Elements
Atom
Neutrons
Anything that occupies space
Pure substances that cannot be further broken down into simpl…
Smallest unit of an element
Negative charged building block of a nucleus
Matter
Anything that occupies space
Elements
Pure substances that cannot be further broken down into simpl…
20 terms
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
140 terms
BIOLOGY
Neomenclature
Classification
Taxonomy
Taxon
A system of names used in a branch of learning
Arranging objects or people or animals,etc into groups based…
The science of classifying animals, plants, and so fourth int…
A word that refers to a level of classification without desig…
Neomenclature
A system of names used in a branch of learning
Classification
Arranging objects or people or animals,etc into groups based…
32 terms
biology
Autosome
Gametes
Haploid cell
Meiosis 2
chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics NOT direct…
sex cell; eggs and sperm
a cell that has only one copy of each chromosome
part of Meiosis in which the sister chromatids divide
Autosome
chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics NOT direct…
Gametes
sex cell; eggs and sperm
14 terms
BIOLOGY
The three parts to cell theory
animal cell
plant cell
cell organelles
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells ... 2. cells are the b…
The three parts to cell theory
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells ... 2. cells are the b…
animal cell
200 terms
Biology
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
259 terms
Biology
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation(very important)
chloroplasts
glucose
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
another name for sugar C6H12O6... three things used for making g…
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
photosynthesis equation(very important)
6CO2 + 6H2O --> light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
435 terms
Biology
golgi apparatus
vacuole
ribosomes
rough er
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat…
A membrane-bound sack that buds from the endoplasmic reticulu…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
golgi apparatus
An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat…
vacuole
A membrane-bound sack that buds from the endoplasmic reticulu…
23 terms
Biology
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
The study of life
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Biology
The study of life
allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
BIOLOGY
Cell
Cell Theory
Biogenisis
Plasma Membrane
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
Cells derived from pre-existing cells.
Also known as the cell membrane. ... Separates the outside envir…
Cell
Basic unit of structure of living cells.
Cell Theory
~ All organisms are made up of cells,... ~ Smallest organisation…
21 terms
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
biome
An alternative form of a gene.
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
402 terms
Biology, Biology
Body Systems
Atom
cells
Molecules
Sets of organs in our bodies that do the work to keep us heal…
Tiniest part of all living and non-living things.
Small part of all living things.
Many cells working together.
Body Systems
Sets of organs in our bodies that do the work to keep us heal…
Atom
Tiniest part of all living and non-living things.
30 terms
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
13 terms
Biology
Organelles
Hominid
Seaweeds
Fungus
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
a primate of a family (Hominidae) that includes humans and th…
Large, multicellular photosynthetic marine protists
A multicelled microorganism that differs from a bacterium in…
Organelles
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Hominid
a primate of a family (Hominidae) that includes humans and th…
20 terms
Biology
RNA
Gene
Cell
ribosomes
single strands of nucleotides used to transport messages
a segment of DNA that is located in the genome and that codes…
In biology the smallest unit that can perform all life proces…
where proteins are made
RNA
single strands of nucleotides used to transport messages
Gene
a segment of DNA that is located in the genome and that codes…
27 terms
Biology
Robert Hooke
microscope
cell theory
Electron microscope
used compound microscope to see chambers of cork and names th…
an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, su…
1. basic unit of life... 2. all living things are made up of the…
can see a 1000 times smaller objects than light microscope
Robert Hooke
used compound microscope to see chambers of cork and names th…
microscope
an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, su…
5 terms
Biology
Tendon
Ligament
Photosynthesis
Chlorphyll
Bone to bone connection
Muscle to bone
Respiration in plants
Makes leaves green
Tendon
Bone to bone connection
Ligament
Muscle to bone
20 terms
Biology
Environment
Ecology
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Everything, living and never-living, that affects an organism.
The study of the interactions between organisms and their env…
Living parts of the environment such as... plants and animals.
Never-living parts of the environment such as climate, soil,…
Environment
Everything, living and never-living, that affects an organism.
Ecology
The study of the interactions between organisms and their env…
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
24 terms
Biology
secrete
nectar
hawthorn
poplar
分泌;隐藏
花蜜;果汁饮料
【植】山楂
【植】杨木;白杨木
secrete
分泌;隐藏
nectar
花蜜;果汁饮料
11 terms
Biology
Torment
Isolate
Leisure
Measles
Extreme physical or mental plan
To put or keep someone or something in a place separate from…
Enjoyable activities that you do when you are not working
A disease that causes a fever and red spots on your skin
Torment
Extreme physical or mental plan
Isolate
To put or keep someone or something in a place separate from…
19 terms
Biology
monomers
polymers
monosaccharides
amino acids
are the smaller units from which larger molecules are made
are molecules made from a large number of monomers joined tog…
A type of monomer from which larger carbohydrates are made. E…
A type of monomer: builds blocks of protein
monomers
are the smaller units from which larger molecules are made
polymers
are molecules made from a large number of monomers joined tog…
23 terms
Biology
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
The scientific study of life
Different forms of a gene
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Biology
The scientific study of life
allele
Different forms of a gene
27 terms
Biology
analyze
control
hibernating
rigid
to examine in detail
to check or regulate (a scientific experiment), as by carryin…
to spend the winter in an inactive state resembling deep sleep
stiff; not flexible
analyze
to examine in detail
control
to check or regulate (a scientific experiment), as by carryin…
21 terms
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
biome
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
63 terms
BIOLOGY
The three parts to cell theory
animal cell
cytoplasm
nucleus
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells ... 2. cells are the b…
A cell containing ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bod…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
The three parts to cell theory
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells ... 2. cells are the b…
animal cell
A cell containing ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bod…
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
24 terms
Biology
meter (m)
liter (L)
gram (g)
triple beam balance
length
liquid volume
mass
mass
meter (m)
length
liter (L)
liquid volume
20 terms
BIOLOGY
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Unicellular
Multicellular
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
15 terms
biology
science
life
Mosses
Growth
Ғылым
Тіршілік
Мүк
өсу
science
Ғылым
life
Тіршілік
30 terms
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
37 terms
Biology
cancer
development
ecology
gene
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
the branch of biology that studies the interactions of organi…
sections of chromosomes made of DNA that code for traits. The…
cancer
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
development
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
15 terms
Biology
Biosphere
Biome
Species
Population
The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
A group of ecosystems that have similar climates and organisms.
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals.
An assemblage of individuals that belong to the same species…
Biosphere
The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that have similar climates and organisms.
10 terms
Biology
Organism
Organ
Tissue
Cell
An individual form of life that uses energy to carry out acti…
Different tissues working together to perform a particular fu…
A group of similar cells that are organized to do a specific…
Building block of life
Organism
An individual form of life that uses energy to carry out acti…
Organ
Different tissues working together to perform a particular fu…
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
Biology
cancer
development
ecology
gene
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
the branch of biology that studies the interactions of organi…
sections of chromosomes made of DNA that code for traits. The…
cancer
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
development
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
24 terms
Biology
Porifera Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
Cnidaria Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
Platyhelminthes Phylum (Kingdom Animal…
Nematoda Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
- Primitive, no tissues, organs, nerves.... - Intracellular DS…
- Tissues, nerve net, lack organs... - 2 germ layers... - Gastrovas…
- Organs, nerves cords... - 3 germ layers... - Cephalization... - Gast…
- Organs, dorsal/ventral nerve cords... - Pseudocoel (fake body…
Porifera Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
- Primitive, no tissues, organs, nerves.... - Intracellular DS…
Cnidaria Phylum (Kingdom Animalia)
- Tissues, nerve net, lack organs... - 2 germ layers... - Gastrovas…
40 terms
biology
Evolution
DNA
Emergent properties
Eukaryotic Cell
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
Biology
Ecology
Species
Population
Community
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
A group of the same organisms
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Different populations that live together in a defined area
Ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Species
A group of the same organisms
44 terms
Biology
Plump
Plume
Standing 3-feet-tall
Feet
Large, round and slightly fat
a group of feathers
90 cm tall
30,48 cm
Plump
Large, round and slightly fat
Plume
a group of feathers
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
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